International Deer News
More baby deer are dying in France because of climate change April 2, 2014 The Verge
... Now, a new study released today in PLOS Biology makes the case that even one of the most robust animal populations around — the roe deer of France — are having trouble keeping up with the pace of changing temperatures.... Using population data spanning the last 30 years, researchers demonstrated that roe deer in the Champagne region of France have not been able to adjust their birthing season ...
Deer supposedly extinct 85 years ago discovered in Vietnam March 6, 2014 Thanh Nien News
... A pair of Roosevelt's Muntjacs, also known as Roosevelt's barking deer, was caught on a camera trap set up by scientists surveying barking deer populations at the Xuan Lien Nature Reserve ...
25 years after Iron Curtain fell, deer stay on respective sides February 24, 2014 Czech Republic, United Press International
... after the fall of the Iron Curtain ... the behavior of deer was very traditional and they were probably very conservative, and are repeating movements probably based on respect for a border that is no longer there ...
Fluorescent Deer Antlers: Do They Work? February 20, 2014 Finland, WebProNews ·
... Hitting a deer can be an awful experience ... attempts to make reindeer more visible on roadways ... painted the antlers of 20 reindeer with various fluorescent dyes. The group will monitor the deer for several weeks to determine which dyes are the easiest to see and how they hold up to the Arctic cold...
Caucasian red deer to be brought to Armenia from Russia January 22, 2014 arminfo.info
... The program on restoration of the Caucasian red deer population in Armenia is entering its crucial phase. Head of WWF Armenia Karen Manvelyan has told ArmInfo that the talks on acquisition of the Caucasian red deer are already underway...
Hangul deer prepares to fight Kashmir winter January 7, 2014 India, The Hindu
... The endangered ‘Hangul,’ a rare species of red deer, is preparing to fight the bone chilling winter in the snow-laden Dachigam Wildlife Sanctuary located on the outskirts of Srinagar. Forest rangers said they have made special food arrangements to keep the antlered stag in good health....
Milk and cheese, deer? January 2, 2014 New Zealand, ABC Online
... A New Zealand farmer and a cheese-maker have joined forces to craft what they hope will be the world's first commercially produced cheese using deer milk. Scientists say deer milk is rich in nutrients and protein and could also have wide-ranging therapeutic and cosmetic uses ...
Deer safari open, tiger safari in the line to put Bathinda on tourist map of India December 22, 2013 Times of India
... Though the mini zoo had come up in 1982 and the deer were caged in different enclosures but only now the open safari facility has been started much to the delight of nature lovers ... Soon the battery operated vehicles will be put in motion for the tourists ...
One third of Palestinian deer hunted in storm December 22, 2013 GulNews.com
... During the last snowstorm which hit the region, Palestine lost about one third of its deer... “Our Palestinian youth were waiting for the deer and killed over a hundred of them in a massacre which has jeopardised Palestinian wildlife,” ...
Crunch time for deer industry December 11, 2013 New Zealand, Stuff.Co.NZ
... The deer industry needs to re-invent itself to reverse recent falling profitability and declining stock numbers, a Waikato University agribusiness student says... "Low schedule prices and schedule price fluctuations for venison and velvet have been the primary cause for this fall in profitability," ...
Genetics change boosts production December 11, 2013 New Zealand, Stuff.co.nz
... The Wellingtons' breeding programme was focused on velvet genetics until 2011 when Wellington changed half of the breeding hinds to venison genetics by artificially inseminating them with Eastern European genetics from genetics company Deer Improvement...
Deer departing December 7, 2013 India, Business Standard
... last surviving Asiatic remnant of the European red deer family, which was once found all over Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh, is today confined to the Dachigam National Park, 22 km from Srinagar... "We are hoping that next year, when a new state government is elected, things will start to change," says Qadri. But will the hangul survive till then? " ...
Campaign to conserve endangered Sangai : Manipur Brow Antlered Deer November 29, 2013 India, e-pao.net
... Sangai, also known as the dancing deer of Manipur, has become an endangered species and is on the verge of extinction... only about 200 of them are left in the wild. The decrease in the population of this rare species is due to extensive human activities like hunting, poaching and habited destruction among others...
Deer farmers head to hills but profit up October 13, 2013 New Zealand, Stuff.co.nz
While deer farming has been pushed off most of Canterbury Plain and into the hills by dairy farming, it is now the most profitable form of dry stock farming ... last week the deer returned $125 per stock unit, the sheep $100 and the cattle returned $75 ...
Greedy poachers put deer stocks at risk, warn gardai October 12, 2013 Ireland, Herald.ie
High market prices for venison has pushed deer poaching in the Dublin and Wicklow mountains to epidemic levels ... Based on a strong demand in Europe for the meat, legitimate wildlife dealers are paying €70 for an average hind and €100 for a stag...
Deer released to restore Siberian tiger population August 26, 2013 China, Xinhua News Agency
... Dozens of deer were released in China's Jilin Province on Monday following a similar project last year, in an attempt to restore the region's Siberian tiger population ... supervised by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and local forestry authorities, seven red deer and 30 sika deer were released into the forests of Wangqing County near the Changbai Mountains...
More work needed to curb Ireland's deer population August 20, 2013 Ireland, Irish Independent
... A number of factors have contributed to the increase in numbers. The considerable increase in afforestation since the early 1980s has also increased their habitat; recreational hunting has accelerated their dispersal through the illegal practice of releasing and/or relocating animals; forest management practices such as clear-felling and deer fencing can push deer into new areas; and during the heyday of deer farming, many deer were deliberately or accidentally released into the wild...
Operation Wild Deer’ launched August 12, 2013 Ireland, Farming Life
... Countryside Alliance Ireland recently attended the launch of ‘Operation Wild Deer’, a PSNI driven initiative to tackle the problem of deer poaching in Northern Ireland ... Deer poaching leaflets and posters have been produced for distribution throughout Northern Ireland. The initial focus will be on Davagh Forest, where the operation was launched...
Increase in poaching forces deer to become creatures of the night August 6, 2013 Ireland, Belfast Telegraph
... Police say they are concerned that poaching is going on in forests in the Tyrone and Fermanagh areas and are urging the public to report anything suspicious. In recent months the PSNI has teamed up with councils, environmental groups and country sports groups in the Cookstown area ...
A dead deer lies on the side of an A-Road near Scharfenberg, Germany July 21, 2013 Germany, ABC News
... There were approximately 200,000 accidents involving collisions with wild animals in 2012. They claimed 20 lives, seriously injured 615 people and caused about half a billion euros in insurance losses. According to horrific statistics compiled by hunters, about 20 percent of the wildlife killed throughout Germany each year is so-called roadkill ... Falko Brieger and Max Kröschel, two forest managers from the city of Freiburg, have affixed bright yellow GPS receivers to 45 deer ...
Deer breeding centre to be set up at Mandvi July 18, 2013 India, Daily News & Analysis
... “We will breed four-horned deer or Chausinga at the centre. Though South Gujarat has a good forest cover, animals are limited in number. It is our attempt to restore natural habitat in the forests. The four-horned deer were once found in this region ...
Pesticide sprayed grass kills 8 deer in Dodagatta July 18, 2013 India, Deccan Chronicle
...Farmer Hanumantha Reddy had sprayed highly poisonous phorate granules in his maize crop to control pests. The deer ate the poisonous fodder and proceeded towards S.R. Kota village where they died near groundnut fields...
Ministerial committee approves proposal to ban sport hunting June 30, 2013 Israel, Jerusalem Post
... The Ministerial Committee for Legislation on Sunday unanimously approved Environmental Protection Minister Amir Peretz’s proposal to revive a bill that would prohibit sport hunting in Israel and increase the protection of animals in their ecosystems. “Wildlife will no longer be abandoned to sporting games,” Peretz said...
Deer cheese no longer a farce June 8, 2013 New Zealand, TVNZ
... Graeme Shaw, ex-manager of Queenstown's exclusive Matakauri Lodge, and together with third-generation Maniototo elk farmer John Falconer and award-winning Waikato cheese maker Neil Willman, he's answered that question emphatically in the positive. In fact, he's well on the way to establishing what's believed to be the world's first commercial deer cheese operation....
China drives resurgence of NZ deer industry June 6, 2013 New Zealand, ecns
... "Last year we saw about 62 percent of the industry's exports going direct to China. To put that in perspective, the figure was about 8 percent in 2007," ...
Deer industry ponders name change for venison in Europe May 28, 2013 New Zealand, Radio New Zealand
... It's looking for a new approach to counter falling sales in its biggest export market, Germany, where New Zealand venison is under pressure from cheaper European venison coming from countries like Spain and Poland. Cervena is an appellation for New Zealand farmed venison ...
Your deer friend is the most adopted at Chhatbir Zoo May 27, 2013 India, Indian Express
... the animal adoption scheme at Chhatbir Zoo, the deer has emerged as the "most adopted" animal in the zoo... most of those who have adopted deer at the zoo have done so following an astrologer's advice... astrologer Ashish Puri said, "We mostly suggest a person to feed a deer when certain corrections related to planet mercury are required...
Four deer die of urea poisoning May 22 India, Times of India
..: The tall claims of the forest department about regular monitoring of water holes and bodies adjoining forest areas, specially during summer, were exposed when four deer died of poisoning after drinking urea tainted water in Sakoli range... "With the help of litmus paper, we could confirm that urea was mixed in the water by unidentified poachers...
Deer bitten by stray dogs dies May 21, 2013 India, Times of India
Of late, several animals, especially deer, have been coming out of forest areas in search of food and water and many have been landing in trouble. A deer was killed by a stray dog near Sriperumbudur, while another was killed near Guduvancherry...
Census of Eastern Swamp Deer starts in Kaziranga May 3, 2013 Zee News
... a sub-species of Swamp Deer, and found only in Kaziranga ... According to official statistics, there were 1,144 numbers of the species in Kaziranga till January 2012. However, some of them died in the three waves of floods in Assam last year ... [681 in 2007]
Deer antler spray gets a pass, so now what? May 2, 2013 Yahoo! Eurosport UK
... the World Anti-Doping Authority, which provides the list of banned substances that most sports leagues follow, announced that deer antler spray is not in violation of its rules. Deer antler spray, you may remember, was at the centre of a media frenzy that engulfed Baltimore Ravens linebacker Ray Lewis ... contains only "small amounts" of IGF-1 ...
Roe Deer More Likely To Be Run Over At Nightfall On A Sunday In April April 23, 2013, Galicia, RedOrbit
... Accidents involving roe deer occur more frequently between April and July, particularly in April and May. “This is the season in which the young roe deer born in the previous year are expelled from the group and start to look for a new territory,” explains Lagos... a study published in the ‘European Journal of Wildlife Research’ by a team of researchers from the AF4 group from the School of Forest Engineering at the University of Vigo...
Spotted deer dies of dog bites in Vandalur April 21, 2013 India, The Hindu
... An adult spotted deer died of injuries sustained from dog bites at Arungal village inside Vandalur reserve forest area near Tambaram... Officials suspect a pack of about four dogs may have chased the deer and attacked it on its rear causing deep injuries...
Swamp Deer, 2170 swamp deer counted in Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve April 19, 2013 Nepal, Republica
...The population of swamp deer in Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve (SWR) has increased by 345 over the last one year. As per the recent census, swamp deer population in the reserve has now reached 2170 from 1825 last year...
Potential in cheese from deer's milk April 17, 2013 New Zealand,
Otago Daily Times
... Oamaru-based Whitestone Cheese created about 5kg of deer's cheese in June, after it was approached to take part in a joint project conducted by Otago and Lincoln Universities... "There is some good potential there and we would accommodate that if we could get a supply of milk, but the next challenge is how to milk deer...
Resurgence of endangered deer in Patagonian 'Eden' highlights conservation success April 16, 2013 Chile, Phys.Org
... The endangered Huemul deer, a Chilean icon, is returning to former habitat thanks to collaborative conservation efforts. Credit: Alejandro Vila... The Huemul is a naturally tame and approachable animal, which led to it becoming easy prey for hunters, particularly with the arrival of European colonists in the area who would hunt Huemul for meat to feed their dogs...
Accused deer poachers in court April 15, 2013 New Zealand, SunLive
... Four Waikato men accused of poaching deer police say are worth about $100,000 from Bay of Plenty farms last year have been remanded on bail without plea... more than 130 rusa, red and fallow deer, valued from $700 to $4500 each, were stolen as part of the poaching operation....
Kashmir Stag Census: Wildlife SOS Studies the Critically Endangered Subspecies of Red Deer April 11, 2013 National Geographic
... With only 218 individuals of this subspecies of red deer left in the wild according to one 2011 survey, the Kashmir stag is literally on the brink of extinction. The subspecies is only found in the Jammu and Kashmir (Northwest, India) where it is glorified as the state animal. Unfortunately, the subspecies has seen a drastic decline in the last 60 years. The population has been reduced to 10% of its estimated population size from six decades ago...
