Maryland Deer:  An estimated population of 214,000 deer prior to hunting season in 2016, down somewhat from the 220,000 in 2015, and 227,000 in 2014.  The rise in deer take for 2016 was attributed to better weather and the opening of Sunday hunting.  The deer population peaked in 2002 at about 295,000, trending down since then.  Herd analysis at right.  Historical Maryland deer hunting data and news archive.
Maryland Deer News

NPS proposes plan to control deer population with sharpshooting, euthanasia April 17, 2017 Maryland and West Virginia, WJLA
... to reduce the population of deer that threatens Harpers Ferry and Chesapeake & Ohio (C&O) Canal national historical parks... details of the plan ... comment until May 16, 2017 ...

... Officials with the Monocacy National Battlefield said they were able to "cull" 265 white-tailed deer...

Talking deer season numbers March 2, 2017 Maryland, So Md News 
...Once again, the availability of Sunday hunting in some counties helped to increase the total number of deer taken. Almost 10 percent of all deer were harvested on a Sunday...  the first case of CWD was detected in Maryland in a deer taken by a hunter in November 2010, which was announced in 2011 ...

More Allegany County deer have chronic wasting disease March 1, 2017 Maryland, Cumberland Times News 
... Six of 200 deer tested in the county were positive for the always fatal deer disease ... The number of deer confirmed with CWD since 2011 now totals 17, all from Allegany County...

Maryland Deer Season 2017 Results February 20, 2019 Delmarva Daily Times
... a take of 85,193 deer.  Within that total hunters killed 29,042 antlered and 53,318 antlerless white-tailed deer, along with 1,284 antlered and 1,549 antlerless sika deer. The total also included 7,684 deer taken on the limited Sundays open for hunting across the state...

Maryland, 85,193 Deer Harvested During 2016-2017 Hunting Season February 16, 2017 Maryland.gov
... Maryland hunters harvested 85,193 deer during the combined archery, muzzleloader and firearm seasons (Sept. 9, 2016-Jan. 31, 2017), according to the Maryland Department of Natural Resources. The harvest exceeded the 2015-2016 total by more than 1,000 deer...

A win for hunters as bad deer regulation proposals axed February 13, 2017 Maryland, Delmarva Daily Times
... several lawmakers were advancing the Farm Bureau's deer eradication agenda. SB953 ... and HB1111 ... called for greatly extended firearm deer seasons that would have included the present two week season, two new weeks in early November and all of January....

4 men charged with deer poaching in Maryland February 1, 2017 Maryland, ABC2 News... Public tips and posts on Snapchat led officers to arrest two men Friday with killing five deer in one night in Frederick County...

Lawmaker, backed by Farm Bureau, pushes unwise deer regs January 30, 2017 Maryland, Delmarva Daily Times
... Maryland Rep. Johnny Mautz ... increased rifle use for crop damage permits and an extreme lengthening of the deer season... the deer population peaked way back in 2002, that the population is declining and the annual kill is also declining, due in large part to increased bag limits and increased antlerless deer harvests ..,

... “successfully freed the deer from the container” and “monitored him for more than an hour until he recovered,” ...
  Md. community takes to Facebook to save 'Jughead' deer January 26, 2017 Maryland, WTOP
... a deer with a plastic snack container on its head... can’t eat, it can’t drink, and now going over a week since he was first spotted ...

Fort Meade adds additional deer cull to stem population January 28, 2017 Maryland, CapitalGazette.com
... in response to a population measure of 32 deer per square mile ...The base said the "target goal for a herd is approximately 12 to 18 ... Two USDA marksmen ... will conduct the cull ...

Delegate seeks input on deer management issues along Eastern shore January 19, 2017 Maryland, My Eastern Shore
... first proposal originated from the farm bureau ... would allow the holder of a crop damage permit who has received a shooter proficiency card from the Maryland Department of Natural Resources to harvest deer with a rifle on their property... expand the hunting firearm season two weeks ...
 
