Deer Fence   See also dangers of fence; and deer resistant plants and repellents.
Simple deer fence: Set strong stakes around your plants. Wrap clear fish line at at the height of the deer knees and chest. The deer will feel it, but can't see it, so will be scared away.
Soap fence: Drill a hole in a bar of soap, tie a thin rope through it and attach a few along another rope.
A review of Wildlife Compatible Fencing from Arizona Game and Fish Department.  Fencing and resistant plants from the Internet Center for Wildlife Damage Management

Rotten egg fence: Use a pin to poke a hole in the top of a raw egg. Place it upright inside a sock and clip a few to a rope.

Electric fence tape: no electricity needed. Get a few thin plastic posts and run white electric fence tape between them. Build another one parallel to it. Deer have poor depth perception so they won't try to go through it. 

Hanging tin foil and mobiles are effective

A low cost but effective deer fence:  posts sunk in the ground and are approximately 6-feet high.  Use fifty-pound monofiliment fishing line, or similar,  to string between the posts. Hang something like curling ribbon, found at the craft store, or birdtape, from the fishing line. When the wind blows there is some motion, it is shiny so the deer can see it.

...  installing a double row of 4 foot high fencing spaced 3 feet apart can be quite effective ...

Deer Netting in the Garden - double click for full screen


Chicken wire fencing. Laid flat on the ground, the deer don't like the feel of it on their feet, so it helps keep them out of your garden. They can't see what or where it is ...
Deer will not jump over anything they can't see. Several strands of fishing line at a height of two to three feet around a small bed may keep a deer from jumping into the area. The line must be far enough from the plants that the deer can't reach over and eat what is within reach.

To protect my new gardening space from deer, chickens, ducks, and children I put in a swale and harvested willows to create a living fence that will fill in and grow tall enough to keep everything out. This is how I do it very quickly in free minutes with special tools or buying anything.


Dual-perimeter fence:
an outside perimeter using an electrified wire or ribbon about 18 inches of the ground. The inside perimeter should be about 30 inches from the outside with two non-electrified wires, 10 inches and 24 inches off the ground installed on a pole or stake. An inexpensive and effective method to keep deer out of a large area such as for farming.

Building small fences around trees


MJ Lavelle, HIII Campa, K LeDoux, PJ Ryan… - Preventive Veterinary …, 2015
...  We characterized areas deer occupied before and after installing 2361 m of fences and gates to exclude deer from stored cattle feed. Following fence installation, 9 deer previously accessing stored feed shifted to patterns of habitat use similar to 5 deer that did not use stored feed. However, continued attempts to regain access to stored feed were made at low frequencies, emphasizing the need to maintain the integrity of fences and keep gates closed ...

...  Exclosures were baited and monitored for two winters to determine how well they deterred ungulate crossings. Results indicate effective modifications can be made to existing fences for $500 - $1,350 per mile for materials. Different designs proved to have varying levels of effectiveness, with six-foot woven wire being 100 percent effective. These fences are a cost-effective way to fence out wildlife in many high-value areas where traditional game fences are not practical ...

HE Johnson, JW Fischer, M Hammond, PD Dorsey… - Wildlife Society Bulletin, 2014
... we investigated 3 temporary, non-lethal exclusion and repellent techniques for reducing deer and elk damage to sunflowers: 1) a polyrope electric fence, 2) the chemical repellent Plantskydd™, and 3) a winged fence... we found that polyrope electric fences reduced deer and elk damage and presence within plots, while the repellent and winged fences did not reduce ungulate activity. Polyrope electric fences may be a suitable tool in areas where wildlife management agencies want to maintain deer and elk populations but reduce seasonal damage by cervids to high-value crops

Garden Tour, electric deer fence July 16, 2013 Virginia, Gladwin County Record
... In Virginia we had many years of research with deer fencing protecting high dollar crops like pumpkins, collards, and peanuts... Our deer fence is electric and works on the principle that deer lack depth perception. There are two poly tape fences three feet apart. As a deer approaches the outer fence it stops to contemplate distance between fences before jumping. They either sense the electric or receive a shock and quickly change their mind about entering the garden...

