Oregon Deer Population:  An estimated 540,000 deer in 2015, 300,000 to 320,000 blacktails and 225,000 to 235,000 mule deer.  Six years of drought then a harsh 2016-17 winter in parts of the state has reduced the population.  Reduced hunting pressure in 2017 for the east to help the herd recover.  The Oregon deer population has been in a long decline since the 1960's.  2017 Hunting Prospects.  Herd analysis at right.  Historical Oregon deer hunting data and news archive.

Oregon Deer News

Deer migration season means watch out on the highway October 20, 2017 Oregon, The Bulletin
... In the Paulina unit southeast of Bend, the 7,200 deer estimated to have spent last winter there is only 44 percent of the area’s capacity ... ODFW has tallied nearly 16,000 deer that winter in lower-elevation spots in and near Central Oregon, most of which cross at least one highway during each migration...

Project saved homes from fires, but can it be duplicated? October 16, 2017 Oregon, Idaho Statesman
... Four deer trotted through dappled sunlight. This part of the forest looked healthy, not despite of, but due to, the prescribed burn.  "Ponderosa pines are used to low-intensity fires," Osborne said. "Every five to 15 years, a fire would come through. We're trying to take it back to low-intensity fires...

... officials in Washington estimate the case involves the illegal killing of more than 100 elk, deer, black bears, bobcats and other animals over a nearly two-year span... 

Deer migration poses travel risks October 9, 2017 Oregon, KTVZ
... be on the lookout for migrating mule deer on U.S Highway 97 and other Oregon highways... “Deer are embarking on their fall migration from the eastern slopes of the Cascades to their winter grounds near Fort Rock and Christmas Valley ... Highway 97 lies directly in their path ...

... [The plan was adopted at the meeting] ... The Commission will be asked to adopt an updated Oregon Cougar Management Plan... does not propose major management changes. The updated Plan continues to stress coexistence with Oregon’s more than 6,400 cougars..,

... Oregon ...  there are about 13 deer for every 100 people  ... Washington ... works out to about 4.5 deer for every hundred people...  fewer than two deer for every hundred Californians...

Silverton council considers solutions to nuisance deer October 1, 2017 Oregon, Statesman Journal
... Senate Bill 373 prohibits the use of darts or lethal injections It also requires the harvested meat be given to a local food bank or charitable organization, at the city’s expense. And it stipulates that eradication efforts stop once an urban deer population is at “a level that no longer constitutes a public nuisance ...

'Life goes on' for wildlife affected by Chetco Bar Fire September 26, 2017 Oregon, Curry Coastal Pilot
... “The future’s bright; there will be new growth, habitat, and a lot of animals thrive off the new stuff.” ... rare the large animals — deer, elk, coyote and bear — would be trapped by a fire...

Hunters should expect a challenging buck deer rifle season September 23, 2017 Oregon, Bend Bulletin
... The record snowfall last winter in Central Oregon led to high fawn mortality rates ... The harsh winter could have a similar effect in the Ochoco District (Grizzly, Ochoco and Maury units), where over-winter fawn survival rates were reduced by 30 percent ..,

Deer hunters will find scattered herds, some winterkill September 19, 2017 Oregon, OregonLive.com
... Western Oregon deer suffered through record rainfall, but that was followed by a record dry spell and numerous forest fires in the south Cascades and southwest Coast Range...

... the plane’s landing gear and propeller ended up striking the elk... An instant later, a second elk ran in front of the plane and was struck by the left wing ... That second elk also died...

Archery hunters face challenge amid smoke, heat September 7, 2017 Oregon, East Oregonian
...  in Baker, Union and northern Malheur counties, where ODFW reduced tags by as much as half ... snow depth exceeded 18 inches in some areas while temperatures failed to break freezing for 28 consecutive days. Animals struggled to find forage for extended periods of time, which led to a higher-than-usual winter mortality..,

There are bright spots to having fewer tag numbers September 5, 2017 Oregon, The Register-Guard
... Buck deer tag numbers are proposed to be reduced 4.5 percent and antlerless deer 5.5 percent because of the tough winter in parts of Eastern Oregon  ... deer populations are below what they would like to see in the Deschutes district units except for the Metolius ... Western Oregon deer numbers remain fairly stable ..,

Massive poaching case headed to prosecutor's office August 15, 2017 Oregon, The Daily Herald
... In many cases, the animals were simply shot and left behind to rot ... The investigation began more than two years ago after headless deer were found on a popular walking trail in Oregon...

