Idaho Deer:  About 570,000 deer in 2017, 550,000 in 2016, and 520,000 deer in 2015.  Deer populations trended up for four years into 2016 given relatively mild winters.   An estimated 440,000 deer in 2014 and 385,000 in 2013.  A below average survival rate for mule deer fawns in 2019.  Emergency feeding in January, 2017, because of the harsh winter.  Very low fawn survival and reduced deer populations.  Reduced hunting for does in 2017 to help the herd recover.  A more mild 2017-18 winter with fewer mule deer in 2018.  Herd analysis at right.  Historical Idaho deer harvest data and news archive.

Idaho Deer News

Idaho roadkill study begins along wildlife migration route August 12, 2019 Idaho News
...  The project started earlier this summer and uses volunteers to identify dead animals on U.S. Highway 20 and State Highway 87...The list of roadkills includes White-tailed Deer Elk ...Mule Deer ...

Getting ready for the fall hunting season August 6, 2019 Idaho, KMVT
... the late winter and late spring was not good for the fawns. A lot of young deer didn't make it through the winter.  Mature deer numbers are the same as last year, but the numbers of elk are up..,

Study: In Idaho, cougars kill slightly more elk than wolves August 3, 2019 The Spokesman-Review
... 15 years of data collected on Idaho’s wolf and elk population... found that wolves accounted for 32% of identified mortalities for female elk while mountain lions accounted for 35%. That disparity grew when looking at elk calf survival with wolves accounting for 28% of known-fate deaths and lions accounting for 45%...

This spring, Montana wildlife officials confirmed five cases of a deadly neurological disease less than 25 miles from the Idaho Panhandle ... will likely trigger year-round monitoring efforts ... no confirmed cases of CWD in Idaho ..,

Idaho Wildlife Officials Propose Animal Import Ban To Fight Disease July 29, 2019 Boise State Public Radio... Chronic wasting disease, or CWD, is on Idaho’s doorstep, affecting animals in Wyoming, Montana and Utah... 

Idaho elk habitat gets $233,000 upgrade July 24, 2019 The Herald Journal
...  The Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation provided $233,726 in grants to fund 22 habitat stewardship and hunting heritage projects in Idaho.   “There are many places in Idaho’s backcountry where overly thick forests and noxious weeds are taking a toll on forage and habitat,” ...

... Fish and Game staff have deployed over 800 game cameras in a high-density grid throughout the state, which will take millions of pictures. When Fish and Game staff collect the cameras at the end of September, researchers will download and analyze the photos and apply statistical modeling to estimate the population...

One stretch of the South Fork is now federally protected July 21, 2019 Idaho, East Idaho News
... the Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG) specifically recognizes the property’s value for wintering mule deer and provided financial support for the project through their Mule Deer Initiative program...

Linking forest management to moose population trends: The role of the nutritional landscape TV Schrempp, JL Rachlow, TR Johnson, LA Shipley… - PLOS ONE, 2019
... The quantity of forage shrubs was estimated to have declined over the past 30 years in about half of the population management units, with the greatest declines predicted for high-energy forage species. The population trend index was correlated with the percent change in availability of moderate-energy forage shrubs, indicating that availability of forage shrubs and change in availability over time might be affecting population dynamics for moose in northern Idaho...

Moose population declines in Idaho July 18, 2019 The Bulletin
... Biologists have no clear answers but say the decline is happening across the West ... does not know moose population numbers, but estimates there are 10,000 to 12,000 moose ...

Fish and Game giving ungulates, burn areas a boost July 16, 2019 Idaho, Twin Falls Times-News
... They’re collecting the seeds of a plant that can be an integral part of ungulate diets... help state and federal agencies jumpstart the recovery process in areas decimated by fire... Mule deer and pronghorn love bitterbrush...

Environmental lawsuit: Stop improving wildlife habitat July 15, 2019 Idaho, Capital Press
... The project aims to improve habitat for elk and deer, as well as ruffed and sharp-tailed grouse species by removing up to 85% of juniper trees — which behave like an invasive species — across nearly 1,700 acres in the forest...

Idaho Super Hunts June 26, 2019  Coeur d'Alene Press
... Of the 66,116 entries in the first drawing, 24,548 were for the eight available deer tags ... 

Idaho proposes changes to hunting rules June 14, 2019 Lewiston Morning Tribune
...The rule would give the commission authority to limit the number of nonresident deer and elk tags issued in general season hunts to no less than 10 percent of the number of resident tags without necessarily limiting tags available to resident hunters...

