Non-Lethal Deer Population Management for Urban and Suburban Environments
See below for the latest news updates
Also see Deer Fence, Deer Resistant Plants and Repellents, Transportation Safety, Deer and Lyme Disease, Contraception Research, Dogs for Deer Management and other Deterrents and why the results of a deer sterilization project Cornell are really surprising.   Botstiber Institute.

Deer Culls used to manage suburban deer create a public safety issue and provide only a short term solution, requiring a perpetual killing program.  Examples of the Perpetual, Annual Deer Cull.  Many people don't want their neighborhood deer to be slaughtered.  Although degraded habitat is a major cause for the decline of the U.S. deer population, suburbs often provide excellent deer habitat.  Deer are edge dwellers, living at the interface of the meadow and the thick forest.  A lush suburban habitat can support more deer, the carrying capacity, than a forest.  Communities wanting fewer deer can reduce the carrying capacity (see figure above) using fences, deer resistant landscaping and repellents.  Examples of  other non-lethal approaches News below for contraception, sterilization, and relocation.  A ban on feeding deer is often a first approach, sometimes a required approach.  Also a deer population survey.

Deer respond to a cull with increased fertility, producing more twins and triplets, and a larger proportion of female fawns that will further increase the deer population -- the rebound effect in the figure above [research support] --compensatory reproduction, also observed in coyote populations Light to moderate hunting, as in many urban culls, does not change the long-run total deer population in an otherwise stable environment.  More dramatic culls, keeping the deer population at about 50 or 60 percent of the carrying capacity, achieves the maximum sustainable yield, the largest number of deer than can be killed annually.  Also, other deer attracted by available food may migrate into the area, although suburban does have very small ranges and migration rates will depend on local factors.  A sterile doe will discourage new deer from entering her territory, the "placeholder" effect, and eat food that would result in more fawns from fertile does. 

The result of a cull is a future, perpetual negative cash outlay for communities and lots of slaughtered deer.  Cost analysis of urban deer cull programs typically ignores the future cost of maintaining the program and also ignores the intrinsic value of the life of each deer.   The January 2018 issue of Wildlife Professional advises that it is a myth that wildlife populations need to be hunted or harvested to control populations [p. 28].  

Deer exterminators at work using tools of the trade: clover trap and bolt gun.


Deer culls using sharpshooters or bow hunters may not be feasible in suburban environments because of public safety concerns.  Bow hunting is becoming more popular, but even under the best conditions a significant number of deer are likely to be wounded [graphic examples] and not recovered by archers, 50 percent rates are reported in the literature.  Although many hunters will not participate in an urban cull, considering it an extermination rather than a hunt, cities often find others willing to pay a license fee to participate.  Professional sharpshooters improve public safety and kill efficiency, but costs run from about $300 to $1,000 per deer. At right a video of the trap and kill method used by many deer exterminators, including Cornell. 

Confusing the public debate are the wide range of unsupported optimal deer density recommendations presented to the public as scientific management goals (deer density and forest regeneration) and the concept that deer culls can generally be used to reduce the risk of Lyme disease, contrary to most of the current research. Some states are requiring hunting as the only method of deer control in suburban areas.  This Guide to Urban Deer Management contains links to urban news by state giving some history of management efforts.  In all cases, decision makers should be aware that they are designing the future herd based on the management method.  
Deer Contraception

Products: Gonacon, Spayvac a PZP (porcine zona pellucid)  Cost per deer can be in the two hundred dollar range, but will vary depending local labor costs, number of deer and related issues.  Birth control needs to be reapplied after a few years, up to six years for Spayvac, but the time is being extended as the technology develops.  Success rates are often reported to be in the 90 to 95 percent range.  This approach generally has a lower risk of deer fatalities than sterilization.  
     Speakers at the Botstiber Institute for Wildlife Fertility Control discuss urban fertility control in May, 2018.   A private effort to experiment with contraception in British Columbia. The U.S. Humane Society provides this service, contact information and an example proposal.  The nonprofit Science and Conservation Center in Billings, Montana, has many years experience working with horses, deer, and other animals.   On July 6, 2017, the EPA approved an application to register ZonaStat-H, a fertility control vaccine that will provide a humane management tool for managers of deer populations.

