Canada Deer News

Province wants your trail camera data September 14, 2017 Nova Scotia, TheChronicleHerald.ca
... The Department of Natural Resources is four years into a project to use trail camera information to help determine the size and health of the province’s deer and bear populations ...  deer herd is currently estimated at between 35,000 and 45,000 ..,

Deer in Beanfield. Ottawa, Ontario - September


Natural deer pee a no-no for hunters September 7, 2017 Nova Scotia, TheChronicleHerald.ca
... urine can lead to the spread of chronic wasting disease ... estimates the province’s deer population to be between 35,000 and 45,000...,

... When the moose harvest was increased, the moose population declined substantially in the treatment area (by 70%) but not the reference area, suggesting that the policy had the desired effect and was not caused by a broader climatic process. Wolf numbers subsequently declined in the treatment area, with wolf dispersal rates 2.5× greater, meaning that dispersal was the likely mechanism behind the wolf numerical response, though reduced recruitment and starvation was also documented in the treatment area. Caribou adult survival increased from 0.78 to 0.88 in the treatment area, but declined in the reference...

Deny DOI a deer cull permit August 30, 2017 British Columbia, Markets Insider
... "The DOI claims to place clover traps in zones that have aggressive deer and human safety related issues.  This is not the case."  DOI Records of Wildlife Hunted, Trapped or Killed for 2016 and 2017 show that of the 26 deer killed, all but two were trapped in DOI's public works yard.  Area 7 where the works yard is located and Area 2 had the lowest deer count of any of the seven survey units...

... A member of the Gore Bay Fish and Game Club (GBFGC) is happy that the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry (MNRF) is not putting in place legislation that would prevent supplemental feeding of deer when severe conditions in the winter put deer in peril...

... Once sedated, the deer was down for 1.5 hours while the pail was cut off its head. Later, the deer awoke and began eating and drinking before running off...

... Alberta's Athabasca oil sands region (AOSR) is a region of boreal forest characterized by extensive human disturbance and is home to moose  ... We conclude that predation rates of moose have increased near human disturbance in AOSR because the mining footprint has removed habitat causing changes to the intensity of wolf use of areas near the boundary of mines. We discuss possibility of sink habitat near mining features and whether that is expected to reduce moose population density across AOSR.

My name is Dr. Caroline Lubbe-D’Arcy and I am a spokesperson for Stop Spraying NB Inc. Our group is one of twelve member groups of The Alliance to Stop Spraying New Brunswick... a call-to-action for New Brunswickers to resist the herbicide spraying of forests near their communities... The loss of our deer is unacceptable. We are hearing from hunters that their hunting territories are destroyed and that the deer population has vanished from these areas... - August 1, 2017, New Brunswick


Kimberley City Council approves funding for deer translocation July 26, 2017 British Columbia, BC Local News
... for the translocation project... a new motion to include $50,000 per year in the next two years... Our last translocation proved it can work ... Council has approved the motion to put in an application for the Urban Mule Deer Translocation ...

Victoria to seek outside funding for deer control  July 22, 2017 British Columbia,  Times Colonist
... Councillors agreed Thursday to have the mayor write to the premier and to the CRD about the issue. However, they stopped short of allocating any funding ...
     Victoria eyes deer population count July 21, 2017 British Columbia, Victoria News
... As part of the 2018 budget, staff will be looking ways to fund a deer count, with help from the Urban Wildlife Stewardship Society, as the first step towards creating a potential deer management strategy ...

... Stewart said the City is keeping a close eye on the deer population and besides a few damaged landscapes, they haven't really seen much reason to take concern... [Owen said]: you just can't come in and kill deer and not change behaviour because those deer will be replaced by other deer." ...

CWD Threatens More Than Just Big Game Herds In Manitoba July 17, 2017 PembinaValleyOnline.com
...  researchers are now calling CWD [chronic wasting disease] an insidious and dire disease, and the greatest conservation challenge of our future...  estimates are between 10,000-15,000 CWD infected deer are consumed by hunters every year in North America...