Fish and Game releases winter survival rates for elk, deer June 11, 2019 Idaho, KTVB
... just 42 percent of radio-collared mule deer fawns made it through the winter, well below the average survival rate of 58 percent. Fish and Game officers say February's significant snowstorms, followed by a cool and wet spring, contributed to the number of deaths..,

... A plan to kill wolves and other predators that attack livestock, deer and elk in Idaho is the subject of an environmental study that will include public comment ...

Idaho's proposed Mule Dee rPlan for 2019 is out for review and public can comment. Matt Pieron,, Idaho Fish and Game Mule Deer Initiative Coordinator, explains the process in developing the plan and notable changes. - June 6, 2019


... [until June 21] ... review Fish and Game’s draft management plans for mule deer and white-tailed deer and provide feedback to the department on the overall concepts of the plans and whether topics are missing that might improve them... the Mule Deer Plan ... the White-tailed Deer Plan ..,

... A single claim by an Elmore County organic farmer exhausted an Idaho Department of Fish and Game account to compensate Idaho farmers for wildlife depredation, leading the Legislature to impose a payment cap...

Don’t become an inadvertent fawn napper May 28, 2019 Idaho, Bonner County Daily Bee
... Mother deer will leave their fawn for hours while they go off to feed nearby. The mother does this so predators will not see a vulnerable fawn when they see her. She can be gone many hours ... If a fawn is seen lying upright, eyes wide open, but flattened to the ground, do not touch it. This is a fawn’s camouflage position ...

Fawn survival is below average May 22, 2019 Idaho, Idaho Mountain Express Newspaper
... Through the end of April, mule deer fawn survival was below the 20-year average of 58 percent, which is tracked annually through the end of May. Some additional mortality is expected during May ... it appears that elk calf survival is doing just fine ..,

IDFG panel gets earful in Grangeville May 17, 2019 Idaho, Lewiston Morning Tribune
... Those who addressed the commissioners said deer and elk numbers have slid over the past decade or more, and changes are needed to hunting seasons to bring them back. They also said the Idaho Department of Fish and Game needs to collect more data on deer herd sizes and composition...

... lingering snowpack during March and April took its toll on eastern Idaho mule deer ... In some places, up to 40 and 50 percent were lost. .. “It will not be like the winter of 2016-17, but we will be below the long-term average,” ..,

Watching the whitetail, research project April 11, 2019 Idaho, Coeur d'Alene Press
... “Whitetail populations drive a lot of the predator populations because there are more whitetail than anything else ... We are trying to figure out how predators use whitetail deer and how that impacts other ungulate like elk.” ...

... "Across the state, we've been seeing [moose] numbers go down," ...Across Idaho, available tags for antlered moose dropped from 669 in the 2017-2018 season to 560 later this year. For antlerless moose, the tag amounts dropped from 136 to 74...

... Commissioner Daniel Blanco ... hopes to enhance whitetail populations in units 10, 12, 16A, 17, 19 and 20, all on the eastern side of the region, by eliminating the use of second tags hunters can purchase at nonresident prices and shortening seasons in some of those units...

Wildlife biologists turn to solar-powered ear tags March 26, 2019 Idaho, LocalNews8.com-18 hours ago
...  solar-powered ear tags ... expected to last four to five years... tags will record and save the locations of tagged bucks every 30 minutes, then transmit the data the next time the device is near cellular service ...

Seven wolves taken in control actions in the Lolo Elk Zone March 21, 2019 Idaho, Cherokee Tribune Ledger News
... The operation is consistent with Fish and Game's Elk Management Plan and Lolo Predation Management Plan... hunters and trappers have reported 18 wolves taken in the Lolo zone during the 2018-19 season...

... Through the end of February, 78 percent of the collared fawns and 94 percent of the calves were still alive.  That compares with 88 percent of the fawns and 97 percent of the calves surviving through February in 2017-18, and 55 and 80 percent in 2016-17...

... the elk population is doing well in southeast Idaho... Data also indicates that southeast Idaho has an abundance of young mountain lions ...

Time to feed the elk  March 13, 2019 Idaho Mountain Express Newspaper ·
... With our weather pattern predicted to remain cold, it is unlikely that early spring will provide any bare ground for deer and elk to feed in the north portion of our county... For every elk tag sold, $1.50 goes into a fund for feed...

Elk hanging in despite snowy February March 8, 2019 Idaho, Bonner County Daily Bee
... The latest mortality numbers are lower than in previous big snow years, possibly because this season’s snow came later. That allowed elk to feed across their range until February, when the snow hit ...

