Canada Deer News

Oak Bay seeks more provincial funding for deer birth control program November 15, 2018 British Columbia, Oak Bay News
...  UWSS is committed to inoculating and getting this done next summer, so we’re moving forward with that … we need this grant money to do that... The proposed program funding for 2019 is $63,310 ...

  Deer impaled on fence, Edmonton residents call for changes November 15, 2018 Alberta, CTV News
... “This deer was impaled quite deeply into its groin and the damage was fairly substantial,” Dennis Prodan, a district fish and wildlife officer, told CTV Edmonton. “It struggled a little bit in the fence too, so it increased the damage.”  To end the animal’s suffering, an officer with Alberta Fish and Wildlife shot the deer...

... Martin wanted to free the animal by lifting it off the fence, but it was too heavy. He also thought about taking a portion of the fence apart, but the deer was kicking, so he couldn't get close enough...

...  chronic wasting disease detected this year in three farm-raised deer... the animals, a fixture at Christmas parades and events in the province, need to stay penned as investigations continue  ...

BC town residents attempt to lasso wired deer November 4, 2018 British Columgia, Keremeos Review
... rescued by conservation officers last week...

Deer shot by arrow, put down by BC conservation sparks investigation November 1, 2018 British Columbia, Columbia Valley Pioneer
...  The deer was found but later euthanized after officials ruled it was suffering and would not have survived the injury...

... in Newfoundland and Labrador due to a restriction in legislation that says raw, wild meat cannot be donated by a third party... A lot of these people who are using the food bank may not have the necessary resources to procure this type of food.” ...

N.S. town permits bow hunting in attempt to reduce urban deer populations October 13, 2018  Nova Scotia, Atlantic CTV News
... in a survey done last year, it was found that half the town’s population considered the deer to be a nuisance, while the other half did not.  Residents like Yolanda Cleaves says she enjoys seeing the deer ...

A day in the life of CWD (chronic wasting disease) field researchers from the University of Alberta as they track mule deer to learn more about the devastating neurological disease found in cervids. - October 11, 2018 Alberta



Chronic Wasting Disease, Quebec officials scramble after first confirmed case of fatal deer disease September 30, 2018 Saskatoon StarPhoenix
... The recent discovery was the first positive case in more than 22,000 samples that have been tested in the province... a plan to cull between 300 and 350 deer in order to test for the disease...
     Deadly wasting disease found in farmed Outaouais deer, hundreds culled September 28, 2018 Quebec, Ottawa Citizen
... One sick deer was identified on a deer farm on Sept. 10, leading Quebec officials to kill all 80 deer on the farm and order a cull of 300 wild deer nearby...
...Quebec Wildlife officers will scout, bait and kill white-tailed deer to find out if this disease, which is called chronic wasting disease and is similar to mad cow disease, has touched animals outside the livestock farm where the first case was detected....

Oak Bay, Permit to give BC deer birth control on hold until consultation with First Nations September 21 2018 British Columbia, Williams Lake Tribune
... A pilot project to give birth control to deer in the Greater Victoria suburb of Oak Bay is on hold while the mayor consults with local First Nations, a delay that could set the project back a whole year...

Cranbrook, British Columbia, is killing baby white-tail deer under the guise of resolving human/wildlife conflicts. We're asking people to pressure the Province to deny the city future permits to kill deer. - September 21, 2018 British Columbia


...Moose (Alces alces) naturally colonized the Parkland Natural Region of Alberta during
the 1980s and early 1990s, and later colonized the Grassland Natural Region by the early 2000s. We summarize population data during 1996–2016 for these regions ...

... The Quebec Ministry of Forests, Wildlife, and Parks is considering establishing hunting restrictions ... case of Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) identified in the remains of a livestock deer ...

Clear cut would destroy critical animal habitat, says Nova Scotia hunter September 16, 2018 CBC.ca
... fears that a proposed clear cut would destroy critical habitat for endangered mainland moose, deer and other animals ... The public has until Sept. 26 to comment ... it would go against the recommendations put forward in the recent independent review of forest practices in Nova Scotia...

... While deer and elk populations are mostly doing well nationally, moose and caribou are facing challenges... Mule deer have seen some challenges throughout B.C., leading to some significant hunting regulation changes this year to limit the harvest and promote recovery...

Okotoks asks citizens to install deer-counting app to help track local population September 8, 2018 Alberta, CBC.ca
... the NatureLynx app , which was launched by the Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute (ABMI) in July, allows any Albertan to record wildlife sightings in the province... In 2015, volunteers in Okotoks counted deer populations the old-fashioned way, but this year, they're using NatureLynx to make things easier...

... Between 2002 and 2016, biologists examined 805 heads of cervids that were hunted in the B.C. Peace Region, however, the number of submitted heads has decreased in the last few years from a high 221 in 2008 to less than 50 every year since...


...  a translocation trial from 2015 to 2017 to control the urban mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus; uMD) overpopulation and supplement the declining non-urban mule deer (nuMD) population ...  The aim of this study was to characterize the health risks associated with the translocation ... The number of uMD to translocate under the current conditions should be limited to 344 individuals as to minimize the risk of ADHV transmission and its potential negative effects on the nuMD population...

Kimberley, The ups and downs of deer translocation August 17, 2018 British Columbia, Kimberley Bulletin
... Fifty does and fawns were taken out of Kimberley in five days last March. Oakley says the operation goes quite smoothly and no deer have died from being moved...  One of those issues is the fact that the translocated (collared) deer show up in other communities...  the majority of the animals are staying out of towns. Their predation is rate is slightly higher ...

Deer management in Oak Bay is proceeding according to plan August 16, 2018 British Columbia, Oak Bay News
... In September, an immuno-contraceptive vaccine will be administered to some of the uncollared Oak Bay does, with a booster administered a few weeks later prior to the rutting season... The idea is to reduce and stabilize the deer population by cutting the birth rate, and without opening up space for deer from surrounding populations to simply move in...

... During 722 d of observations conducted in winter over this period, we recorded a decline in Mule Deer and the incursion of White-tailed Deer into the park. Of a total of 429 deer sighted, White-tailed Deer increased from an average of 0.08 sightings/d to 0.73/d, whereas the native Mule Deer declined from 0.42 sightings/d to 0.01/d. Over the same time span, sightings of all deer increased from 0.51/d to 0.74/d...