Area trees being lost to emerald ash borer beetles July 13, 2017 New Brunswick, Montgomery Newspapers
... permits for this season has increased from last year. Provincewide, 2,100 permits will be allowed, up 300 from the 1,800 available in 2016 [mostly buck only] ...

Truro, Solution fair to both deer and humans needed, says veterinarian July 10, 2017 Nova Scotia, Truro Daily News
... A lot of areas around town that used to be their territory have been developed or cut up into pieces so they can’t travel without crossing roads or lawns...“Wanting to kill them because they eat flowers is horrible...

Deer warning signs to be installed throughout Oak Bay July 5, 2017 British Columbia, Oak Bay News
... BC SPCA Wild Animal Rehabilitation Centre records show that, 20 to 30 per cent of the deer fawns admitted between May and August are hit by cars... Urban Wildlife Stewardship Society, based in Oak Bay, has distributed more than 700 signs that say “Caution – Expect Deer” ...

... Our results suggest seed masting in sugar maple can bolster cohort recruitment success that otherwise would virtually (or completely) fail when severe impact from deer browsing is combined with other typical early life-stage mortality risks, e.g., from drought, neighborhood competition, and persistent overhead canopy shade...

... Elk using stopovers in fall displayed different seasonal and diurnal behaviors between sexes in response to the disturbance. Females used steeper terrain during fall-day and males did not use this strategy in fall. Male avoidance of roads was much stronger than females during fall-day and males were less likely to cross a road during fall. Such responses are probably linked to higher hunting pressure on males vs. females. Finally, we found that elk spent more time feeding during spring migration compared to the fall migration and elk vigilance was >3 times higher in the fall hunting season...

Hunter concerned about clear-cut located in Vaughan designated deer wintering area June 29, 2017 Nova Scotia, The Hants Journal
... the plot of crown land, which WestFor, a lumber and mill consortium, has applied for a partial clear cut.. land in question is also a designated deer wintering area... deer have shelter in the harsh winter months because the mature tree canopy provides sufficient cover from the snow...
...  by leaving the fawns for a while and going out to find food, the mother is actually protecting her baby: the mother has a scent that attracts predators and by staying away, she reduces the risk to the baby...

Victoria city council mulls foray into deer management June 25, 2017 British Columbia, Times Colonist
... Victoria city staff say it’s difficult to determine the true extent of the deer situation... tools include population counts, public opinion surveys, public education campaigns, and community advisory committees... 

... The Health Products and Food Branch of Health Canada now warns that the potential for CWD “to be transmitted to humans cannot be excluded.” ... The advisory ... recommend avoiding consumption of foods from known infected or any diseased animals ...

Kimberley seeking permit to translocate deer from provincial ministries June 20, 2017 British Columbia, Kimberley Bulletin
... The current study around translocation of mule deer is not yet final, although preliminary results indicate that translocating the mule deer out of urban areas doesn’t seem to be causing stress to the animals, which was a major concern...

Truro deer management session draws large crowd June 20, 2017 Nova Scotia, Truro Daily News
... About 1,200 surveys had been completed online by early Tuesday afternoon ... it appears most people don’t want to see the deer killed ... “I live on Brunswick Street and sometimes I see them in my yard ...They’re beautiful and I love seeing them...
     Truro, Nova Scotia town overrun by deer mulling contraceptives June 19, 2017 Metro News
... officials are considering options including contraceptives and a cull in a bid to control the growing urban herd.
... The animals are a divisive issue, according to Dolter. He said some people in the community desperately want them gone, saying they're a nuisance that carry ticks and eat through gardens.  Others love having deer around... "The hunt is not where we're headed if we can avoid it," ...

Collared deer in Cranbrook after trek June 13, 2017 British Columbia, Cranbrook Townsman
... the deer in question were captured in Kimberley in March, 2017, close to the Civic Centre arena, translocated and released in the Gilbraltor area ... showed up in the yard of the fellow who helped us with the translocation ...