Antietam, State OKs deer reduction plan for Antietam battlefield January 12, 2017 Maryland, Washington Post
... sharpshooters from the Agriculture Department’s Wildlife Services unit to kill 243 deer ...

Firefighters Shot Deer on Montgomery College Campus January 5, 2016 Maryland, CBS Baltimore
... Two Montgomery County firefighters have been accused of illegally shooting deer with a crossbow on the Germantown campus of Montgomery College ...

Feeding deer corn in the winter December 24, 2016 Maryland, Carroll County Times
... studies have shown that it takes two to four weeks of feeding on a new food source for deer to establish the microorganisms necessary to obtain nutrients from that food. The time and energy it takes to convert to new microorganisms uses precious fat reserves that could have been spared if the deer had fed continually on natural winter browse...

Deer reduction underway at Monocacy Civil War battlefield in Md. December 23, 2016 Maryland, Delaware 105.9
... federal sharpshooters have begun killing white-tailed deer ...

DNR Releases Maryland Deer Stats December 18, 2016 Maryland, WCBC
... Maryland hunters reported taking 35,078 deer during the state’s most popular hunt, the two-week firearm season. The total was 12 percent greater than last year’s harvest of 31,304 ...
     Maryland firearm deer hunt tally up 12 percent from 2015 December 15, 2016 WMDT
... Experts attribute the increase to better weather and the opportunity to hunt on Sundays....
Md. deer harvest jumps over last year December 2, 2016 Maryland, Herald-Mail Media
... 13,488 deer on Saturday and Sunday — a 24 percent increase over last year's estimate of 10,859.  DNR officials said the nice weather likely contributed to the high number ...

Deer Poacher Pleads Guilty November 25, 2016 Maryland, Southern Maryland News Net
... sentenced to two days in jail, two years of supervised probation and a two-year suspension of his hunting privileges for trespassing on private property... fined $1,500 for hunting at night ...

Deer hunting season opens Saturday November 23, 2016 Maryland, Baltimore Sun
... The statewide bag limit per hunter is one antlered white-tailed deer and three sika deer, of which no more than one may be antlered...

With deer kills down, some possible causes & solutions  November 11, 2016 Maryland, Delmarva Now
... another report of the kill decreasing again this year... There are certainly isolated places where the deer numbers are still too high, but statewide, particularly on highly pressured public land, it may be time to start scaling back the deer kill and rebuilding our herds...

Lake Linganore considering bow hunt to control deer population October 29, 2016 Maryland, Frederick News Post
... Lake Linganore’s homeowners association is considering a management plan that would let 20 bow hunters kill deer in designated areas away from homes... A deer could be struck during the hunt and run several hundred feet before going down ...

Howard County,  Additions to 2016-2017 Deer Management Program Announced October 17, 2016 Maryland, Patch.com
... Howard County Department of Recreation & Parks has announced its fall/winter schedule for managing deer through sharpshooting... noise-suppressed rifles ... 

Two Men Charged For Illegal Deer Hunting October 9, 2016 Maryland, CBS Baltimore
... allegedly killing nearly a dozen deer in the middle of the night and dumping the carcasses.  The two suspects face 73 counts of illegal deer hunting ... could result in fines of more than $50,000 along with jail time...

... The Agriculture Department sharpshooters plan to kill 243 deer at Antietam National Battlefield and 278 at Monocacy National Battlefield from December through March under a program the park service approved in 2014 ... the first of a multi-year deer reduction plan ...

... banning spear-hunting for big game...  limit deer hunting with air guns to the modern firearm season ...

Maryland Deer Archery Season Opens September 9 September 8, 2016 Southern Maryland News Net
... The antler point restriction remains in effect for the coming hunting season. Deer hunters may harvest up to two antlered white-tailed deer within the yearly bag limit that do not meet the requirement of having at least three points on one antler. Any additional antlered deer taken within the established bag limit must meet the minimum point restriction...