... The fan-favourite deer first emerged as part of a city initiative calledCalgary Captured, a citizen-science program that launched in February. It asked citizens to identify wildlife from photos taken by remote cameras in 13 parks across the municipality. Users online quickly named the handsome animal ...

Wildfires cause havoc for humans, but not mule deer July 29, 2018 British Columbia, Surrey Now-Leader
... Animals like deer, moose, and big horn sheep like young regrowth... The wildfires are also not large enough to have a severe impact ... “Fire, when it’s away from people and everyone is safe, belongs on this landscape ... Nutrients from burned plants creates the perfect habitat for regrowth, said David Scott, with the department of earth and environmental sciences at UBCO...

Doe's death leads to desperate adoption drive for 2 fawns  July 24, 2018 Saskatchewan, CBC.ca ·
...The fawns' mother had been hit by a car on Circle Drive. She gave birth either shortly before or shortly after... Shadick, who is also the vice-president of the Wildlife Rehabilitation Society of Saskatchewan ... brought it back to the centre to be with it's sibling...

... The deer population in much of northern New Brunswick continues to be too low to support a hunting season ... "The population declined in the late 1980s and early 1990s … and it hasn't recovered to the point where we believe we can have a sustainable hunting season,"  ...

... We’re not seeing mule deer like we used to... The B.C. Interior Mule Deer Project is the largest project of its kind ever undertaken in the province...

Deer with huge warts July 17, 2017 British Columbia, Castanet
... condition called viral papilloma tolsus ... "The lumps tend to get regressed with time and actually will fall off,"  ...

K Pigeon, D MacNearney, B Nobert, L Finnegan - 2018 British Columbia
... Woodland caribou in Alberta and British Columbia are federally listed as threatened under the Canadian Species at Risk Act (SARA). Throughout their range, the decline of woodland caribou populations is thought to result from habitat degradation and fragmentation caused by industrial activities. Infrastructure associated with oil and gas development accounts for a significant portion of the disturbance footprint in many boreal caribou ranges ...

Slow down, save a wild life July 4, 2018 Ontario, durhamregion.com
...The study [University of Waterloo]  concluded that many of the thousands of wildlife-vehicle collisions occurring each year could be prevented if authorities implemented a few, cost-effective strategies to minimize the occurrences.  Strategies include better signage, wildlife detection systems, fencing and wildlife crossings...

JJ Boan, JR Malcolm, MD Vanier, DL Euler, FM Moola - Wildlife Society Bulletin, 2018
... Over the past decade, declines of Canadian populations of boreal caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) have received considerable attention ...  Many boreal caribou populations have been shown to be decreasing, in some cases precipitously, and empirical evidence from adult survival and calf recruitment surveys indicates that the cumulative effect of habitat disturbance, including that which results from industrial development, is a key driver in the decline. Yet, as scientific understanding of the decline has become clearer, and agreement among scientists and governments about habitat management requirements has increased ...

... translocation will continue to be their number one method for reducing deer populations ... the committee has been conducting an annual deer count ... Translocation, not withstanding some of the minor findings, has been a huge success...

Young deer lived and died on a Toronto street June 27, 2018 Ontario, Toronto Star
... The young doe charmed everyone, despite its fondness for nibbling hostas in gardens ... found the deer laying on its side, foam coming from her muzzle ...

... Comparison of BCS, pregnancy rates and pathogen exposure of uMD [urban mule deer]
and nuMD [non-urban mule deer] showed that the health of the two populations did not significantly differ, suggesting uMD translocations do not pose a severe risk of pathogen transmission between mule deer populations and that these selected pathogens do not factor in the decline of the nuMD population...

Helping a deer with two broken legs recover: Northern Lights Wildlife Society - June 19, 2018 British Columbia


... driving along the Old Island Highway near the Jubilee Parkway when she saw a deer, which didn’t appear to be badly injured, get up and stand on all four legs.  Martin claims she saw two men who had stopped on the highway force the animal back to the ground, then kick it 10 times before taking a saw to its head...

A Glenmore family captured the baby deer taking its first steps on Sunday morning. - June 3, 2018 British Columbia


... Conservationists and researchers say wildfire control efforts in B.C. may be causing mule deer numbers to decline... mule deer are very choosy eaters, and fire creates open canopies, so it opens up the forest and then you get the flush of green growth in the understory ...

... Trees are often clustered in interior Douglas-fir forests near the grassland interface in central British Columbia due to past harvesting practices or habitat management for mule deer... Edge trees had intermediate growth rates but no differences were found in the long-term climate/growth relationship compared to open growing trees. Both Edge and Open classes showed less relative growth reduction during droughts than Interior trees growing between harvest trails...

Where are the deer going? April 20, 2018 British Columbia, Castanet
... "In the Southern Interior they've been declining for quite some time so we've been trying to put a project together to look at what makes mule deer grow and what's holding them back," ... For more information or how to donate visit the project's website...

Penticton, No action on urban deer April 18, 2018 British Columbia, Castanet
... Penticton will continue to deal with urban deer issues on a case-by-case basis ... Council members voted 5-2 ... Planning manager Blake Laven explained dealing with urban deer used significant resources for those communities, which he said resulted in only minor drops in deer population...

... Ontario police called Thompson's father. Someone had called them after seeing the dog running after a deer on a nearby road...

Contraceptive vaccine planned for Oak Bay deer April 10, 2018 British Columbia, Times Colonist
... The program is “ground-breaking” and the first time in B.C. and Canada that the immunocontraceptive vaccine, Zonastat-D, would be used in a small, contained urban setting to manage deer ...  working with a laboratory in the hopes of developing a vaccine that is effective for five to seven years ...

Cranbrook to apply for autumn deer cull April 10, 2018 British Columbia, E-Know.ca 
... The city is going to explore another option with the province to see if it can apply for both a cull and a translocation, with the ability to perhaps choose which method to use...
City to forward urban deer report to FLNRO, apply for another wildlife permit April 10, 2018 British Columbia, Cranbrook Townsman
... the deer cull that took place over the past winter was the first in which 50 deer were culled ... The deer count in Cranbrook as of January, 2018, was 62 animals, 42 of which were mule deer. This count was lower than in previous years, from a high 137 (2015) to a previous low of 96 (2012)...

