Wildlife and Deer Management Objectives by State
 State  Examples of Objectives Links to State Agencies and Wildlife Action Plan
Alabama General Objective:  Bobwhite quail and longleaf pine habitats are priority areas in Alabama. Major practices include eradication of fescue and Bermuda grass with subsequent conversion to native grasses, forbs and legumes, and restoration of longleaf pine habitat. Other approved management practices include prescribed burning, strip disking, liming, hedgerow development, pre-commercial thinning of woodlands and establishment of legumes and longleaf pine stands.  From:  Wildlife Habitat Enhancement Cost Share Programs

Quantitative Objective:  Where the yearling males (deer) have an average body weight of 95 to 105 pounds on areas with good soils, there should be concern the deer population exceeds the capacity of the land to support the herd in good condition.  From:  Deer Hunt Reports on Alabama

General Objective (Mission Statement): To protect, maintain, and improve the fish, game, and aquatic plant resources of the state, and manage their use and development in the best interest of the economy and the well-being of the people of the state, 
consistent with the sustained yield principle.


  • Optimize economic benefits from fish and wildlife resources.
  • Optimize public participation in fish and wildlife pursuits.
  • Increase public knowledge and confidence that wild populations of fish and wildlife are responsibly managed.    From:  (Mission Statement)
Quantitative Objective:   Management biologists compile and analyze harvest and biological information and present it to the Board of Game so it can establish population-based and ecologically sound hunting and trapping regulations.  From:  Wildlife Management Overview

Arizona General Objective (Mission Statement):  “To conserve, enhance, and restore Arizona’s diverse wildlife resources and habitats through aggressive protection and management programs and to provide wildlife resources and safe watercraft and off-highway vehicle recreation for the enjoyment, appreciation and use by present and future generations.

Goals:  The Department manages wildlife using the North American Model, which asserts that wildlife is held in public trust — not owned by any one person or entity, regardless of whether the animal is on public or private land or water.

Wildlife is managed based on the overall public good. The North American Model allows non-frivolous use of wildlife, and relies on scientific research-based management. It recognizes that wildlife cannot be managed along political bound­aries, so cooperation across boundaries is a neces­sity. The North American Model also relies on laws and enforcement, and provides the public a voice in wildlife management decisions.

The goals of our wildlife management program are: to conserve and preserve wildlife populations and habitats; to provide for compatible public uses, while avoiding adverse impacts to habitat and wildlife populations; to promote public health and safety; and to increase public awareness and understanding of wildlife resources.   Also from Mission Statement


 Arkansas  General Objective Example for Deer Management   Manage and maintain a healthy, stable deer herd appropriate for the habitat.   from Statewide Goals and Objectives 

  Arkansas Game and Fish Commission Deer Season Summary
... The objective of collecting this data has been to monitor trends in deer numbers, buck-to-doe ratios, fawn-to-doe ratios, buck antler development in tagged


 General Objective: "The Mission of the Department of Fish and Game is to manage California's diverse fish, wildlife, and plant resources, and the habitats upon which they depend, for their ecological values and for their use and enjoyment by the public."    from: Resource Management Mission Statement

California's Wildlife Action Plan Report a 623 page report that can be dowloaded

Google Sites Logo  Objectives 
Colorado   Goal of Wildlife Commission:  "The Commission shall actively promote, encourage, and provide sufficient opportunity for public participation and input for the purposes of carrying out duties and decision-making processes."  from Colorado Wildlife Commission Policy

Minimize loss of quality fish and wildlife habitat.  Fish and wildlife disease do not significantly impact fish and wildlife.  Colorado citizens are satisfied with the diversity and health of the state’s native fish and wildlife.  Hunters, anglers and trappers are satisfied with the number and variety of fish and game available for harvest.  The Division is regarded as a comprehensive source of objective scientifically based information on fish and wildlife in Colorado. Colorado’s fish and wildlife is managed such that federal ESA listings are minimized and the state retains primary management authority.    From Colorado Division of Wildlife Strategic Plan, 2010 to 2010  

Connecticut   Goal: Founded in 1971, the mission of the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) is to conserve, improve and protect the natural resources and environment of the State of Connecticut in such a manner as to encourage the social and economic development of Connecticut while preserving the natural environment and the life forms it supports in a delicate, interrelated and complex balance, to the end that the state may fulfill its responsibility as trustee of the environment for present and future generations. from Mission Statement