News

Oak Bay. Modern deer hunters fire birth-control darts November 3, 2019 British Columbia, Times Colonist
... Hering is the lead wildlife veterinarian of the Oak Bay Deer Project,.. attempting to reduce the number of wild deer in the municipality... dart projector — a modified rifle capable of firing vaccine-laden darts ... immunocontraceptive ... We have vaccinated 60 does and there are another 17 with GPS collars...


...  the immuno-contraception vaccine — called porcine zona pellucida — causes the production of antibodies that prevent fertilization of eggs... the potential to be a significant solution for any municipality across North America looking to co-exist with urban wildlife,” said Kristy Kilpatrick, president of the non-profit Urban Wildlife Stewardship Society ...
     Oak Bay, Urban deer get birth control to curb overpopulation October 13, 2019 British Deer News, YAHOO!
... study into deer contraceptives ... For the study, 20 female deer won't receive any birth control. Another 40 to 50 does within the population will receive the contraceptive shot...

Oak Bay, Deer decked out for colourful contraception campaign September 30, 2019 British Columgia, Oak Bay News
... Spearheaded by the Urban Wildlife Stewardship Society, orange-vested teams have successfully immuno-contracepted 55 deer in less than three weeks... The colour-coded tags match a simple, coloured collar ... The identification collars fit high on the doe’s neck, and more snugly than the GPS collars, minimizing chafing noticed from some of the GPS collars...

Oak Bay deer contraception program underway September 6, 2019 British Columbia, Victoria News
...  the owners of about 600 Oak Bay houses have signed up to volunteer access to their property... The crew and veteranarian are visible in their yellow vests. They start at dawn and work until about noon...

Fripp Island, SC island residents upset community leaders want to shoot deer to limit population growth August 6, 2019 South Carolina, Post and Courier Charleston
... board members seem set on culling the population, which has started to grow again since the birth control program ended ... using a birth control program is roughly six times more expensive than paying a sharpshooter... “But so many of us are against the sharpshooting, it’s not what we stand for being a wildlife sanctuary.” ...

Oak Bay, Expand Oak Bay deer birth control across region, say Victoria mayor and councillor   July 30, 2019 British Columbia, Times Colonist
... we’re all saying we’d like to get on board with what Oak Bay is doing now, which is the immunocontraceptive program, because we see that as the way of the future,” Desjardins said... Researchers collected data on population density and distribution by putting radio collars on 20 does last year, and setting up 39 remote cameras ...

Oak Bay residents eager to sign up for deer control July 17, 2019 British Columbia, 
Times Colonist
...  More than 150 quickly responded to a request from Oak Bay Mayor Kevin Murdoch this week to register their properties so they’re available to those administering the immunocontraception vaccine to deer... it’s hoped as many as 80 female deer will be given ... vaccine ...
     Oak Bay to launch new deer contraceptive program in September July 16, 2019 British Columbia, victoriabuzz.com
... “Immuno-contraception (IC) is a type of vaccine that induces the animal to produce antibodies that prevent fertilization and the formation of an embryo,” explains the Urban Wildlife Stewardship Society (UWSS), who will be leading the program...

... CEO Tom D’Orazio says he expects the EPA to approve the product within 10 months ... hashing out the details of a USDA deal in which the Fitchburg company could generate some new shared intellectual property ...

SpayVac using vaccines to control wildlife populations June 25, 2019 Wisconsin, Wisbusiness.com
...  Fitchburg-based SpayVac works on controlling not only deer population, but also other animals ... Culling and relocation are short-term measures, since removing animals from the population just makes the conditions even better for more reproduction, almost certainly resulting in a rebound population that will fill the gaps that the removed animals left...