... “In Southeast Idaho between 2012 and 2016 the mule deer population was doing really well so it would make sense that the mountain lion population was doing really well as a result of that,” Lockyer said. “Then we had that really bad winter two years ago, we lost a lot of mule deer and we’ve been getting more lion calls ever since.” ...

Blanco seeks to ease the pressure on Clearwater Region deer, elk March 7, 2019 Idaho, Lewiston Tribune Online
... Blanco would like to boost whitetail populations by shortening seasons in units 10, 12, 16A, 17 and 19, all on the eastern side of the region, and eliminating the use of second tags hunters can purchase at nonresident prices...

... “Wintering big game animals are very susceptible to any kind of disturbance whether it is from passing motorists, domestic dogs, predators or shed hunters in late winter and early spring,” ...

What extinction in Idaho looks like: Last caribou captured, ending conservation program March 1, 2019 Idaho, Idaho Statesman
... The British Columbia Ministry of Forests’s capture ended more than 35 years of conservation ... lone female ... Forests were cut and burned. Deer that thrive in the brush that was left over moved in, carrying a parasite known as a brainworm. That all but wiped out the caribou...

Trying to find the middle ground on wolves March 1, 2019 Idaho, Lewiston Morning Tribune
... Even though Idaho opened wolf seasons for both hunting and trapping in 2011, wolf numbers have continued to increase to roughly 1,000 in more than 90 packs ... In seven years, through 2018, F4WM has paid trappers about $250,000 of privately raised money for harvesting more than 470 wolves..,

Weather prompts depredation-related calls in E. Idaho February 26, 2019, Capital Press
... Corn, which offers easy access to food, water and security cover, “is basically perfect habitat for elk,” ... IDFG expects claims, which in late February totaled about $443,000 plus $114,000 in continuing-use agreements, to be well above last year’s roughly $700,000 ...

Deer and Elk Statistics Across Idaho February 25, 2019 KPVI News 6
... The amount of mule deer was slightly lower than the 10 year average by 3.5%, but was not too bad considering the terrible winter of 2016-2017, where 100% of fawns were lost in some areas including some of the adult population which hurt hunting the following year.  A milder winter in 2017-2018 allowed for a slight improvement, but still yielded a lower harvest as expected...,

Caribou County bait site prevents interaction with livestock February 25, 2019 Idaho, Idaho State Journal
... The Idaho Department of Fish and Game with input from the Southeast Idaho Winter Feeding Advisory Committee (WFAC) has authorized a feed site on the west side of the Ninety Percent Range in Caribou County to bait approximately 200 elk from a landowner’s property...

Targhee Elk Herd an enigma February 20, 2019 Idaho, Jackson Hole News&Guide 
... “Everything we now know about their migration is so important for identifying priority areas to conserve,” Courtemanch said. “That could be through trying to prevent wildlife-vehicle collisions on the roads or trying to determine where conservation easements should go...

Idaho Fish and Game adding big game proposals February 18, 2019 LocalNews8.com
... Winter surveys are also showing that mule deer populations in 66 and 69 are 38 percent lower in 2019 than they were when last surveyed in 2013... wildlife managers are recommending elimination of either-sex hunts in units ...
... “One incident in Bonner County which did result in a prosecution involved around a dozen deer and elk that were incidentally caught in snares and killed by one trapper. The trapper’s only crime was that he did not report the catches...

... Hunters took more mule deer and fewer white-tailed deer in 2018 compared to 2017, while the elk harvest was similar between the two years -- dropping by less than 2 percent from 2017 to 2018..,

Despite storms, Idaho winter is normal and emergency feeding is unneeded  February 14, 2019  Idaho, Coeur d'Alene Press 
... in mid February, Idaho’s snowpack was ranging from 81 percent to 112 percent of average with the majority of drainages running between 85 and 95 percent.  Fish and Game has winter feeding advisory committees in each region of the state except the Panhandle ...

...  the bulk of its funding comes from licenses, tags and permits. Fish and Game gets additional revenue from taxes on hunting and fishing equipment, but the state's share of those funds is determined by the number of license holders in the state...

Game cameras provide new methods for counting and managing wildlife February 11, 2019 Idaho, Idaho State Journal
... During November, biologists deployed a network of trail cameras on winter range of mule deer in Eastern Idaho ... An innovative approach using trail cameras to capture wildlife will allow Idaho Fish and Game biologists to estimate deer and elk populations in a safer, less invasive and less expensive way ...