Call for CBI probe into deer poaching in Manas April 9, 2013 India, Assam Tribune
... Deer poaching in the Manas National Park has become a serious cause of concern ... deer meat from Manas is sent to the towns and there are reasons to believe that it is also sent to Guwahati city. Deer meat can be consumed only by moneyed people because of its high price and the poachers take it directly to the buyers as the it cannot be sold in the markets. A probe by the CBI can unearth the whole chain of people right from the poachers, sellers and buyers to check poaching of deer ...
Human interference endangers barking deer survival April 9, 2013 Pakistan, The News International
... a direct correlation with grass cover tends to suggest that barking deer depend more on grazing than on browsing. The increase in tree cover may increase protection and availability of food for the barking deer. However, the increase in tree cover beyond the optimal level (20%) can hinder the free movement of this species, which mainly depend upon escape from predators for survival...
Wildlife authorities fit satellite collars on endangered rare Kashmiri red deer April 9, 2013 India, Newstrack India
... Wildlife authorities in Srinagar set-up satellite collars on Hangul, an endangered Kashmiri red deer, to identify threats to the species and formulate a strategy for conservation... The antlered red deer, commonly known as the Hangul, was once the biggest draw of Dachigam, a mountainous sanctuary on the outskirts of, Srinagar, where they grazed in thousands decades ago. Rampant poaching, neglect by authorities and a 24-year-old separatist rebellion in the region took its toll on the population ...
... Four years ago, an aerial deer survey by provincial biologists recorded 1,073 animals in a 10-kilometre-square area that included the valley ... Preliminary data from a January aerial survey show 865 animals ... three years of controlled but controversial winter hunts by members of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy...
Deer milk cheese offers health benefits April 3, 2013, New Zealand, Stuff.co.nz
Scientists and a cheese maker from Oamaru have produced what they believe may be the world's first cheese made from the milk of farmed red deer. What's more, laboratory tests have identified unique bioactive compounds in red deer milk that they say could improve the immune system of humans. ...
Illegal poachers threaten future of native deer April 2, 2013 Ireland, Irish Independent
Poachers continue to target native red deer even though hunting them was outlawed five months ago....The country's only indigenous deer – which has had a continuous presence here for 10,000 years – is in danger of becoming extinct as numbers fall well below what is considered the lowest sustainable level ...
Deer sector 'has base' for growth April 2, 2013 New Zealand, Stuff.co.nz
... In 2000, Germany took more than half of our venison and South Korea was the destination for 80 per cent of velvet exports. Now, after working hard to develop alternative markets, Germany is down to 35 per cent of venison and South Korea to 65 per cent of velvet while exports overall have grown. China is the big new velvet buyer, with sales increasing from $2.5 million to $17.5m in the last 10 years. Its needs differ from that of South Korea, with the soft "jelly" tip of the antler preferred...
Deer farmers asked for ideas on future goals of industry March 19, 2013 New Zealand, The Southland Times
... Farmers will tour David and Pam Nind's sheep, beef and deer farm, which they have been following the progress of since 2009. The farm was an "amazing development" and a good example of how sheep, cattle and deer could be integrated on the one property ... The programme will look at grazing management, production, costs and revenues, stock numbers, stock performance and crop performance...
Deer now in animal identification scheme March 4, 2013 New Zealand, Radio New Zealand
... Farmers have to electronically tag deer within six months of birth and register them in the NAIT system within one week of being tagged so their movements can be recorded once they leave the farm...
Finlay Clark: Failure to agree on managing deer could prove expensive January 23, 2013 Scotland, Scotsman, Finlay Clar
... deer, and particularly red deer, divide the public and often cause serious disputes between neighbours. Arguments are raging in several areas as to whether there should be more or fewer deer, and, as a consequence, deer numbers numbers are far higher in some areas of Scotland than in others.
Deer groups innovate to revive antler event January 23, 2013 New Zealand, The Southland Times
Deer farmers and velvet producers compete annually for the biggest and best hard antler and velvet, but in recent years both entrants and spectator numbers have dropped... The Wapiti Celebration and Velvet Competition is run by the Elk Wapiti Society of New Zealand and Fiordland New Zealand Deer Farmers Association.
Drenthe shows zero tolerance for deer and boar January 18, 2013 Netherlands, DutchNews.nl
Nature groups in Drenthe are furious at plans by the provincial authorities to shoot all wild deer and boar crossing into the province. The council wants to keep Drenthe free of big game to head off damage to crops and potential traffic accidents ...
Shanghai, City reintroduces Chinese water deer for eco-tourism January 15, 2013 Shanghai Daily (subscription)
Five years ago, professors of East China Normal University brought 21 Chinese water deer from Zhoushan islands off Zhejiang Province and raised them in the Huaxia Park in a repopulation program after the species disappeared from Shanghai ... Shanghai plans to reintroduce Chinese water deer and create habitats for the animal to proliferate...
Evil poachers sleigh wild deer with hammers December 14, 2012 Ireland, The Sun
... poachers are hunting wild deer with dogs before finishing them off with hammers ... Wild Deer Association of Ireland chief David Dunne told how callous thugs use pairs of trained dogs to bring down their defenceless prey. ... “They are doing it for their own sick sport.” ... animal rights activists have set up patrols to catch the culprits ...
German Police Helicopter Rescues Trapped Deer from Frozen Lake December 11, 2012 Spiegel Online
... a passing police helicopter that happened to be in the area. "Its pilot had been listening to the police frequency and heard what was going on," the spokesman said. "He offered to help and had the idea of tilting the helicopter to create a strong downdraft. That literally blew the deer off the lake."
Brazil aims to clone wild animal species November 15, 2012 Ct Post
... with hundreds of samples from eight native species, including the collared anteater, the bush dog, the black lion tamarin, the coati, and deer and bison varieties, as well as the leopard and the maned wolf, according to team leader Carlos Frederico ... any clones that eventually emerge from the Brazilian project would go to zoos ...
Gelderland to press ahead with deer cull November 14, 2012 Netherlands, Expatica Netherlands
'It is fanastic that there are red deer in the Veluwe and we want to keep it that way,' said Jan Jacob van Dijk, the council executive in charge of nature management ... Gelderland province is to press ahead with plans to shoot most of a herd of 25 red deer to ensure not too many animals use a new wildlife bridge over a motorway and railway, despite a storm of angry reactions... The animal rights party PvdD says this means 15 of the 25 deer in the herd will be shot dead...
Deer savaged to death by dog and then stabbed by hunter November 6, 2012 Austria, Austrian Independent
... An Austrian hunter called to put down a seriously ill deer used his dog and a knife rather than have to go back to his car and get a bullet for his empty gun. Animal rights activists who made the claim have filed a complaint against Schalchen-based hunter named only as Hubert S for legal reasons. They say that the injured animal may have been too ill to save ...
Inbreeding threat to future of Killarney red deer October 22, 2012 Ireland, Irish Examiner
... The results of a four-year study by Ruth Carden found there are just 500 Killarney Reds in the 10,000 hectare national park... "Killarney deer are true Irish, but they are not native. Native species have no assistance from humans when they arrive. The Kerry reds were deliberately introduced by Neolithic man," said Dr Carden, a research associate of the National Museum of Ireland.
Hunting Kerry red deer outlawed October 22, 2012 Ireland, Herald.ie
Hunting of one of Ireland's most ancient and iconic species, the Kerry red deer, has been outlawed... The ban is being imposed amid fears that dwindling populations - there are an estimated 500-600 in Killarney National Park - could lead to inbreeding.
Russian Geoglyph: Elk-Shaped Design Found In Ural Mountains, May Predate Peru's 'Nazca Lines' October 12, 2012 Huffington Post
A huge geoglyph in the shape of an elk or deer discovered in Russia may predate Peru's famous Nazca Lines by thousands of years ... the technology is more typical of the Eneolithic, between the fourth and third millennia B.C. If that date is correct, it would make the geoglyph far older than Peru's Nazca Lines, the very earliest of which were created around 500 B.C. ...
Musk deer facing food threat in Uttarakhand October 10, 2012 Hill Post
Musk Deer Male Uttarakhand Dehra Dun: The severely endangered musk deer, hunted by poachers for its musk gland, found only in adult males ... Its food, the skimmia known as kedarpati in the local dialect, is being widely exploited by the locals, causing an acute food crisis for the deer....
Velvet producers see promise in year ahead October 3, 2012 New Zealand, Timaru Herald
... Prices had remained stable over the past three years and it appeared this was set to continue, ... Korean-grade velvet last season was priced around $95 a kilogram ...
New tagging system 'a nightmare' for farmers October 2, 2012 New Zealand, TVNZ
... About 10.5 million cattle and deer nationwide will have to be electronically tagged, replacing paper records, under the new system... farmers say there is a lot more work to be done before NAIT tags become compulsory for the more than one million farmed deer in New Zealand in March next year...
More deer, bike paths in Emek Hatzvaim renovation September 27, 2012 Isread, Jerusalem Post
The Jerusalem municipality announced this week a NIS 18 million initiative to renovate Emek Hatzvaim park in the south of the city, including the introduction of new deer and paved bicycle paths, to create an official nature preserve... The Local Planning and Building Committee first approved Emek Hatzvaim (Deer Valley) as an urban nature preserve in 2009, which would prohibit further construction in the allotted area...
Korean deal opens door for deer velvet growth September 18, 2012 New Zealand, Stuff.co.nz
Deer farmers are being offered a fixed price for their velvet after the ProVelco co-operative signed an ongoing supply agreement with one of South Korea's leading health food companies...
Kashmir to raise endangered Hangul in captive breeding center September 16, 2012 Hindustan Times
Jammu and Kashmir government has decided to raise Hangul, an endangered species of red deer found only in Kashmir, in a captive breeding centre for reversing the population decline of the animal...
Game hunter and nature lover who helped in reintroduction of red deer September 15, 2012 Ireland, Irish Times
Paul Wood ... his careful management policies and highly selective cull programme led to the production of an astonishing quality of animal, at least equal, and probably superior, to any red deer worldwide... He was deer manager at Screebe Estate in Connemara, Co Galway ...
Deer a fall tradition in ancient Nara September 9, 2012 Japan, The Star Democrat
... I realized I'd made the right travel choice because of the deer. Tame deer are everywhere in Nara Park, plaintively looking for a handout of shika senbei (deer crackers) ... children and children-at-heart have lots of fun feeding the deer....Bucks with long antlers are rounded up for an October event known as the "Deer-Antler Cutting." ... deer are released inside a ring. Several young men took turns lassoing the deer by their antlers. Once each deer is caught, it's laid down on a straw mat (complete with pillow) and held still while its antlers are sawn off...
Ceylon, Call to protect Ceylon Hog Deer September 4, 2012, Ceylon Daily NewsUrgent steps are needed to protect the rare animal species named Ceylon Hog Deer (Vilmuwa), who is the most endangered deer species in the country, Environment Conservation Trust Director Sajiva Chamikara said. The Ceylon Hog Deer is a protected animal. According to the IUCN red data list, this animal is included as an endangered species.
Deer death: Mysore City Corporation will sterilize stray dogs September 4, 2012 India, Times of India
A day after a deer was mauled to death by a pack of dogs at the foot of Chamundi Hills, MCC authorities on Monday caught five dogs from the spot and sent them for sterilization. They have also directed the proprietor of a high-end resort, where the dogs attacked and killed a deer and a stag, to properly cover the resort boundary ...
Higher dollar tough on venison September 3, 2012 New Zealand, The Press West Coast
Deer Industry New Zealand venison marketing manager Innes Moffat said the higher dollar had made it difficult for the meat schedule to reach a $9/kg peak for an average 55kg to 60kg stag. He said the 12 per cent fall in price this week from a year ago virtually mirrored the euro being worth 12 per cent less against the kiwi....
Deer make zoo upkeep dearer August 22, 2012 India, Times of India
The conservation centre at Davanagere devised a special way to segregate males from females for effective birth control: They created a partition in the deer enclosure spread over 6 acres and placed a specially designed small gate at the centre that allowed only doe to pass through while the deer's antelope made it unable to move to the other side. Once the majority of the doe are on the other side, the gate is closed. This segregation mechanism has worked and the births will come down this season ...
Sweden's first ever 'tiny' mouse deer born in zoo August 17, 2012 The Local.se
A mouse deer, one of the world's smallest in the deer species, has been born at a Swedish wildlife park, after having been specially bred for conservation purposes ...
