Wisconsin Deer:  An estimated population of 1,377,100 deer in 2017 post-hunt, about the same in 2016 at 1,345,000.   A tough 2017-18 winter reduced populations in parts of the north.  After three mild winters, the state increased the antlerless quota for 2017-18. An extremely mild winter in 2015-16 increased the population particularly in the west central agricultural regions. 2018 Wisconsin Fall hunting and trapping forecasts.   Herd analysis at right. Historical Wisconsin hunting data and news archive.
Wisconsin Deer News

Hundreds Of Escapes From State Deer Farms Reported Since 2013 December 14, 2018 Wisconsin Public Radio News
... the state’s open records law show the agency recorded 181 escapes from deer farms and hunting preserves between November 2013 and November 2018 ... raising concerns about the potential spread of chronic wasting disease ...

Kewaskum deer and elk farm depopulated due to chronic wasting December 12, 2018 Wisconsin, jsonline.com
... Forty-four white-tailed deer and 16 elk were killed Nov. 15 in the action at Tamarack Deer and Elk Farm in Kewaskum ... Subsequent testing showed 11 of the animals (8 deer and 3 elk) were CWD-positive...
... "DATCP’s policy of allowing CWD contaminated facilities to remain in business and in some cases continue to move animals is the single biggest threat regarding geographic spread of the disease," said Dave Clausen, a veterinarian and former chairman of the Wisconsin Natural Resources Board...

State officials confirm 11 CWD infections on deer farm December 10, 2018 Wisconsin, sfgate.com 
... 11 more cases of chronic wasting disease on a Washington County deer farm...

Deer predator study begins third capture season December 10, 2018 Wisconsin, Eau Claire Leader-Telegram
... In looking at maps created by GPS data, one deer created a path of departure and then backtracked as though it were following the same curves and loops created when it ventured out.  “How do these deer navigate these routes?” ...

County Deer Advisory Council membership applications sought December 9, 2018 Eau Claire Leader-Telegram
... The application period for vacant County Deer Advisory Council seats is open through Jan. 15... CDAC members represent areas of expertise in agriculture, forestry, tourism, transportation, hunting, land management and local government...

... DNR officials used a net and blanket to tie up the deer and remove it from the construction site.  The deer did have some facial injuries from running into the concrete, but nothing severe enough to need to be rehabbed or euthanized...

... CDAC members represent areas of expertise in agriculture, forestry, tourism, transportation, hunting, land management and local government... hunters and non-hunters are encouraged to apply for vacancies ...

Where Wisconsin gun hunters harvested more deer this year December 4, 2018 Appleton Post Crescent
... Hunters registered nearly 14,000 more deer in this year's nine-day gun season than last year, according to preliminary figures ...

...  someone reported one shot and killed on the side of the road ... the white deer was like a local celebrity...

... preliminary figures show that 211,430 deer were registered during the nine-day gun deer hunt, compared to 197,733 in 2017. Of this year's total, 104,388 nine-day gun season hunters were successful in their pursuit of an antlered deer..,

DNR testing deer samples from Norway for CWD November 24, 2018 Wisconsin, Iron Mountain Daily News
... About 178 of the 182 deer registered at the Norway station have had heads or lymph node samples submitted to be checked for CWD ... in October ... Dickinson County had the Upper Peninsula’s first confirmed case of CWD, in a 4-year-old whitetail doe killed with under a damage permit on a farm in Waucedah Township ...

... more than 118,000 deer during opening weekend. That’s up about 13 percent from last year ... 

... Since 2013, when the Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection (DATCP) began to let some captive deer facilities with infected animals continue operating, additional cases of CWD have developed within those facilities ...

Opening weekend a bonanza for Sauk County deer hunters November 23, 2018 Wisconsin, wiscnews 
... Hunters registered 3,183 deer Saturday and Sunday in the county, a 33 percent increase over the previous opening weekend. Statewide, nearly 119,000 deer were registered, a nearly 13 percent increase from last year.  Snow cover, tolerable temperatures and considerable deer movement made for ideal hunting conditions ...

DNR Says Number of Deer Harvested is up From 2017 November 21, 2018 Wisconsin, FOX 25/48 
... More than 118,000 deer were harvested this opening weekend across Wisconsin. That's 13,000 more deer than last year ... more than 65,000 bucks ... more than 53,000 [antlerless] which is more than 8,000 than the 2017 opening ...

WI business creates robotic deer to catch poachers November 22, 2018 Wisconsin, WEAU 
... Brian Wolslegel and his family have been constructing robotic taxidermy for about 20 years... We just recently had an officer a year or so ago ask me for one that would poop, so he got a little auger system, the tail goes up...

Deer harvest up during opening weekend in Wisconsin November 21, 2018 La Crosse Tribune
... The number of antlered kills increased 8.3 percent and the number of antlerless kills increased 18.8 percent compared to opening weekend last year...

Deer season continues, winter is waiting November 20, 2018 Wisconsin, wiscnews 
... DNR deer biologists report that in past years, when the season opener overlaps with the mating season, there is a 10-15 percent increase in buck registrations...

Ordinance bans transport of deer to Douglas County November 20, 2018 Wisconsin, Superior Telegram
... to help prevent the spread of chronic wasting disease... 61 percent of the new captive positives turned up in the last five years despite CWD-protocols, which are insufficient to stop the spread of the disease...

Feds, State Pay Deer Farmers $330k After Wiping Out Herds November 19, 2018 Wisconsin, U.S. News & World Report
... more than $330,000 in compensation so far this year after killing their herds out of concerns they were infected with chronic wasting disease...

Wisconsin deer research gets an essential assist from landowners November 17, 2018 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
... Last fall, the Department of Natural Resources estimated 34 deer per square mile in Iowa County... About 50 percent of adult bucks in parts of Iowa County are CWD-positive, among the highest prevalence rates observed in wild deer...

DNR reports drop in deer license sales November 17, 2018 Wisconsin, NBC26
... In the week leading up to opening day in 2017, the state sold more than 794,000 licenses. In the week leading up to Saturday's opening day, that number is just north of 774,000...

... State and federal officials killed 22 deer on the 385-acre Copper Hills Hunting Preserve in April after a deer in the Washington County source herd tested positive for chronic wasting disease...