Herd of elk raising concern near Rexburg/Sugar City February 7, 2019 Idaho, Idaho Fish and Game
... On Feb. 4 a herd of about 100 elk wandered into a rural area between Sugar City and Rexburg ... “They are in a tough spot to move given their proximity to Highway 20, Highway 33 and the high density of fences in the area,” ...

... Climate change, reduced forage and predation are blamed for the large ungulates’ decline, Idaho Department of Fish and Game regional wildlife biologist Kara Campbell said...

... a herd of elk standing on railroad tracks was hit by a Union Pacific freight train traveling between Montpelier and Soda Springs... wild animals often walk on train tracks in the winter in Idaho because the tracks are usually not covered by snow ...

... In order to discourage animals from crossing US 20 on its road surface, to reduce WVCs and to maintain landscape permeability for animals crossing the highway, IDFG recommends three wildlife crossing overpasses with wildlife fencing between the crossing structures for the length of the project area ...

... Legislation to compensate Idaho farmers and ranchers for damage caused by elk, deer, antelope and moose to irrigation equipment and ground planted with seeds in the fall will get a hearing before lawmakers...

... Climate change, reduced forage and predation are blamed for the large ungulates’ decline ... Fire suppression and reduced logging has also limited the summer forage for moose ... moose populations rebounded in Idaho and Montana roughly 50 years after the massive 1910 wildfires...

... Biologists use a model based on statistical sampling, which allows them to estimate the total population without having to count every animal.  When they survey a grid of land for animals in a helicopter, they also correct for the animals they don’t see – known as “visibility bias.” ... usually between 5 percent and 20 percent ... biologists only need to conduct comprehensive surveys every five years ...

Idaho wolf control board seeks $200,000 to kill wolves January 16, 2019 KIVI-TV
... contracts with the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Wildlife Services and Idaho Department of Fish and Game to kill wolves that attack cattle, sheep, deer and elk...

... Yew, the toxic landscaping plant, has killed about a half-dozen elk in the Horseshoe Bend and Garden Valley areas this month ... 

... People who helped with grabbing and holding the deer are called “muggers.” ... Seeing how many fawns don’t make it through the winter, that helps us with our population to know our success rate of how many were recruited into the population for the upcoming year.”...

Members of Idaho Fish and Game spent Wednesday collaring deer. The agency uses a helicopter to herd fawns into nets. Volunteers and biologists then measure, weigh, tag, and collar them. The GPS collar allows them to track the animals until there death helping scientists to determine the general health of the herds. - Idaho



... An anonymous landowner donated 0.26 square miles (0.67 square kilometers) of mule deer winter range in Pocatello to a local land trust...

... Northern Idaho Whitetails Forever (NIWF) ... our current whitetail deer herds of northern Idaho have declined ... group has managed to see some changes made, and were successful in shortening the 2018 season by 11 days and eliminated the used of second deer tags... A dense forest makes it too hard to collect biological data...

Fawn dies near Rexburg after eating toxic plant December 21, 2018 Idaho, East Idaho News
... he young fawn had ingested a large amount of Japanese yew and died of yew toxicity.  Japanese yew is a non-native plant that is often used as an ornamental shrub for landscaping...

Meeting to discuss whitetail numbers set December 14, 2018 Idaho, Lewiston Morning Tribune
 ...   ....successfully lobbied the Idaho Department of Fish and Game ... to shorten the whitetail season in Unit 10A ... members believe whitetail populations ... have declined because of their vulnerability to hunting during the rut when whitetails mate...

... Twenty-two deer have tested positive for Chronic Wasting Disease in Montana, and cases were also found in Teton County, Wyoming... 

Stnking Springs area closed for winter to protect wildlife December 4, 2018 Idaho, LocalNews8.com
... “Increasing human activity in the Stinking Springs area creates additional stress on the fragile mule deer that winter there, requiring them to use up their supply of stored winter fat more quickly,” ..

... Chronic wasting disease has been found in Montana, Wyoming and Utah. Last week, for the first time, a roadkill deer was found to have chronic wasting disease in Grand Teton National Park. Cases of the disease also have been found in Star Valley, Wyoming...

Idaho Fish and Game offering savings on hunting license November 23, 2018 Rexburg Standard Journal
... “Each year, 34 winners are drawn for elk, deer, moose, pronghorn or the ultimate super hunt – a combo of all four species ... Entries are $6 for specific species and $20 for combo entries... also guaranteeing sportsmen’s ability to hunt Idaho big game with a lifetime license...