Protecting Caribou Is A Way To Protect Us All April 9, 2018 Alberta, HuffPost Canada
... Alberta claims to have spent millions of dollars on [caribou] recovery activities to date. Unfortunately, much of it has been wasted on fruitless wildlife killing experiments that distract the public from ongoing caribou endangerment by means of habitat destruction...

Province 'negligent' in containing cervid disease, says MLA April 2, 2018 Alberta, Edmonton Journal
... In 2002, a lone elk on a game farm became Alberta’s first CWD case. Since then, four other farms have had animals test positive. In 2005, Alberta reported its first cases of wild cervids along the Saskatchewan border...called on the NDP to implement more stringent policies to restrict the movement of animals ..,

... This is a very secluded forest in northern Ontario where the deer are protected and cannot be hunted ... The people in this area feed the deer occasionally, especially during very harsh winters...

... carried what appeared to be a leg of raw venison to the front windows facing the sidewalk. As the protesters watched, he took a knife and began separating the meat from the bone...

It's been a tough winter for deer, northwestern Ontario biologist says March 22, 2018 CBC.ca
...  "I think deer are having a hard time because the snow is deep, and it's been a long winter." ...  deer used to persevere by eating lichens ... killed off by the spruce budworm...  the lichen hasn't been around now for 15 or so years ...
...
Pictures began appearing on social media March 17 showing a deer with a radio collar that had skin rubbed raw and an abrasion on the neck... Gagnon said it is rare for the radio collars to affect the deer, but it has happened before and the collars were removed...
     Tracking collars on deer causing concern in northern NB March 20, 2018 New Brunswick, CTV News
... “They're shaving their neck at least 12 inches wide all around. What is this doing to the deer?  Do they not have fur for a reason?” ...
Truro mayor seeks consultation on urban deer problem March 19, 2018 British Columbia, Truro Daily News
... “The results of the survey showed strong opposition against lethal measures being used to control the population, leaving non-lethal methods as the much-preferred option for staff to examine,” ... The difficulty ... is determining what non-lethal options are available that will be effective and what the associated costs will be ...

Deep snow stalls caribou maternal pen project March 9, 2018 British Columbia, The Spokesman-Review
... A bounty of snow has snuffed out this year’s maternal pen project in British Columbia to preserve a critically endangered remnant group of mountain caribou that ranges into the United States in the Selkirk Mountains...

Study queries how much science behind government wildlife management March 7, 2018 British Coluimbia, Times Colonist
...  Kyle Artelle, lead author of a paper published Wednesday in the journal Science Advances. "We certainly weren't expecting it to be such a low score." ... Measurable objectives were found in 26 per cent of the plans. Evidence on hunting rates was present about 80 per cent of the time, but about half the programs offered no data on populations...

Video captures rescue of deer trapped in Okanagan Lake's icy waters March 3, 2018 British Columbia, Globalnews.ca
... Crews were passing by the lake on Wednesday and noticed a deer that fell through the ice and plunged into the water...

Cranbrook violates deer cull permit February 28, 2018 British Columbia, Canada NewsWire
... City of Cranbrook just announced that it completed its cull of 50 deer - 30 Mule and 20 White-tailed Deer (cranbrook.ca/news/article/city-removes-50-deer-from-urban-herd-in-recent-population-control-program).  The Wildlife Act Permit CB 17-276062 authorized the City to "hunt, trap or kill up to a combined total of fifty (50) Mule Deer… or incidental White-tailed Deer…"  "Forty percent of the animals killed were White-tailed Deer which is not an incidental take," said Karen Brown ...

Rob Nixon gives us a look at the new wildlife bridge being built south of Big Lake on Winterburn Road in Edmonton that will allow moose and deer to safely cross under a busy road. Video by Bruce Edwards, Edmonton Journal - February 28, 2018


Oak Bay, BC, moves ahead with experimental deer control program February 23, 2018 British Columbia, CBC.ca
... Zonastat-D was approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in July 2017. Huxley said if the project gets provincial approval, Oak Bay will be the first community in Canada to use the drug on deer.  "This immuno-contraception is also being applied to wild horse populations in Alberta," ...

City reduces urban deer population by 50 animals February 22, 2018 British Columbia, Cranbrook Townsman
...  30 mule deer and 20 white-tail deer were killed ... most of the public complaints appear to have been around aggressive white-tail deer, not mule deer ...

Oak Bay, Experts to capture and collar 20 female deer in Oak Bay starting this month February 16, 2018 British Columbia, Goldstream News Gazette
... collars will allow the does to be tracked to gather information on the ecology of urban deer and to develop an understanding of their movement patterns, density and population size...

Chronic Wasting Disease samples, cases up across province February 11, 2018 Saskatchewan, paNOW
... found across a large swath of south and central Saskatchewan ... Around 12 per cent of samples have returned positive testing results. In some Wildlife Management Zones, the ministry found the rate of CWD in deer to be as high as 43 percent — but those zones also saw low testing participation...

Fawn rescue in February February 10, 2018 Alberta, Red Deer Express
... The deer had one leg caught in the fence and was up to its belly in a snowbank... Although the video shows that the leg is badly cut up and the deer holding its injured leg up carefully as it runs, the leg was not broken...

Manitoulin, Trail breaking to allow deer access to food sources encouraged February 9, 2018 Ontario, manitoulin.ca
...  it has been a good winter for deer on Manitoulin, with less of an overabundance of snow ... “People can break trails for deer to access food and take down cedar trees and bushes for deer to eat.” ...

Urban deer translocation study wraps up February 7, 2018 British Columbia, Columbia Valley Pioneer
... The main stumbling block to continuing on with translocation was the propensity of some individuals, I think it was about 12 of 40 collared deer that showed up in other communities ...  there was also about the same number or more more deer that did revert to what we call natural mule deer habits ...

BC fruit growers calling for deer cull February 7, 2018 British Columbia, Globalnews.ca
... The BC Fruit Growers are expected to vote for a cull at their annual convention in Kelowna next week...

Laval, Wildlife Quebec manhunt for Laval deer killer February 7, 2018 The Suburban
... was watching deer on the island ... when he saw one of them fall to the ground... Discharging a firearm or powerful crossbows is illegal in Laval ...
 