Deer hunting can't shoulder whole load when it comes to conservation funding November 16, 2018 Wisconsin, Green Bay Press Gazette
... Wisconsin’s deer herd grew dramatically from the mid-1970s through the late 1990s. Abundant deer boosted hunters’ success rates ... requests ... to raise license fees to fill shortfalls in DNR coffers. But lawmakers have refused any increases since 2005.  They also won’t acknowledge their failed policy of slashing license prices for first-time hunters and anglers in 2011...

Prospects better for Wisconsin firearms deer season November 16, 2018, Superior Telegram
... A scaling-back of antlerless deer tags in recent years and a string of mostly average winters have contributed to more deer in the woods across northwestern Wisconsin ... in Ashland County, the deer herd has not rebounded as quickly and antlerless authorizations or tags are only available on private land..,

... The DNR says Waupaca County has an estimated deer population of more than 50,000, trailing just Shawano and Marathon counties statewide...

... Taking a doe, which may test positive ... It just isn’t worth the effort,
“But they will go through the hassle of shooting a big buck because there is something to get out of it even if the deer carcass tests positive for CWD,” ...

Fewer deer hunting licenses tied to decreased conservation funding November 16, 2018 Wisconsin, Wis Business 
...  total deer licenses dropped 5.8 percent between 1999 and 2017, to 824,475. ...  fishing license sales have grown by 3.6 percent over the same period, to 1.29 million... 

Wisconsin gun deer season: Healthy hunt hopes November 15, 2018 Leader Telegram
... Finding a CWD-positive deer in the town of Brunswick, far from other known cases of the disease, was a surprise ... The DNR had been monitoring deer in the Fairchild area for CWD because a captive deer herd there had CWD ... he Brunswick deer was recovered is over 30 miles from the Fairchild deer farm ..,

... the hunt ranch had purchased the 3-year-old buck from a Portage County breeding farm. The department has quarantined both the breeding farm and the hunt ranch..,

Deer hunting: Here's what you need to know before the season starts November 14, 2018 Wisconsin, The Post-Crescent
... The deer population has continued to grow in northern counties ... and the cool conditions expected this season should help [Jeff Pritzl, a regional wildlife supervisor]. In 2017, hunters registered 195,738 deer, about 1 percent below 2016 and the lowest total in 35 years..,

Preview of 2018 Wisconsin Gun Season - no more deer tags, harvest authorizations. - November 14 2018


Fewer deer hunters heading into the Wisconsin woods saps a revenue stream for conservation work November 14, 2018 jsonline.com
... Total deer hunting license sales dropped by 5.8% between 1999 and 2017, according to a new report by the Wisconsin Policy Forum ... an increase in federal funds from a tax on guns and other sporting equipment has helped lessen the impact in recent years ...

...  The hunt was initiated this year when the population surpassed 200 animals that included a high proportion of adult bulls... Over 38,400 Wisconsin residents submitted a $10 application to win one of four state tags, while approximately 5,000 more purchased a raffle ticket to win the final tag..,
 
Prospects better for Wisconsin firearms deer season November 11, 2018 Duluth News Tribune 
... back in the early 2000s when hunters harvested more than 15,000 deer in Douglas County in one year alone, an all-time record that may never be broken ... The harvest likely will hit 5,000 deer after a kill of 4,554 last year in the county...

Countdown to Wisconsin gun deer season November 10, 2018 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
... Compared to the previous three mild winters, heavier snows and colder temperatures were measured across much of the north in 2017-'18 ... except for a relatively small area centered on Iron County ... most of the north experienced moderate winter conditions while the southern two-thirds of the state received considerably less snowfall, more mild temperatures and little impact on the deer herd..,

Deer hunt could notch safety record in Wisconsin November 10, 2018 Wisconsin, Wisconsin State Journal ·
... DNR records show deer hunting grew increasingly safer the past 55 years. The accident rate per 100,000 deer hunters was 27 from 1964 to 1973, 15 from 1974 to 1982, 10 from 1983 to 1992, 6.4 from 1993 to 2002 and 4.0 from 2003 to 2013...

Citizen soldiers take up CWD fight, providing much-needed leadership November 2, 2018 Wisconsin, Green Bay Press Gazette
... Duren, 59, has been working with the DNR to set up self-serve CWD kiosks at six sites in Sauk and Richland counties so hunters can leave deer samples for testing. He’s also working to provide 10 dumpsters so it’s convenient for hunters to dump deer bones, too...

State steps up chronic wasting disease surveillance November 2, 2018 Wisconsin, Port Huron Times Herald
... So far this autumn, 39 of 122 (32 percent) of Iowa County’s deer carried CWD. The infection rates in its neighboring counties are 19 percent in Richland County, 15.6 percent in Sauk and 11.6 percent in Dane... self-serve CWD kiosks at six sites in Sauk and Richland counties so hunters can leave deer samples for testing..,

CWD in Upper Peninsula deer is no surprise October 26, 2018 Wisconsin, thetimesherald
... Minnesota adopted an aggressive herd-thinning strategy after the first infected wild deer was found in 2010 and all but eliminated the disease from its deer herd... Wisconsin took the entirely opposite approach after CWD appeared in the wild there in 2001... The disease first discovered in Dane County near the state capital in Madison has spread to all corners of the state ..,

...  holder of one of just five tags offered to non-tribal members, has been charged with illegally shooting the first bull elk killed by a state-licensed hunter in Wisconsin's inaugural elk season... discharging a firearm from across a roadway...

Help stop the spread of CWD in Wisconsin; adopt a kiosk or dumpster October 17, 2018 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
...  the state's first Adopt-A-Kiosk and Adopt-A-Dumpster site was opened in Cazenovia. The facilities were placed to help hunters increase testing for and reduce spread of CWD ... About 50 percent of adult bucks and 30 percent of adult does are CWD-positive in parts of south-central Wisconsin ...

Inaugural elk hunting season open for state tags; tribes already harvested three October 13, 2018 Wisconsin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
... Elk were native to Wisconsin but were wiped out by unregulated hunting and habitat loss in the 1800s.   An attempted reintroduction in the 1930s failed; the final four elk were killed by poachers in 1948 ... a 1995 reintroduction of 25 elk transferred from Michigan to the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest near Clam Lake has resulted in a slowly growing herd..,

Plan Would Pay Hunters To Shoot More Deer With CWD October 9, 2018 Wisconsin,Wisconsin Public Radio News
...  the plan ... would offer hunters in counties with high prevalence of CWD $1,000 for each positive deer they kill. Landowners would get $1,000 for each positive killed on their property and businesses sampling deer would get $300 for each positive...