Maryland Data:  About 214,000 deer in 2016, pre-hunt and and in huntable areas.  About 220,000 deer in 2015 based on harvest data.  Poor acorn availability in 2015 increased hunter success, but biologists also attribute the hunt decline to fewer deer in some rural areas. An estimated 227,000 deer prior to the 2014 hunting season.  The 8 percent decline in the 2014-15 season reflected lower populations in the south as a result of epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD), predation from the growing coyote population in the western mountains, and a good acorn crop which resulted in deer moving around less looking for food. Maryland’s deer population prior to the 2011-2012  hunting season was estimated at 233,000 deer, similar to the 2010-2011 estimate of 235,000.  Maryland's deer population prior to the 2007-2008 hunting season was estimated at 228,000 deer, a slight decline of about 2.5% over the 2006-2007 estimates of 234,000.   The deer population peaked at about 295,000 in 2002.  Deer population down about 60 percent in Allegany County since 2001.  
     Antler restrictions limit hunter to no more than two white-tailed deer within the yearly bag limit that have two or fewer points on each antler.  In order to keep the population down, hunters took about twice as many does as bucks in 2014.  Peak of the rut is November 1 to November 14. Baiting deer for hunting is widespread.
     A proposed Antler Point Restriction on killing bucks was abandoned in 2013 in Garrett County because of low fawn survival.  Increased hunter participation and a poor acorn crop that had deer searching for food likely accounted for an increase in the 2013 harvest after a decline in 2012 related to the good acorn crop so deer searched for food less. Private land in Maryland typically has less hunting pressure than public land.  Harvest data  Antler restrictions were added in 2014 limiting the number of deer with two or fewer points that a hunter can take.  To manage the herd, the "general rule is to harvest 30-35 percent of the female population to stabilize the herd, and over 40 percent to reduce it..."
     The first case of Chronic Wasting Disease was a buck taken in eastern Allegany County in 2010, announced in 2011.  Since then several more positive cases have been identified in the same area.  
     About 20 to 30 deer per square mile in the state's deer habitat.   During the 2014 firearms season, more than twice as many antlerless deer were killed than antlered (22,422 vs 10,518), a policy designed to reduce the deer population.  Maryland's deer population prior to the 2009-10 hunting season was estimated at [PDF] 231,000 deer, close to the 2008-09 estimate of 229,000.  Prior to the 2003-2004 deer hunting season, Maryland’s deer population was estimated at [PDF] 264,000.  In 2014 hunters took 86,883 deer, 27,053 antlered and 56,802 antlerless white-tailed deer; and 1,228 antlered and 1,800 antlerless sika deer.
     White-tailed deer were abundant in Maryland prior to European settlement.  Unregulated market hunting dramatically reduced the population during the 1700's and through the 1800's when wolf and mountain lions were exterminated from the state.  By the 1900's deer were found only in a few western areas.  As part of conservation efforts to restore the herd, some of these deer were trapped and relocated to other parts of the state.  This practice ended in the 1960's when it was thought the herds had become self sustainable. 
     Sika Deer About 10,000 in 2016 found along the coast.  A few Sika deer, originally from Japan, were released on James Island and on Assateague Island in the early 1900's and since have spread to lower Dorchester County and the Lower Shore. They live longer than white-tails and are found mostly in different habitat:  forested wetlands and marshes.
    
Fawn Rescue and Rehabilitation
 - Wildlife Rescue:  Follow the the progress of Maryland's first deer sterilization program
DeerSolutionsMD Solving deer conflicts with education

Maryland Department of Wildlife News



Deer Management Objectives and Status
Maryland Deer Management Deer Management in Maryland including: Baltimore County, Baltimore City, Anne Arundle,Carroll,Howard,Harford and Cecil County ...
Montgomery County Deer Management Program County Deer Management Work Group, 1995) calls for the Montgomery ... The goal of Montgomery County's deer management program is to reduce ...

Rockville Maryland Deer Management