Precariously balanced deer saved from log handling facility February 3, 2018 British Columbia, Terrace Standard
... a young deer precariously trapped on floating logs... “Fortunately, the animal did not move very much after being struck with the dart and remained on a fairly sound portion of the floating logs,” ...

Surgery goes well for injured deer January 30, 2018 Ontario, Haliburton Echo
... The arrow had entered just above the eye and came out just above the jaw bone. Her brow bone had sustained a fracture that will leave a lump.  Although the deer did not lose the eye, it is too early to know if there was damage ...

This week on Deer & Wildlife Stories, Keith goes to Canada not for big deer, but big elk. Meet the folks at The Golden Willow Ranch and find out how they turn elk antlers into amazing organic super dog treats. - January 19, 2018 Alberta


Lake Superior caribou helicoptered to island with no wolves January 16, 2018 Ontario, Duluth News Tribune
... nine caribou, one bull and eight cows, were tranquilized and taken aboard helicopters from Michipicoten Island on Lake Superior to the Slate Islands, according to the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry... The Michipicoten herd has been decimated in recent years after wolves crossed an ice bridge from the Ontario mainland ...

Kimberley hopes to continue deer translocation January 15, 2018 British Columbia, Kimberley Bulletin
...  about 20 per cent of the translocated deer are appearing in other human-populated areas... “We are hoping for a research permit for this winter,” he said. “We have the biologist and vet on standby and are hoping to fly at ‘er as soon as we get the permit.” ...

... The WildSafe BC program is designed to reduce human-wildlife conflict through education. The program does not include practices such as deer culling, which was said to be ineffective in other communities... Council was in agreement that deer management is a provincial government responsibility ...

... As the mule deer population continues to decline in the Kootenays, the Minister of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations & Rural Development (FLNRO) continues to promote culling as the only deer management option for east Kootenay municipalities. Both Cranbrook and Invermere have been issued cull permits and the culls are underway ...

A whitetail deer buck beds down in the fresh snow to chew his cud and groom himself. January, 2018 Ontario


Deer populations declining January 11, 2018 British Columbia, Castanet.net
... New hunting regulations proposed by the provincial government are aiming to address this by lowering the mule-deer bag limit to one buck across the Okanagan, Thompson, Kootenay, Cariboo, Skeena, Omineca, and Peace combined..,

Kelowna considers what to do about urban deer January 11, 2018 British Columbia, InfoTel News Ltd
... deer culls have always proven controversial, often facing legal challenges and are of unproven efficacy...  Some provincial money for urban deer management is available but would require a local plan, matching funding and a deer population estimate. ...  staff is recommending the Central Okanagan Regional District become a member of WildSafe B.C., described as an education program designed to reduce human-wildlife conflict...
... Figures from Environment Yukon’s agriculture branch show a plan to compensate farmers for damage caused by the elk doled out $91,400 over the last three years... The Braeburn and Takhini River herds were originally introduced in 1951 with imported animals in an attempt to take pressure off of other game species in the region, but the population has never grown to levels which can be sufficiently harvested to have have the original desired impact...

Salt Spring Island Deer: Killing to Conserve December 27, 2017 British Columbia, Victoria Animal News
... On November 4, 2017 the conservancy opened the Alvin Indiridson Nature Reserve to a local deer cull... They have invited the local rod and gun club to kill deer on their lands annually since 2010... A scientific count of deer on the island has never been conducted. A survey of residents’ attitudes regarding deer has never taken place...

... Ontario’s wild canines include the grey wolves or timbers, their slightly smaller eastern cousins, the much smaller coyote, and the mixed hybrids of grey-eastern wolves and coyote, the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry recently named Algonquin wolves...

... "He was scared and kind of stuck. He didn't know how to get off the highway," ... managed to trap the deer between a wall and the side of vehicle... drove the deer to the Toronto Wildlife Centre ...

... Chronic-wasting disease ... has been identified in 32 of the Saskatchewan’s 83 wildlife management areas... new areas are southeast of North Battleford, northwest of Yorkton and in the province’s most southwestern corner..,

Annual deer count in Kimberley December 7, 2017 British Columbia, BCLocalNews
... The current study around translocation of mule deer is not yet final, although preliminary results indicate that translocating the mule deer out of urban areas doesn’t seem to be causing stress to the animals, which was a major concern...
 
Thunder Bay's deer hunt remains difficult to track November 23, 2017 Ontdario, Tbnewswatch.com
... Five years after it was implemented, City of Thunder Bay officials still are unable to document the results of the controlled bow hunt for deer... there is "no way to prove" if the hunt has reduced the number of collisions over the past five years...

Cranbrook, Council approves another deer cull November 21, 2017 British Columbia, E-Know.ca 
...  permits for the capture and euthanization of up to 50 mule deer or incidental white-tailed deer... assuming that 50 deer are captured, is $27,500 or $550 per animal...

Cranbrook, Council tired of taking the flack for the province's deer November 20, 2017 British Columbia, Cranbrook Townsman
...City of Cranbrook Communications officer Chris Zettel confirmed the cull permit was the only tool allowed the City by the Province. Deer hazing in other communities (herding the deer out of town using trained dogs) and translocation (sedating, radio-collaring and hauling the deer far away) were done as trial projects...

A deer with an entangled purple hammock stuck on his right antler has become the new celebrity at Prince Rupert in British Columbia, Canada. - November 21, 2017


Oak Bay wants more doe from province November 16, 2017 British Columbia, Victoria News
... “The province is making sure this follows a very, very strong scientific rigour. They are moving away from culling and now supporting other options like trans-location and immunocontraceptives,” said Steve Huxter, project manager of UWSS. “It is new to them so they are demanding a high level of confidence in what we are doing.” ...

Moose and Deer Population Trends in Northwestern Ontario:  A Case History B Ranta, M Lankester - …  A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of …, 2017
...  Over the past 100 years, moose and deer have fluctuated through 2 high-low population cycles. Deer numbers were high and moose numbers were low in the 1940s and 50s following a spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana) outbreak. By the early 1960s, deer trended downwards and remained low during an extended period with frequent deep-snow winters; as deer declined, moose recovery was evident. Moose increased through the 1980s and 1990s as did deer, apparently in response to considerable habitat disturbance, including another spruce budworm outbreak and easier winters. However, despite conditions that were favourable for both species, moose declined markedly beginning in the late 1990s, and by 2012 were at very low levels district-wide while deer numbers remained high. Despite the moose decline being coincident
with a short-lived winter tick (Dermacentor albipictus) epizootic in the early 2000s and increasing numbers of wolves (Canis lupus), we argue that the meningeal worm (Parelaphostrongylus tenuis) likely played a major role in this moose decline.