State takes another step back in fight against CWD October 6, 2018 Wisconsin,
Ashland Daily Press
... Five months after Gov. Scott Walker took “bold, decisive action” in the state’s mud-wrestling match with chronic wasting disease, his three-pronged emergency order to help Wisconsin’s deer herd is down to one barbless spike held on by duct tape...

Legislative committee decides CWD isn't all that urgent after all October 5, 2018 Wisconsin, Green Bay Press Gazette
... of the three “aggressive actions” and “new initiatives” in Walker’s “balanced approach” to battling CWD, one remains: an order directing the Department of Natural Resources to work with Wisconsin’s 376 captive deer/elk farms to “enhance” their fencing..,

Northern Wisconsin Counties Exploring Local Control Of Deer Farms October 4, 2018 Wisconsin Public Radio News
... "At the state level, they have not only been slow, but wishy-washy," said Mark Liebaert, Douglas County board chairman ... Laurie Seale, a deer farmer and vice president for Whitetails of Wisconsin, said it's unnecessary for counties to consider oversight that goes beyond state standards...

Walker Says He'll Reintroduce Rule To Slow CWD October 4, 2018 Wisconsin, Wisconsin Public Radio News
... he’ll work with the Legislature to reintroduce an emergency rule banning hunters from moving deer carcasses out of counties affected by chronic wasting disease... comments come just days after a Republican-led committee killed part of an effort to slow the spread of CWD ...

Onus now on Legislature to develop meaningful CWD policy October 3, 2018 Wisconsin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
... A deer farm fencing proposal (Assembly Bill 374) introduced by Democrats in 2017 failed to even get a hearing in the Assembly Natural Resources and Sporting Heritage Committee.   To his credit, Gov. Walker's CWD recommendations mirrored elements of AB 374, including a call for enhanced fencing at deer farms...

Motorists reminded to be alert for deer October 3, 2018 Wisconsin, La Crosse Tribune 
... Last year, Wisconsin law enforcement agencies reported 20,521 crashes between deer and motor vehicles resulting in 641 injuries and nine fatalities (six of the fatalities were motorcyclists)...
     DOT reminds drivers to slow down, be alert for deer October 1, 2018 Wisconsin, WQOW
... Over the next few months, deer will be moving as hunters hit the woods and the rut kicks into full swing. That means drivers need to be alert for deer crossing roads and highways...

Rules Committee Scraps Provision Restricting Movement Of Harvested Deer October 1, 2018 Wisconsin, Wisconsin Public Radio News
...  voted to suspend a new restriction that would have prevented hunters from moving deer out of CWD-affected areas of the state. The committee voted 6 to 4 to block that portion of an emergency rule that was designed to slow the spread of chronic wasting disease...
     CWD-positive deer farms may get break from Legislative committee September 29, 2018 Wisconsin, jsonline.com 
... a Marathon County shooting preserve has had 74 white-tailed deer killed on its property that tested positive for chronic wasting disease ... remains open and with deer on site.  And it has only a single fence separating its captive deer from wild deer ... it's not alone - eight other ...

New CWD rule will impact 55 Wisconsin counties September 21, 2018 Wisconsin, WAOW
... will ban hunters from transferring deer carcasses from a CWD affected county to another county... have to take it either to a licensed meat processor or taxidermist ...

...  near the municipalities of Lublin, Stanley and Owen ... Wildlife biologists said the most likely reason for the bull to be in the area is he is searching for a mate...

Three deer or elk farms depopulated over CWD this year September 19, 2018 Wisconsin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
 ... nine other CWD-positive facilities in Wisconsin are quarantined but allowed to stay open ... 380 deer or elk farms in Wisconsin, according to DATCP records. Since 2002, CWD has been found at 23 of the captive facilities; 14 have been depopulated, including the three this year...,

Wisconsin senator looks to kill CWD regulations September 19, 2018 Minneapolis Star Tribune
... A powerful Republican legislator is trying to derail new regulations that Gov. Scott Walker ordered to help slow the spread of chronic wasting disease in deer... State Sen. Steve Nass ...

Compared to the previous three mild winters, heavier snows and colder temperatures were measured across much of the north in 2017-18.  However, except for a relatively small area centered on Iron County and diminishing outward, most of the north experienced moderate winter conditions while the southern two-thirds of the state received considerably less snowfall, more mild temperatures, and little impact on the deer herd. A late April snow storm caused some concerns due to its lateness in the winter during a critical time for deer. While the storm likely had little impact on overall deer survival or fawn recruitment, antlerless harvest quotas were reduced in some northern counties.  An excellent growing season that is providing abundant food sources and reports from across the state indicate plentiful deer ..,

Deer population up in Ashland County September 17, 2018 Wisconsin, Ashland Daily Press
... Deer populations in Ashland County have rebounded so well in recent years that the state will allow some hunters to bag antlerless deer during this fall’s gun-deer season... A 12-inch snowfall in mid-April temporarily dimmed the agency’s outlook for deer population growth but fortunately, the snow did not last long ..,

Legislative rules committee may suspend deer carcass transport rule September 14, 2018 Wisconsin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
... An emergency rule recently signed by Gov. Scott Walker to slow the spread of chronic wasting disease ... approved by the Natural Resources Board in August...Nass said the intent of the committee meeting would be to consider suspending all or part of the emergency CWD rule...

Wisconsin is home to some of the most cutting-edge wildlife research in the nation – but what does it mean for you as a hunter? We’re working hard to learn more about Wisconsin’s wildlife, and we’re excited to tell you about one project in particular - the Southwest CWD, Deer and Predator Study. With help from hundreds of landowners and volunteers, this research is aimed at examining factors that could impact deer survival and deer population growth in southern Wisconsin ... September 13, 2018


Oconto Archery season preview September 11, 2018 Wisconsin, Fox11online.com
... The fawn reproduction has been doing really well. Fawn growth has been doing really well ... The summer months got pretty dry for a while, but that didn't affect the deer too much. There's plenty of food ..,

...If CWD has been found on a deer farm, the owners must install a second 8-foot-tall fence or a solid barrier that is at least 8 feet.  If the disease has not been detected at the facility, one of the following must be in place: a second 8-foot fence, a solid barrier that is at least 8 feet or at least three strands of electrified wire around the perimeter...