ODFW kills 2 wolves for repeated attacks on cattle August 9, 2017 Oregon, Capital Press
... The Oregon Cattlemen’s Association said the dry summer caused deer and elk to retreat higher into the mountains, making cattle “easy targets” for wolves...

2017 Big Game Preview August 8, 2017 Oregon, Coos Bay World
... in northeast Oregon. In addition to sub-zero weather, the mule deer just couldn’t find places without deep snow no matter how low in elevation they migrated. The result was mortality levels that reached 32 percent for Baker County herds ... deer fared considerably better in the rest of the state..,

Commission meets Aug. 4 in Salem to adopt 2018 sportfishing regulations, discuss updated Cougar Management Plan July 28, 2017 Oregon, ODFW News
... The Commission will be briefed on a draft updated Cougar Management Plan though no action on the Plan will be taken until a future meeting. Last updated in 2006, the Plan guides management of cougars in Oregon. The draft updated Plan incorporates new scientific literature and Oregon-specific research about cougars, including a genetics and habitat analysis, but does not propose major management changes. The updated Plan will continue to stress coexistence with Oregon’s more than 6,000 cougars...

Ashland, New law allows urban deer 'taking,' donating venison to food banks July 25, 2017 Oregon, Ashland Daily Tidings
...  Senate Bill 373, which requires the State Fish and Wildlife Commission to adopt a pilot program for urban deer population control, ... Mayor Stromberg was specific, noting, “Killing of deer, one way or the other is problematic and not a viable solution. I believe it would be very divisive also. Experts don’t think it’s effective.” ...

A new state law could regulate urban deer July 19, 2017 Oregon, KOBI-TV NBC5 / KOTI-TV NBC2
... Senate Bill 373 ...opens the door to thinning urban deer populations ... First, they would have to ban people from feeding deer. Second, the city would have to declare the deer a nuisance. Finally, the city would have to petition the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife ...


... heard the deer’s cries and when they arrived on the scene, they realized the deer was stuck and desperate to get out... After the painful rescue, the deer ran free ...

... Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) observed declines in black-tailed deer populations since the late 1980’s and attributes these declines to reduction in quality and availability of habitat, following the decline of timber harvest on federal lands... my results support the hypothesis that food and cover are more readily available and used by female black-tailed deer on industrial forestlands than federal forestlands in western Oregon...

... The U.S. Forest Service issued a final decision Wednesday green-lighting an extensive motorized trail system that would add 137 miles of new off-highway vehicle (OHV) trails ... the Western Environmental Law Center, challenged the decision ... disruptions to elk calving and security areas on the forest...

No salvaging of roadkill yet June 26, 2017 Oregon, My Columbia Basin
...  A new law allowing the salvage of deer and elk killed by motor vehicles will not go into effect until Jan. 1, 2019 at the latest... ODFW is now working on the rules ...

Outbreak sickens local deer herds, AHD June 23, 2017 Oregon, Dalles Chronicle
... an outbreak of Adenovirus Hemorrhagic Disease (AHD) in a local deer herd in The Dalles ... AHD is a virus transmitted by direct contact between deer, making it easier to spread in areas of high deer concentrations... 

Lavender Fields Forever a labor of love June 16, 2017 Oregon, Mail Tribune
... “Any of us that live here in Southern Oregon are well aware of how the deer like to share our gardens,” she said. “But deer do not like to eat lavender.” ...

... Idaho has seven times as many wolves and allows hunting and trapping in addition to “lethal control” for livestock and ungulate losses... Potential changes are on the distant horizon.... Idaho has an estimated 800 wolves — probably more ... Oregon, which documented 112 wolves at the end of 2016 ...

Commission hears public testimony on Wolf Plan, schedules work session for June 8  May 19, 2017
     The Commission heard from a panel of stakeholders representing Wolf Program stakeholders and an additional 73 members of the public who signed up to testify at a meeting about the revised Draft Wolf Plan today.  The meeting was live-streamed and a recording can be viewed at ODFW’s Twitter account...

... The North Bank Habitat Management Area is a 6,581 acre area, acquired through a land exchange in 1994, to provide secure habitat for Columbian white-tailed deer...

Deer control and roadkills May 7, 2017 Oregon, Hasso Hering
... Senate Bill 373-A would authorize the state wildlife department to kill deer in cities that ask for deer control ...  SB 372, which would allow people who hit and kill wildlife with a vehicle to salvage the animal and use the meat. If a deer is injured and incapacitated in a collision, the bill would authorize someone to "put it out of its misery," ...

Ashland, Let's hear it for the deer May 7, 2017 Oregon, Mail Tribune
... Tourists delight in seeing them, admiring them and photographing them. Tourists, of course, contribute greatly to the economic lifeblood of the town, and because deer sightings increase tourist happiness, it seems reasonable to conclude that happy tourists are apt to spend more money...