New Brunswick Hunt Numbers, Deer hunt up, preliminary numbers show November 12, 2017 CBC.ca
...  recent, relatively warmer winters are the reason for the increase in the overall deer population, after harsh winters in 2013 and 2014..,

Prince Rupert, Deer with hammock festooned in antlers wins raves in northwestern B.C.  November 7, 2017 British Columbia, infotel.ca
... A deer with part of a purple hammock laced around his antlers has inspired a Facebook page, popular line of T-shirts and tremendous public interest ...

  Pender residents, COS help deer in distress November 2, 2017 British Columbia, CoastReporter
... A Pender Harbour resident spotted the young buck in their back yard Oct. 27 and called the COS. The arrow was stuck in the deer’s back just under the spine...

Alberta Province tracks Chronic Wasting Disease in deer October 31, 2017 Alberta, Pincher Creek Echo
...  is on the rise within the province...  we began our surveillance in 1998 ...“It’s coming west and moving up the river valleys,” ... the rate of infection hovers around three to four per cent...

Oak Bay plans apply for provincial cash to further deer contraception plan October 26, 2017 British Columbia, Peninsula News Review
... Oak Bay received similar funding in the spring as it embarked on a project with the Urban Wildlife Stewardship Society for a local project. ... According to the province, there are about 135,000 mule deer, 128,000 black-tail deer and more than 100,000 white-tail deer in B.C..,

Deer season should be a good one, Nova Scotia Deer Population, October 20, 2017 The News
... [for Nova Scotia] deer numbers appear to be growing but the tough winter we experienced in 2014-2015 had a significant impact on the number of young deer that survived the winter and it shows up in a reduced number of older deer in the population... The deer harvest across the province in 2016 was 8,337 animals, a seven per cent increase over 2015..,

... commissioned McCrory Wildlife Services to conduct an independent review of urban deer culls in five BC municipalities ... "We found that culling either through expensive lethal methods or non-lethal translocations of deer from certain communities had some short term benefits but deer numbers rebounded fairly quickly because of their naturally good reproductive rates and from other deer simply moving in from the outside." ...

... Woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus) are declining throughout much of their North American range...  Non-linear predation increases the chances of extirpation. Reversing the decline of an individual herd requires some combination of habitat protection, slow habitat restoration, and control of the faster-to-adjust invading ungulates and/or predators...

EHD found in Ontario deer October 15, 2016 Ontario, Bayshore Broadcasting News Centre
... For the first time ever the Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease (EHD) has been found in white tailed deer in Ontario.  2 cases of the deadly virus have been confirmed in the London area...

Caribou comeback: Can the species ever return to NB? October 13, 2017 New Brunswick, CBC.ca
... the last wild caribou sighting recorded in the province would be in the early 1930s... early 1800s lumbermen ... opening up the forests ... created grazing for deer... coupled with the almost fanatical slaughter of wolves ... allowed for whitetail deer to push north. Along with them came a deadly parasite that would prove lethal to the remaining caribou herd... "The Last New Brunswick Caribou?"

Kimberley BC, to truck deer out of town rather than cull the animals October 2, 2017 British Columbia, National Post
... A cull was conducted in Kimberley in 2012 but McCormick says because the city relies on tourism, it can’t afford the negative publicity ... will instead consider relocating the animals...

Ontario trying to track infection deadly to deer September 29, 2017 cbc.ca on MSN.com
... discovery of two dead male deer on a property in London, Ont. on Sept. 12.  These are the first confirmed cases in Ontario of EHD...

Evaluating functional recovery of habitat for threatened woodland caribou  M Dickie, R Serrouya, C DeMars, J Cranston, S Boutin - Ecosphere, 2017
... In western Canada, habitat restoration for the recovery of woodland caribou is focused on linear features (LFs) created by oil and gas exploration...  Most of the movement efficiency afforded to wolves by LFs is mediated when vegetation exceeds 0.50 m, and therefore, active restoration could be focused in areas that have not met this value. Rather than treating this value as a clear threshold equating to functional recovery, multiple metrics across trophic levels must also be evaluated to assess population recovery for caribou...

Province wants your trail camera data September 14, 2017 Nova Scotia, TheChronicleHerald.ca
... The Department of Natural Resources is four years into a project to use trail camera information to help determine the size and health of the province’s deer and bear populations ...  deer herd is currently estimated at between 35,000 and 45,000 ..,

Deer in Beanfield. Ottawa, Ontario - September


Natural deer pee a no-no for hunters September 7, 2017 Nova Scotia, TheChronicleHerald.ca
... urine can lead to the spread of chronic wasting disease ... estimates the province’s deer population to be between 35,000 and 45,000...,

... When the moose harvest was increased, the moose population declined substantially in the treatment area (by 70%) but not the reference area, suggesting that the policy had the desired effect and was not caused by a broader climatic process. Wolf numbers subsequently declined in the treatment area, with wolf dispersal rates 2.5× greater, meaning that dispersal was the likely mechanism behind the wolf numerical response, though reduced recruitment and starvation was also documented in the treatment area. Caribou adult survival increased from 0.78 to 0.88 in the treatment area, but declined in the reference...

Deny DOI a deer cull permit August 30, 2017 British Columbia, Markets Insider
... "The DOI claims to place clover traps in zones that have aggressive deer and human safety related issues.  This is not the case."  DOI Records of Wildlife Hunted, Trapped or Killed for 2016 and 2017 show that of the 26 deer killed, all but two were trapped in DOI's public works yard.  Area 7 where the works yard is located and Area 2 had the lowest deer count of any of the seven survey units...

... A member of the Gore Bay Fish and Game Club (GBFGC) is happy that the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry (MNRF) is not putting in place legislation that would prevent supplemental feeding of deer when severe conditions in the winter put deer in peril...