How to build deer-protective cages for young trees


Deer Electric Fence


Some fence is ineffective and dangerous for deer, particularly wire fence

'No more deer will die in that fence' December 3, 2015 Maryland, Cumberland Times News Homepage
... the back legs of the fawns would become entangled and the young deer would eventually die. ... The online and print versions of my story included a graphic photograph of a dead deer hanging on the fence... that fence isn't there anymore. someone ... sent a crew to remove it...

Some types of fencing are dangerous for deer.

Daniel Barnes of Louisiana helps a young buck from a neighbors fence. The deer's leg was wedged between wooden slats. Great save Daniel! - January 24, 2015




News

Flat Rock Brook puts up fence to keep deer out July 16, 2017 New Jersey, NorthJersey.com
... Construction is underway of an eight-foot fence meant to keep deer out of the Flat Rock Brook Nature Center. The center is creating two exclosures ... About 55 acres will be left open for deer ...


... New Jersey Agriculture Secretary Douglas H. Fisher announced June 6 that the State Agriculture Development Committee (SADC) has approved $456,122 in cost-sharing grants to help 32 farmer applicants purchase and install deer fencing on preserved farms to protect their crops...

Englewood, Forum on proposed deer fence May 31, 2017 New Jersey,  North Jersey
... The Flat Rock Brook Nature Association has researched several options over the last three years, including a limited hunt, and officials there feel a fence is the best solution...

Deer Fences Of Many Stripes Protect Landscaping March 6, 2017 New York, 27east.com
... The best color for a fence to help it disappear from view is black ...  “The idea is, it blends,” Mr. Marran said. “We hide wire fencing in plantings, weave the fencing into the plantings.” ...

Deer antler damage to trees can be prevented November 20, 2016 Kansas, The Kansas City Star
... The most effective method is to construct a rigid fence out and around the trees. Start by using three to four heavy-duty metal fence posts. Drive them into the ground at the dripline of evergreen trees. For deciduous trees, put them two feet or more from the trunk. The fence posts provide a rigid object for the deer to rub against...

... They were eating her beloved hostas ... Now, the deer here look longingly at her lush backyard through a six-foot mesh barrier that has restored her landscape and sense of well-being.  “It cost $5,000, but it was a good investment,” ...

Ann Arbor, New study evaluates deer damage in Ann Arbor's natural areas October 25, 2016 Michikgan, MLive.com
... study that included monitoring hundreds of newly planted red oak seedlings ... 54 percent of the unfenced seedlings were browsed by deer at least once, ... Courteau said installing tall fences around nature areas could work. She said that's what the University of Michigan does at the Edwin S. George Reserve and it's effective ...

Wildlife a Problem at Burlington Alamance Regional Airport October 5, 2016 North Carolina, TWC News
... The aircraft tried to fly to get above the deer. It did hit the deer which caused a fuel leak in the airplane. The airplane immediately landed with no incident ... A $2 million, two-year project is underway to put up a fence around the airport...

For desperate gardeners, new idea to keep deer out of your garden October 4, 2016 New York, Buffalo-NiagaraGardening.com
...  a deer grate, and he designed and built it himself. It’s modeled after a cattle guard, which is used to keep cows and other livestock from getting into roadways.  Dunn’s deer grate is basically metal tubes set into a recessed area of the concrete driveway. The tubes are spaced just a little farther apart than the length of a deer’s hoof....

Interns work to complete deer exclosure at Watchung Reservation July 15, 2016 New Jersey, New Jersey Online
... The exclosure is a fenced area meant to keep deer out so native plants can thrive. Hopefully, the exclosure will act as a natural nursery for the areas outside the fencing...