... researchers ... want to find out whether unmanned aerial systems (UAS) or “drones” can be used effectively to count elk in this kind of terrain.  Preliminary results of field trials conducted on the North Coast near Astoria suggests that they can..,

Application deadline coming up for Oregon fall hunting April 29, 2017 OregonLive.com... winterkill will shave some hunts in northeast Oregon, department officials still anticipate between 350,000 and 400,000 applications for more than 132,000 tags.  That doesn't count thousands more applications for 160 additional "premium" hunts ..,

... House Bill 3158 would award "preference points" to Oregonians who provide law enforcement with detailed information that can help prosecute poachers...

ODFW Commission hears wolf plan testimony April 24, 2017 Oregon, Capital Press
... Wolf advocates pleaded for stricter conservation measures while ranchers asked for quicker determinations on suspected wolf-caused livestock losses and hunters pushed for controlled hunts when wolf populations threaten deer and elk populations...

There needs to be compromise in wolf management April 20, 2017 Oregon, NRToday.com
... Hunters are worried wolves will take a bite out of the big game populations – deer and elk – that they enjoy pursuing. Some Oregon areas already have depressed numbers of those two game animals ... If hunters become frustrated by an increased presence of wolves in future years, they’ll pass on buying licenses and tags and that is the money that goes into wildlife management of all animals...

... When the first management plan was adopted in 2005, there were no documented wolves in Oregon. The first pups were discovered in 2008, and by the end of 2011 there were 29 confirmed wolves in Oregon. The state documented 64 wolves at the end of 2013, and a minimum of 112 by the end of 2016, including 11 packs and eight breeding pairs..,

Deer Decimated April 17, 2017 Oregon, Baker City Herald
... The hard winter killed hundreds of deer in Baker County, prompting Oregon wildlife officials to cut in half the number of buck tags for this fall’s hunting season... The long-term average for Baker County is about 35 fawns per 100 adults.  This spring the average across the county was 11 fawns per 100 adults..,

... Early spring flight surveys of mule deer showed the winter took a toll on mule deer. Usually, surveys count fawn ratios (fawns per 100 adults) in the mid-30s. This year, 11 fawns per 100 adults on average were counted across the county with some units being as low as 8 per 100 adults. While the average winter loss of adult radio-collared does being studied in the Blue Mountains is around 8 percent, Baker County lost 32 percent..,

     ODFW releases its 2016 Wolf Annual Report and a Draft Revised Wolf Management Plan today... ODFW counted 112 known wolves in Oregon in 2016, up two wolves from 2015. Counts are based on verified evidence (like tracks, sign, remote camera photographs, visual observations) and are considered a minimum known population. Severe winter weather made counting wolves much more challenging this year.  Surveys documented 11 packs and eight of those were breeding pairs...

...A draft wolf plan, also released by the wildlife department on Tuesday, would continue to allow controlled killings of wolves only in situations of chronic livestock depredation, or if wolves are causing declines in populations of deer, elk and other ungulates...

...Both must pay $7,600 in fines, fees, and restitution along with forfeiting hunting privileges for three years...

Roadkill bill cruises through Oregon Senate April 11, 2017 East Oregonian 
... passed the Senate on April 6 by a vote of 29-0... Washington enacted its roadkill salvage program on July 1, 2016, issuing 1,100 permits over the first six months ...
     Road kill bill runs over first obstacle April 7, 2017 Oregon, My Columbia Basin
... ODFW estimates that more than 6,000 deer and elk are killed by motor vehicles in Oregon annually... Senate Bill 372 ... would allow motorists who kill a deer or elk while driving to process its meat ...

...  authorities are urging the public to postpone their early-spring scavenger hunt on account of this winter’s historic snowfall.  Deer and elk are still very concentrated because of the snowpack ..,

Wolf population on the rise, but conservationists concerned March 11, 2017 Oregon, Bend Bulletin
... While Dennehy said the agency would continue to emphasize nonlethal methods of keeping wolves away from ranches and other residences, the wolf management plan allows for ODFW agents to kill wolves if there’s evidence wolves are causing declines in deer or elk populations, or if a wolf is determined to be chronically killing livestock...

... The current Plan states that controlled take of wolves can be allowed in two specific circumstances: 1) if wolves are determined to be causing declines in ungulate populations such as deer and elk or 2) in specific cases of chronic livestock depredation...
      Oregon wolf management plan moves into new phase March 7, 2017 Portland Tribune
... The latest count of Oregon wolves shows there are eight breeding pairs in Eastern Oregon, meaning state wildlife officials move into a management plan phase that potentially could ease restrictions on killing them if they decimate deer and elk herds or chronically attack livestock...