New Rules Highlight How Little Wisconsin Knows About Its CWD Problem September 5, 2018WisContext
... In 2002, the Wisconsin DNR analyzed samples from more than 40,000 deer, reflecting an early period of heightened caution after the early tests yielded positive results. But in every year since 2009, the number of deer tested has never gone above 10,000, though that annual figure picked up to 9,889 in 2017, according to DNR data. What's more, annual testing efforts rotate geographically ...

... "If it's a CWD-affected county -- and over half of the counties in the state are -- a deer carcass can’t leave that county unless it's going to a commercial meat processor or a taxidermist," ...

Wisconsin deer metrics system places important data at your fingertips August 13, 2018 DNR News
... Metrics provided in the system include deer harvest figures, population trends, deer impacts on agriculture and forest resources, herd history, deer herd health, deer hunter surveys and more for the area you hunt! To check out this new webpage and learn more about Wisconsin’s deer herd, visit dnr.wi.gov and search keywords “deer metrics.” ...

Trail cam project Snapshot Wisconsin goes statewide August 9, 2018 University of Wisconsin-Madison
... the volunteer-run wildlife monitoring program Snapshot Wisconsin started rolling out, this innovative project is going statewide... The DNR uses the trail cam data to model deer and their predators and to provide recommendations to county deer advisory councils...

... We had dispersal information for 319 yearling bucks in two study areas: northern forest and eastern farmland. Yearling bucks had a 41% dispersal rate in the Northern forest and a 55% dispersal rate in the eastern farmland. Average dispersal distances were about 3-4.5 miles. Bucks that were heavier at capture were more likely to disperse. We also found that bucks with forked antlers the subsequent fall were more likely to have dispersed than spike bucks ...

DNR seeks resident deer survey input August 3, 2018 Wisconsin, Superior Telegram
... The annual, volunteer-based wildlife monitoring survey gives Wisconsin residents an opportunity to assist the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources with deer herd management efforts...

CWD found on farms in 3 counties July 13, 2018 Wisconsin, Superior Telegram
... An elk from a breeding farm in Sauk County ... A white-tailed deer from a breeding farm in Marinette County ... depopulation of an Iowa County deer farm in May 18 revealed that of the 79 whitetail deer old enough to test, 21 tested positive for CWD ...

... The public has an opportunity to submit comments on a proposal to open 35 miles of existing roads in the Northern Highland-American Legion State Forest to motorized access from Sept 1 to the last day of the December four-day antlerless gun deer season to provide additional access for fall hunting opportunities...

Fawns beginning to grow, mature this summer July 8, 2018 Wisconsin, Madison.com
... Born a mere eight-pound mammal, some are now three times that, and more, and will be about two-thirds the size of their mothers before they stop growing during the winter before resuming expansion in spring...

Snapshot Wisconsin trail cam project poised to go statewide July 7, 2018 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
... Snapshot Wisconsin, a citizen-science effort coordinated by the Department of Natural Resources to monitor wildlife and information wildlife management in the state... State wildlife researchers have been looking at the idea of a wildlife trail cam project since the 2000s. The 2012 Wisconsin Deer Trustee Report also recommended such work...

Iowa County deer farm tests positive for CWD June 29, 2018 Wisconsin, Superior Telegram
... 21 whitetails from a deer farm in Iowa County tested positive for chronic wasting disease ...

Elk in Sauk County Tests Positive for CWD June 26, 2018 Wisconsin, Wisconsin Ag Connection
... an elk from a breeding farm in Sauk County has tested positive for Chronic Wasting Disease .... 

The Return of the Elk June 24, 2018 Wisconsin, Urban Milwaukee
... Wisconsin has more than 200 elk in the Clan Lake area in the north-central part of the state... Wildlife officials expect the number to increase by 20 to 30 by the end of calving season this summer. The program’s long-term goal is 1,400 elk... More than 38,000 hopeful hunters have paid $10 each for a chance at four licenses ..,

... The diseased animal was a 2-year-old doe at Wild Rivers Whitetails in Goodman. The business has about 320 deer in a 230-acre single-fenced facility,.. The farm has not been enrolled in the state's CWD Herd Status Program since May 2017...
     WD-Positive Deer Confirmed in Marinette County June 19, 2018 Wisconsin, 
WEAREGREENBAY
... The two-year-old doe with CWD was born on a 230-acre farm and died during fawning. The farm has since been quarantined ...

... The National Veterinary Services Laboratory confirmed Monday that an Iowa County deer farm's whitetail deer tested positive for chronic wasting disease...

Why are deer farms compensated for diseased herds? June 9, 2018 Wisconsin, The Sheboygan Press
... Since deer at captive cervid facilities are considered livestock, they are covered under "Condemnation of Diseased Animals," Chapter 95.31 of Wisconsin statutes... "the department shall pay indemnities on livestock condemned and slaughtered or destroyed."  The statute was enacted in 1977...

DNR Board Approves Deer Harvest Quotas June 7, 2018 Wisconsin Ag Connection
... Iron County is the only deer management unit that will be restricted to buck harvest only in 2018. The antlerless quota for the rest of Wisconsin will be 233,690 antlerless deer. That's compared to 276,515 in 2017 ...

... "This prion protein gene has a few mutations, it doesn't make them completely resistant, but in whitetail deer it reduces susceptibility, so there's a slowed disease progression, if it's a high enough infectiousness they'll still succumb to it, but it seems to be if these mutations are present in populations at a high enough rate, it at least slows the way the disease spreads, kind of contains it to an area," says Brandt...

June is a dangerous month for deer-vehicle crashes June 5, 2018 Wisconsin, Superior Telegram
... "There's an increase in deer activity. The females are searching for places to give birth. The young deer are separating from their mothers ...As a result, they're more present on the roadside,..

Deer farmers say new state regulation will doom their businesses May 29, 2018 Wisconsin, Wisconsin State Farmer
... The new rules would require deer farmers to double fence their farms and ban the movement of farm-raised deer in any county where CWD is found... 

... State agriculture officials depopulated a Mineral Point deer farm last week over chronic wasting disease concerns, the second such action at a Wisconsin captive cervid facility in two months... four deer unaccounted for...