Alpine musk deer numbers grow in NW China's nature reserve August 16, 2012 China, Global Times
The number of alpine musk deer has grown to more than 1000 in a natural reserve in Northwest China's Gansu Province, making it Asia's largest captive breeding base for the endangered animals... The survival of wild alpine musk deer was threatened by poaching in the late 1990s after the market value of "musk oil" -- an extract from the animal's gland -- in traditional medicine rose ...
Flood peak forces rare deer to relocate August 6, 2012 China, China DailySPCA Horrified 1080 Drops Still Killing Deer July 31, 2012 New Zealand, Scoop.co.nz
... At least three herds of Pere David's deer, with 55 to 65 deer in each herd, were forced to relocate from their habitat near the lake, China's second-largest freshwater lake ... The management bureau of the lake reserve has sent professionals to rescue injured deer ...
In the past the SPCA has stated that as there is no approval to use 1080 as a deer poison in New Zealand and due to its excruciating effects ondeer, all measures should be taken to avoid deer eating the baits... “It is totally deplorable that deer die in agony as a by-kill of possum control simply due to the cost of adding a humane repellent,” says SPCA National CEO, Robyn Kippenberger...
Phoenix Park, This park's life July 26, 2012 Ireland, Irish Times
The deer were here first. Phoenix Park was first boundaried as a deer park in 1662 and it's been the same herd of fallow deer ever since. “They're the most studied deer in the world,” says John McCullen. “There's 12 PhDs on the back of those deer ...
Ten thousand deer poached every year: Survey July 26, 2012 Bangladesh, Daily Star Online
About 10,000 deer are slaughtered by poachers in the Sundarbans and its adjacent reserved forests in five southern districts of Bangladesh every year, a survey has found. The study identified at least 20 local gangs, which are involved in illegal hunting ... The Wildlife Trust of Bangladesh (WTB) and Zoological Society of Bangladesh jointly conducted the survey in 2010...
Quang Nam Province plans Saola deer reserve July 17, 2012 Vietnam, TalkVietnam
A project to build a Saola deer reserve has been approved by the People's Committee of the central province of Quang Nam... The setting up of a reserve aims to save the Saola deer from extinction. Saola deer is found only in the Annamite ranges of Vietnam and Laos. The species was first discovered in Vietnam in 1996 [see video below]
Pashupati deer park to have a facelift July 7, 2012 India, Himalayan Times
The Pashupati Area Development Trust is all set to develop Mrigasthali Batika (deer park) into a recreational centre, targeting both national and international visitors ... According to Vaidya, two green pastures will be created for deers where they will be relocated every six months alternatively.
Four penalised for hunting barking deer July 6, 2012 India, NDTV
Four persons were penalised on Friday for hunting and killing a barking deer in Ambalamula near Gudalur ... Based on information that hunters were targeting barking deer in the area, forest department officials kept a vigil and nabbed four persons.
The great Irish mammal watch July 5, 2012 Irish Times
... Members of the public, amateur naturalists and scientists are asked to send details of mink, bottlenose dolphin or whatever else they see to the National Biodiversity Data Centre ...
Poachers thrash forest guard in Ranthambore, kill deer July 5, 2012 India, Times of India
At least 10 poachers, armed with guns and knifes, thrashed a forest guard in Indala area in Ranthambore national park on Tuesday night after he tried to nab them. The poachersescaped after killing a spotted deer...
Czech zoo acquires four rare PHL spotted deer July 3, 2012 GMA News
A Czech Republic zoo acquired four rare female Philippine spotted deer from a zoo in Northern Italy,... "It is a very rare mammal, about 70 centimeters tall, which uses the tip of the toes, usually hoofed, to sustain the whole body weight while moving," the DFA said. Liberec Zoo has joined an international program for the conservation of this deer species ...
Ban sought on shooting of female deer in Kerry June 25, 2012 Ireland, thejournal.ie
Ireland's only native deer herd down to 500 in numbers, from a high of 700 deer 10 years ago.... Kerry Red Deer were introduced to Ireland 5,000 years ago by ancient people from Britain during the Neolithic period....
Deer-farmers take action against poachers June 21, 2012 New Zealand, New Zealand Herald
A deer-farming couple fed up with having their stock stolen waited out suspected poachers hiding in a bush on their property for four hours in the middle of the night ... been taking down licence plate numbers of suspicious vehicles in a bid to catch armed poachers treating their land as a free-for-all hunting spot.
Kochi's spotted deers twist Darwin's theory! June 15, 2012 India, Times of India
... Recently a doe was wounded to death by the horn-stab from a male deer... According to the veterinarian unnatural death among these four-legged animals for the past eight years has been mainly due to infighting ... "There is no predator here and its eight years before when there was a common disease detected. This coupled with the limitation of space has led to this kind of change of behaviour among deers," noted Dr Nisha. ... 116 deers at the deer park... kept in an enclosed area of just more than an acre in area.
Drunk deer forces driver off the road June 10, 2012 France, By arbroath
The driver ... he almost hit the deer ... the deer clearly seemed under the weather - stumbling and disoriented... the deer was drunk after consuming one too many spring buds ... "Deer eat large quantities of buds that make them intoxicated," an official from the National Office of wildlife and hunting told daily La Voix du Nord,
Endangered Sangai deer of Manipur prospers in Delhi June 9, 2012 India, KanglaOnline
National Zoological Park Delhi has become the biggest shelter for Sangai deer, the State animal of Manipur. Popularly known as Manipuri deer, this endangered species is a native of Manipur.
Hunters upset over law change June 8, 2012 New Zealand,Stuff.co.nz
Shot was formed last year to lobby on the management of deer and other game animals ... Shot applauded the bill's intention of managing deer, chamois, tahr and wild pigs as game rather than for extermination, Mr Orman said.... "When you have DOC managing on conservation and biodiversity grounds it becomes extermination,"
'Translocation of deer fails to swell tiger count' May 26, 2012 India, Times of India
The practice of 'translocating' deer from Hyderabad parks to far-flung jungles has been in place for almost a decade now... While this tiger belt, largest in Andhra Pradesh, has seen a marginal increase in numbers, activists argue that the reason is rooted in better breeding of the animal as against a rise in deer population. For about 10 years now, thousands of deer have been shifted from the city to NSTR... "This is being done only to prevent over-crowding of deer in Hyderabad,"
Animals left for dead in Indonesian zoos May 22, 2012 Jakarta, The Independent
"The people managing our zoos only think about profit," says Made Wedana, an internationally respected biologist who ran the primate centre at Ragunan Zoo for five years. "They don't really care about animal welfare, or understand zoos.... Indonesian zoos have been accused of fuelling the illegal wildlife trade – and the plundering of wild populations – by acquiring animals from dubious sources. Within zoos, theft and corruption are rife.
Harishankar park a death trap for deer May 14, 2012 India, Times of India, Balangir
... Nine deer have died this season in the park so far due to dehydration and alleged malnutrition. The forest department, which is in charge of the deer park, a tourist hotspot, has been oblivious to the plight of the hapless animals living in miserable conditions. Almost every year there are reports of deer deaths in the park ...
More land needed for deer at Hauz Khas park May 13, 2012 India, Hindustan Times
Deer Park, a popular destination for several south Delhi residents since the 1960s, may lose its deer if the Delhi Development Authority (DDA) does not take timely action. deer in an enclosure that was far too small for their growing number... about 200 deer are enclosed in a 17 acres area (out of the 60-acre park). This is against the ideal 50-60 deer for that space.
Spotted deer spotted April 27, 2012 Phillipines, BBC News
Scientists have managed to penetrate the dense Philippine forest on the island of Negros to take the first ever photos in the wild of the Visayan Spotted Deer ... [listen to] Neil D'Cruze, of the World Society for the Protection of Animals, told the Today programme ... about 2500 deer remain ... hunters are operating in this remote area ...
Haven for swamp deer April 22, 2012 India, Deccan Herald
The number of swamp deer has been steadily increasing for the last few years in ... Jhilmil Jheel, a wetland, spread over 3783.5 hectares of land along the bank of the Ganga, was declared a community conservation reserve for the protection of swamp deer by the Environment Ministry in 2005 ... [most recent count:] 214 swamp deer ... There were only 35 swamp deer in 2005 when the Jheel was declared a community conservation reserve ...
Deer Industry News April, 2012 published by DeerNZ.org
Deer relocation sparks protest April 16, 2012 India, Times of India
People of the DVC Chandrapura Thermal Power Station have protested the relocation of 60 spotted deer (Chital) from the Central Deer Park, developed by the company 30 years ago... "When the DVC authorities were trying to load the spotted deer in the vehicle the villagers opposed it and did not allow them to load the animals," said Wild Life Division DFO R N Mishra.
Deer lobby welcomes moves to protect stocks April 4, 2012 Ireland, Irish Times
... “unprecedented” poaching is threatening deer populations in many parts of the country. Under a new agreement between the association and Ireland’s main game- handling establishments, culled deer will no longer be purchased out of season and the payment of a premium for red deer is to be removed...
Illegal poaching is a threat to Kerry Red Deer, say experts March 29, 2012 Ireland, The Kerryman
"The Kerry Red Deer represent a unique population within an Irish context and therefore should be given special conservation andmanagement status within Ireland," National Museum of Ireland Researcher Dr Ruth Carden states.,, the Kerry Red Deer is a direct descendant of deer present in Ireland some 5,000 years ago, further analysis using European deer DNA proves that ancient Neolithic people from Britain actually brought the Red Deer to Ireland ...
After 5000 years, Kerry red deer as Irish as can be, DNA analysis shows March 27, 2012 Ireland, Irish Times
While the answer is highly contentious for humans, new research shows the Kerry red deer is as Irish as you can get, proven to be living here at least 5000 years... The DNA showed that the reds away from Kerry have started to “hybridise” or cross-breed with Sitka deer, a species introduced here in 1860. No such intermarrying for the Kerry red population ...
Europe's largest capital park March 18, 2012 Ireland, Myjoyonline.com
... Dublin’s Phoenix Park ... (1,752 acres -- five times that of London’s Hyde Park) ... established in 1662 as hunting grounds for visiting British royalty ... Today, hundreds of deer still live in the park, descendents from the Duke of Ormonde’s herds ...
Deer park planned at Ch'rayapatna March 18, 2012 India, Deccan Herald
Forest minister C P Yogeeshwar announced that a deer park would be developed at Belasinda Srivana located on the outskirts of the city... It would be designed to act as a mini zoo.
Harnessing sun to save wildlife March 17, 2012 India, Deccan Herald
... Sivaganga District Forest Officer S L Gupta ... A roof-mounted solar power panel (comprising 12 panels) opens up sky-wards with the room beneath housing safety equipment, battery and battery rechargers and a submersible pump tubed to a bore well. Using solar power, water is pumped out, which then flows automatically by gravitational force...
Overpopulation leading to deer deaths in Barang March 16, 2012 India, Times of India
... Forest department sources said the population of deer in Barang reserve forest within the division has become extremely high with more than 200 deer living in 1200-hectare area. This forces the deer to come out of the forest to nearby villages and get attacked by stray dogs and human beings...
Police probe into alleged deer hormone treatment March 9, 2012 Hungary, Caboodle.hu
... alleged animal torture ... captive bred deer getting hormone treatment for their antlers in order to attract foreign hunters that pay for organised hunts ... In line with Hungarian hunting regulations, it is not illegal to feed steroids to deer for their antlers but it goes against animal health and animal protection laws.
Proof that deer and birds live on Delhi land March 5, 2012 India, Daily Mail, By Akash Vashishtha
... photographic evidence of wild deer foraging in the wetland had given a new impetus to the cry for conservation of the ecologically-important wetland, about 40 km from Okhla.... The Uttar Pradesh (UP) forest officials even denied that the area comprises a wetland, though its own right to information (RTI) reply says Bil Akbapur wetland spreads over four hectares. In fact, ecologists call Bil Akbarpur the richest bird habitat near Delhi.
Rare mouse deer spotted in Nagzira March 3, 2012 India, Economic Times
NAGPUR: The rare sighting of a mouse deer in the 152 sq km Nagzira wildlife sanctuary on Wednesday is definitely a welcome news for wildlife enthusiasts. The mouse deer, a little known species that is fast vanishing, was sighted by wildlife enthusiast ... Mouse deer is a very timid and nocturnal animal difficult to spot in the wild. It lives in cavities of big trees," said conservationist Prafulla Bhamburkar.
First steps for Game Animal Council March 1, 2012 New Zealand, NZ City
Parliament last night passed the first reading of Peter Dunne's bill that creates the council, with the aim of improving the management of game animals, including deer ...