Deer Management Objectives Connecticut’s Deer Management Program goals are:  1) to maintain the population at levels compatible with available habitat and land uses; and 2) to allow for a sustained yield of deer for use by Connecticut hunters.  The program has focused on the stabilization of zonal deer populations at moderate densities for the best long-term interest of the deer resource, native plant and animal communities, and the public.  Regulated deer hunting efforts have focused on increasing harvest of antlerless deer,  coordinating controlled hunts for overabundant deer herds, assisting communiies and large landowners with deer management issues, and research and management of urban deer populations.   From 2009 Deer Management Summary

Connecticut Division of Wildlife and the Connecticut Fisheries Division))

 Delaware Goal:    The Mission of the Wildlife Section is to conserve our native wildlife populations, promote responsible resource management and provide wildlife related recreational and educational opportunities for all.

Guiding Principles/ideas:

1. We will manage populations of flora and fauna at socially acceptable levels.  2. We will maximize biodiversity  3. We will protect, improve, and restore native habitat.  4. We will provide and promote safe and enjoyable hunting and other wildlife related activities.  5. We will provide guidance to resolve human-wildlife conflicts.  6. We will educate all users about the value of wildlife and their benefits.  7. Decisions will be based upon science.  8. We will develop partnerships to develop and implement programs.  9. We will perform all activities in a professional manner in accordance with the Code of Ethics established by the Wildlife Society.  10. We will Incorporate public opinion into our decision making process.  11. Will manage wildlife as a Public Trust Resource.   

Conserve Native Wildlife  1. Science must serve as the foundation for all our decisions.  2. We are committed to conserving biodiversity and the integrity of biological functions. We will manage native wildlife species as viable free ranging populations.  3.  We will protect, improve and restore habitats and natural communities to preserve biodiversity.  4. We will restore native extirpated species.   from   Delaware Deer Management Plan  


Florida  Goal (mission statement):   Managing fish and wildlife resources for their long-term wellbeing and the benefit of the people  From Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Long Range Program Plan

Deer Management:  (1) ensure the existence of robust deer populations that meet the public's desire for recreational opportunities and protection of private property while ensuring the long-term welfare of the species, (2) ensure a high degree of public satisfaction with deer management in Florida, and (3) manage deer habitats consistent with ecosystems health, deer population goals, and customer satisfaction goals.  From:  Strategic Plan for Deer Management in Florida 2008-2018.



 Goal:  The Wildlife Division is charged with conserving, enhancing and promoting Georgia's wildlife resources.  From Wildlife About Us

Harvest Strategies for Hunting Clubs


 Hawaii Goal of Department of Land and Natural Resources:  Enhance, protect, conserve and manage Hawaii’s unique and limited natural, cultural and historic resources held in public trust for current and future generations of visitors and the people of Hawaii nei in partnership with others from the public and private sectors." from DNLR

There are black tail deer and deer hunts in Hawaii, deer are non native species.  The management philosophy is:  " Maintaining or restoring the dynamic natural processes is the goal of native ecosystem protection and restoration programs.  Without a clear understanding of what native ecosystem management involves and why it is needed, public support for these programs will be difficult to obtain. Information and education should be incorporated into protection efforts whenever possible.  Sound scientific research should be the base for management programs and activities.   " From Managing the NARS


Objective:   Title 36–103 of the Idaho Code authorizes the Idaho Fish and Game Commission to administer wildlife policy in the state and mandates that: "All wildlife, including all wild animals, wild birds, and fish, within the state of Idaho, is hereby declared to be the property of the state of Idaho. It shall be preserved, protected, perpetuated, and managed." Title 36–202 IC defines wildlife as: "Wildlife shall mean any form of animal life, native or exotic, generally living in a state of nature."   from Idaho Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Stategy,   Introduction and Purpose

A study on why people hunt deer in Idaho, 2007.