... The $248,290 grant from Avalon Park and Preserve will fund a six-year study by The Humane Society of the United States and scientists from Tufts University... will test tools for using PZP, an immunocontraceptive vaccine, on female deer in the sanctuary and other parts of the village...

Esquimalt considers birth control for its deer population March 7, 2019 British Columbia, Peninsula News Review
... Coun. Ken Armour advocates that the Township seek provincial approval to develop a plan and work with the Urban Wildlife Stewardship Society (UWSS) to create an immuno-contraception strategy to manage and reduce the deer population in Esquimalt...

Oak Bay one step closer to deer immunocontraceptive test February 20, 2019 British Columbia, BC Local News
...  the Urban Wildlife Stewardship Society and the municipality have a licence to immunize 40 deer, but that they are in the process of expanding that licence to 80... the next steps for the study will be to look at density and demographic changes during different seasons ...

... using birth control, installing automatic feeders that, along with corn, contain contraceptives... called OvoControl, is said to be non-toxic and only has contraceptive effects in birds...

No Kill Deer Hunt a success February 3, 2019 Ohio, Portsmouth Daily Times 
... The No Kill idea was started by local deer farm owner Todd Dunn, who said he needed to tranquilize his herd and remove the horns from his bucks and give them immunization shots [contraception could be delivered the same way, using local hunters] ...

... facial recognition software, drone-mounted infrared cameras and a dart-delivered contraceptive to track, count and contain a white-tailed deer population ... Allen Rutberg ... at Tufts University... could improve the cost-effectiveness and practicality of the immunocontraceptive vaccine PZP...

Bald Head council approves deer management plan December 28, 2018 North Carolina, State Port Pilot
... Technicians using anesthetic darts and an immunocontraceptive have been treating does on the island for five years, with the goal to maintain the herd at about 200 individuals... require successive doses of the contraceptive for two years ... recent surveys suggest the number of fawns is lower than might be expected...

Plainfield, Council Hears from Residents at Deer Management Public Hearing November 22, 2018 New Jersey, TAPinto.net
... Kamenir offered information about an immunocontraceptive vaccine adapted for the management of deer called Zonastat- D, or PZP, that has been approved federally by the Environmental Protection Agency, but is not yet approved for use in New Jersey.  He urged the council to do what they can to help progress its approval...

Oak Bay seeks more provincial funding for deer birth control program November 15, 2018 British Columbia, Oak Bay News
...  UWSS is committed to inoculating and getting this done next summer, so we’re moving forward with that … we need this grant money to do that... The proposed program funding for 2019 is $63,310 ...

Montclair, MEC investigating deer count to assess numbers October 18, 2018 New Jersey, Montclair Local
... The Montclair Environmental Commission is recommending that a deer count be conducted to assess the number of deer and their locations. Members are also discussing the possibility of the town pursuing vaccination birth control and, if all else fails, hunting...

Bloomington, Deer cull not the answer to overpopulation October 10, 2018 Indiana, Indiana Daily Student 
... it does not appear that non-lethal methods would cost substantially more. While it cost $43,000 to kill 62 deer last year, the Deer Task Force said in its 2012 report that contraception and sterilization cost between $600 to $1,000 per deer and that effective fencing can be built for $6 to $8 per foot...

Braintree councilor floats idea of using birth control on deer October 5, 2018 Massachusetts, Wicked Local Braintree
...  Councilor Tim Carey ... would like to further explore the possibility of using birth-control tranquilizers to control the deer population... Mayor Joseph Sullivan also penned a letter raising concerns about the safety of such a hunt on town land...

Deer management in Oak Bay is proceeding according to plan August 16, 2018 British Columbia, Oak Bay News
... In September, an immuno-contraceptive vaccine will be administered to some of the uncollared Oak Bay does, with a booster administered a few weeks later prior to the rutting season... The idea is to reduce and stabilize the deer population by cutting the birth rate, and without opening up space for deer from surrounding populations to simply move in...