Can you eat deer that have 'chronic wasting disease'? May 24, 2018 Wisconsin, WISN Milwaukee
... While there are currently no known cases of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in humans, a study conducted at the Alberta Prion Research Institute recently discovered that the disease can be spread to monkeys who've eaten infected deer meat...

Tribes Want Seat At The Table On CWD Management May 21, 2018 Wisconsin, Wisconsin Public Radio News
... Representatives of the Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC) say they’ve been pushing for tighter controls for years to prevent the spread of chronic wasting disease ...

... The deer were at Windy Ridge Whitetails farm ... Last fall the Bertrams sold 26 deer to a hunting preserve. It was determined that 11 of those deer had tested positive for chronic wasting disease ... We’ve been double fenced for 12 years ...

... The fawn Zimmerman saw was leucistic since it had colored eyes.  A third color classification – piebald – is used to describe deer with patches of brown and white hair...

The end of deer hunting in Wisconsin? May 13, 2018 La Crosse Tribune
... The DNR report concludes the section on Principles of CWD and Disease Management with these words: “There is no evidence that CWD will ‘disappear’ or ‘run its course’ on its own in the absence of management.” ... the strategies in the report are anything but drastic. They consist mainly of continued monitoring and research in the hopes that some solution will come along in the future...

... The Wisconsin winter of 2017-'18 was moderate overall but included "very severe" conditions at a few northern sites ... The tough late winter and early spring conditions this year come on the heels of three successive mild winters..,

...  the deer had brown eyes, meaning it is not albino. While white deer are unusual, they're not as rare as albino deer that typically have pink eyes...

Chronic Wasting Disease, Walker discovers sick deer May 8, 2018 Wisconsin, Isthmus
... of the almost 200,000 deer killed last year, only about 9,900 were tested. In the first season after CWD was discovered, over 40,000 deer were tested... CWD had been confined to a few mountain states before it popped up near a game farm in south central Wisconsin. “I know the deer didn’t walk to Wisconsin,” ..,

Wisconsin deer hunters want carcass tags, in-person registration May 7, 2018 Outdoornews
... One-third of the counties passed some type of resolution on April 9 asking lawmakers to reinstate the mandatory tagging of deer and/or turkey.  Combined, more than a 75 percent approval across the board – 1,325 yes to 430 no – said they would like to see the DNR again require that hunters attach a carcass tag to a deer immediately its harvest...

...  require deer farms and hunting ranches to install "enhanced fencing" in the form of either two 8-foot high wire fences, a secondary electric fence or an impermeable wall. Walker also ordered DATCP to draft a rule banning the movement of live deer from farms in counties that have had positive cases of CWD...

... "Simply, wildlife policies are focused on consumption and control, rather than conservation.” ~ Dr. Paul Paquet ...They emphasize the harm done to the health of ecosystems by overproducing deer and trophy-hunting natural predators...

... Scientists searched for prions at mineral licks -- areas where deer seek out essential nutrients and minerals -- in the CWD endemic area across south-central Wisconsin. Out of 11 sites, nine had detectable levels of the disease-causing misfolded proteins. Prions were found both in soil and in water ...

UW researchers verify chronic wasting disease prions at mineral lick sites May 3, 2018 Wisconsin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
... Scientists detected the prion that causes chronic wasting disease in soil and water at mineral lick sites in south-central Wisconsin, according to work published Wednesday by University of Wisconsin researchers...

... 600 of 9,882 deer analyzed tested positive for the disease, a prevalence rate of nearly 6.1 percent.  The 2016 prevalence rate was 7.3 percent. The 2015 rate was 9.4 percent ... 

Gov. Walker outlines tougher CWD measures May 2, 2018 Wisconsin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
...  a prohibition on movement of live deer from CWD-affected counties and a requirement for enhanced fencing at all Wisconsin deer farms... hunters and others would be banned from moving deer carcasses from CWD-affected counties...

... Our top priority is the health and safety of the deer and our crew. We’re also out to gather high-quality data. Find out how we handle deer, collar them and take CWD samples. ...

As new CWD cases emerge, endemic apathy remains in Capitol April 27, 2018 Wisconsin, Green Bay Press Gazette
... Of roughly 32,000 whitetails killed in Dane, Iowa, Sauk and Richland counties in 2016, only 7 percent (2,291) got tested for CWD. Meanwhile, hunters from 49 states killed deer in those counties in 2016-17. How many hunters took those untested deer home, ate the venison, and dumped the bones outdoors to shed CWD-causing prions in new areas?...

... While winter 2018 will not go down in history as one of the more severe winters on record, it has stubbornly persisted, reminiscent of 2014 ... Councils take winter data into account, and this has led several to recommend reduced antlerless harvest quotas, compared to original recommendations in March..,

Deer Tests Positive for CWD in Oneida County April 22, 2018 Wisconsin, WSAU
...  a wild deer has tested positive for chronic wasting disease in Oneida County, in the Town of Crescent.  As required by law, this finding renews Oneida County's existing baiting and feeding ban for another three years...

Durkin County Deer Advisory Councils don't have tools to control deer herds April 20, 2018 Wisconsin, Green Bay Press-Gazette
...  deer herds have rebounded across much of Wisconsin ... “The antlerless-only option is more toxic than earn-a-buck, so it’s not really an option at all,” said Mike Amman, a county forester who serves on Bayfield County’s CDAC, the only such council in the Northern forest region whose 2018-2020 goal is to reduce deer numbers...

... The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources has confirmed that a wild deer has tested positive for chronic wasting disease in western Eau Claire County, near the town of Brunswick... the first confirmed wild deer to test positive for the disease in Eau Claire County..,
Baraboo, Deer get new home at Baraboo zoo April 17, 2018 Wisconsin, WiscNews
... The Baraboo zoo’s deer will move from their current home ... A $40,000 gift from the Sauey Family Foundation is funding new fences and a large elevated deck ...

Attendance jumps at spring hearings April 14, 2018 Wisconsin, Madison.com
... asked if hunters should be barred from transporting harvested deer from CWD-affected counties to unaffected counties. Attendees OK’d the ban 54-46 on a 3,102 to 2,617 vote, but many questioned why privately run deer farms in CWD-affected counties can move live deer to facilities anywhere in the state...

