Factors influencing red deer occurrence at the southern edge of their range: A Mediterranean ecosystem RT Torres, J Santos, C Fonseca - Mammalian Biology-Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde, 2013

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RT Torres, J Santos, C Fonseca - Mammalian Biology-Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde, 2013
The red deer is in the Iberian Peninsula at the southwestern edge of its European range and although widespread, red deer ecology in Portugal remains poorly understood. By using pellet group counts, we investigate how habitat structure, vegetation composition and human disturbance affect red deer occurrence. Red deer distribution was positively associated with areas with high density of heather, Leguminosae plants and patches with high cover of shrubs, ground cover and tree cover. Red deer occupied areas further away from roads and from villages. Red deer distribution was negatively associated with agricultural fields and areas with high canopy cover...