Hastings-on-Hudson program uses contraception to reduce fawn rate August 10, 2018 New York, The Journal News | LoHud.com
...Four years into the village deer contraception program... the mayor said, "there are far, far fewer fawns which you typically see at this time of the summer — I can't say that I've seen a single one ... If the white-tailed deer population is found to have been substantially reduced, the village will adopt a regular contraception protocol...
     Project looks for ways to lower deer population August 10, 2018 New York, Westchester News 12
... immune contraception...  a method to test if the population is in fact getting smaller... "Fifty households all around the village put a hasta plant in a pot and they check it every day, and then they report back in how long that plant has survived without being eaten," said Dr. Lemons. “We saw a doubling of the time that those plants would survive.” ...

Geese numbers down, deer on the rise June 21, 2018 New Jersey, Montclair Local
... “Deer have completely destroyed what was once a huge selling point for our home, a beautifully-maintained front-yard flower garden... A Dryden Road resident has requested that the town come up with a plan using birth control methods to control the deer population...

... the program, intended to test administration of a birth control vaccine, had been expanded to include a surgical component. The program had been scheduled to start in February and will now start sometime in 2019 ... Village trustees are also considering changes to village code that would permit high deer fencing ...

Paula Gillikin Keeps Watch Over Wild Horses April 30, 2018 North Carolina, Coastal Review Online
... The [horse] herd population, currently around 30, has had some ups and downs in the decades since but is stable now because of Gillikin and a birth-control method called immunocontraception... While working on a white-tailed deer immunocontraception project in South Carolina with her adviser, Dr. Allen Rutberg from Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University near Boston, where Gillikin earned her master’s in animals and public policy ...

Contraceptive vaccine planned for Oak Bay deer April 10, 2018 British Columbia, Times Colonist
... The program is “ground-breaking” and the first time in B.C. and Canada that the immunocontraceptive vaccine, Zonastat-D, would be used in a small, contained urban setting to manage deer ...  working with a laboratory in the hopes of developing a vaccine that is effective for five to seven years ...

Delafield establishes management committee to focus on reducing deer population March 20, 2018 Wisconsin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
The committee will recommend deer management plans to the council ... It could also recommend contraceptives to maintain the population once it is culled...

Oak Bay, BC, moves ahead with experimental deer control program February 23, 2018 British Columbia, CBC.ca
... Zonastat-D was approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in July 2017. Huxley said if the project gets provincial approval, Oak Bay will be the first community in Canada to use the drug on deer.  "This immuno-contraception is also being applied to wild horse populations in Alberta," ...

Sterilization

While spaying can be expensive, $1,000 per deer, because of high labor costs, local volunteers can bring costs down.  A $500 per deer cost can be achieved.  In many states, deer contraception is illegal.  Sterilization is typically 97 to 100 percent effective and only needs to be done once, but may result in the death or injury of some deer . This field surgery requires more supplies and equipment than contraception so easier access to deer such as through small roads becomes an issue.  Tubal ligation requires less intervention than spaying or ovariectomy, but will result in does going into heat which may attract bucks into the area.  Ovariectomy avoids this problem.  Speakers at the
Follow the progress of Maryland's first deer sterilization program at Wildlife Rescue.  A recent case example from New York.  A program just getting started in Clifton, Ohio.  A website with video of the sterilization project in San Jose, California, where the deer population has declined more than desired.  The project is described in this peer reviewed paper which also investigates an anomalous result from a sterilization project at Cornell.  

News

... “Scientifically [ovariectomies] have been very effective, but in New Jersey politically, it’s very difficult because of the NJDEP [New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection] Division of Fish and Wildlife and their reluctance to give out these permits [for surgical sterilizations],” ...