... the issue isn’t so much about cougars as it is about controlling a major predator of mule deer... The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife says there are more than 6,000 cougars in Oregon right now, and hunters killed about 260 of them last year ..,

... it’s tempting to go out now, especially because severe winters can congregate deer and elk and make for prime shed hunting. “It’s easy to think since there is not a lot of snow now that the critters are fine, but that’s not necessarily the case,” he added. “They are still burning winter reserves and aren’t ready for people to be pushing them around.” ...

... he has also spread small amounts of (alfalfa) hay at many sites rather than dumping a single large pile... thinks as much as 80 percent of the animals in some areas would have died without the handouts ... The campaign has raised about $14,500 through a GoFundMe account ...

Ashland,  Deer Population, Traffic on Dudley Discussed at Edgewood Meeting February 28, 2017 Oregon, The River City News
... Huffman referenced the City of Ft. Thomas and how it allowed for hunting of the deer with bow and arrow to cut down on the numbers. City Administrator Brian Dehner said that he heard the population is growing again in Ft. Thomas, though...

Arrow removed from deer's neck; suspect still unknown February 24, 2017 Oregon, KGW 8 Portland
...  the deer was captured and the arrow was removed from its neck. The deer was released back into the wild...
  $1500 REWARD: Deer Shot Through Neck with Arrow February 23, 2017 Oregon, 750 KXL
...  An image of the injured doe was captured in a photograph that clearly shows an arrow protruding through her neck. The deer, according to the Oregon State Police, is thought to be caring for a yearling and is likely pregnant... 

Bill would allow killing of 'urban deer' February 20, 2017 Oregon, Hasso Hering
...  Senate Bill 373 ... rid participating cities of "urban deer" by killing them ... ODFW suggested that cities would be better off making it illegal to feed wildlife within their limits. Indeed that is one of the requirements if a city wanted to reduce the numbers of urban deer in a program of the kind envisioned by the bill...

... SB 372 ...  rules for issuance of wildlife salvage permits to salvage deer or elk accidentally killed as result of vehicle collision ...  Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife says the law would, “provide a loophole for people to shoot a deer or elk then strike it with a vehicle in an attempt to claim it as road injured and killed for humane purposes...

Oregon ‘problem wolves’ proposal draws howls February 13, 2017 Register-Guard
... the state wildlife department is considering allowing members of the public — defined as licensed hunters and trappers — to kill the wolves ... proposal that wolves be eliminated for “causing major declines of ungulate populations,” such as deer and elk... environmental groups strongly oppose any public hunting of the state’s roughly 150 wolves...

Focus on feeding February 10, 2017 Oregon, Baker City Herald
... leading a campaign to feed about 1,000 elk and more than 1,000 deer in snowbound eastern Baker County ...  raised about $14,500 through a GoFundMe account over the past 21 days ... as much as 80 percent of the animals in some areas would have died ...

  Firefighters rescue deer trapped in icy Erie Canal February 2, 2017 Oregon, Democrat and Chronicle
...A buck fell through ice Thursday and the animal's hind legs became trapped underwater about 15 feet off shore ...

Central Oregon mule deer migrations in crisis February 1, 2017 Bend Bulletin
... These deer travel from 40 to 120 miles from summer range to winter ground... long characterized U.S. Highways 97 and 20 as walls of death for mule deer. As traffic has increased on both highways, he now speaks in terms of their eventual impassibility ... deer are in danger of losing connectivity between their summer and winter habitats...

... After six years of drought, parts of Oregon are experiencing a harsh winter, with impressive snowpack ... they do expect to see increased winter mortality... ODFW does not plan emergency feeding this year ...

Protected areas critical to Central Oregon deer January 15, 2017 The Register-Guard
... disturbances from people can force deer to burn more vital calories, while also displacing them from a safe spot to areas where they face more challenges, including predators ... they’re starving to death ...

Deadline nears to report 2016 hunts January 6, 2017 Oregon, Mail Tribune
... Nearly 21,700 Oregon hunters who failed to report their 2014 hunting successes paid the $25 penalty when buying licenses last year, generating $541,700 ....
... they're starving to death ...  disturbances from people can force deer to burn more vital calories ...  this winter is a normal one, although after six years of drought it may not seem that way ...

... “The larger the habitat size, the more wildlife it can support,” said Jeff Merrill, a Metro natural resources scientist. The site likely supports black-tailed deer, beavers and other native animals ...