... Once sedated, the deer was down for 1.5 hours while the pail was cut off its head. Later, the deer awoke and began eating and drinking before running off...

... Alberta's Athabasca oil sands region (AOSR) is a region of boreal forest characterized by extensive human disturbance and is home to moose  ... We conclude that predation rates of moose have increased near human disturbance in AOSR because the mining footprint has removed habitat causing changes to the intensity of wolf use of areas near the boundary of mines. We discuss possibility of sink habitat near mining features and whether that is expected to reduce moose population density across AOSR.

My name is Dr. Caroline Lubbe-D’Arcy and I am a spokesperson for Stop Spraying NB Inc. Our group is one of twelve member groups of The Alliance to Stop Spraying New Brunswick... a call-to-action for New Brunswickers to resist the herbicide spraying of forests near their communities... The loss of our deer is unacceptable. We are hearing from hunters that their hunting territories are destroyed and that the deer population has vanished from these areas... - August 1, 2017, New Brunswick


Kimberley City Council approves funding for deer translocation July 26, 2017 British Columbia, BC Local News
... for the translocation project... a new motion to include $50,000 per year in the next two years... Our last translocation proved it can work ... Council has approved the motion to put in an application for the Urban Mule Deer Translocation ...

Victoria to seek outside funding for deer control  July 22, 2017 British Columbia,  Times Colonist
... Councillors agreed Thursday to have the mayor write to the premier and to the CRD about the issue. However, they stopped short of allocating any funding ...
     Victoria eyes deer population count July 21, 2017 British Columbia, Victoria News
... As part of the 2018 budget, staff will be looking ways to fund a deer count, with help from the Urban Wildlife Stewardship Society, as the first step towards creating a potential deer management strategy ...

... Stewart said the City is keeping a close eye on the deer population and besides a few damaged landscapes, they haven't really seen much reason to take concern... [Owen said]: you just can't come in and kill deer and not change behaviour because those deer will be replaced by other deer." ...

CWD Threatens More Than Just Big Game Herds In Manitoba July 17, 2017 PembinaValleyOnline.com
...  researchers are now calling CWD [chronic wasting disease] an insidious and dire disease, and the greatest conservation challenge of our future...  estimates are between 10,000-15,000 CWD infected deer are consumed by hunters every year in North America...

Area trees being lost to emerald ash borer beetles July 13, 2017 New Brunswick, Montgomery Newspapers
... permits for this season has increased from last year. Provincewide, 2,100 permits will be allowed, up 300 from the 1,800 available in 2016 [mostly buck only] ...

Truro, Solution fair to both deer and humans needed, says veterinarian July 10, 2017 Nova Scotia, Truro Daily News
... A lot of areas around town that used to be their territory have been developed or cut up into pieces so they can’t travel without crossing roads or lawns...“Wanting to kill them because they eat flowers is horrible...

Deer warning signs to be installed throughout Oak Bay July 5, 2017 British Columbia, Oak Bay News
... BC SPCA Wild Animal Rehabilitation Centre records show that, 20 to 30 per cent of the deer fawns admitted between May and August are hit by cars... Urban Wildlife Stewardship Society, based in Oak Bay, has distributed more than 700 signs that say “Caution – Expect Deer” ...

... Our results suggest seed masting in sugar maple can bolster cohort recruitment success that otherwise would virtually (or completely) fail when severe impact from deer browsing is combined with other typical early life-stage mortality risks, e.g., from drought, neighborhood competition, and persistent overhead canopy shade...

... Elk using stopovers in fall displayed different seasonal and diurnal behaviors between sexes in response to the disturbance. Females used steeper terrain during fall-day and males did not use this strategy in fall. Male avoidance of roads was much stronger than females during fall-day and males were less likely to cross a road during fall. Such responses are probably linked to higher hunting pressure on males vs. females. Finally, we found that elk spent more time feeding during spring migration compared to the fall migration and elk vigilance was >3 times higher in the fall hunting season...

Hunter concerned about clear-cut located in Vaughan designated deer wintering area June 29, 2017 Nova Scotia, The Hants Journal
... the plot of crown land, which WestFor, a lumber and mill consortium, has applied for a partial clear cut.. land in question is also a designated deer wintering area... deer have shelter in the harsh winter months because the mature tree canopy provides sufficient cover from the snow...
...  by leaving the fawns for a while and going out to find food, the mother is actually protecting her baby: the mother has a scent that attracts predators and by staying away, she reduces the risk to the baby...

Victoria city council mulls foray into deer management June 25, 2017 British Columbia, Times Colonist
... Victoria city staff say it’s difficult to determine the true extent of the deer situation... tools include population counts, public opinion surveys, public education campaigns, and community advisory committees... 

... The Health Products and Food Branch of Health Canada now warns that the potential for CWD “to be transmitted to humans cannot be excluded.” ... The advisory ... recommend avoiding consumption of foods from known infected or any diseased animals ...

Kimberley seeking permit to translocate deer from provincial ministries June 20, 2017 British Columbia, Kimberley Bulletin
... The current study around translocation of mule deer is not yet final, although preliminary results indicate that translocating the mule deer out of urban areas doesn’t seem to be causing stress to the animals, which was a major concern...

Truro deer management session draws large crowd June 20, 2017 Nova Scotia, Truro Daily News
... About 1,200 surveys had been completed online by early Tuesday afternoon ... it appears most people don’t want to see the deer killed ... “I live on Brunswick Street and sometimes I see them in my yard ...They’re beautiful and I love seeing them...
     Truro, Nova Scotia town overrun by deer mulling contraceptives June 19, 2017 Metro News
... officials are considering options including contraceptives and a cull in a bid to control the growing urban herd.
... The animals are a divisive issue, according to Dolter. He said some people in the community desperately want them gone, saying they're a nuisance that carry ticks and eat through gardens.  Others love having deer around... "The hunt is not where we're headed if we can avoid it," ...

Collared deer in Cranbrook after trek June 13, 2017 British Columbia, Cranbrook Townsman
... the deer in question were captured in Kimberley in March, 2017, close to the Civic Centre arena, translocated and released in the Gilbraltor area ... showed up in the yard of the fellow who helped us with the translocation ...