Staten Island,  City will spend another $2.5M to resume deer vasectomies for five more years September 16, 2019 MIchigan, SILive.com
... As of May 2019, the Parks Department said 98 percent of the Island’s male antlered deer were sterilized and that since the program launched in 2016, the population of the borough’s herd has dropped by 15 percent. The Parks Department also said fawn births have decreased by 77 percent...

... A detailed cost breakdown of the three-year program obtained by the Advance showed that just 7.6 percent of the $4.1 million program went toward supplies to sterilize the borough’s bucks and bait to lure them.  The rest of the $3.7 million in funding for the program was used to pay senior scientists, wildlife biologists and technicians ...  city’s search for a new deer vasectomy contractor ...

... down 15 percent, or 316 deer, from the first population count, which found approximately 2,053 here in January 2017... a 77% decrease in fawn births ... 98% of the antlered males on Staten Island had been sterilized ... our humane strategy to confront the large deer population is working,” Mayor Bill de Blasio  ...

... Many are dubious, but the numbers add up ... major drops after three years of doe sterilization: 34 percent in Cayuga, New York, 20 percent in Fairfax, Virginia, 47 percent on the National Institute of Health campus in Bethesda, Maryland, and 37 percent in a gated community in San Jose, California...

River Vale Council To Decide On Deer Control April 1, 2019 New Jersey, Pascack Press & Northern Valley Press
... The Animal Protection League recommends surgical sterilization, or ovariectomies, as a proven non-lethal method, although state Fish and Game Council does not list them as an accepted non-lethal approach. Only trap-and-transfer and chemical sterilization are listed by the state as non-lethal options...

Winter 2019 Deer Management Program - Year Three Summary Report Submitted by White Buffalo Inc. - March 20, 2019 Ann Arbor, Michigan [PDF]
... Sterilization study areas were in the south (bounded by U of M Arboretum and HuronHills Golf Course and Huron Parkway Nature Area), and north (bounded by Cedar Bend Nature Area and Leslie Park Golf Course)... Overall, we have incurred a 49% reduction in the SSA (94 to 46) and a 20% decrease in the NSA (15-12) [result of immigration] since the program was initiated...

... “We are on track to meet our goal of sterilizing 98% of bucks. In order to preserve the high percentage of sterilized males, Parks is soliciting Expressions of Interest from vendors for a five-year contract to continue the population control study,” ...

Ann Arbor, City ends 4th annual deer cull early, parks reopen January 24, 2019 Michigan, The Michigan Daily
... A total of 386 deer have been killed and 78 surgically sterilized as a result of the program, which has been the subject of long-running debate in the community and cost the city upwards of half a million dollars...

Ann Arbor, 2019 Deer Management Program Safely Completed and Parks Have Been Reopened January 21, 2019 Michigan, City of Ann Arbor
... Sterilization (non-lethal) ... Success within these areas is achieved by the capture and sterilization of more than 95% of female deer identified in the target zones. To date, White Buffalo has sterilized 78 female deer in these zones. The permit allowed for up to 80 to be sterilized..,

Deer-vehicle collisions continue on upward trend in 2018 January 3, 2019 New York, Staten Island Advance 
... In April, the city announced the Island’s deer population dropped by 8 percent from 2,053 in 2017 to 1,884 in 2018...  the Island’s deer population stands somewhere between 1,793 and 1,975 and that the city contractor performing the vasectomies needs to sterilize just 74 to 125 more deer to reach its goal of sterilizing 98 percent of Island bucks by the end of the three-year program...

Ann Arbor, 10 things to know about the Ann Arbor deer cull starting today January 2, 2019 Michigan, MLive.com
... Using a roughly 80 percent detection rate, White Buffalo estimated there were 216 deer in wards 1 and 2, including 78 in sterilization zones, and it predicted an additional 70 fawns by fall 2018, raising the population in those two wards to about 300...

NYC's deer sterilization boss is making the big bucks December 29, 2018 New York, New York Post
... Mayor de Blasio’s deer-vasectomy project ... Dr. Anthony DeNicola, founder of the nonprofit White Buffalo Inc., was paid up to $2,500 a day ... more than $603,000 in the first two years ... DeNicola’s wife Vickie ... paid $1,600 a day for 150 days of work – a total of $240,000 for a job that typically pays just $29,968 a year, according to Ziprecruiter.com ...

