Carrying Capacity

According of Wikpedia, see the full article, "The carrying capacity of a biological species in an environment is the maximum population size of the species that the environment can sustain indefinitely, given the food, habitat, water, and other necessities available in the environment. In population biology, carrying capacity is defined as the environment's maximal load ... "

Research and News

Lakeway revisits controversial deer management program January 22, 2021 Texas, Austin American-Statesman 
... According to wildlife biologist Nicholas Kolbe, Lakeway’s deer population is healthy but will probably decrease rather than increase ... the herd composition being 65% female, 17% male and 18% juvenile ... at or close to a maximum carrying capacity for the area; however, he said the risk of the deer population growing beyond current numbers is minimal ...

Oak Bay, Divided council agrees to manage deer March 25, 2016 British Columbia, Oak Bay News
... Bryan Gates, president of UWSS, suggested Oak Bay could be at “biological carrying capacity” – the maximum population the environment can sustain indefinitely.  “We have no evidence this population is growing, we have no evidence it’s declining. I believe we’re at biological carrying capacity,” ...

Hunters battle harmful exotic deer February 18, 2016 Texas, Denton Record-Chronicle 
... Garner State Park and South Llano River State Park“Our biological carrying capacity is 16 acres per deer,” [40 deer per square mile] ...

Spatial heterogeneity in the carrying capacity of sika deer in Japan  H Iijima, M Ueno - Journal of Mammalogy, 2016
Carrying capacity is 1 driver of wildlife population dynamics. Although in previous studies carrying capacity was considered to be a fixed entity, it may differ among locations due to environmental variation... We conclude that population dynamics of ungulates may vary spatially through spatial variation in carrying capacity and that the density level for controlling ungulate abundance should be based on the current density level relative to the carrying capacity for each area...

White-tailed Deer Habitat Evaluation and Management Guide”  2011 Oklahoma State University, see page 2
... summarizing:  carrying capapcity varies depending on site conditions, in Oklahoma the carrying capacity can be as high as about 43 deer per square mile [one deer per 15 acres]