Female elk can learn to avoid hunters with age June 14, 2017 Canada, Science Daily
... As female elk get older, they adopt strategies for avoiding hunters in Canada, according to a study published June 14, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE ... Once female elk reach the age of about 10 years, they are nearly invulnerable to human hunters. This age-related difference could be driven only by selection by hunters -- or it could also be driven by learning...

... "We are able to track her down in the bushes and successfully get a dart into her with some drugs," said conservation officer Scott Morris. " ... able to pull the arrow from her face...
     Pregnant Vancouver Island deer shot in the head with crossbow June 7, 2017 British Columbia, CBC.ca
... A Vancouver Island resident had become used to a pregnant deer visiting her yard ... "Yesterday, we came home and she had an arrow sticking out of her head ...

The Status and Management of Moose in North America - Circa 2015 [PDF will download] ALCES VOL. 53: 1–22 (2017) H. R. Timmermann1 and Arthur R. Rodgers
... In 2014–2015, the North American moosepopulation was estimated at ~1,000,000 animals distributed in 30 jurisdictions, which is unchanged since the turn of the century. Populations occurred in 12 Canadian provinces or territories, and in at least 18 states. In the past 5 years, moose density is believed to be increasing in 9, relatively stable in 8, and declining in 11 jurisdictions; estimates of change were unavailable in 2 jurisdictions. In
2014–2015, an estimated 425,537 licensed moose hunters harvested 82,096 moose in 23 jurisdictions....

Toronto, Family of deer rescued from Scarborough plaza June 2, 2017 Ontario, CBC
... The deer, a male and a pregnant female, got trapped Tuesday afternoon after coming into contact with a car and running into a gated area ...

A team of Toronto Wildlife Centre staff and volunteers, as well as officers from Toronto Animal Services help a trapped deer family relocate to a nearby ravine. - June 2, 2017


Magrath seeking input to control deer population May 30, 2017 Alberta, Lethbridge Herald
... town council is asking the public to be a part of the discussion through an online survey... “Members of the public can help by eliminating ready food sources and by fencing in their yards and gardens,” ...

Williams Lake creates urban deer brochure May 25, 2017 British Columbia, Williams Lake Tribune
... Rather than pursuing a deer management strategy, staff suggested compiling information and developing an education program for residents on deer proofing their properties.  Council approved $3,000 be added to the 2017 operating budget for an education and communication plan ...

Judgement laid in the Kazakoff vs Taft case May 4, 2017 British Columbia, Invermere Valley Echo
...  Mr. Taft commented on an online news site labeling Kazakoff as a “convicted felon.” The comment was made after Kazakoff pleaded guilty in 2015 to tampering with deer traps in Kimberley... Mr. Kazakoff is entitled to receive $50,000 for general damages, $25,000 for aggravated damages, totalling a fee of $75,000 to be paid by Mr. Taft...

UWSS defends deer count May 3, 2017 British Columbia, Oak Bay News 
   According to the City of Cranbrook, Urban Deer Management Annual Report 2015/16, in Nov. 2010 they counted 101 deer and held their first cull in 2011.  After five years of culling the deer, in November 2015, the annual count identified 137 deer, the highest number since their counts began in 2010....

Short Hills deer hunt cost $39,900 May 3, 2017 Ontario, St. Catharines Standard
... The province spent $39,900 to run the 2016 aboriginal deer hunt in Short Hills Provincial Park — almost dollar to dollar the amount of the year before... 46 deer were harvested over three weekends in November and December. That’s up from 39 deer in 2015 and 21 deer in 2014...

... In central B.C., moose populations have recently declined 50 to 70 per cent. Several central and southern caribou populations continue to decline, despite decades long hunting bans...

... A member of the Gore Bay Fish and Game Club says he is disappointed with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry (MNRF) position that it will continue to discourage and prevent supplemental feeding of deer even when severe conditions in the winter put deer in peril...

Cranbrook, 15 deer killed in Cranbrook cull provide meat for community March 29, 2017 British Columbia, CTV News
... Thirteen mule deer and two white tail deer were euthanized after being caught in baited boxes known as clover traps...