... As late as this May, the state DEP rejected the borough’s non-lethal proposal to capture and spay.  Before council passed a deer culling ordinance in July, a group held a protest and argued elected officials were acting too quickly and a more humane approach was needed...

... would freeze the Michigan Department of Natural Resources' ability to issue permits for the sterilization of game animals until 2022... House Bill 5321 ...

... In the first year of the program, one senior scientist charged with “capture and sterilization” earned $375,000 for just 150 days of work... Two other wildlife biologists also tasked with capturing and sterilizing deer, together earned $558,000 for 150 days of work ... 

Bill dictates hunting, not sterilization to control deer populations December 13, 2018 Michigan, Detroit Free Press 
... The Michigan House of Representatives gave final passage Thursday to a bill that prohibits communities from adopting deer sterilization programs to limit growing deer populations in their towns...
     Bill freezing deer sterilization permits heads to Snyder’s desk December 12, 2018 Michigan, MLive 
... House Bill 5321 freezes the ability of the Department of Natural Resources to issue sterilization permits like the one Ann Arbor is operating under. It wouldn’t allow the DNR to issue sterilization permits again until 2022 ...

Ann Arbor's deer sterilization crew finding few deer left to dart November 30, 2018 Michigan, MLive 
... Ann Arbor's deer sterilization team has surgically removed the ovaries of another four deer, bringing the total over the last two years up to 76... the deer population has been dramatically reduced by culling in the previous years, and also by the past sterilization efforts ...

River Vale, Non-lethal controls on Nov. 26 agenda November 23, 2018 New Jersey, Pascack Press & Northern Valley Press
... “There’s absolutely no mention of surgical sterilization in their [Fish and Wildlife Community-Based Deer Management Program] handbook. That’s how heavy their bias is in favor of hunting,” Lin told the Montvale audience. She said each surgery costs $1,000 to $1,200...

City of Ann Arbor: Non-lethal female deer sterilization to take place from Nov. 28-30 November 21, 2018 Michigan, clickondetroit.com
... Veterinarians will be performing "rapid ovariectomies," which are less invasive than spaying a cat or a dog... For more information, visit the city's 2019 Deer Management website...

... making plans to kill up to 150 more deer in January during the city's fourth-annual deer cull.  Before that, the city plans to conduct another round of nonlethal sterilizations of female deer to surgically remove their ovaries ... 

River Vale, How to Deal With the Deer? Town Weighs a Hunt, Alternatives October 12, 2018 New Jersey, Pascack Press & Northern Valley Press
... Lin said state Fish, Game & Wildlife rejected Saddle River’s initial proposal for a surgical sterilization ... “It’s because of their bias against fertility treatments,” Lin told the mayors. “Non-lethal strategies are a win-win for the town, for the deer and for the people,“ she said...

Edison is taking initial steps in combating growing deer problem October 9, 2018 New Jersey, centraljersey.com
... options included ...archers  ... professional hunters to shoot ... tranquilize and kill...; and/or tranquilize and transport deer to a medical facility for sterilization .. which would cost the township $1,100 to $1,200 per deer to ... transport...

Staten Island, Deer crash danger continues on Island roads as vasectomies resume August 27, 2018 New York, SILive.com
... the city says the vasectomy program has proven a success, resulting in an 8 percent drop in the borough's deer population in the second year of the initiative. Last year, White Buffalo estimated Staten Island's deer population between 1,918 and 2,188 ... The most recent survey conducted by White Buffalo and verified by the city's Parks Department estimated the borough's deer population in 2017 at 2,053 with a decrease to 1,884 in 2018...