Native Irish mammals in danger of extinction - study February 21, 2012 Ireland, thejournal.ie
The Irish hare, red squirrel and red deer are all in danger of being wiped out by invasive foreign species, according to ... A two-year research project on so-called “invasional meltdown”, by scientists at the Queen’s University Belfast ... The study is published in the international scientific journal Biological Invasions
Jamshedpur home likely for extinct deer February 19, 2012 India, IBNLive.com
Chinese Milu, listed as extinct in the wild, may get a new home at Tata Zoological Park (TZP) ... Also known as Pere Davids Deer, the species is a grazing animal with branching antlers and a long tail, and is managed in capativity at various enclosures of the world...
Georgia Says, 'Come Kill Our Threatened Species' February 17, 2012 Transitions Online
Red deer ... are plentiful globally, but they are considered critically endangered in Georgia ... The decision by the Energy and Natural Resources Ministry to permit hunting for animals on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s list of threatened species, commonly called the Red List, is part of Tbilisi’s efforts to promote tourism.
1080 benefits far outweigh risks [TB in Deer] February 10, 2012 New Zealand, Gisborne Herald
The majority of new TB infections in cattle and deer herds can be traced to infected possums. ... Thanks to a comprehensive programme of movement control, disease management and vector control, we have already reduced cattle and deer herd infection rates from more than 1700 in 1994 to fewer than 100 herds today.
Southland deer prices hit a peak January 31, 2012 New Zealand, The Southland Times
Strong venison and velvet markets had stag buyers spending large atdeer sales across Southland this month. Red deer stud breeder David Stevens said 150 people witnessed a new Southland record at the 25th annual deer sale. The hammer fell at $45000 for at $45,000 for a three-year-old red sire stag ...
Wolf Couple Repopulates Germany January 23, 2012 Germany, Global Animal
Conservationists point out that wolves favor deer above any other prey, including domesticated livestock, and deer are so abundant in Germany that at least 400 packs can be supported there. In the main, the country's citizenry seem content with this ...
Council under fire from bloodsports opponents January 18, 2012 Ireland, Meath Chronicle
The Irish Council Against Blood Sports has expressed its "deep disappointment" at a motion passed by Meath County Council last week, calling on the government to reverse the ban on the Ward Union deer hunt ...
Natural remedies 'seldom effective' [deer velvet] January 16, 2012 New Zealand, Stuff.co.nz
Colloidal silver, deer velvet, arnica and rescue remedy are a "waste of time and money" and sometimes harmful, doctors say. In the latest New Zealand Medical Journal Digest, doctors Shaun Holt and Sarah Jeffries and health psychologist Andrew Gilbey have slammed some of New Zealanders' favourite natural health products as ineffective....
Stag fetches $52000 at strong sale January 16, 2012 New Zealand, Otago Daily Times
... Foveran Deer Park's 29th annual elite sire stag sale in the Hakataramea Valley ... $52,000 was achieved for a 2-year-old son of Windsor, out of a Salvador daughter which was bought by Mt Cecil Trophy Deer in South Canterbury.
Irish Deer Herds January 14, 2012 IrishTimes.com
... Nobody knows how many deer Ireland has: this year should see the first attempt at a national census.... There are some 4,000 licensed hunters, who shoot about 25,000 deer a year in controlled hunting seasons. For a “sustainable” population, it seems an annual cull of 150,000 deer would be nearer the mark. This figure comes from Woodlands of Ireland, whose expert study in 2009 ...
Kanpur Zoo to exchange Thamin deer pair for Sikka January 5, 2012 India, Times of India
The Kanpur Zoo would soon be the proud owner of a pair of Sikka deer within a week's time. It will hand over a pair of Thamin deerto the Jaipur Zoo in return for the Sikka deer pair.
Swamp deer population decreases in Kaziranga January 5, 2012 India, Times of India
... according to the 2012 census report of swamp deer, the park has lost 24 deer within a year with the number down to 1144 from 1168 in 2011. ... The existence of this species was discovered in 1991 with 559 animals in the park...
Historic Phoenix Park celebrates 350 years as heartbeat of capital January 2, 2011 Ireland, Irish Independent
First conceived as a park to breed deer and game ... Not until 1747 was the 707-hectare (1,752-acre) park opened to the public, but the people of Dublin got an enduring treasure... a herd of fallow deer has lived there since the 1660s...
Bandh in Bajju in protest against Chinkara poaching December 27, 2011 India, Times of India
,,, A demonstration was also staged in front of the Bajju police station where the bandh supporters submitted a memorandum addressed to chief minister Ashok Gehlot seeking his intervention to end poaching in the area.... a gang active in the Godu-Bajju area is hunting the deer on a large scale and supplying meat to hotels and dhabas in the area.
In Andaman & Nicobar, deer, elephants are marauders of forests December 26, 2011 India, Firstpost
Around 1905, the British colonialists introduced three species of deer to South Andaman ... The hog deer didn’t survive while the barking deer are still found in a few pockets in Middle Andaman. However, spotted deer proliferated faster than the white bureaucrats could hunt them ... the island administration wrote to the Ministry of Environment and Forests in Delhi suggesting that deer be declared vermin in the Andamans... the latter authorised the castration of bucks and killing any problematic animals.
Beijing's reindeer to provide more than sleigh-rides December 23, 2011 China, SmartPlanet.com (blog)
... Occupying nearly 20 acres of Beijing’s rural outskirts, close to The Great Wall of China, “Deer World” is home to eight reindeer... Deer World is still under construction, but is designed as both a petting zoo and eatery: visitors can get close to the deer in a specially designed deer sculpture park, before visiting the deer themed restaurant, where they can feast on deer ribs and platters of cold deer meat...
Abandoned fawn quite at home in the wash-house December 20, 2011 New Zealand, New Zealand Herald
Abandoned by its mother near Taneatua, the 1-month-old baby fallow deer has quickly taken to domestic life on its new Te Puke farm home... "It lives inside at the moment. It sleeps in the wash-house. I can call out and it just comes to me."... Bella is Ms Hathaway's fourth pet deer. And if this one is like the others it'll soon move out of the house and into the fields with the other animals.
Promote conservation of field deer, an endemic species in Uruguay December 19, 2011 BlueChannel24.com
... Susana Gonzalez, head of the Laboratory of Genetics, Institute for the Conservation of Biological Research Clemente Stable (IIBCE spanish)... Pampas deer, Ozotoceros bezoarticus uruguayensis, live in the grasslands of South America at low elevations. They are also known as Venado... Their habitat includes water and hills, often with winter drought, and grass that is high enough to cover a standing deer. Many of them live on the Pantanal wetlands, where there are ongoing conservation efforts, and other areas of annual flooding cycles... Human activity has changed much of the original landscape.
Deer velvet price drop blamed on 'free-for-all' December 19, 2011 New Zealand, Radio New Zealand
A deer velvet co-operative has blamed falling prices on the fragmentation of the trade after the collapse of a marketing partnership earlier this year... farmers are being told to expect 10% lower returns and prices are being offered at $15 a kilo lower than opening sales.
Deer offspring enthrals villagers in Sirsi December 14, 2011 IBNLive.com
... The mother deer Gouri, as the local people call her affectionately, is pet to the people of four to five villages in the region of 10 sq km area since 2003 when she started frequenting the houses in these villages. Earlier, the mother deer was rescued from dogs by a villager from Kalave near a paddy field. Ever since the deer has felt secure in the villagers’ presence.
Sanngai deer enchants Vandalur December 14, 2011 The Hindu
A five-day-old brow antlered deer fawn is the latest attraction at the Vandalur zoo. Zoo authorities said with the fawn, the brow antlered deer population in the zoo has gone up to four. Popularly known as Sangai deer or Dancing deer of Manipu, this animal has been categorised under highly threatened species. The deer used to feeding on the floating vegetation would move whenever the green pastures move. So its movement would resemble that of a dance
IVF treatment brings hope for Thailand's imperilled Eld's Deer December 6, 2011 Reuters Video
... A team of Thai veterinarians has announced the first ever birth of an endangered Eld's Deer conceived through in vitro fertilisation. Eld's Deer were once prolific throughout south-east Asia but hunting and deforestation have severely reduced their numbers ...
Ram-Deer Love Story Rivets China's Netizens December 6, 2011 Voice of AmericaChina's Global Times newspaper says a ram named Changmao, or Long Hair, has completely integrated himself into deer society and has won the heart of a doe named Chunzi. The newspaper says the couple does not want to be separated. Another account from China Daily quotes a park worker as saying the animals have been "in love" since last year and spend a lot of time together...
Government to ban 'unfair' heli-hunting December 6, 2011 3News NZ
... "It's not a level playing field for the animal and it is certainly not a level play for the ground hunters for New Zealand who do it in the most ethical way they can," says Tim Mccarthy of New Zealand Deer Stalkers.... "Heli-hunting, where it is used to herd and haze the animals as part of the hunting process, which is simply inhumane, not fair to the animal and it's not really sport," says Mr Dunne.
Blackbuck casualties: Kanha swamp deer relocation put on hold December 5, 2011 India, Indian Express
The proposed translocation of swamp deer from the Kanha Tiger Reserve has been put on hold following a large number of casualties in re-establishing blackbuck to the premier reserve. At least 19 out of 50 blackbuck shifted to Kanha from Seoni have died ... Pabla said 19 blackbuck, mostly fawns and females, died of ‘capture myopathy’, the stress resulting from their capture.
Fresh Efforts to Conserve Bukhara Deer and Other Endangered Species in Asia November 28, 2011 Norway, IEWY.com
Almost half a century ago, the Bukhara deer – a species endemic to Central Asia – disappeared from the forests along the Syrdarya river in Kazakhstan due to unsustainable agricultural practices, logging and shrub felling on river banks, overgrazing by livestock, and uncontrolled hunting.... reintroduced to Karatchingil in Kazakhstan and Badai-tugai in Uzbekistan thanks to the conservation efforts of Central Asian governments... a UN wildlife conference... under the UN Environment Programme (UNEP/CMS) [will meet] in Bergen, Norway, to review the conservation status of the Bukhara deer and to agree on future priorities.
Villagers take lessons in saving Kashmir's rare deer November 28, 2011 India, twocirciles.net
Alarmed by the dwindling numbers of the red deer sub-species known locally as the 'Hangul' found in the world only in Kashmir, the local agricultural university Sunday organised a two-day workshop to educate villagers.... "The Hangul lalong with other wild species has become a victim due to an increase in human population leading to scarcity of land, water and other natural resources," - Tej Pratap Singh, vice chancellor of the local agricultural university
These trusting crepuscular animals are easy prey November 24, 2011 New Zealand, mydigitalfc.com
... come winter, demand for bush meat increases and so does the poaching of sambar deer.... Sambar has an exceedingly wide geographic distribution that includes India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Philippines and beyond. They have also been introduced in California, Texas, Florida, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.... Sambar’s eyesight is only reasonable, however, to recompense for this, they hold exceptional powers of smell and hearing.... Sambars are crepuscular, active during dawn and dusk....
The real-life Bambi: Rescued fawn is adopted by German family after its mother was killed just one week after birth November 24, 2011 Germany, Daily Mail
... deer had lost her mother and was left all alone - but unlike the film it's actually the humans who have come to her rescue. She was taken to the local forest ranger, who brought her to a farm in Vulkaneifel, Germany, run by the Ackermann family. ..
Concern over game council proposal November 16, 2011 New Zealand, Wanganui Chronicle
... A discussion paper on the proposal says the Conservation Department can't realise the recreational and commercial potential of introduced animals like deer and wild pigs because it is tasked to eradicate or control them on the conservation estate...
Election soapbox: 1080 November 15, 2011 New Zealand, Stuff.co.nz
Question: When are you going to stop "poisoning" our bush with 1080? The pesticide is used by the Department of Conservation (DOC) to control possums, rats and stoats.... It does kill deer, though a deer repellent can be added to the bait. ... Both the Maori and United Future parties have opposed the use of 1080, but in a report by Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment, Jan Wright, it said the pesticide was safe and necessary to protect native birds.
$4.09 Billion Market for RFID for Animals and Food in 2021 November 15, 2011 New Zealand, IDTechEx.com
In 2011, New Zealand requires cattle and deer to be RFID tagged. Australia, Brazil and other countries are also legislating RFID ... tagging sturgeon in Canada, reindeer in Lapland, pandas in China, kangaroo meat in Australia and, by law, dogs in New Zealand and sheep and goats in Europe... The reasons for the now rapid adoption of RFID in this sector embrace disease control, cost control, safety, crime prevention ...