Efforts underway to assist elk and deer until springtime March 25, 2017 British Columbai, The Free Press
... the province was investing $40,000 to mitigate the drastic impacts of one of the region’s harshest winters ...  to purchase hay to feed elk and deer in strategic locations around the East Kootenay... many ungulate populations are in long-term decline...

... "What we hope to do is use an immuno-contraceptive that's a long-term. If we could develop the vaccine properly, it could last for as long as four to five years. This would be a much more efficient way of reducing population levels." ... Steve Huxter of the Urban Wildlife Stewardship Society.

East Kootenay Relocation study tracks local deer, variable results March 17, 2017 British Coliumbia, Columbia Valley Pioneer
... Of the seven with radio collars, two have since been killed by predators (one likely by wolves in Upper Findlay Creek), three went up into the alpine near the release site and then returned to lower winter range in the Findlay Flats-Lavington area in the fall, and the other two each made separate long solo journeys ...

Research project will see deer fitted with GPS collars March 17, 2017 British Columbia, Times Colonist
... The provincial government is giving Oak Bay $20,000 to outfit 20 deer with GPS tracking collars and install 40 motion-sensor cameras to photograph the animals as they wander its trails. This is the beginning of a plan to reduce the number of deer through the use of birth-control drugs...
Oak Bay scores provincial funds to count deer March 16, 2017 British Columbia, Oak Bay News (registration)
... “I’m very pleased with the province providing the funds to assist the Urban Wildlife Stewardship Society to lead a unique approach to managing the deer population and also trying to understand the behaviour of deer in our urban environment,” said Oak Bay Mayor Nils Jensen...

Update provided for East Kootenay Deer Translocation trial February 28, 2017 British Columbia, Kimberley Bulletin
... We had some initial predation, mostly by cougar ... Three deer died in the late autumn of unknown causes, possibly related to poor nutrition... So far the mortality rate for the  collared deer that were released last year is about 50 per cent, while it’s only 20 per cent for collared non-urban mule deer... [this is the first trial, other cases show experience improves survival] 

Elkford council votes against deer cull February 25, 2017 British Columbia, The Free Press
...  a factor in the decision not to pursue a cull was the town's Urban Wildlife Management Advisory Committee’s recommendation to wait until the results of a translocation project are released this year... 60 deer relocated from Cranbrook, Kimberley, Invermere and Elkford in February and March of 2015. Twenty-nine of the deer were fitted with radio collars ...

... A dog that chased a mule deer onto the Yukon River ... he female deer may have suffered from exertional myopathy, a condition where physiological changes caused by stress damage muscle tissue. It is almost always fatal...

Capture of Free-Ranging Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) with a Combination of Medetomidine, Azaperone and Alfaxalone A Mathieu, N Caulkett, PM Stent, HM Schwantje - Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2017
... The major side effects of the combination were hypoxemia and hypercapnia. The combination of medetomidine, azaperone, and alfaxalone proved suitable for the immobilization of urban and nonurban free-ranging MD ...

Cranbrook, Province confirms deer cull underway January 31, 2017 British Columbia, BC Local News
...The last cull occurred a year ago when the city reported 20 deer were killed over a six-week period. Last year's cull cost $10,374 ...

Elkford, Possibility of another deer cull divides mountain town January 30, 2017 British Columbia, The Free Press
...  after having been approved for up to $10,000 in provincial funds to harvest up to 50 mule deer, some residents of the quiet mountain town are fearful that another cull could once again divide the community... “A lot of people don’t want to voice their opinion just because they’re afraid of being ostracized socially here,” ...

Pentiction, Deer cull not likely January 20, 2017 British Columbia, Pentiction Western News
... the cougar family was hunting urban deer in Penticton for a few weeks ...Penticton has attempted to follow the province’s process to be allowed to cull deer, but in the end public opposition and the threat of lawsuits caused city hall to drop the idea...

Elkford turns to residents for urban deer answers January 15, 2017 British Columbia, The Free Press
... During February and March of last year, 60 deer were relocated from Cranbrook, Kimberley, Invermere and Elkford. Twenty-nine of the deer were fitted with radio collars to allow monitoring of their movements and survival rates... early results show the survival rates of the collared animals have been comparable to the general deer population...