Resolutions target spread of chronic wasting disease April 13, 2018 Wisconsin, Superior Telegram
... depopulation of Copper Hills Hunting Preserve near Oulu has begun. The preserve was placed under quarantine March 7 after a dead buck from a Washington County deer farm operated by the same owners tested positive for chronic wasting disease...

Spring fish and wildlife hearing results available April 11, 2018 Wisconsin, Wisconsin State Journal
... People voting on the department's wildlife management advisory questions supported restricting the transportation of deer harvested in CWD-affected counties ...

CWD Spikes at Wisconsin Deer Farms April 9, 2018 Wisconsin, Deer and Deer Hunting
... There are currently 376 deer farms in Wisconsin and DATCP says that 19 have tested positive for CWD over the past 17 years, resulting in the depopulation of 11 captive herds... Since January, there have been nine confirmed cases of CWD at deer breeding facilities and hunting ranches ..,
'Reigning cats and dogs' April 6, 2018 Wisconsin, Waupaca County News
... Cougars appear to be coming back, and their presence is stirring up opinions about whether they belong in Wisconsin. Like the wolf, the cougar is seen by some as a threat to livestock, deer and people ...

... Crossbows ...The long season did create a dramatic shift of both gun hunters and bowhunters into the crossbow season where their odds of harvesting a buck are approaching approximately 50 percent higher …” ... That question and others will be discussed at this year’s Conservation Congress ...

Transferred Kewaskum deer cause CWD concerns in Bayfield County April 4, 2018 Wisconsin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
... The lethal removal plan is due to concerns the fatal deer disease could have been introduced to the northern Wisconsin site from the CWD-positive source herd in Washington County... The source herd was responsible for the first CWD finding in Washington County ...

... Seventy-two County Deer Advisory Councils met last month, and now those groups are looking for input from hunters and non-hunters alike. The public has a chance to weigh in, [through April 12]

Bayfield County Farm-Raised Deer To Be Tested For CWD March 30, 2018 Wisconsin, Wisconsin Public Radio News
... A buck at Tamarak Elk and Deer Farm in Kewaskum tested positive for CWD in February ... Now, the deer in the Bayfield County town of Oulu will be euthanized and tested for CWD... "The hunting culture in Bayfield County is one of the major economic drivers," ...

... County Deer Advisory Councils will release their preliminary antlerless deer quota, permit level, and season structure recommendations for the 2018 deer hunting season next week. An online public comment period will begin April 2 and run through April 12 to collect feedback on these preliminary recommendations..,

CWD result quarantines Washington, Bayfield county deer farms March 27, 2018 Michigan, Superior Telegram
 ... The first deer farm in the state to register a CWD positive test was in 2002 in Walworth County. Since then, farm-raised deer in 16 counties have tested positive for CWD... 11 deer farms have been depopulated following a positive test for CWD. Five hunting preserves and two deer farms infected with CWD ... currently in operation..,

Rep. Milroy Wants More Action to Combat CWD in Wisconsin March 26, 2018 Wisconsin Ag Connection
...   Rep. Nick Milroy said he is concerned about the recent increase of captive deer and deer farms that have tested positive for CWD...  "Immediate action must be taken ...

Wisconsin Deer Facilities Locked Down after CWD Discovery March 25, 2018 Wide Open Spaces... The Wisconsin deer facilities are over 300 miles apart from each other, but they’re owned by the same company. The facilities were quarantined after officials discovered a CWD-positive deer...

Wide Open Spaces
... Winona County is home to one of the densest deer populations in Minnesota. It's also home to a captive deer farm that, according to sources, had its entire herd of deer infected with Chronic Wasting Disease... officials found the disease during a mandatory screening ...  in some areas, the fence had sagged to below 5 feet tall...

Taylor County, 600 doe tags eyed for public land; 5000 for private March 22, 2018 Wisconsin, CW Media
... There was debate as to how much deer numbers have increased, but Taylor County’s Deer Advisory Council members agreed the time has arrived to issue antlerless harvest tags on the county’s public lands...

Landmark CWD Deer Study Breaks New Ground in Wisconsin March 22, 2018 Wisconsin, nrahlf.org
... The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR), under the direction of Governor Scott Walker, recently launched a five-year study on the effects of Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) and predators on whitetail deer in the southwestern part of the state...

Delafield establishes management committee to focus on reducing deer population March 20, 2018 Wisconsin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
The committee will recommend deer management plans to the council that could include using a combination of bow hunting and state Department of Natural Resources sharpshooters to lower the deer population. It could also recommend contraceptives to maintain the population once it is culled...

... A new survey by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service shows that today, only about 5 percent of Americans, 16 years old and older, actually hunt... Money generated from license fees and excise taxes on guns, ammunition and angling equipment provide about 60 percent of the funding for state wildlife agencies ...

Douglas County, Deer panel ups antlerless permits March 20, 2018 Wisconsin, Superior Telegram
... The Council arrived at its proposed permit level by setting the antlerless quota at 1,000 and assuming a 40 percent success ratio... deer numbers have not rebounded in all areas of Douglas County...

Chuck Ager was among the hunters pushing for a more conservative antlerless quota 
Chippewa County deer council asks for resident comments March 19, 2018 Wisconsin, Chippewa Herald
... “We got some places like over in Sand Creek to the northwest corner of county that got quite a few deer and some in the southwest corner, and then we go to the middle part that don’t have as many to square mile for habitat. And then we got some predators out there too...

CWD-positive Kewaskum deer farm linked to Bayfield County concerns March 17, 2018 Wisconsin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
... Captive deer facilities more than 300 miles apart in Wisconsin were placed under quarantine March 7 after chronic wasting disease was found in a white-tailed buck in the source herd ...

... From 1968 to 2005, the DNR used a complex Winter Severity Index to predict winter deer kill rates. The Winter Severity Index incorporated snow compaction, snow depth and temperatures... research done by Minzey and others at the DNR found temperature wasn't much of a factor in deer winter kill. Snow depth has the largest impact on winter stress to deer...

