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Deer Resistant Plants and Repellents

Virginia Deer Resistant Plants and Repellents



Deer resistant trees and shrubs include: bottlebrush,  boxwoods such as Morris Dwarf and Green Gem buckeye, dwarf nandina, Japanese kerria, heather, leucothoe, rugosa rose, sweetshrub, and Virginia sweetspire.   

Shrubs:    Abelia, Autumn olive, Burning bush, Butterfly bush, Boxwood, Beauty Berry, Berberis (Barberry), Chinese holly, Cotinus (Smoke tree),  Cotoneaster,   Elderberry, Flowering quince, Forsythia, Harry Lauder’s walking stick, Heath, Heather, Inkberry, Itea (Virginia Sweetspire), Japanese barberry, Juniper, Leatherleaf viburnum, Leucothoe, Lilac,  Mahonia (Oregon grape holly), Nandina,v Privet, Pyracantha, Rose of Sharon, Rugosa rose, Russian arborvitae, Russian olive, St. John’s wort, Spicebush, Spirea, Sweetshrub, Weigela and Winter jasmine.

Panicum virgatum Northwind is a deer-resistant selection of Virginia's native switchgrass. Big puffs of bloom appear late summer; foliage stays upright in winter, providing shelter for birds.

Mother Lode juniper, or Juniperus horizontalis Mother Lode (zones 4-7). Creeping, flat evergreen has brilliant gold foliage that goes bronze in winter. Deer-resistant, it spreads 6 to 8 feet but stays 4 to 6 inches tall; it needs full sun and tolerates drought.

There are a few generalizations that can be made about plants that deer do not like:  Plants with aromatic foliage, Plants with thorns or sharp foliage, Toxic plants, Fuzzy leafed plants  See Meadows Farms for a list.

Virginia Cooperative Extension recommendations:  American holly, barberry, boxwood, daffodil, butterfly bush, mahonia, river birch, ferns, rose of Sharon, spurges, herbs, hyacinth, iris, lamb’s ear, marigold, dusty miller, false cypress, peony, poppy, rhubarb and hellebore.

Trees — American holly, beech, Colorado spruce, crape myrtle, cypress, Eastern red cedar, ginkgo, dogwood, hawthorne, honeylocust, linden, Norway spruce, red buckeye, river birch, sassafras, service berry, smoke tree, sweet gum, sycamore and witch hazel.

List of deer-resistant plants provided by the Merrifield Garden Center

List of native perennials, shrubs, and trees provided by the Fairfax County Park Authority

List of deer-resistant plants provided by the State Arboretum of Virginia

5 Deer resistant shrubs for your consideration May 29, 2015 Virginia, The Roanoke Times
... Berberis: Aka Barberry ... Mahonia: Aka Oregon grape holly ... Itea: Aka Virginia Sweetspire ... Cotinus: Aka Smoke tree ... Boxwood ...