Deer Population in Monas to Be Limited November 13, 2011 Jakarta, BeritaJakarta.com
As much as 61 deer are currently exist in Monas, although the ideal amount is only for 50 deer. Therefore, 11 of them will be relocated to Ragunan Zoo, South Jakarta. ...Ipih Ruyani as Head of Jakarta Maritime and Agriculture Department explained ... “We will relocat the deer gradually for their own safety,”
How our wolves were ushered into wildlife history November 5, 2011 Ireland, Irish Times
... probably the final wolf, as accepted by the zoologist James Fairley and now by the geographer Kieran Hickey, was run down by hounds in 1786 after it killed sheep on Mount Leinster, on the Wexford-Carlow border....although wolves might seem the answer to our proliferating deer, any number small enough to be tolerated would have insignificant impact ...
Hunting lobby to press FG on promise to lift stag hunt ban November 4, 2011 Ireland, Irish Times
... Fine Gael had made a deal under which fieldsports people would vote for its candidates in exchange for reversing the Ward Union ban.... The Irish Council Against Blood Sports said ... “Ireland’s record in legislating against cruelty to animals is dismal, and were it not for the Green Party, a ban on the Ward Union would not have been achieved,”
Threatened species of deer may lose last home November 1, 2011 India, Zee News
Imphal: A critically-endangered species of deer, which has taught itself to walk using only two legs for fear of sinking in the floating biomass of Loktak lake here, is on the verge of losing its last home in the world, warn experts. ... According to the last census conducted by the Wildlife Institute of India in 2008, the mean population of the deer, once declared extinct, has fallen down to an alarming 92.... Ecologists blame the changing nature of 'phumdies' on the hydrological changes ... for NHPC's hydro-power project.
Claim that 'poaching of deer rampant' October 26, 2011 Ireland, The Kerryman
That's according to Damien Hannigan, Secretary of the Wild Deer Association of Ireland, who told The Kerryman on Tuesday that the practice of illegal hunting of deer is widespread in the Kilgarvan and Kenmare areas, as well as in woodlands close to Killarney National Park. He said in many cases venison was being sold to restaurants and hotels, which is an illegal practice....
Progress on plan to save Chile's huemul deer population October 24, 2011 Chile, Santiago Times
... The huemul, or South Andean deer, is Chile’s national animal and is currently facing extinction... The Luksic plan for the property includes management and conservation of the existing huemul population already there, a public access and education plan, and the development of infrastructure and research on the huemul. ...To secure the 50-year Rio Azul lease the Luksics agreed to pay the state US$2.7 million annually and to invest US$739 million in creating the huemul reserve.
Study tracks deer impact on pest plants October 24, 2011 New Zealand, ABC Online, By Fidelis Rego
Early findings from a project at a dam on southern Queensland's Darling Downs suggest feral deer may be helping reduce pest plants. University of Queensland researchers ..."We know for example that deer eat prickly pear because we've seen deer teeth marks in prickly pear that could not be eaten by kangaroos," Professor Murray said. "Now the question is how much of that eating is actually important in reducing the impact of prickly pear and equally lantana.
Mixed response to new new Game Council October 20, 2011 New Zealand, Radio New Zealand
... Its functions will include the management of tahr, chamois, wild deerand pigs and promoting hunters' safety... It's been welcomed by game and hunting interests. ... the Green Party ... are worried about the bill, because it undermines the purpose of the Conservation Act, pest control programmes and New Zealand's clean green brand.
Students to join hands for Vetal hill October 20, 2011 India, Times of India
Vetal hill, which is a home to peacocks, deer, rabbits and hundreds of other species of flora and fauna. Vetal hill is an example of large-scale afforestation efforts by individuals, NGOs and the Urban-Joint-Forest-Management Scheme ... Noted ecologist Madav Gadgil, astrophysicist Jayant Narlikar, urban planner Aneeta Benninger, former mayor Vandana Chavan, among others, have opposed the proposal for further construction activity
Sangai deer vulnerable to extinction October 9, 2011 India, Assam Tribune
Keibul Lamjao, the country's only floating National Park which is also the only habitat of the endangered brow-antlered deer (locally known as 'Sangai') in Manipur, might be most vulnerable to extinction if the temperature continues to rise due to climate change ....
Deer spotters fined for disturbing rut October 2, 2011 Netherlands, Radio Netherlands
... Twenty-one nature lovers have been fined for disturbing the deer during the mating season this weekend in the Veluwe nature reserve, in the eastern province of Gelderland. At this time of year the forest is out of bounds to the public after sunset. ..
Funds promise ease sanctuary woes September 24, 2011 India, Calcutta Telegraph
“The animals in the deer park at Kalimati don’t understand that we don’t have money to feed them. Neglect from our side will either kill them or force them to run away,” he said angrily, pointing out that since forest and wildlife management was a time-bound activity, funds often did not get utilised for such delays....Chief conservator of forests (wildlife) A.K. Gupta threw up his hands in despair, but added that he was hopeful state funds would arrive in the next couple of days.
Slavonia: the undiscovered corner of Croatia September 12, 2011, TravelBite.co.uk
The baby deer blinked up at us, unfazed as we gathered round with our snapping cameras. It was the highlight of our 'Breakfast with the Deer', and possibly even of the whole trip to Slavonia, summing up the romance and tranquillity of a region that's... Dreamt up by hotel and Arabian stud farm Višnjica, ‘Breakfast with the Deer’ makes the most of the sweeping countryside
Human DNA trap for deer poachers September 9, 2011 Scotland, BBC News
Scientists in Scotland have shown it is possible to retrieve human DNA from the carcasses of dead animals in quantities that can identify the perpetrator....... Official figures suggest hundreds of deer are poached each year in the UK, ...
Purest strain of Formosan sika deer roam Kinmen September 8, 2011, Taiwan Today
Formosan sika deer on Taiwan's outlying Kinmen Island have been found to be the purest existing strain of the species, giving them special value for research and tourism, according to a study released Sept. 7. The joint two-year study ... Ju Yu-ten, an assistant professor at NTU and member of the research team, said the study relied on a combination of historical documents, paleontological remains and DNA analysis of the relationships among existing groups of Formosan sika deer, which are endemic to Taiwan....According to Ju, the last known sighting of a wild sika was in 1969...
For these Kothapalayam men, deer is dear to their hearts September 8, 2011, India, The Hindu
... it is home to almost 300 spotted deer. All thanks to an 86-acre-pond belonging to the PWD and the efforts of two men, C. Balasundaram and his uncle R. Gurusamy. The mission of the two men was to save the spotted deer species (Axis axis) from poachers and ensure that their village turned into an ideal habitat for the animals.
Deer velvet export trade to China grows September 7, 2011 Radio New Zealand
The New Zealand Deer Industry says it is increasing velvet exports to China as demand grows. In the past year, $12 million worth of deer antler was exported ...
40 spotted deer relocated for Chennai Metro Rail September 5, 2011 India, IBNLive.com
CHENNAI: ...the Forest Department had translocated 40 spotted deer ... officials claimed that all the 40 were safe in the new environment.... Completing the task in four months ... “Deer have a soft heart and are sensitive. Some even die in fear when taken from one place to another,” said S Davidraj, forest range officer....“We appointed six people for this to get friendly with the mammal. We kept salt lick near the water spot, ...In an attempt to trap the mammal, 15 wooden boxes were made and the same grass, wheat and bran were kept inside; the mammal was trapped once it entered the box to eat....All the 40 deer were translocated to the new place in the similar manner. [also done in 1990s near Vandular]...
Deer dies in photo chase September 1, 2011 India, Calcutta Telegraph
...A spotted deer died, possibly of heart failure, after visitors tried to catch hold of some of the animals for pictures at a reserve forest in Nadia's Bethuadahari today. Another deerwas found unconscious with cuts all over its body at the forest,...
Sika Deer on Russia's Endangered List August 30, 2011 NumisMaster.com
Korea is said to be the largest consumer of processed deer antlers. There is some antler farming in the United States and many people use the processed antler much like vitamins. One New York website sells 60 New Zealand deer antler capsules for $58.97 ...The Ussuri subspecies has been introduced in Texas on private ranches. Other subspecies have been introduced in Texas also, and one estimate was 6,200 sikas in 49 Texas counties....In 2005 there were 1.7 million deer of several species farmed in New Zealand. Velvet horn removal in this country is under very strict humane conditions by the government in order to prevent harm to the deer.
2011's top ten heritage sites in Ireland August 28, 2011 Irish Central
Phoenix Park, Co Dublin: Officially the largest enclosed recreational space within any European capital city, the Phoenix Park is amazing. Established in 1662 it is 707 hectares (1,753 acres) of parkland which house the Irish presidential palace, the Zoo, the Victorian People's Flower Gardens, Ashtown Demense and a Victorian Tea Kiosk....About 30 percent trees, the park is filled with beautiful wildlife including herds of deer.
Poaching a serious threat to the Donegal wild deer herds [PDF] August 25, 2011 Ireland, wilddeerireland.com
Wild deer have become a common sight in various parts of Donegal over the years. They are our largest land based mammal and are a protected species. However, in recent years there have been many reports of deer being exploited for their venison. There are various groups and organisations in Ireland that represent deer stalkers including the management, welfare and conservation ....
Deer from Assam dies at Nandankanan August 24, 2011 Times of India
BHUBANESWAR: Of the ten animals which reached the Nandankanan Zoological Park here on Tuesday from the Assam State Zoo, a female dancing deer of Manipur (Sangai) died on Wednesday. The animal died of spinal cord injury while the condition of the nine ...The zoo already had one male dancing deer and now, with the new arrivals, the number of Sangais has gone up to three...."Deer are very delicate animals, and after a long journey the animal might have got exhausted," said an insider.
New! Deer Velvet Extract IGF-1 Supplement August 22, 2011 New Zealand, PR Web
The most current human clinical trials conducted by the University of Otago Human Performance Centre demonstrate a possible link between New Zealand deer ...The most current human clinical trials conducted by the University of Otago Human Performance Centre demonstrate a possible link between New Zealand deer velvet and improved athletic performance in two areas; as a reaction to training, improved strength and endurance resulted, muscle tissue damage associated with exercise demonstrated improvement to recovery
Endangered deer killed by leopard at breeding centre in J&K August 21, 2011 India, IBNLive.com
A 'hangul' or endangered red deer was killed by a leopard at the artificial breeding centre in Pulwama district of Jammu and Kashmir, official sources said today.A wild leopard managed to break into the ...The breeding centre has been set up to boost the population of 'hangul' which has sharply declined during the past century as its numbers dwindled from 4,000 in 1910 to just 225, according to a recent survey.
Are police trying to bury the deer case? August 15, 2011 India, Times of India
NAGPUR: Even though case of secret burial of a deer and emu that rocked the historic Maharajbagh Zoo completes one year on August 13, the Sitabuldi police are yet to file a formal chargesheet in the matter. The People For Animals (PFA) had exposed the case ...when a deer and an exotic bird emu were buried by then zoo officer-incharge and now zoo veterinarian Dr AB Motghare and suspended associate dean Vandan Mohod.
DNA fingerprinting of red deer August 8, 2011 New Zealand
DNA was extracted from the blood of red deer....It was concluded that unique restriction fragment length polymorphisms can be detected in deer with pFPP, and that some of these RFLP's appear to be inherited in a simple Mendelian fashion. There are many areas where improvements to the protocols may have lead to more informative results.
Feral deer damage Brown Hill Creek reserve, relocation August 8, 2011 Austrailia, Messenger News
Adelaide University, which owns a large portion of the 147ha reserve in Brown Hill Creek, may have to trap and relocate the deer, which have been spotted throughout the park by walkers....An Adelaide University spokeswoman said the deer damaged the trees with their antlers, stomped on saplings and ate plants...She said they had migrated down from the Mt Lofty Ranges, despite boundary fences around the park.
For love of animals, deer rescue in India August 7, 2011 Indian Express
... They asked Majhi to handover the deer to them so that they can kill it and have a grand feast. However, Majhi, standing in front of the bows and arrows of the tribals, told them in clear words he would not do so as it was an endangered species. Irked at his audacity, tribals threatened to kill him if Majhi did not leave the deer
Smuggling of musk deer organs being done on Indo-Nepal border June 28, 2011 India, Times of India
Smuggling of body parts of musk deer is still being continued unabated in the forests of Shravasti and Balrampur district of Uttar Pradesh, situated on Indo-Nepal border. The poachers in the forests of Sohelwa wild life area of Balrampur ...involved in killing of rare species of musk deer besides other animals to sell their organs in India,China and Tibet markets. The poachers supply the animal products to smugglers of India, Nepal and China.
Preserving Hangul deer in Kashmir March 29, 2010 India Endangered DailyIndia.comSrinagar, Authorities in Jammu and Kashmir started a fresh census of the Hangul deer or Kashmir stag in Dachigam National Park, with the aim of protecting and preserving the critically endangered animal. The census is being carried out in ...
