Behaviour and Cause-Specific Mortality of Mule Deer Fawns [PDF] CA Taylor, 2013

Texas Deer Population, Management News and Information Archive

... Predation was the major source of neonate mortality accounting for 86.8% of deaths. Black bear were the source of highest predation on fawns (57.5%, n=19) and total mortality (49.9%), verifying our hypothesis. Coyotes (Canis latrans) were the second highest source of predation (36.3%, n=12) and total mortality (31.6%). The mean eight month survival estimate was 24.4%. These survival estimates were slightly higher than those from a previous investigation in the same area (Bender 2006)...

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