The Evolution of Land and Fire Management at Seney National Wildlife Refuge: From Game to Ecosystem Management DS Marsh - 2013

Michigan Deer Population, Management News and Information Archive

... The incorporation of fire in land management in the northern Lake States was initially 
met with great resistance. Although fire was an element that was used effectively by Native Americans to manage forests (Cleland, 1992) and blueberry (Vaccinium) crops (Anderton, 1999), to European settlers it was an element that had to be extinguished; it posed a threat to their timber and communities. Over time, however, fire became a tool that was used effectively to promote game species such as white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virgianus) ...

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