Illinois   Deer Management Objective:   The JTF recommends that the rate of deer/vehicle accidents be used as the objective to guide deer management and to judge the success or failure of the state’s deer management programs.  The specific target rate (both statewide and at the county level) was set at halfway between the minimum and maximum rates measured during the period 1994 through 2007.  The statewide target rate corresponds to a 14 percent decrease in the accident rate from the statewide peak observed during 2003.  From Joint Deer Task Force Final Recommendations, 2009

 Deer Management in State Parks   Deer Reduction: Method of Choice

• Extensive non-lethal management options have been explored in Indiana and elsewhere. Lethal removal has proven to be the most practical and cost effective method of ontrol.Extensive non-lethal management options have been explored in Indiana and elsewhere. Lethal removal has proven to be the most practical and cost effective method of control.
Google Sites Logo  Objectives 
draft saved at 3:19 PM
• Research has shown that vegetative recovery generally begins once a Harvest per Effort (H/E) nears 0.20 and a harvest of 15 deer per square mile where firearms are used.Research has shown that vegetative recovery generally begins once a Harvest per Effort (H/E) nears 0.20 and a harvest of 15 deer per square mile where firearms are used.  From Resource Management Spotlight 
Indiana Wildlife Action Plan









Minnesota Wildlife Action Plan
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources

Minnesota Division of Fish and Wildlife
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

Mississippi Wildlife Action Plan
Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality
Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks
Missouri Wildlife Action Plan
Missouri Department of Conservation
Missouri Department of Natural Resources

Montana Wildlife Action Plan
Montana Department of Environmental Quality
Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks
Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation
Nebraska Wildlife Action Plan
Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality
Nebraska Game and Parks Commission
Nebraska Department of Natural Resources
 Nevada   [PDF] 


Nevada Wildlife Action Plan
Nevada Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
Nevada Division of Environmental Protection
Nevada Division of Wildlife

New Hampshire   
New Hampshire Wildlife Action Plan
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services
New Hampshire Department of Resources and Economic Development
New Hampshire Fish and Game Department
New Jersey   
New Jersey Wildlife Action Plan
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection
New Jersey Division of Fish, Game and Wildlife

 New Mexico  
New Mexico Wildlife Action Plan
New Mexico Energy, Minerals, and Natural Resources Department
New Mexico Environment Department
New Mexico Game and Fish Department
 New York  
New York Wildlife Action Plan
New York Department of Environmental Conservation
New York Division of Fish, Wildlife, and Marine Resources

 North Carolina  
North Carolina Wildlife Action Plan
North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources
North Carolina Division of Marine Fisheries
North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission

 North Dakota  
North Dakota Wildlife Action Plan
North Dakota Game and Fish Department

Ohio Wildlife Action Plan
Ohio Department of Natural Resources
Ohio Division of Natural Areas and Preserves
Ohio Division of Wildlife

Oklahoma Wildlife Action Plan
Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality
Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation

Oregon Wildlife Action Plan
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife

Pennsylvania Wildlife Action Plan
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection
Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission
Pennsylvania Game Commission

 Rhode Island  
Rhode Island Wildlife Action Plan
Rhode Island Bureau of Environmental Protection 

Rhode Island Division of Fish and Wildlife

 South Carolina  
South CarolinWildlife Action Plan
South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control
South Carolina Department of Natural Resources

South Dakota   
South Dakota Wildlife Action Plan
South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources
South Dakota Department of Game, Fish and Parks

Tennessee Wildlife Action Plan
Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation
Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency

Texas Wildlife Action Plan
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality 
Texas Parks and Wildlife
Texas Wildlife Damage Management Service
Utah Wildlife Action Plan
Utah Department of Environmental Quality
Utah Department of Natural Resources

Vermont Wildlife Action Plan
Vermont Agency of Natural Resources
Vermont Department of Fish & Wildlife
Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan

Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation's
Virginia Department of Environmental Quality
Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries

 Washington   [PDF] 


Washington Wildlife Action Plan
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
Washington State Conservation Commission

 West Virginia  
West Virginia Wildlife Action Plan
West Virginia Division of Natural Resources
West Virginia Division of Environmental Protection

Wisconsin Wildlife Action Plan
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

Wyoming Wildlife Action Plan
Wyoming Game and Fish Department
Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality

 State Summaries Links to sites on the internet offering state wildlife management information. WildlifeActionPlans.org