Deer park plan gets boost January 26, 2011 Times of India PUNE: The Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation's (PCMC) plan to develop a deer park at Talawade, which was stuck due to the delay in getting the required ...
Poaching of wild deer main reason for decline February 2, 2011 Ireland Irish Times DEER-POACHING is now at unprecedented levels nationally and is the main contributory factor in the reduction of numbers, according to the Wild Deer ...
Project proposed to manage number of Wicklow deer January 24, 2011 Ireland Irish Times A PROJECT to establish a deer-management plan for Co Wicklow, where the population of the animals is considered unsustainable, has been proposed by the ...
Babesias of red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Ireland January 18, 2011 7thSpace Interactive (press release) Blood samples were obtained from 38 wild red deer (Cervus elaphus) at two sites in Ireland and subjected to PCR analysis of the 18S rRNA gene followed by ...
Birds, animals up for adoption in Haryana (supporting wild animals by adopting them to citizens) January 6, 2011 India Sify
Chandigarh, Jan 6 (IANS) Chirpy birds of all hues and sizes, swift-running deer and even ferocious animals like tigers that people generally fear are up for ...
J&K wildlife officials arrange food for Hangul January 3, 2011 Times of India SRINAGAR: The wildlife officials at the Dachigam National Park, have made special arrangements for the endangered 'Hangul' deer, as the Kashmir Valley is ...
Problems with deer? November 5, 2010 Australia Stock and Land IF you live in an area where deer are a problem, you are invited to have your say on a new feral deer management strategy being developed by Biosecurity ...Feral deer are a State-wide problem, with an estimated 30,000 living in 20 populations across Queensland...As feral chital and feral rusa are Class 2 pests, landowners are required to eliminate them from their properties, while feral fallow and feral red deer, which are Class 3 pests, are only required to be controlled if they are in or adjacent to environmentally significant areas.
U.S. Deer News This Week
A note on the effectiveness of incorporating management objectives with ecological variables when modeling red deer abundance M Martínez-Jauregui, AC Herruzo - European Journal of Wildlife Research, 2014
... We have found that the main land use of the area where red deer are being raised, the type of hunting holder, and the long-term management strategies (such as fencing and the hunting practices implemented) significantly explain red deer hunting bag, which is often used as proxy of population abundance. Therefore, ecological variables alone are not always sufficient to determine big game harvests...
Hormone levels linked to survival of deer calves, study suggests March 27, 2014 Phys.org
... First-born male deer that have relatively high levels of the male hormone testosterone are less likely to survive their first year compared with their peers, the research shows... Male deer born in the years after an older brother had lower testosterone levels than other calves...
Reliable Discrimination of 10 Ungulate Species Using High Resolution Melting Analysis of Faecal DNA [HTML] A Ramón-Laca, D Gleeson, I Yockney, M Perry… - PLOS ONE, 2014
Identifying species occupying an area is essential for many ecological and conservation studies. Faecal DNA is a potentially powerful method for identifying cryptic mammalian species... Our HRM method enables high-throughput and cost-effective species identification from low DNA template samples, and could readily be adapted to discriminate other mammalian species from faecal DNA.
Reversible Immobilization of Free-ranging Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) with Xylazine-Tiletamine-Zolazepam and Atipamezole C Sente, EL Meisingset, AL Evans, SJ Wedul… - Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2014
... Forty-eight free-ranging red deer (Cervus elaphus) were immobilized with xylazine (X) and tiletamine-zolazepam (TZ) by dart injection during winter 2008 in Norway... Time to standing/walking in calves and adults was 12±7 min and 12±11 min, respectively. Two capture mortalities occurred.
Effects of Capture-Related Injury on Postcapture Movement of White-Tailed Deer AC Dechen Quinn, DM Williams, WF Porter… - Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2014
... We captured and global positioning system–collared 95 white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in central and northern New York during 2006–2008. Six juveniles died within 30 days postrelease, and necropsy reports indicated that two suffered CM (2%)... These results suggest that deer likely to die within the 30-day CM window can be identified soon after capture, provided that intensive movement data are collected. Further, even if necropsy reports are unavailable, these animals should be censored from analysis because their behavior is not representative of movements of surviving animals...
The tragedy of the commons: unsustainable population structure of Iberian red deer in hunting estates
J Torres-Porras, J Carranza, J Pérez-González… - European Journal of Wildlife …, 2014
Hunting can influence population structure with consequences in ecological and evolutionary processes. Populations of Iberian red deer (Cervus elaphus hispanicus) in Spain occur under two different management regimes:.. There is published evidence for undesirable effects of biased population sex ratio and age structure in these red deer populations. Our results indicate that this type of management may be unsustainable and recommend that harvest on males in open estates should be reduced and that on females increased, in order to maintain a more balanced population structure that may allow sustainable population dynamics and the operation of natural evolutionary processes.
Living and dying in a multi‐predator landscape of fear: roe deer are squeezed by contrasting pattern of predation risk imposed by lynx and humans
K Lone, LE Loe, T Gobakken, JDC Linnell, J Odden… - Oikos, 2014
... Norway ... we investigated how predation risk was related to terrain attributes and vegetation classes/structure. As predicted, we found that increasing cover resulted in a contrasting lower predation risk from humans and higher predation risk from lynx. Greater terrain ruggedness increased the predation risk from both predators. Hence, multiple predators may create areas of contrasting risk as well as double risk in the same landscape...
An assessment of Zoonotic and Production Limiting Pathogens in Rusa Deer (Cervus timorensis rusa) from Mauritius F Jori, J Godfroid, AL Michel, AD Potts, MR Jaumally… - Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 2013
A population of approximately 70 000 rusa deer (Cervus timorensis russa) represents the most important mammal species reared for food on the island of Mauritius ... . The results obtained suggest that the population of rusa deer from Mauritius is exposed to a wide range of pathogens which may affect their productivity. In addition, the results highlight the potential public health risks incurred by deer industry workers and consumers. This survey fills an important gap in knowledge regarding the health of tropical deer meat in Mauritius and justifies the need to implement more regular surveys of selected pathogens in the deer population.
[PDF] Current Status of the Critically Endangered South China Sika Deer and Its Dispersal Out of the Protected Area: Effects of Human Activity and Habitat Alteration
C Li, X Ping, X Lu, W Liu, H Zhu - J Biodivers Endanger Species, 2013
South China sika deer (Cervus nippon kopschi) is a critically endangered cervid subspecies. To learn the current status of the largest population of south China sika deer in Taohongling Nature Reserve, we monitored the changes of population size from 1980 to 2011. Our survey indicated that deer population size in the core area of the reserve increased from 90 in 1983 to 312 in 1998, then decreased to 160 in 2005, and again increased to 275 in 2007 and 365 in 2011... . To provide better environment for wild sika deer, we suggest that: some measures such as prescribed burning and slash logging should be taken for restraining the arboreal succession in the reserve; deer farms of Cervus nippon hortulorum around the reserve should be reduced or removed; appropriate human activity such as restricted firewood collection might be allowed in the reserve.
[HTML] Severe population decline of marsh deer, Blastocerus dichotomus (Cetartiodactyla: Cervidae), a threatened species, caused by flooding related to a hydroelectric … A Andriolo, U Piovezan, MJR Costa, HA Torres… - Zoologia (Curitiba), 2013
... Prior to flooding, the marsh deer was distributed widely throughout the dam's catchment area; however, the marsh deer habitat was almost completely destroyed by the flooding process. This situation highlights the need to implement management strategies that ensure the survival of the remaining fragmented population...
Genetic shifts in the transition from wild to farmed white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) population PM Hernández-Mendoza, GM Parra-Bracamonte… - … Services & Management, 2013
... The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) is one of the most important species related to sport hunting in northern Mexico. During the last decade, this species has been subjected to intensive breeding to achieve improvements in certain desired traits (i.e., antlers). This alleged intensive management of bringing originally wild populations into captivity might have harmful consequences on genetic diversity. In this short research paper we estimate and discuss the consequences of that transition, as assessed by a microsatellite genetic marker analysis. The results show that no short-term changes in genetic diversity parameters were promoted by captivity; however, a genetic diversity condition maintained by artificial genetic flow was identified, perhaps allowing for the required introgression of gene diversity into this closed population.
Optimal harvesting of an age-structured, two-sex herbivore–plant system O Tahvonen, J Kumpula, AJ Pekkarinen - Ecological Modelling, 2014
... This study presents an optimal harvesting model for the semi-domesticated reindeer ... Density dependence at optimal equilibrium is realized in calf weight and in the average number of calves per female. Optimal slaughtering is concentrated on six-month-old calves. Adult females are slaughtered at the age of 9.5 years and males at the age of 5.5 years. A moderate or high interest rate increases the steady state reindeer population but decreases pasture conditions. Dynamic solutions deviate from constant escapement, implying that the optimal recovery from initially overgrazed pastures is slower than suggested in existing studies and actual policy. The shadow value for males is three times higher than for females...
The relationship between body-mass and puberty in young red deer (Cervus elaphus) hinds: evidence of early-life effects on permissive live-weight thresholds
GW Asher, N Cox - Animal Reproduction Science, 2013
... This study, based on the analysis of growth and reproductive records of 6158 young red deer hinds, tested the hypothesis that the nutritional environment in early life influences the permissive body mass threshold for puberty at around 16 months of age... The study supports the central hypothesis of early-life influences on the permissive body mass threshold for entry into puberty ...
The impact of management practices and past demographic history on the genetic diversity of red deer (Cervus elaphus): an assessment of population and individual fitness J Queiros, J Vicente, M Boadella, C Gortázar, PC Alves - Biological Journal of the …, 2013
... we have analyzed the impact of recent management practices on the genetic diversity of Iberian red deer populations and assessed the genetic variation effects on population and individual fitness-related traits... In the fenced population, the introduction of genetically distinct animals has led to high genetic variability (no evidence of inbreeding) despite intensive management. Lower levels of genetic diversity were observed in two historically isolated natural populations (DN and FG/CP). The past demographic history of Iberian populations appears to be more relevant than the current management policy in shaping the genetic variability of natural populations. Population genetic diversity may correlate with life-history traits and disease susceptibility, which could compromise the conservation and management of these wildlife populations....
Forage-mediated density and climate effects on body mass in a temperate herbivore: a mechanistic approach MA Giroux, JP Tremblay, MA Simard, NG Yoccoz… - Ecology, 2013
... We assessed whether forage availability mediated the effects of density and winter climate on body mass of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) yearlings by experimentally reducing deer density to 7.5 and 15 deer/km² during eight growing seasons ... Fall mass did not differ between experimentally reduced deer densities, yet experimental yearlings were 30% heavier than yearlings harvested at ambient densities. Hence, forage abundance simultaneously mediated the effects of density and climate on fall body mass, which was also influenced by carry-over effects of spring body mass.
Permanent contact with females increases testosterone and improves fresh semen traits in pampas deer .Animal Reproduction Science, 2013
... Socio-sexual signals can stimulate neuroendocrinal control of reproduction. The aim of this work was to test the hypothesis that permanent and close contact with females stimulates testosterone production and enhances fresh seminal characteristics of pampas deer males.
Factors influencing red deer occurrence at the southern edge of their range: A Mediterranean ecosystem
RT Torres, J Santos, C Fonseca - Mammalian Biology-Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde, 2013
The red deer is in the Iberian Peninsula at the southwestern edge of its European range and although widespread, red deer ecology in Portugal remains poorly understood. By using pellet group counts, we investigate how habitat structure, vegetation composition and human disturbance affect red deer occurrence. Red deer distribution was positively associated with areas with high density of heather, Leguminosae plants and patches with high cover of shrubs, ground cover and tree cover. Red deer occupied areas further away from roads and from villages. Red deer distribution was negatively associated with agricultural fields and areas with high canopy cover...
What do they eat? Using DNA barcoding to assess diet preferences of deer C Fløjgaard, R Ejrnæs 2013 Danish National Research Database
... Humans have modified most ecosystems on Earth to a degree where even the largest “wild” nature reserves need management to avoid the loss of biodiversity. Native large herbivore grazing has potential as an efficient and natural tool in this management because they create dynamics and keep landscapes open. However, in order to use this tool properly, we need to know more about what the animals eat compared to what is available in different habitats and how access to supplementary fodder influences the grazing effect on the vegetation. Using DNA barcoding of feces, we are investigating the diet preferences of deer (red deer and roe deer) in Klelund Deer Park in Denmark...The results will contribute to a better understanding of deer management as well as how deer grazing can be used as a tool in management of open landscapes.