Elk hunt to be held at Clam Lake this fall March 13, 2018 Wisconsin, Ashland Daily Press
... 2018 will mark Wisconsin's first managed elk hunt in state history... will offer 10 harvest tags ... hunt is within the Clam Lake elk range of Sawyer, Bayfield, Ashland, and Price counties in far north-central Wisconsin. Original restoration efforts occurred within this range with the release of 25 elk from Michigan in 1995..,

2017 Was Near Record Year For CWD From Deer Farming, Hunting Operations March 12, 2018 Wisconsin, Wisconsin Public Radio News
... There were 60 deer from hunting ranches across the state that tested positive for CWD last year. The only year with a higher total ... was in 2006 when a total of 61 tested positive... there are 376 deer farms in Wisconsin and 19 of them have tested positive for CWD since 2001..,

Minneapolis Star Tribune
...  tested positive for chronic wasting disease... buck was born on the 15-acre farm in May 2015. It was part of a herd of 58 whitetails ...

... research found a 75% annual mortality rate of CWD-positive deer compared to 25% in those without the disease... CWD-prevalence in bucks in parts of Iowa County is near 50% ... 

Board members want CWD terminology change February 28, 2018 Wisconsin, Wichita Eagle
... Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources board members pressured agency leaders Wednesday to use softer terminology to describe counties affected by chronic wasting disease, saying the current wording paints such a dire picture that deer hunters might go elsewhere...

Test show 6 percent of deer sampled infected with CWD February 28, 2018 Wisconsin, WRAL.com
... 593 of 9,685 deer tested between April 1, 2017 and Feb. 10 tested positive for the disease, a prevalence rate of 6.1 percent. The testing season runs from April 1 through March.  The 2016 prevalence rate was 7.3 percent. The 2015 rate was 9.4 percent ..,

Chronic Wasting Disease,  The slow-burning fuse of the CWD epidemic February 21, 2018 Wisconsin, Chippewa Herald
... CWD has reached epidemic proportions in some Wisconsin counties, where infection rates are nearing fifty percent in certain portions of the deer population. Scientists are predicting a decline in the whitetail population in these areas. Scientists are also stating that CWD is threatening mule deer populations in Wyoming with extinction in roughly 40 years...

2017 Deer Harvest Shows Shifting Trend February 20, 2018 Wisconsin, WBAY
...  Wisconsin hunters harvested 320,039 deer in 2017, a one-percent increase from a year ago... For the first time in 2017, the crossbow deer harvest surpassed the archery harvest, and not everyone is happy about it...

     County Deer Advisory Councils will begin spring meetings in mid-March to start the antlerless harvest quota and permit-setting process for the 2018 deer seasons. Various deer season structure options for each county will also be discussed by councils...

...  there will be some loss of deer regardless of the type of winter. So far in the north the severity index falls in the mild to moderate range... “There has not been much stress on the deer here yet,” ... The massive hard mast crop in 2017 put the deer in most areas in fine shape ...

Stop private deer industry from trucking CWD across state February 16, 2018 Wisconsin, Green Bay Press Gazette
...Since CWD’s discovery in three wild deer shot during the November 2001 gun season, CWD has been detected on 18 Wisconsin deer farms, of which 11 were “depopulated.” DATCP has identified 242 CWD cases in captive facilities the past 16 years.  The state’s worst site remains the former Buckhorn Flats Game Farm ..,

Food, females and adults bright spots in hunting recruitment efforts February 10, 2018 Wisconsin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
... Sociologists have predicted the decline in hunting for several decades. Wisconsin is doing better than most states.  From 2011 to 2016, for example, gun deer hunting licenses in Wisconsin fell just 4% ...

... Fellow Mortals provides care for injured and orphaned wildlife ... one of only two rehabilitators licensed to rehabilitate orphaned white-tailed deer fawn from southern Wisconsin...

... shot a black wolf on the opening weekend of gun deer season from a stand near where shell corn was illegally spread on the ground ... Decades of bounty hunting wiped out wolves in Wisconsin by the 1950s. But they have migrated back from Minnesota since they were put on the federal endangered species list in the 1970s and at least 925 live in northern and central Wisconsin, according to the state Department of Natural Resources..,

After long absence, cougars return to Wisconsin January 24, 2018 WBAY
... After disappearing from Wisconsin around 1900, it would be more than a century until confirmation of a cougar in the state, in 2008, near Milton... a growing population in the Dakotas is forcing some cougars, usually males, to wander east..,

Portage, Nuisance deer harvest off to successful start in Portage January 23, 2018 Wisconsin, WiscNews
...The Portage Police Department, in its third year harvesting deer for the city, harvested 23 deer last year and 10 the year prior. The city previously employed sharpshooters for its abatement program before ending that service to save money...

     Department of Natural Resource staff confirmed trail camera photos of a cougar in Fond du Lac County in early January ... 

Information to support the County Deer Advisory Councils that were recommended by the Wisconsin Deer Report.   Program web page.  



Wisconsin Deer Analysis:   An estimated population of 1,343,500 deer in 2016 [PDF] post-hunt. About the same in 2017, up from the estimated 1,181,400, deer in 2015 post-hunt, up 8 percent from the 2014 population of 1,094,100.  2018 Deer Forecast.  For 2018, most deer advisory councils asked for stable to increasing deer populations.  A tough late winter for 2017-18 likely reduced deer populations in parts of the north, but generally good conditions in the state for 2018.  For the 2016 gun season, the deer kill was the lowest in 34 years and license sales the lowest in 40 years. An average of 25 deer per square mile, ranging from 3 to 58 per square mile.  In 2014 an estimated 1,182,000 white-tailed deer.  After three mild winters, the state increased the antlerless quota for 2017-18.  An extremely mild winter in 2015-16 and a mild 2014-15 winter allowed a population increase, particularly in the west central agricultural regions and northwest.  2017 Hunting Forecast.