How to keep deer out of the vegetable patch April 10, 2016 Kentucky, Daily Independent
... Deer can jump fences, but are less likely if the posts are placed at a 45-degree angle facing into the garden. The diagonal placement apparently creates an optical illusion for the deer ...

... As animals such as deer and pronghorns try to access feeding areas, calving areas and migration routes, they sometimes can be caught in barbed wire fencing, which can be a mortal entanglement... people can learn more about the projects by going to www.wyomingwildlife.org

... constructed four small, fenced exclosures that were tall enough to exclude coyotes, foxes, and bobcats, but short enough for deer to jump (approximately 4 feet tall ...  fawn recruitment was almost double inside the fences. These findings suggest that providing small areas where does can give birth without risk of predation will increase recruitment...

...  a new metal fence, about 8 feet high and painted black to blend into the background, will encircle the space.  Punzi has carefully selected the New Jersey native plants he will include in the garden...

... The Wireless Deer Fence system is a set of green plastic stakes sold in packs of three for around $60, with metal tops that hold a deer-attracting scent pellet inside four electrodes. You place the pellet inside the electrodes, insert a pair of AA batteries into the belly of the device and place it in areas that deer frequently browse. Attracted by the scent, the deer will lick the electrode and get a startling — but harmless — shock ...

Kimberley Urban Deer Committee annual report February 17, 2016 British Columbia, Kimberley Daily Bulletin
...Deer counts conducted in Kimberley this past December were down and the population appears to be trending down — for now ... “What that’s all about, we’re  not sure. Is is new fences? Fences limit the animal’s access to food so they go elsewhere .” ... 

Deer collisions on the rise February 11, 2016 Utah, St. George Daily Spectrum
... In order to combat the increasing numbers, DWR has worked with the Utah Department of Transportation to construct deer-proof fences along Interstate 15. Underpasses have also been constructed to allow a safe crossing point for the deer...

How to Deal with Damage from Deer February 5, 2016 Pennsylvania, Lancaster Farming
... Short of actually killing the deer, permanent fencing is the most effective control method... prefers a deer fence with 6-by-6-inch wire boxes at the top, 6-by-5 boxes in the middle and 6-by-4 boxes at the bottom.  An 8-foot-tall fence like that costs an average of $6.33 per foot. A crew can install about 3,000 feet of fence in an eight-hour day ...

Fence planned to keep deer out Flat Rock Brook Nature Center February 4, 2016 New Jersey, NorthJersey.com
... its 150-acres of land by placing an eight-foot-tall deer fence around the property ... will be 11,000 linear feet, will cost the nature center an estimated $125,000 to $150,000 for installation ...

... the new wildlife fences have mostly been successful in keeping deer and other wildlife away from a stretch of roadway between Silverthorne and Kremmling that has seen many wildlife-vehicle collisions over the years.  Connell said footage from game cameras shows many deer are starting to get used to using new wildlife underpasses and overpasses ...

...  Bow hunting will not be used to cull the deer population ... Flat Rock plans to build an 11,000-foot-long fence that would enclose about 100 of the center's 150 acres ... Vogel said her concern had been having hunters so close to homes. She also feels bow hunting is cruel...

Fujitsu wants to fix Japan's deer problem with software January 18, 2016 Japan, Engadget 
... Traditionally, these sorts of studies require a manual survey and plenty of theoretical calculations, but Fujitsu is hoping to build software that is significantly more accurate... ... Fujitsu would be interested in helping forest researchers build fences to keep deer penned in .... Rather than instituting a series of widespread culls that could do more harm than good ...

Deer drive draws droves of volunteers to Bowman’s Hill Wildflower Preserve December 13, 2015 Pennsylvania, Bucks County Courier Times
... During recent repairs to the preserve’s deer fence, some deer slipped into the property ... “What we’re doing is safely funneling the deer out of the preserve,” ... 