...  Effective on Sunday, November 25, the National Elk Refuge will require a mandatory sample of all elk harvested on the refuge for the remainder of the 2018 hunt season. Refuge Manager Brian Glaspell is implementing this mandatory sampling effort due to the recent detection of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in a mule deer recovered in Grand Teton National Park..,

... Sixty percent of hunters wanted IDFG to spend more resources developing access to private land, because, according to the survey, “whitetail deer are often tied to private agricultural land and cause depredations.” ...

Idaho eyes new deer management plans November 2, 2018 Lewiston Tribune Online
...  a sizable and vocal contingent of whitetail hunters in the Clearwater Region is concerned by the lack of information available on the size of the whitetail herd and the age class distribution of bucks... More detailed information on the whitetail deer survey [PDF] ... Information on the mule deer survey [PDF] ...

Deer Season Wraps Up October 31, 2018 Idaho, kpvi 
... [southeast Idaho] There were more two-point bucks due to more fawns surviving last year's winter, but there were fewer adult and bigger bucks..,

Overpasses: a better deal for taxpayers, cost less than detection system October 27, 2018 Idaho, Rexburg Standard Journal
... studies have shown that the detection systems are far more expensive than building overpasses and some fencing. Why? Because the detection systems last 10 years at best and require a lot of maintenance, while overpasses and underpasses last for 75 years or more, according to research by Marcel Huijser and others ...

Tubbs Hill deer hunt infuriates residents October 27, 2018 Idaho, Coeur d'Alene Press
... The deer gut pile found Wednesday in the popular city park raised the concerns of Coeur d’Alene residents who fear getting shot by hunters within city limits.  They wonder why town deer are being illegally targeted...

Studying wildlife ecology through road-killed animals October 19, 2018 Idaho. Rexburg Standard Journal
... I-84 became an impediment to migration...  many were killed ... many deer remained on the east side of the freeway and spent winters near Snowville, Utah. That winter range had insufficient forage for deer, and during the following winters, an estimated 40 percent of the herd died of malnutrition... the deer herd is currently less than half of what it was in the 1960s ...

... Chronic Wasting Disease has been reported in nearby states ... Montana, Utah, and Wyoming.  On opening weekend IDFG had several check stations to take biological samples of game to test for the disease...

Inmates help restore habitat through sagebrush planting program October 14, 2018 Idaho, Idaho Press-Tribune
... Since 2015, offenders at the two correctional centers have grown over 233,000 sagebrush and bitterbrush seedlings ... will benefit species that depend on them such as antelope, elk and mule deer...

Survey finds mule deer hunters satisfied, but management could improve October 10, 2018 Idaho, Idaho County Free Press ·
... Unsurprisingly, the type of mule deer most desirable to harvest was a large buck, and an antlerless mule deer was the least desirable... read the survey

... He’s hoping to convince the city council to meet half way with concerned citizens who at least want to be allowed to feed the animals in the winter when food and shelter is scarce...

Fish and Game: Idaho outdoorsmen to have some of the best elk hunting conditions of all time September 17, 2018 Idaho Statesman ·
... In 2017, hunters took 22,751 elk ... The 10-year average from 2008-17 is 18,865 ... historic high harvests in Idaho that topped out at 28,000 in 1994... mule deer  ...a tough winter in 2016-17 and cutbacks in antlerless tags to protect breeding age does dropped the harvest by nearly a third from 37,070 in 2016 to 25,496 last year ..,

Wildlife crossings make sense September 5, 2018 Idaho, Post Register
... The best solution is for voters in Fremont County to step up and tell the world that safe travel and safe wildlife passage are important to them; important enough to vote YES to wildlife crossings on the November 6 advisory vote...What ITD is looking at to keep drivers safe on Highway 20 is simple – some crossings and fencing...