Female elk can learn to avoid hunters with age June 14, 2017 Canada, Science Daily
... As female elk get older, they adopt strategies for avoiding hunters in Canada, according to a study published June 14, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE ... Once female elk reach the age of about 10 years, they are nearly invulnerable to human hunters. This age-related difference could be driven only by selection by hunters -- or it could also be driven by learning...

... "We are able to track her down in the bushes and successfully get a dart into her with some drugs," said conservation officer Scott Morris. " ... able to pull the arrow from her face...
     Pregnant Vancouver Island deer shot in the head with crossbow June 7, 2017 British Columbia, CBC.ca
... A Vancouver Island resident had become used to a pregnant deer visiting her yard ... "Yesterday, we came home and she had an arrow sticking out of her head ...

The Status and Management of Moose in North America - Circa 2015 [PDF will download] ALCES VOL. 53: 1–22 (2017) H. R. Timmermann1 and Arthur R. Rodgers
... In 2014–2015, the North American moosepopulation was estimated at ~1,000,000 animals distributed in 30 jurisdictions, which is unchanged since the turn of the century. Populations occurred in 12 Canadian provinces or territories, and in at least 18 states. In the past 5 years, moose density is believed to be increasing in 9, relatively stable in 8, and declining in 11 jurisdictions; estimates of change were unavailable in 2 jurisdictions. In
2014–2015, an estimated 425,537 licensed moose hunters harvested 82,096 moose in 23 jurisdictions....

Toronto, Family of deer rescued from Scarborough plaza June 2, 2017 Ontario, CBC
... The deer, a male and a pregnant female, got trapped Tuesday afternoon after coming into contact with a car and running into a gated area ...

A team of Toronto Wildlife Centre staff and volunteers, as well as officers from Toronto Animal Services help a trapped deer family relocate to a nearby ravine. - June 2, 2017


Magrath seeking input to control deer population May 30, 2017 Alberta, Lethbridge Herald
... town council is asking the public to be a part of the discussion through an online survey... “Members of the public can help by eliminating ready food sources and by fencing in their yards and gardens,” ...

Williams Lake creates urban deer brochure May 25, 2017 British Columbia, Williams Lake Tribune
... Rather than pursuing a deer management strategy, staff suggested compiling information and developing an education program for residents on deer proofing their properties.  Council approved $3,000 be added to the 2017 operating budget for an education and communication plan ...

Judgement laid in the Kazakoff vs Taft case May 4, 2017 British Columbia, Invermere Valley Echo
...  Mr. Taft commented on an online news site labeling Kazakoff as a “convicted felon.” The comment was made after Kazakoff pleaded guilty in 2015 to tampering with deer traps in Kimberley... Mr. Kazakoff is entitled to receive $50,000 for general damages, $25,000 for aggravated damages, totalling a fee of $75,000 to be paid by Mr. Taft...

UWSS defends deer count May 3, 2017 British Columbia, Oak Bay News 
   According to the City of Cranbrook, Urban Deer Management Annual Report 2015/16, in Nov. 2010 they counted 101 deer and held their first cull in 2011.  After five years of culling the deer, in November 2015, the annual count identified 137 deer, the highest number since their counts began in 2010....

Short Hills deer hunt cost $39,900 May 3, 2017 Ontario, St. Catharines Standard
... The province spent $39,900 to run the 2016 aboriginal deer hunt in Short Hills Provincial Park — almost dollar to dollar the amount of the year before... 46 deer were harvested over three weekends in November and December. That’s up from 39 deer in 2015 and 21 deer in 2014...

... In central B.C., moose populations have recently declined 50 to 70 per cent. Several central and southern caribou populations continue to decline, despite decades long hunting bans...

... A member of the Gore Bay Fish and Game Club says he is disappointed with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry (MNRF) position that it will continue to discourage and prevent supplemental feeding of deer even when severe conditions in the winter put deer in peril...

Cranbrook, 15 deer killed in Cranbrook cull provide meat for community March 29, 2017 British Columbia, CTV News
... Thirteen mule deer and two white tail deer were euthanized after being caught in baited boxes known as clover traps...

Efforts underway to assist elk and deer until springtime March 25, 2017 British Columbai, The Free Press
... the province was investing $40,000 to mitigate the drastic impacts of one of the region’s harshest winters ...  to purchase hay to feed elk and deer in strategic locations around the East Kootenay... many ungulate populations are in long-term decline...

... "What we hope to do is use an immuno-contraceptive that's a long-term. If we could develop the vaccine properly, it could last for as long as four to five years. This would be a much more efficient way of reducing population levels." ... Steve Huxter of the Urban Wildlife Stewardship Society.

East Kootenay Relocation study tracks local deer, variable results March 17, 2017 British Coliumbia, Columbia Valley Pioneer
... Of the seven with radio collars, two have since been killed by predators (one likely by wolves in Upper Findlay Creek), three went up into the alpine near the release site and then returned to lower winter range in the Findlay Flats-Lavington area in the fall, and the other two each made separate long solo journeys ...

Research project will see deer fitted with GPS collars March 17, 2017 British Columbia, Times Colonist
... The provincial government is giving Oak Bay $20,000 to outfit 20 deer with GPS tracking collars and install 40 motion-sensor cameras to photograph the animals as they wander its trails. This is the beginning of a plan to reduce the number of deer through the use of birth-control drugs...
Oak Bay scores provincial funds to count deer March 16, 2017 British Columbia, Oak Bay News (registration)
... “I’m very pleased with the province providing the funds to assist the Urban Wildlife Stewardship Society to lead a unique approach to managing the deer population and also trying to understand the behaviour of deer in our urban environment,” said Oak Bay Mayor Nils Jensen...

Update provided for East Kootenay Deer Translocation trial February 28, 2017 British Columbia, Kimberley Bulletin
... We had some initial predation, mostly by cougar ... Three deer died in the late autumn of unknown causes, possibly related to poor nutrition... So far the mortality rate for the  collared deer that were released last year is about 50 per cent, while it’s only 20 per cent for collared non-urban mule deer... [this is the first trial, other cases show experience improves survival] 

Elkford council votes against deer cull February 25, 2017 British Columbia, The Free Press
...  a factor in the decision not to pursue a cull was the town's Urban Wildlife Management Advisory Committee’s recommendation to wait until the results of a translocation project are released this year... 60 deer relocated from Cranbrook, Kimberley, Invermere and Elkford in February and March of 2015. Twenty-nine of the deer were fitted with radio collars ...