The next step in getting a handle on our deer herd (editorial) December 6, 2015 New York, Staten Island Advance
... The federal report recommends and "adaptive integrated approach,".., it encompasses the non-lethal methods that are preferred by almost everyone ... deer-proof fences and barricades, supplemental feeding to reduce damage to greenery ... [Read the plan]

Marcellus Shale Grant for Deer Exclusion Fencing at Governor Dick. Deer fencing proves to be an effective deer management option after hunting proves to be ineffective. - December 4, 2015 Pennsylvania


Lake County deer population taking hit, but still high November 28, 2015 Ohio, The News-Herald
... At the Holden Arboretum in Kirtland, for example, an enormous deer exclosure — an 8-foot-high, 16,750-foot-long fence — is largely proving effective in reducing the number of deer and deer damage in the Kirtland property’s 230-acre core. The fence, completed in late summer, includes main gates and steel grating at each end of Sperry Road...

... "Some people have reported to me that the existing fence ordinance does not give them the tools they need to prevent deer contact with their backyard or their gardens ...,"   Ann Arbor City Council Member Chuck Warpehoski wants to ease fence restrictions so residents have more options to keep deer out of their backyards and gardens... electric fences that deliver a shock could be one way to deter deer, as long as it's only in backyards and away from property lines...

Cranberry growers concerned over elk damage November 18, 2015 Wisconsin, Jacksoncountychronicle
... Cranberry growers are working with the state in an effort to establish a fencing program to protect their property from the elk that were recently reintroduced to Jackson County... The DNR currently is in the midst of working on a new program to provide for fencing agreements  ...

Fence will keep Brookings airport free of elk October 6, 2015 Oregon, Curry Coastal Pilot
... Fencing to keep deer and elk from wandering onto the county’s airport in Brookings will be erected this fall and winter ...  the county obtained a grant and solicited for bids to build a fence to keep the elk out...

Staten Island, City inches toward management plan for Staten Island's exploding deer population October 5, 2015 New York, SILive.com
 ... Buck's Hollow got a $100,000 fence installation as part of the city's experiments with using barriers to keep deer out of plantings. Roughly 10 percent of forest restoration plantings have impacted by deer, according to 2015 inspection data cited by Drury in a letter to Oddo...

Another satisfied customer shows the Wireless Deer Fence in action! Wireless Deer Fence will protect your garden and fruit trees from deer. See how the WDF posts attract the deer away from the apples using a sweet scent and then deliver a startling shock to scare them away. October 1, 2015


River Forest, Deer complaints lead River Forest to consider hunting options September 24, 2015 Illinois, Chicago Tribune
... In a letter sent to the village of River Forest by John McCabe of the Forest Preserve District, McCabe said a population management program can only take place with the state's permission... 

Ashland looks to solve problem of 'aggressive' animals September 22, 2015 Oregon, OregonLive
... Vargas, the lead wildlife biologist in southern Oregon ... a cull would require killing 40 to 60 deer a year, he said, something that's unlikely to gain political support from Ashland ... Hoping to avoid dramatic reactions, city officials began allowing residents to install 8-foot-high deer fences...

Wokingham deer moved safely out of allotments August 26, 2015 United Kingdom, Reading Post
... "We formed a cordon around the allotments and tried to herd it through the back of the site... "After the deer had left the site we secured the area with mesh...

Holden Arboretum completes deer sweep to preserve inner gardens August 26, 2015 Ohio, The News-Herald 
... More than 100 employees and volunteers gathered Aug. 24 to participate in the deer sweep, forming teams to cover the entire area of the arboretum’s enclosed section. It took about an hour and a half and resulted in the removal of three deer — one doe, one buck and one fawn ... Any remaining deer within the enclosure still have the opportunity to jump out through a deer gate...
     Deer roundup evicts plant-eating interlopers from Holden Arboretum's gardens August 25, 2015 Ohio, Cleveland Plain Dealer 
... Holden Arboretum ... a five-mile long, eight-foot tall deer-proof fence to protect the 233-acre central core gardens... "We're fencing them out so we don't have to shoot them." ... The $400,000 deer fence ... designed to replace the biannual erecting and tearing down of miles of temporary fencing around new trees ...