... - The accuracy of the estimates of the deer population continued to improve with another
year of data collection. Wards 1 and 2 are estimated to have approximately 216 deer (20 per square mile), including 78 in the sterilization study areas. However, the variation in density across sections of the Wards varied from 6 to 54 per square mile... 18 deer were sterilized in 2018. This increased sterilization rates to >96% in the southern study area, 70% in the area near Cedar bend ..,


Relocation, Translocation

A common objection to relocation is that many deer perish as a result, since deer are flight animals and easily stressed by any constraint. A 2008 study in Texas where there had been significant experience with Trap, Transport, and Transplant concludes "reasonable survival rates can be achieved." (see research below).  Costs can be as low as $150 to 200 per deer. As the information below suggests, success varies widely depending on circumstances. Significant deer mortality may result from from the difficulty of adjusting to a new environment and the transportation stress, although wild deer are routinely transported for deer research.  As with a cull, if there is ample food the remaining deer will respond with increased fertility.  Also, the potential of spreading Chronic Wasting or other diseases should be considered: Geography of Chronic Wasting.  Relocating deer into a chronic wasting disease zone may improve genetic diversity and hasten the herds adaption to disease resistance.

News

Moose is moved to state park after run through St. John's Cemetery September 30, 2019 Massachusetts, Worcester Telegram
... captured by authorities and tranquilized.  Authorities took the bull moose to a state park for release ... The moose was one of two that Worcester police were tracking in the city ...

...  The release of these 60 elk marks the fifth and final year of Wisconsin's elk translocation efforts and the second release of elk into the northern elk range in Sawyer County. Thirty-one elk were released here in 2017.  "We're happy to have the translocation effort complete and look forward to seeing the herd continue to grow," ...

... rescued from various places in the city, are set to be translocated in the wild... We want to monitor those animals at least for a month. Only then will the next batch will be released from the rehabilitation centre ...

... Earlier this year, the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources ended transporting trapped deer to new locations because of concerns of spreading Chronic Wasting Disease commonly found in deer, elk, moose and other animals...
...  the disease has a low prevalence rate in Utah deer populations compared to neighboring states like Colorado and Wyoming...

Last round of Kentucky elk reach Wisconsin April 3, 2019 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
...  caravan of livestock trailers carrying 48 wild elk from Kentucky arrived in Wisconsin ... The animals were unloaded into a 7-acre quarantine pen near Winter in the Flambeau River State Forest...

Free ranging deer soon to be rescued March 29, 2019 India, timesofindia.indiatimes.com
... The wildlife managers have identified more than a dozen locations across the city ... plans have been drawn on how to trap the free-ranging ungulates ... will be safely transported ...

BPA rescheduling relocation of white-tailed deer March 23, 2019 Washington, Longview Daily News
... There are about 200 deer on Tenasillahe Island right now, Shull said, noting that moving 50 deer is not enough that the remaining white-tailed deer population would diminish. Federal biologists say the ideal population on the island is about 125...

No deer to be translocated from Kimberley this year January 29, 2019 British Columbia, BC Local News
... this year’s annual deer count resulted in 77 deer ... “In prior years, the Managing for the Future document set 125 deer as the threshold for the City to act on reducing mule deer populations. In June of 2018 this threshold was lowered by the deer committee to 30 mule deer within city limits,” [the translocation project has been safe and successful] ...

Kimberley Deer Committee recommends 40 deer be translocated this year January 22, 2019 British Columbia, BC Local News
... “There has been a dramatic decline in the number of bucks ...That is likely because there aren’t as many does around either. Last year there over 35 bucks in town, this year, 13 were counted.” [same result as in the San Jose sterilization project] ...With a couple of years of moving deer out by translocation, Oakley says there have been less deer killed by cars in town and also less complaints..,

What to do(e) with deer urbanites January 10, 2019 British Columbia, Columbia Valley Pioneer
... Due to a newer drug combination targeted specifically for ungulates, this trial has had great success in relocating the animals during the initial capture and release (only one mortality was recorded during the actual capture and release)... “The vast majority of deer translocated in 2018 have remained out of the communities ... this seems a reasonable outcome...Translocation gives deer a chance.” ...