Idaho data:  About 570,000 deer in 2017.  Up from about 520,000 deer in 2015.  For mule deer, the state estimates 280,000 in 2018, 310,000 in 2017, 298,390 in 2016 and 281,500 in 2015.  A low survival rate for mule deer fawns in 2019 due to harsh February snowstorms. The whitetail deer population of 260,000 in 2017 and about 240,000 in 2015 are based on harvest data.  Deer populations trended up for the four years going into 2016 given relatively mild winters.  The hard winter of 2016-17, worst in the east, resulted in about 70 percent mule deer fawn mortality, whitetails fared better. Reduced hunting for does in 2017 to held the herd recover and emergency feeding.  One 2017 survey found 30 bucks for every 100 does.  A more mild 2017-18 winter improved deer survival.  Low whitetail numbers reported in northern Idaho.  Another hard winter in 2018-19, not as bad as 2016-17.
     In 2015 an estimated 281,500 mule deer.  Mule deer fawn survival in 2015 was estimated at 80 percent, the highest rate in 15 years in spite of wildfires and an outbreak of bluetongue.  A record 30,568 whitetails taken by hunters in 2015, an upward trend since 1973. About 440,000 deer in 2014.  In 2013 an estimated 170,000 to 200,000 mule deer and about 200,000 white tails, about 385,000 deer.  Fawn survival  of collared mule deer was nearly 80 percent in 2013.  About 25 percent survival in hard winters. About 1,000 deer died from bluetongue around Granveville. 
      In 2016 mule deer populations reached some of their highest levels since the early 2000's when hard winters and habitat loss brought the mule deer numbers down to a level that in 2004 the state developed the Mule Deer Initiative to support populations. Mule deer populations over their entire range have suffered declining populations over the past two decades. In 2015151,799 deer hunters took 68,764 deer with a 43 percent success rate.  In 2014,157,400 hunters took 61,200 deer. Hunter success in 2013 was 38 percent; 40 percent in 2014; 45 percent in 2015.
     History  Deer were scarce in Idaho by 1900 from over hunting.  Concerned about the severe decline of the elk and deer populations in 1909, the legislature approved its first game preserve - 220,000 acres  in the Payette River drainage west of the Sawtooth Mountains.  Citizens voted to create the Fish and Game Commission in 1938. The growth of the logging industry created deer friendly habitat that acted as one factor to spur population growth, including limits on doe hunting.  By the 1954, there was an effort to reduce deer populations by increased hunting pressure as evidenced in the estimated deer harvest, although there has been much skepticism about this data.  Pressure from the people of Idaho resulted in reduced hunting during the 1970's and limits on the number of does.  A large increase in the number of tags resulted in the peak harvest of 1989, estimated at 95,200.  The winter of 1991-92 was the last very severe winter in recent history, resulting in a large die off -- sixty percent of males and 20-30 percent of females, fawn survival rate near zero.  A 2003 outbreak of bluetongue killed about 10,000 deer around Clearwater and other areas.
     Chronic Wasting Disease In spring of 2019, 5 cases of chronic wasting were detected in Montana 25 miles from the Idaho panhandle border.  No cases in Idaho.
      Elk  An estimated 107,000 in 2014, down from a peak of about 125,000 in the 1990's. As of 2016 there has been a feeding station near Penny Lake west of Ketchum., going on since the 1930s.  About 3,600 hundred elk sing the Sand Creek winter range in 2016.
     Moose  A rough estimate of 10,000 to 12,000 in 2019.  A declining population in Idaho and throughout the West.  Causes not clear.  A large concentration in Eastern Idaho in the Sand Creek desert area, around 400 - 500 in 2016Ticks are a significant mortality issue for moose.
     Caribou  Only about a dozen left by 2016 in the Selkirk Mountains near Canada.
      Wolves  More than 1,000 in 90 packs in early 2019.  A 2015 estimate of 786.  A survey count of 550 to 700, with a total estimate of about 1000.   A minimum of 770 wolves and 104 wolf packs in 2014, up from 659 in 2013.  Hunters killed 256 in 2014. About 680 wolves in 2012, down from about 900 to 1,100 before the wolf hunt.   To protect livestock, elk, and deer the state reduced its target wolf population from 518-732 down to 150 in 2016.
     Lions  About 3,000 
mountain lions.

Report Poaching:  contact the Idaho Fish and Game Department at 208-232-4703 ; or, the Citizens Against Poaching (CAP Facebook Page) hotline, at 1-800-632-5999. Callers can remain anonymous and may be eligible for a CAP reward.

- Report a Deer or Wildlife Collision in Idaho to help with Deer Management
- Idaho Deer Alliance, Committed to the Conservation of Idaho’s Deer Herds and Wildlife Habitat for Future Generations.
- WMA view map, a map application
- Earthfire Institute, deer and wildlife rescue
- Idaho Deer Alliance, Southeast Idaho Facebook page
- Chronic Wasting Disease, none found yet in Idaho
Hydatid Disease, the immature form of a tapeworm called Echinococcus granulosus. Echinococcus granulosus is a very small (3-5 m) tapeworm