Do you live in the country or near deer populations and have a need to keep them out? Sabine shows you an innovative way to install deer fencing that keeps wildlife out without obstructing views. August 13, 2015


Hoophouses save the garden from havoc May 15, 2015 The Daily Sentinel
...  we had built mini-hoophouses with netting to protect the garden from our own chickens’ destructive tendencies, and they doubled as deer-proof fencing.  They’ve also proven to protect against wild birds, which sometimes eat new seedlings...

...  the idea of fencing off a section of land to keep the deer, as a pilot program, is “excellent”, as a means of seeing if would lead to the rebirth of the natural environment.  “It’s going to be costly, deer fencing isn’t cheap. But as a pilot, we can look at the impacts,” ... 

Lorrimer Sanctuary seeks deer fence exemption May 14, 2015 New Jersey, North Jersey
... asked the Borough Council to consider amending the borough’s fence ordinance to provide an exception for the Lorrimer Sanctuary, a 14-acre nature site in the borough, to permit the installation of a deer fence on its property.  A deer fence is usually made of flexible black plastic ...

What nature can teach us about motherhood May 9, 2015 May 9, 2015 Texas, Dallas Morning News
... The doe jumped the four-strand barbed-wire fence that separated private property from highway right-of-way. The fawn tried to follow, but its left rear leg came down between the top two strands of wire, which immediately kinked around the deer’s leg.  It’s not uncommon to see the remains of deer hanging in fences...

Dealing with deer: How to keep animals out of your garden May 8, 2015 Montana, Independent Record
...  The only surefire way to keep deer from gardens is fencing ... Borneman hired local builder and artist Joseph Beraz to construct a fence pleasing to the eye and able to keep deer from her garden. Now lined with lilacs, the fence blends into the yard ...

Deer may damage ornamentals May 7, 2015 Oklahoma, High Plains Journal
... Repellents may provide relief on small areas of high value plants, but for large areas it is not a good option... A good strategy is called a “peanut butter fence.” On a standard electric fence small pieces of conductive foil are attached at intervals. Apply peanut butter to each piece of foil. When the deer lick the peanut butter, they are shocked...

Airplane-deer collisions might prompt shoot-to-kill order May 6, 2015 Florida, NW Florida Daily News
... Deer that continue to wander onto the runways and taxiways at Bob Sikes Airport will be shot, according to the county’s new agreement with the U.S. Department of Agriculture... temporary until permanent fencing can be installed ...

Belvidere couple tends to 50,000 daffodils each spring May 3, 2015 Illinois, Rockford Register-Star
... An estimated 50,000 daffodils bloom every spring at the Anderson home along the appropriately named Wildflower Lane... They put up an electric fence to keep the deer out ...

N.S. farmers can apply for provincial funding to build deer fences May 2, 2015 Nova Scotia, Atlantic CTV News 
... Agriculture Minister Keith Colwell announced Friday that funding will cover half of eligible costs, to a maximum of $115,000...

Arboretum fences deer out to protect research May 1, 2015 Minnesota, Minneapolis Star Tribune
...Researchers have used deer fences at the site for years and have found them to be the most effective way to keep deer away, he said. Though older electric fencing is still used at the center, newer fences are made of woven wire meshes, and have openings large enough to let smaller animals like wild turkeys through...

A deer fence still is the best remedy October 20, 2013 Oregon, Mail Tribune
... . To make it less expensive and troublesome for homeowners, would it be possible to collar the deer with a unit that responds to a hidden fence system?  ... [response] ODFW wildlife biologist Dan Ethridge. "You'd pretty much have to (collar) every deer in the neighborhood. Just the total cost of something like that is a lot more than anyone can comprehend. That's not likely to ever happen." ...

Building deer fence for gardens, plans from Cornel University's International Center for Wildlife Damage Manageme







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Deer Friendly,
Feb 20, 2016, 6:54 PM