Effectiveness of Modifying Fences to Exclude Ungulates From High-Value Livestock Pastures [PDF] JE Knight - April, 2014 Montana

Montana Deer Population,Management News and Information Archive

... a. Exclosures were baited and monitored for two winters to determine how well they deterred ungulate crossings. Results indicate effective modifications can be made to existing fences for $500 - $1,350 per mile for materials. Different designs proved to 
have varying levels of effectiveness, with six-foot woven wire being 100 percent effective. These fences are a cost-effective way to fence out wildlife in many high-value areas where traditional game fences are not practical. If farmers and ranchers can keep big game animals out of important foraging areas, resulting in reduced depredation losses, their tolerance for these animals may increase on the rest of their property.

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