Kimberely, Cull and deer trans-location funding approved November 28, 2018 British Columbia, E-Know.ca (press release)
... Five councillors voted to proceed with applying to FLNRORD for operational funding to translocate up to 100 mule deer ... The past council was not happy about having to agree with the culling of trans-located deer if they return to an urban area...

Moose tranquilized and relocated in Colorado Springs  September 5, 2018 Colorado, KKTV
... spent hours roaming through neighborhoods ... To prevent any harm coming to either moose or a bystander, Berscheid said CPW decided to tranquilize the animal and relocate it... 

Kimberley, The ups and downs of deer translocation August 17, 2018 British Columbia, Kimberley Bulletin
... Fifty does and fawns were taken out of Kimberley in five days last March. Oakley says the operation goes quite smoothly and no deer have died from being moved... One of those issues is the fact that the translocated (collared) deer show up in other communities...  the majority of the animals are staying out of towns. Their predation is rate is slightly higher ...
... translocation will continue to be their number one method for reducing deer populations ... the committee has been conducting an annual deer count ... Translocation, not withstanding some of the minor findings, has been a huge success...

... Comparison of BCS, pregnancy rates and pathogen exposure of uMD [urban mule deer] and nuMD [non-urban mule deer] showed that the health of the two populations did not significantly differ, suggesting uMD translocations do not pose a severe risk of pathogen transmission between mule deer populations and that these selected pathogens do not factor in the decline of the nuMD population...

IDFG officers and wildlife staff responded to a report of a moose in the city of Burley, Idaho. They were able to tranquilize the moose near the Maverick gas station on east Main Street and safely move it. - June 5, 2018 Idaho


...  Fifty elk transported from Arizona now officially call West Virginia “home.”  ... The free-ranging elk were captured in late January and held near Flagstaff, Arizona, for disease testing, before being transported in early March to a holding pen near Holden, West Virginia ..,

Cranbrook to apply for autumn deer cull April 10, 2018 British Columbia, E-Know.ca 
... The city is going to explore another option with the province to see if it can apply for both a cull and a translocation, with the ability to perhaps choose which method to use...

North Logan deer control program not out of woods March 24, 2018 Utah, The Herald Journal
... urban deer programs in about 15 cities statewide. Some relocate the deer ... it cost about $250 for each one ...

Arizona elk arrive in West Virginia March 19, 2018 WVDNR News
... Fifty-one elk completed their journey from Arizona and were released into a holding facility in Logan County earlier this month.  The elk, which are part of West Virginia’s elk restoration project, were captured in late January and held near Flagstaff, Arizona for disease testing..,

... deer populations, those in southeast Kentucky are viewed as relatively low compared to other regions, even after a decade of restrictive doe harvest and multiple years of population supplementation via translocation ... 

Urban deer translocation study wraps up February 7, 2018 British Columbia, Columbia Valley Pioneer
... The main stumbling block to continuing on with translocation was the propensity of some individuals, I think it was about 12 of 40 collared deer that showed up in other communities ...  there was also about the same number or more more deer that did revert to what we call natural mule deer habits ...

Chrysler site deer trapped and relocated January 19, 2018 Wisconsin, Kenosha News
... Animal lovers of Kenosha have watched the pair with concern for months after they were spotted in the summer... Darting the deer with tranquilizer was also not a good option because of the open nature of the site ... the DNR decided to put traps on the property... designed to trap deer unharmed ...

Lake Superior caribou helicoptered to island with no wolves January 16, 2018 Ontario, Duluth News Tribune
... nine caribou, one bull and eight cows, were tranquilized and taken aboard helicopters from Michipicoten Island on Lake Superior to the Slate Islands, according to the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry... The Michipicoten herd has been decimated in recent years after wolves crossed an ice bridge from the Ontario mainland ...

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