... A dog that chased a mule deer onto the Yukon River ... he female deer may have suffered from exertional myopathy, a condition where physiological changes caused by stress damage muscle tissue. It is almost always fatal...

Capture of Free-Ranging Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) with a Combination of Medetomidine, Azaperone and Alfaxalone A Mathieu, N Caulkett, PM Stent, HM Schwantje - Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2017
... The major side effects of the combination were hypoxemia and hypercapnia. The combination of medetomidine, azaperone, and alfaxalone proved suitable for the immobilization of urban and nonurban free-ranging MD ...

Cranbrook, Province confirms deer cull underway January 31, 2017 British Columbia, BC Local News
...The last cull occurred a year ago when the city reported 20 deer were killed over a six-week period. Last year's cull cost $10,374 ...

Elkford, Possibility of another deer cull divides mountain town January 30, 2017 British Columbia, The Free Press
...  after having been approved for up to $10,000 in provincial funds to harvest up to 50 mule deer, some residents of the quiet mountain town are fearful that another cull could once again divide the community... “A lot of people don’t want to voice their opinion just because they’re afraid of being ostracized socially here,” ...

Pentiction, Deer cull not likely January 20, 2017 British Columbia, Pentiction Western News
... the cougar family was hunting urban deer in Penticton for a few weeks ...Penticton has attempted to follow the province’s process to be allowed to cull deer, but in the end public opposition and the threat of lawsuits caused city hall to drop the idea...

Elkford turns to residents for urban deer answers January 15, 2017 British Columbia, The Free Press
... During February and March of last year, 60 deer were relocated from Cranbrook, Kimberley, Invermere and Elkford. Twenty-nine of the deer were fitted with radio collars to allow monitoring of their movements and survival rates... early results show the survival rates of the collared animals have been comparable to the general deer population...

Manitoulin, Winter conditions having minimal impacts on Island deer thus far January 13, 2017 Ontario, manitoulin.ca
... For now people can help out the deer by breaking trails from one food source to another ...  If we have 90 days of 20 or more inches of snow on the ground that is when you see deer losses ... In terms of breaking browse for deer ...  this isn’t needed at this point... [breaking tree and shrub branches down to where deer can eat them is an effective way to provide a quick winter supplemental food source]

Point Pelee National Park to close for deer cull January 11, 2017 Ontario, CBC.ca
... 41 deer were harvested during a cull at the park in 2016 and another 72 in 2015...

These lovely animals are gathering in the woods but they are being driven out of their homes and into other areas because of all the development and destruction in the Westshore. - January 9, 2017


  Waterford, Deer cams prove popular January 8, 2017 Ontario, 
simcoereformer.ca
... the Waterford deer park ... Since two webcams were installed at the end of 2015, 40,000 Internet users around the world have clicked on to see what the animals are up to... English fallow deer ... 14 bucks and 13 females... 

Annual deer hunt must be conducted responsibly January 1, 2017 Ontario, Hamilton Spectator
... the DMAC recognized that accurate data was required if the HCA was going to get into deer management. Since that report was issued, one aerial census in 2013 was performed and no system for ground-based counts has been implemented...  The 2013 aerial deer census showed a 40 per cent decline in deer numbers between 2009 and 2013 in the Dundas Valley ...  the HCA continues to tell the public that "the deer are still abundant." ...

Data:  An estimated 363,000 deer in British Columbia in 2017, 135,000 mule deer, 128,000 black-tail deer, and more than 100,000 white-tails.  Estimated 2015 deer populations: 125,000 mule deer in Alberta, 100,000 to 168,000 mule deer and 98,000 to 157,000 black-tailed deer in British Columbia, 30,000 to 60,000 mule deer in Saskatchewan, 1,000 mule deer in the Yukon.    The harsh winters of 2014 and 2015 have reduced many deer populations. The population is down to around 80,000 to 100,000 in Manitoba. In Saskatchewan a population index survey for white-tailed deer was 27 percent below the long term average, the 2014 deer season was reduced in an effort to support the population.  
     The Nova Scotia deer population was estimated at about 40,000 in 2017.  The harvest was down 28.4 percent from fall 2014 to 2015, a result of harsh weather, but more mild conditions in 2015-16. The population was estimated at 50,000 in 2011, an all-time high of 119,000 animals in 1986 to a low of 42,000 in 1995.
     The New Brunswick 2016 deer population was estimated at 74,338, down from about 270,532 in 1985.New Brunswick deer herd down 70% in 30 years, DNR numbers show April 13, 2016  Estimated 2015 deer population was about 65,000 due to starvation from a harsh winter.   Winter mortality in 2014 reduced the herd by about 15,000, putting the population at about 75,000 in 2014.  About 90,000 in 2013 and into early 2014, down from about 110,000 in 2007, but up from 2012.  Antlerless permits in New Brunswick were reduced by about 20 percent in 2014 and another 20 percent in 2015 to help the herd recover.  
     The deer population in Ontario peaked in about 2004, deer populations are half or less, falling from 10 to 12 deer per square kilometer to 4 or 5, partially a result of severe winter weather.  About 400,000 in 2014 for Ontario.  About 45,00 to 65,000 deer on Victoria Island in 2011 according to B.C. Ministry of Environment. 
     Chronic Wasting Disease As of December, 2017, identified in 32 of the Saskatchewan’s 83 wildlife management areas.  First case in Alberta reported in 2002 and first in the wild herd along the Saskatchewan border in 2005. 

     Caribou  The last wild caribou sighted in New Brunswick as in the 1930s.  

Report poaching:  call 1-877-TIPS-MNR (847-7667) tollfree

- WildSafeBC: designed to reduce human-wildlife conflict through education, innovation and cooperation.
Invermere Deer Protection Society: We advocate humane treatment and harmoneous co-existence with the wildlife in our beautiful town of Invermere.
DeerSafe Victoria: A blog following the urban deer management issue in Victoria.
- Procyon Wildlife:  Deer rehabilitation in Ontario
Wildlife Conservation and Management - The Canadian Encyclopedia Wildlife conservation and management in Canada is a reflection of ... in concert with government conservation agencies 


CRD Deer Management Citizens Advisory Committee July 24, 2012 ‎(Published September 5, 2012)‎