Manitoulin, Winter conditions having minimal impacts on Island deer thus far January 13, 2017 Ontario, manitoulin.ca
... For now people can help out the deer by breaking trails from one food source to another ...  If we have 90 days of 20 or more inches of snow on the ground that is when you see deer losses ... In terms of breaking browse for deer ...  this isn’t needed at this point... [breaking tree and shrub branches down to where deer can eat them is an effective way to provide a quick winter supplemental food source]

Point Pelee National Park to close for deer cull January 11, 2017 Ontario, CBC.ca
... 41 deer were harvested during a cull at the park in 2016 and another 72 in 2015...

These lovely animals are gathering in the woods but they are being driven out of their homes and into other areas because of all the development and destruction in the Westshore. - January 9, 2017


  Waterford, Deer cams prove popular January 8, 2017 Ontario, 
simcoereformer.ca
... the Waterford deer park ... Since two webcams were installed at the end of 2015, 40,000 Internet users around the world have clicked on to see what the animals are up to... English fallow deer ... 14 bucks and 13 females... 

Annual deer hunt must be conducted responsibly January 1, 2017 Ontario, Hamilton Spectator
... the DMAC recognized that accurate data was required if the HCA was going to get into deer management. Since that report was issued, one aerial census in 2013 was performed and no system for ground-based counts has been implemented...  The 2013 aerial deer census showed a 40 per cent decline in deer numbers between 2009 and 2013 in the Dundas Valley ...  the HCA continues to tell the public that "the deer are still abundant." ...

Data:  Estimated 2015 deer populations: 125,000 mule deer in Alberta, 100,000 to 168,000 mule deer and 98,000 to 157,000 black-tailed deer in British Columbia, 30,000 to 60,000 mule deer in Saskatchewan, 1,000 mule deer in the Yukon.    The harsh winters of 2014 and 2015 have reduced many deer populations. The population is down to around 80,000 to 100,000 in Manitoba. In Saskatchewan a population index survey for white-tailed deer was 27 percent below the long term average, the 2014 deer season was reduced in an effort to support the population.  
     The Nova Scotia deer population was estimated at about 40,000 in 2017.  The harvest was down 28.4 percent from fall 2014 to 2015, a result of harsh weather, but more mild conditions in 2015-16. The population was estimated at 50,000 in 2011, an all-time high of 119,000 animals in 1986 to a low of 42,000 in 1995.
     The New Brunswick 2016 deer population was estimated at 74,338, down from about 270,532 in 1985.New Brunswick deer herd down 70% in 30 years, DNR numbers show April 13, 2016  Estimated 2015 deer population was about 65,000 due to starvation from a harsh winter.   Winter mortality in 2014 reduced the herd by about 15,000, putting the population at about 75,000 in 2014.  About 90,000 in 2013 and into early 2014, down from about 110,000 in 2007, but up from 2012.  Antlerless permits in New Brunswick were reduced by about 20 percent in 2014 and another 20 percent in 2015 to help the herd recover.  
     The deer population in Ontario peaked in about 2004, deer populations are half or less, falling from 10 to 12 deer per square kilometer to 4 or 5, partially a result of severe winter weather.  About 400,000 in 2014 for Ontario.  About 45,00 to 65,000 deer on Victoria Island in 2011 according to B.C. Ministry of Environment. 

Report poaching:  call 1-877-TIPS-MNR (847-7667) tollfree

- WildSafeBC: designed to reduce human-wildlife conflict through education, innovation and cooperation.
Invermere Deer Protection Society: We advocate humane treatment and harmoneous co-existence with the wildlife in our beautiful town of Invermere.
DeerSafe Victoria: A blog following the urban deer management issue in Victoria.
- Procyon Wildlife:  Deer rehabilitation in Ontario
Wildlife Conservation and Management - The Canadian Encyclopedia Wildlife conservation and management in Canada is a reflection of ... in concert with government conservation agencies 

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CRD Deer Management Citizens Advisory Committee July 24, 2012 ‎(Published September 5, 2012)‎