Cascading effects of habitat on maternal condition and life-history characteristics of neonatal mule deer, Idaho. JRT Shallow, MA Hurley, KL Monteith, RT Bowyer - Journal of Mammalogy, 2015

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Cascading effects of habitat on maternal condition and life-history characteristics of neonatal mule deer, Idaho. JRT Shallow, MA Hurley, KL Monteith, RT Bowyer - Journal of Mammalogy, 2015
... We monitored survival of neonatal mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) inhabiting 2 contrasting ecotypes in Idaho: aspen woodlands (Populus tremuloides) in southeast Idaho (Caribou Mountains) and mixed-conifer grasslands (lodge-pole pine, Pinus contorta; Douglas-fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii) in central Idaho (Salmon River Mountains) ...  Female deer from the Salmon River Mountains exhibited poor maternal condition and small litter sizes compared with females from the Caribou Mountains. Young from the Salmon River Mountains exhibited lower rates of growth, occupied bedding sites with less concealment cover, and subsequently experienced lower survival from birth to 5 months of age, compared with neonates from the Caribou Mountains. Cause of deaths for young mule deer on both study sites was mostly from predation...


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