Revised Population Estimates

Year   Population
2007  1,230,100
2008  1,002,300
2009     987,300
2010  1,161,300
2011  1,150,900
2012  1,280,400
2013  1,125,900
2014  1,086,600
2015  1,181,400
2016  1,345,000
2017  1,377,100
 
   Only 38.2 percent of the 2015 deer hunt were does, a low ratio designed to encourage deer growth.  Herd still recovering in the central forest.  2016 Forecast and 2014 population recommendations.  Pre-hunt deer deer population estimated at about 1.4 million in 2013, about 1.5 million in 2012  Long lasting winters in 2012-13 and 2013-14, the worst since 1960,  reduced populations.  The number of deer killed during the 2016 gun season was the lowest in 34 years, the numbers of licenses sold the lowest in 40 years.
     In 2016 the number of antlerless tags increased by 14%, reflecting some recovery for the herd, but buck-only hunts for 10 northern counties.  For 2015 WDNR eliminated anterless tags in 12 units to increase the population. Although 2014-15 winter was mild, populations have not rebounded. In Sawyer County, 40% percent of deer tracked for a study died.  To help rebuild herds 19 counties, about the northern third of the state,  had no doe hunting in 2014.  The largest "no doe" zone in 20 years.  Fawn mortality was estimated at 43 percent.  Populations in the Central Forest and the Central and Southern Farm areas fared better.  A total 612,377 licenses sold in 2015, up from 608,711 in 2014.  Sales were reduced in 2016. Deer harvest down about 15.5 percent in 2014. The 2013-14 winter was the harshest since 1960.  State population estimates based on Sex-Age-Kill model.  Only about 13 percent of the deer taken in 2015 were on public land.  
    Estimated 1.14 million deer after 2011 hunting season and 1.16 million deer after 2010 hunting season.   Estimated 990,000 deer in January 2010.  Down significantly since 2000 based on legislated deer goals. Deer hunting estimated to have $1.3 billion in economic impact on the state. An estimated 1.6 million deer in 2002.  Hunter success in 2000 was 76 percent, about 37 percent from 1966 to 2009; 40 percent in 2013, 31 percent in 2014.    A timeline history.
     Deer management was reorganized along county boundaries in 2014, each county is forming a County Deer Advisory Council (CDAC) of six to eight members.  The state instituted an earn-a-buck policy designed to increase the doe kill, but it was abolished in 2011 by the Legislature after a poor hunt in 2009.
     In 2018 about 380 deer farms, in early 2017 about 387 deer farms.  In 2015 an estimated 458 deer farms.
     Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) was first discovered in 2001 in the Town of Vermont in Dane County -- the first case of CWD found outside of the Colorado/Wyoming border region.  In 2002 the first case in a deer farm was reported in Walworth county.  CWD data, over 4,000 cases reported through 2017.  In 2017, 60 deer from hunting ranches tested positive.  The first case of CWD in wild deer in Lincoln county was reported in January, 2018.  The first case of a wild deer in Eau Claire County in April, 2018.  Results from 2018.
    History:  In 1851, the state restricted deer hunting from Feb 1. to June 30, but Indians could hunt anytime.  In 1876, hunting with dogs was prohibited and in 1892 it was declared lawful to kill any dog running deer.  The first bag limit, two per season, was established in 1897.  In 1900 through 1942, only bucks were hunted.  To further protect the herd in 1925, the legislature closing deer seasons in alternate years, enforced through 1935.  A 1929 survey put the deer population at below 30,000. The 1937 season was only three days and the the Conservation Commission was formed, the beginning of a significant whitetail restoration. The Commission closed deer season from 1938-1943,beginning a restocking effort with deer from Wisconsin, Michigan, Minnesota, and relocation some deer within the state. 
     By 1962 the deer population was estimated to be more than 400,000. In 1989, the pre-hunt population was about 1.15 million.  About 1.3 million pre-hunt in 1990.  down to 1 million in 1993.  License sales peaked at 699,275 in 1990.  Up to an estimated 1.6 million in 1996.  The nine-day gun season buck kill peaked at 171,891 in 1995.  The population peaked around the year 2000 when gun hunters took 442,581 deer,  more than any other state in a nine-day season, total kill of 528,494. Population and Ecology 1960 to 2003.  Deer Hunting History.  
     Wisconsin's first human inhabitants, more than 12,000 years ago, hunted large game such as mammoths and mastodons and when those died out adapted to a world rich in deer, nuts and berries.
    Moose Recent peak population of about 8,840 animals in 2006, falling to 2,760 in 2013.  A 2015 aerial survey estimate of 3,450.  A 2016 estimate of 4,020.
    Elk  About 180 elk in 2017 and 160 elk in 2014, near Clam Lake in Ashland County. The University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point brought in 25 Michigan elk in 1995.  More elk were recently relocated from Kentucky.  The first elk hunt in 2018.  Elk were hunted to extinction in the 1800's
   Wolf   After decades of bounty hunting, wolves were gone by the 1950s.  The 2017 population estimated at 925.  The 2016 over winter population estimate at between 866 - 897, up from 746 - 771 in 2015.  The 2014 over winter wolf population estimated at 660 - 689 in 197 packs.  Approximately 800 wolves in 2013 (809 to 834), 600 to 700 in 2014, down from about 1,000 wolves in 2011.    Wisconsin DNR wolf monitoring page.  
    Coyote  From 40,000 to 50,000 coyotes, many of which contain wolf DNA. 
    Bear  About 20,000 bears.
    Bobcats  About 2,500 in the northern zone in 2015.
    Cougar  Disappeared from the state around the year 1900, a sighting in 2008 near Milaton.  No breeding population is thought to exist in the state.  Sightings in 2017 are thought to be from a population dispersing from the western U.S.
 
- To report a sick deer observation please call the DNR call center toll free at 1-888-WDNR- INFo (1-888-936-7463), email DNRInfo@Wisconsin.gov, or use the chat feature on the DNR website.
- To report poaching, call the DNR at 1-800-847-9367


Other useful links:
- Deer Metrics   - County Deer Advisory Council Public Input Interactive Map   - Wisconsin Deer Research Projects   - Snapshot WisconsinCitizen-based trail camera monitoring for wildlife populations  Operation Deer Watch - volunteers collecting data for DNR    -- County Deer Advisory Councils     - UWSP White-tailed Deer Information and for Mule Deer    - Archived Public Chats with DNR related to deer management   

"Estimating the number of deer you have is the La Brea Tar Pit of deer managment"  Dr. James Kroll

The state has developed a survey system that uses observations from people around the state, a program that has gotten some significant press attention. Wisconsin Deer Hunter Wildlife Survey
Wisconsin Chronic Wasting Disease Response Plan
 
Petting Zoos With Deer in Wisconsin Central Wisconsin: Wisconsin Deer Park (wisdeerpark.com) in Wisconsin Dells. 
Southwestern Wisconsin: Peck's Farm Market East (pecksfarmmarketeast.com
Southeastern Wisconsin: Lake Geneva Animal Gardens (animalgardens.com)
Norther Wisconsin: Wilderness Walk Zoo and Recreation Park (wildernesswalkhaywardwi.com)