Effects of wildlife management in national parks on its populations - Where to go? Dominik Dachs, Research in Protected Areas, 2013
... "The “landscape of fear” is widely ignored as a key natural process in our ecosystems. Without anti-predation behavior, ungulate species are kept in a system that is far from being natural. For protecting the natural processes in national parks without predators, the question is not if population control is maintained, but rather how it is done (CROMSIGT et al. 2013). Regular hunting is a very poor substitute for imitating the “landscape of fear” normally created by large carnivores (PROFFITT et al. 2009) and contains great risks to the objectives of the national parks. Human hunters can select by unnatural behavioral criteria (MILNER et al. 2007) or have negative genetic effects (COLTMAN et al. 2003).
Photo sensors increase likelihood of detection of expelled vaginal implant transmitters MJ Cherry, MA Nelson, RJ Warren, LM Conner - Wildlife Society Bulletin, 2013
... Vaginal implant transmitters (VITs) are small radiotransmitters implanted in the vaginal canal of adult female ungulates following the breeding season. Immediately prior to parturition, the VIT is expelled and a temperature sensor causes the pulse rate to change from 40 pulses/minute to 80 pulses/minute, thereby indicating a parturition event to researchers. Climatic conditions can affect the performance of VITs; therefore, in collaboration with Advanced Telemetry Systems, we developed and evaluated a VIT equipped with both temperature and photo sensors...
Old-growth forest floor richness increases with red deer herbivory intensity SJ Hegland, MS Lilleeng, SR Moe - Forest Ecology and Management, 2013
... We recorded the ungulate herbivory intensities on the island Svanøy in west Norway across 10 years and related this to the present plant richness of an old-growth pine-forest system, recording all plant species groups of the forest understory... Does increased herbivory by red deer harm boreal forest floor richness? We examine this by relating a herbivory intensity gradient to plant species richness. Increasing herbivory intensity enhance richness except at artificially high herbivory levels. Low-growing species groups benefit at the expense of taller growing woody species. Boreal forest floor richness may benefit from relatively high red deer herbivory intensity.
Ranging behaviour and reproductive rate in the threatened population of roe deer in Gargano, South Italy
V Aiello, S Lovari, A Bocci - Italian Journal of Zoology, 2013
... The seasonal median home range size of does ranged significantly between 16 ha, in spring, and 43 ha, in the cold months. Monthly home range size of does did not change significantly in daylight, night and twilight. The reproductive success (fawns:female) of our radiotagged does was very low (0.8–1.3 vs the expected 2) in both years of study, contrasting with the normal productivity of roe does, especially when density is low.
AV Argunov, VM Safronov - Russian Journal of Ecology, 2013
The dynamics of the sex and age structure of Siberian roe deer in central Yakutia has been analyzed over the period from 1998 to 2011. In the snowy winter of 2004, mass migration and high mortality of the animals were recorded. The following shift of the adult sex ratio in favor of females and increase in the proportion of calves provided for rapid population recovery. Climate warming, accompanied by increase in the amount of snow, has impaired living conditions for Siberian roe deer. Realization of the species reproductive potential is restrained by natural and anthropogenic elimination factors, and prospects for future population growth are poor.
Synchrony in hunting bags: Reaction on climatic and human induced changes? R Hagen, M Heurich, M Kröschel, M Herdtfelder - Science of The Total Environment, 2013
... We analysed and reconstructed annual hunting bags of roe deer for three federal states of northern Germany, Brandenburg, Lower Saxony and Mecklenburg West Pomerania for the years 1972 to 2011... We found that severe winters, which are indicated by negative values of the North Atlantic Oscillation during the months December–March, directly, or with a time lag of two years affect the number of deer shot. In contrast, an increase in the area used for rapeseed cultivation coincides with higher numbers of roe deer shot, with respect to the overall mean value. Consequently, we recommend that wildlife management addresses changes in large scale processes including land use pattern and climate variability.
Long‐lived and heavier females give birth earlier in roe deer F Plard, JM Gaillard, T Coulson, AJ Hewison… - Ecography, 2013
... Our study demonstrates that high quality (heavy and long-lived) females give birth earlier than low quality females. Temporally variable attributes linked to female condition, such as reproductive success in the previous year and relative annual body mass, had no detectable influence on parturition date. We conclude that parturition date, a crucial determinant of reproductive success, is shaped by attributes linked to female quality rather than by time-dependent attributes linked to female condition in income breeders (individuals that rely on current resource intake rather than on accumulated body reserves to offset the increased energy requirements due to reproduction) such as roe deer.
Loss of genetic diversity and inbreeding in Kashmir red deer (Cervus elaphus hanglu) of Dachigam National Park, Jammu and Kashmir, India LK Sharma, VP Kumar, SA Charoo, N Mohan… - BMC Research Notes, 2013
... : The preliminary findings revealed that hangul population is significantly inbred and exhibited a low
genetic diversity in comparison to other deer populations of the world. We suggest prioritizing the potential
individuals retaining high heterozygosity for ex situ conservation and genetic monitoring of the hangul population should be initiated covering the entire distribution range to ensure the long term survival of hangul. We speculate further ignoring genetics attributes may lead to a detrimental effect which can negatively influence the reproductive fitness and survivorship of the hangul population in the wild.
BC Lake, MR Bertram, N Guldager, JR Caikoski… Journal of Wildlife Management, 2013
... Prey composition was primarily adult females (39%) and young-of-the-year (35%). We attribute an elevated kill rate in early winter to predation on more vulnerable young-of-the-year. Kill rates in our study were similar to those from other studies where moose occurred at greater densities. We suggest that very few, if any, wolf–moose systems in Alaska and the Yukon experience a density-dependent phase in the functional response, and instead wolves respond numerically to changes in moose density or availability in the absence of alternative prey. Through a numerical response, wolf predation rates may approximate the annual growth potential of the moose population, contributing to persistent low densities of moose and wolves on the Yukon Flats
Habitat dynamics and its influence on the genetic diversity of Tarim red deer (< i> Cervus elaphus yarkandensis</i>) Xayar population of Xinjiang, China A Tumur, D Abliz, M Halik - Quaternary International, 2013
The Tarim red deer (Cervus elaphus yarkandensis) is an endangered and endemic animal, with three populations isolated in the regions around Xayar, Lopnur, and Qarqan counties of Xinjiang, China. .... Our results show that the land covers of Tarim red deer habitat have changed significantly during the 34-year period (1972–2006). Specifically, the areal extents of farmland, middle-cover vegetation and low-cover vegetation increased greatly, while the areal extents of high-cover vegetation and water area decreased dramatically. The detected decrease in the habitat areal extents suitable for of Tarim red deer and the associated habitat fragmentation are interpreted to be contributing factors to the observed decrease in the genetic diversity.
Effects of winter recreation on northern ungulates with focus on moose (Alces alces) and snowmobiles July 31, 2013 G Harris, RM Nielson, T Rinaldi, T Lohuis - European Journal of Wildlife Research, 2013
Winter recreation can displace ungulates to poor habitats, which may raise their energy expenditure and lower individual survivorship, causing population declines. Winter recreation could be benign, however, if animals habituate... Overall, we produced and evaluated six guidelines describing when winter recreation is potentially detrimental to ungulates as follows: (1) when unpredictable, (2) spanning large areas, (3) long in duration, (4) large spatial footprint, (5) nonmotorized, and (6) when animals are displaced to poor quality habitats.
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) positively affect the growth of mature northern red oak (Quercus rubra) trees RW Lucas, R Salguero-Gómez, DB Cobb, BG Waring… - Ecosphere, 2013
... Understanding and predicting the effects of deer (Cervidae) on forest ecosystems present significant challenges in ecosystem ecology. Deer herbivory can cause large changes in the biomass and species composition of forest understory plant communities, including early life-cycle trees (i.e., seedlings and saplings).... Our findings highlight the indirect effects of white-tailed deer on the growth of adult individuals of Q. rubra in a way opposite of what would be expected from previous studies based on immature or understory tree populations. We suggest the increased growth of adult trees in the presence of deer may be explained by increased nutrient inputs through deer fecal and urine deposits and the alteration of the competitive environment belowground through the reduction of understory vegetation by browsing. Underscoring the ecological and demographic importance of adult trees in forest ecosystems, results from this study suggest the direct and indirect effects of deer on mature trees should not be overlooked.
Ungulate activity classification: calibrating activity monitor GPS collars for Rocky Mountain elk, mule deer, and cattle AJ Gaylord - 2013
...When remotely collecting data, researchers must balance sampling frequency with the battery life of the recording device. The duration of each behavior relative to 5
sampling interval length might play an important role in activity monitor calibration. To
date no efforts have been made to determine the optimal sampling interval duration to use with these sensors. Similarly, Lotek 4500 GPS collars featuring accelerometer activity monitors had not been calibrated for Rocky Mountain elk. We examined discriminant function model structures for 3 sampling interval durations (5-min, 152-sec, and 64sec) to determine what behaviors can be accurately classified for animals with and without access to supplemental feed in the form of hay...
Seasonality, weather and climate affect home range size in roe deer across a wide latitudinal gradient within Europe N Morellet, C Bonenfant, L Börger, F Ossi, F Cagnacci… - Journal of Animal Ecology, 2013
... Among populations, HR size decreased with increasing values for proxies of forage abundance, but increased with increases in seasonality, stochastic variation of temperature, latitude and snow cover. Within populations, roe deer HR size varied over time in relation to seasonality and proxies of forage abundance in a consistent way across the seven populations. Thus, our findings were broadly consistent across the distributional range of this species, demonstrating a strong and ubiquitous link between the amplitude and timing of environmental seasonality and HR size at the continental scale...
Movement pattern of red deer during drive hunts in Sweden A Jarnemo, C Wikenros - European Journal of Wildlife Research, 2013
... We investigated the movement pattern of GPS-collared red deer (Cervus elaphus) during drive hunts with loose dogs. In 46 flights of hinds (N = 9), the median flight distance was 2.5 km (range 0.4–15.0). In 28 % of the flights, the hind left its home range. Average time before returning to home range was 23 h (range 2–88). Hinds in a less forested site left their home ranges more often, fled longer distances, moved at higher speed, and returned later than hinds in a homogenous forest. ...
The effect of agricultural land use practice on habitat selection of red deer US Lande, LE Loe, OJ Skjærli, EL Meisingset… - European Journal of Wildlife …, 2013
... we study red deer selection of various types of agricultural land and the history of land use (times of fertilisation and since renewal) in Norway. We used data from 14 female and 12 male red deer with GPS collars during the years 2007–2010.... Our results showed that both sexes selected meadows over other types of agricultural land. Females selected intensively fertilised meadows and meadows of intermediate age, while male selection did not depend on meadow age (time since renewal) or fertilisation...Our analysis suggests that a decreasing supply of meadows in the future due to lower production of livestock fodder may also affect management of red deer ...
M Ramanzin, E Sturaro - European Journal of Wildlife Research, 2013
... Antler length and antler circumference relative to both body mass and jaw length were larger in the region with more favourable climate and habitat conditions, indicating that here roe deer were able to allocate more resources to antler growth. The analysis of the temporal trends of harvest bags suggested that hunters did not select roe deer for their body mass or size, but instead for antler size. This resulted also in a preference for sub-adult and adult age classes, while yearlings were culled reluctantly, especially in the region where antlers were smaller....
Impact of anthropogenic disturbance on the density and activity pattern of deer evaluated with respect to spatial scale-dependency N Agetsuma, R Koda, R Tsujino… - … Biology-Zeitschrift für …, 2013
... Deer density was affected positively by areas of natural grassland and monkey density, and negatively by areas of forestry, mixed forest and agricultural land at the most effective spatial scale. For the daily activity pattern, larger areas of agricultural land, smaller natural grassland areas and higher hunting risk reduced diurnal and induced nocturnal activity. The most effective spatial scale explaining population density was smaller than that of daily activity pattern. This study showed that agricultural land, forestry areas and hunting risk affected deer ecology as anthropogenic disturbance...
Sika Deer Browsing Differentially Affects Web-Building Spider Densities in High and Low Productivity Forest Understories M Minoshima, MB Takada, N Agetsuma, T Hiura - Ecoscience, 2013
,,. Our field experiments controlling deer density and understory productivity revealed that the deer affected the densities of 2 abundant spider species nonlinearly: the deer effect was unimodal or constant in lower productivity plots and negative in higher productivity plots. The nonlinear effects seemed to occur because the response trend of the spiders' limiting factors to deer impact differed between lower and higher productivity plots. In lower productivity plots, the density of the most abundant spider species,... Deer seemed to affect web-building spider density in understory vegetation by changing the number of available sites for webs through browsing.
Habitat Use of Swamp Deer (Rucervus duvaucelii duvaucelii) in Jhilmil Jheel Conservation Reserve, Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India R Tewari, GS Rawat - International Journal of Ecology and Environmental …, 2013
... The study reveals that swamp deer in Jhilmil Jheel prefer areas high in hydrophytes such as Typha which meet various cover requirements viz. food, hiding, fawning, rutting, basking, resting etc. Dense thickets of Phragmites karka were avoided during all seasons. In summers, sedge meadows are preferred for feeding, resting, wallowing, and drinking water...
Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) as a predictor of forage availability for ungulates in forest and field habitats T Borowik, N Pettorelli, L Sönnichsen, B Jędrzejewska - European Journal of Wildlife …, 2013
Quantifying available plant biomass is a crucial step towards improving our understanding of herbivore ecology and trophic interactions. Thanks to the development of satellite-derived vegetation indices such as the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), ecologists have been provided with indirect estimates of primary production at various temporal and spatial scales. When it comes to forested ecosystems, most mammalian herbivores predominantly rely on the ground vegetation, yet little is known regarding the suitability of NDVI to predict this component of forest vegetation cover.... In the forest habitat, a switch in the direction of the correlation between biomass and NDVI (from positive in spring to negative in summer) was detected. The timing of the switch was related to the timing of full development of tree and shrub leaves (late May–early June). This suggests that the usefulness of NDVI as a predictor of ground vegetation biomass is dependent upon the habitat considered and the targeted season.
Decomposing risk: landscape structure and wolf behavior generate different predation patterns in two sympatric ungulates V Gervasi, H Sand, B Zimmermann, J Mattisson… - Ecological Applications, 2013
... Recolonizing carnivores can have a large impact on the status of wild ungulates, which have often modified their behavior in the absence of predation... We decomposed the spatial structure of predation by recolonizing wolves (Canis lupus) on two sympatric ungulates, moose (Alces alces) and roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), in Scandinavia during a 10-year study. We monitored 18 wolves with GPS collars, distributed over 12 territories, and collected records from predation events...Territories with an earlier recolonization were not associated with a lower hunting success for wolves. Such constant efficiency in wolf predation during the recolonization process is in line with previous findings about the naïve nature of Scandinavian moose to wolf predation. This, together with the human-dominated nature of the Scandinavian ecosystem, seems to limit the possibility for wolves to have large ecosystem effects and to establish a behaviorally-mediated trophic cascade in Scandinavia.
Cell Transplantation study finds stem cells in deer antler March 19, 2013 New York, EurekAlert (press release)
A team of researchers in Seoul, Korea have reported finding evidence that deer antlers - unique in that they regenerate annually - contain multipotent stem cells that could be useful for tissue regeneration in veterinary medicine. The study appears as an early e-publication for the journal Cell Transplantation, and is now freely available on-line athttp://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/cog/ct/pre-prints/ct0897seo. "We successfully isolated and characterized antler tissue-derived multipotent stem cells and confirmed that the isolated cells are self-renewing and can differentiate into multiple lineages," said study co-author Dr. Kyung-Sun Kang of the College of Veterinary Medicine at Seoul National University. "Using optimized culture conditions, deer antler displayed vigorous cell proliferation." ...
Composite testing for ante-mortem diagnosis of Johne's disease in farmed New Zealand deer: correlations between bacteriological culture, histopathology, serological [PDF] …R O'Brien, A Hughes, S Liggett, F Griffin - BMC Veterinary Research, 2013
... The evidence available from this study suggests that ParalisaTM used at a cutoff of 50EU could be used to screen deer herds for MAP infection with sequential qPCR testing used to cull all ParalisaTM positive animals that exhibit significant MAP faecal shedding.
... The supplementary fed population had a higher population growth rate, the females were more likely to reproduce and their calves were heavier than in the control population. Female body mass was negatively related to timing of vegetation green-up in both herds. Since both populations increased in the last decade we found support to our prediction that density-dependence negatively affected our study herds. Indeed, density negatively affected growth rates, female body mass, reproductive success and calf body mass in both populations and, as expected, this effect was more marked in the control herd.
T Ikeda, H Takahashi, T Yoshida, H Igota, K Kaji - Mammal Study, 2013
... Camera trap method has been developed for monitoring wildlife, however, most studies using camera trap depend on baited camera sites to attract target wildlife. This is likely to bias estimates of population structure. We evaluated the use of non-baited camera trap for the estimation of herd composition of sika deer ... Camera trap method is superior in term of continuously conduct in long-term, collect reasonable seasonal patterns, automatically record large numbers of sample sizes and useful in all weather conditions.
Edges, exotics and deer: the seed bank of a suburban secondary successional temperate deciduous forest VB Beauchamp, N Ghuznavi, SM Koontz, RP Roberts - Applied Vegetation Science, 2013
... Reliance on the soil seed bank as a passive restoration strategy will be insufficient for restoring a mature secondary successional suburban forest community. However, a suite of shade-tolerant exotic shrubs and vines that are of concern to management do not appear to use the seed bank, indicating that targeted removal of these species may be successful. Increased deer browse was associated with decreased seed bank abundance and richness, suggesting that deer may directly reduce inputs to the seed bank. If deer are impacting seed bank composition, active restoration will need to include understorey herbs in addition to overstorey species.
Genetic variation and structure in Scandinavian red deer (Cervus elaphus): influence of ancestry, past hunting, and restoration management April 1, 2013 J Höglund, M Cortazar‐Chinarro, A Jarnemo… - Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2013
In the 19th century, the red deer (Cervus elaphus) population in Sweden experienced a rapid decline in numbers and distribution... The possibility that there is a drastic genetic restructuring when a population becomes small and isolated was first raised by Huxley (1938) and Mayr (1942) ... The recently established C. elaphus population in Jämtland seems to stem mainly from escapees from enclosures, with a mixed ancestry from the wild remnant population in Skåne and continental deer, whereas the influx from Norway is minor, if any. Our results show the need for a detailed assessment of genetic differentiation, and emphasize the value of local management plans when planning and managing introductions. ..
Roaring counts are not suitable for the monitoring of red deer Cervus elaphus population abundance March 27, 2013 M Douhard, C Bonenfant, JM Gaillard, JL Hamann… - Wildlife Biology, 2013
... Using standardised spotlight counts applied for the monitoring of red deer at La Petite Pierre, France, as a reference method, we found that roaring counts did not correlate with spotlight counts. Moreover, we did not find any evidence that roaring counts decreased with increasing number of male and female red deer harvested in the reserve during the previous hunting season. We thus conclude that managers should not rely on roaring counts for managing red deer populations....
Cell Transplantation study finds stem cells in deer antler March 19, 2013 New York, EurekAlert (press release)
A team of researchers in Seoul, Korea have reported finding evidence that deer antlers - unique in that they regenerate annually - contain multipotent stem cells that could be useful for tissue regeneration in veterinary medicine. The study appears as an early e-publication for the journal Cell Transplantation, and is now freely available on-line at http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/cog/ct/pre-prints/ct0897seo. "We successfully isolated and characterized antler tissue-derived multipotent stem cells and confirmed that the isolated cells are self-renewing and can differentiate into multiple lineages," said study co-author Dr. Kyung-Sun Kang of the College of Veterinary Medicine at Seoul National University. "Using optimized culture conditions, deer antler displayed vigorous cell proliferation." ...
Multipotent stem cells in deer antler may have regenerative uses in veterinary medicine March 20, 2013 Korea, News-Medical.net
... Deer antler has been an issue in the news recently when professional athletes allegedly therapeutically used deer antler sprays, said to contain the insulin-like growth factor, IGF-1, to recover from injuries. The Korean research team did not investigate the potential for deer antler to be used in human therapies, but suggested that it could be used in veterinary medicine due to the impact of two important factors; the regenerative and the proliferative capabilities of the stem cells they isolated...The study ... is now freely available on-line at http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/cog/ct/pre-prints/ct0897seo.
Variation in adult body mass of roe deer: early environmental conditions influence early and late body growth of females M Douhard, JM Gaillard, D Delorme, G Capron… - Ecology, 2013
... We used long-term data from two roe deer populations (Chizé and Trois-Fontaines, France) to investigate the direct and indirect (operating through fawn body mass) effects of environmental conditions during early life on adult body mass. We found that environmental conditions (population size and spring temperatures) around birth influenced body mass of adult females through both direct and indirect effects in both populations. The occurrence of direct effects means that, for a given fawn body mass, adult female mass decreases with adverse conditions in early life. In contrast, we found no evidence for direct effects of early life conditions on adult body mass of males, suggesting the existence of sex specific long-term responses of body mass to stressful early conditions...
Seasonal habitat selection of the red deer (Cervus elaphus alxaicus) in the Helan Mountains, China M Zhang, Z Liu, L Teng - Zoologia (Curitiba), 2013
... preferred habitats with abundant vegetation coverage to open habitats in winter, but the reverse pattern was observed in summer and autumn. Red deer preferred gentle slopes (<10°) but the use of slope gradient categories varied seasonally. Red deer avoidance of human disturbance in the Helan Mountains varied significantly by season...
Biochemical indicators in serum of free-ranging roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) in Slovenia D Žele, G Vengušt - Acta Veterinaria Brno, 2013
The aim of the study was to present the serum biochemical values in free-ranging
roe deer as useful indicators of the health status of the animal ... This is the first report on concentration of serum glutamate dehydrogenase (0.16 µkat) and serum iron (34.9 µmol/l) in roe deer. There were no differences in the values of biochemical indicators between males and females (P < 0.05). To our knowledge this is the first extended research on this topic in roe deer...
Sexual segregation in red deer: is social behaviour more important than habitat preferences? J Alves, AA da Silva, AMVM Soares, C Fonseca - Animal Behaviour, 2013
... used 5 years of direct observations of animals. Adult males and sexually active females showed complete segregation during the year except in the rut and autumn seasons, showing that a red deer tends to be aggregated with its peers outside the reproductive period. The results suggested that red deer segregated not only by sex, but also between age classes, indicating that sexual segregation hypotheses need to
explain more than differences between sexes. Furthermore, both social behaviour and habitat preferences contributed signiﬁcantly to sexual segregation, indicating that this phenomenon results from different choices made by males and females with respect to security and food availability in their living areas and dissimilar social behaviour of different sexes and age classes.
Effect of Concentrate Supplementation on Feed Consumption, Nutrient Utilization and Blood Metabolite Profile in Captive Spotted Deer (Axis axis) (Avena sativa) and Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum) Fodders Based Diet C Suresh, A Das, S Katole, M Saini, D Swarup - Zoo Biology, 2013
This experiment was conducted to determine the optimum level of a maize–
soybean meal–wheat bran concentrate supplement fed to captive spotted deer fed an oat and berseem fodder-based diet. Twelve adult spotted deer [64–76 kg body weight (BW)] were distributed into three groups of four each and were housed individually ... . Supplementation of forage only diet with 0.5 kg of concentrate mixture increased intake and digestibility of nutrients, without change in body mass. Animals fed 1 kg of supplementary concentrate received energy in excess of requirements, were consistently gaining body mass and were prone to obesity. Thus, it is a right strategy to supplement forage only diet of captive spotted deer with 0.5 kg of concentrate.
The endangered Dama dama mesopotamica Brooke, 1875: genetic variability, allelic loss and hybridization signals [HTML] JL Fernández-García - Contributions to Zoology, 2012
The Persian fallow deer (Dama dama mesopotamica) formerly widespread in the Middle East was described scientifically at the end of the 19th century and considered extinct ever since. In 1956 it was rediscovered in south-western Iran. As a result, several countries have undertaken actions to reintroduce this subspecies in its native territory. In 2007 the Christian Oswald Foundation, in close cooperation with Iranian institutions, launched plans of in situ and ex situ breeding actions, with its centre in the German Von Opel Zoo and with cooperative Mediterranean partner countries as Israel, to support conservation efforts under scientific control. We performed genetic studies to study the suspected hybridization with European fallow deer (Dama dama dama) and a commitment to preserve pureblood populations. We used a set of microsatellite loci to examine genetic variation and recent hybridization with the European fallow deer. All microsatellite loci used were polymorphic, but some were monomorphic within subspecies. The allelic richness was similar in both subspecies but the ‘private allelic richness’ was reduced to a half in the Persian fallow deer, signalling allelic loss due to genetic drift and inbreeding. Moreover, we showed the presence of two discrete groups representing the two subspecies, with no signs of admixture or hybridization. Furthermore, Persian fallow deer studied here belong to two pre-defined genetics groups: the wild and the (more genetically impoverished) captive populations of Persian fallow deer. Finally, the Persian fallow deer deserves a high conservation priority, both in the Iranian stock and in the captive populations, so as to avoid hybridization.
The Yucatan peninsula is known as "the land of the Deer and Pheasant", named after two of the most abundant species that once inhabited the region. Native deer such as the white-tailed species is considered nowadays an endangered species of Mexico, which can also be admired at Xcaret
The two videos below document the history of a deer culling program in New Zealand