State authorities rescued a deer stranded on a frozen pond ‎(Dec. 20, 2016)‎ Oregon State Police video


Joseph rejects Hansell's deer bill December 13, 2016 Oregon, Wallowa County Cheiftain
... Sen. Bill Hansell’s draft bill included a population control plan that said ODFW could kill deer, after live trapping and moving them ... citizens were worried armed men would march through town shooting deer...

Multiple deer rescued out of pond December 13, 2016 Oregon, Sisters Nugget
... Tugging and pulling with all they had, the Storlie's managed to drag the fawn up to the fence surrounding the pond ... set to work with mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, while Bob snatched up his wife's hair-dryer, plugged it in and started blowing warm air on the almost-dead fawn's wet, cold body...

Ochoco forest eyes site for removing juniper December 11, 2016 Oregon, Bend Bulletin
... The Ochoco National Forest wants to remove younger juniper trees  ...  If removing the juniper helps other vegetation to grow, then those federal forestlands may draw more foraging deer and elk from the nearby private lands, Spitzack said. That result could benefit hunters who use public lands to hunt animals...

t's pretty rare to get this on film. These bucks were jostling in our back yard this morning. One is a frequent visitor that we have named Little John. He is the three point buck. The other is a yearling. - December 11, 2016


... findings suggest that hunters using those styles of guns may have a reduced risk of secondary lead poisoning from consuming game meat, and that there may be a reduced risk to scavenging animals as well, compared to ammunition for modern rifles that also contain lead...

Roads Close In Deschutes Forest December 6, 2016 Oregon, myCentralOregon.com
... Deer and elk migrate to lower elevation winter ranges in the fall... Severe winters can strain the animals, and disturbance from people-from additional trail use ... can stress them ...
... the deer tried to escape a yard by squeezing through a wrought-iron fence. However, it became stuck halfway through...

... To deter the deer without harming them, she sprays her plants with a natural repellent she bought at Home Depot. She hasn’t had any problems since ... “The deer are beautiful. They’re part of the life I love here,” ... Troy Eckberg, the director of golf at River’s Edge Golf Course ... said they don’t have any damage issues caused by the 15 or so deer that regularly roam and bed down on their 18-hole course...

... The hunters’ association, which counts 10,000 members across the state, is a significant ally in tracking down violators. The organization has raised money through its Turn-In-Poacher hotline for years. OHA has distributed $7,800 in rewards so far this year for tips that led to poaching charges ...

Responding to injured animals November 29, 2016 Oregon, The Bulletin
... those hit by vehicles ... “We give ’em a chance,” ... If the deer is up and moving and able to eat or drink, officials leave it alone and may try to monitor how it’s doing. A deer with a broken bone can live and heal, for instance.  “They survive and they have fawns and they carry on ...

Proposal may pave way for deer removal in city limits November 25, 2016 Oregon, Wallowa County Cheiftain
... Dist. 29 State Sen. Bill Hansell ... bill requires the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife to institute a pilot program for deer population control that would allow a city to petition the state’s Wildlife Commission to remove deer if the ODFW determined they constituted a public nuisance... 

This awesome 200 inch massive Oregon buck was an amazing sight to see. This old mature buck shows many battle scares including a missing eye from past rut! Not to mention he is just a giant buck. November 25, 2016 Oregon


Gorging on the green November 18, 2016 Oregon, La Grande Observer
... The combination of a damp October and an unseasonably balmy first half of November has prompted a lush crop of new grass to sprout in the region’s drought-desiccated rangelands... Deer are probably the biggest beneficiaries ... and in particular this year’s crop of fawns...

... In Oregon, game animals killed by a vehicle cannot be harvested, by the driver or anyone else. Antlers from deer or elk killed by a vehicle cannot be harvested either...

Pendleton outfitter pleads guilty to poaching mule deer November 15, 2016 Oregon, Wallowa County Cheiftain
... A local hunter, outfitter and former board member for the Mule Deer Foundation admitted Tuesday to poaching a trophy mule deer buck two years ago...

Hunters can help protect deer, elk November 14, 2016 Oregon, The News Guard
... Chronic Wasting Disease has never been detected in Oregon, but wildlife managers are on the lookout for the disease... import restrictions meant to keep Oregon free of Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD)....

Bend: Jeff Orr shared photos, video as Bend police and fire crews rescued a deer rescued from being stuck in the mud from drained Mirror Pond. - November 11, 2016


...  it started out slow, but those who hung out longer seemed to find deer. The weather was actually pretty favorable, with cooler temperatures and rain ...

Hunters asked to report disease in elk and deer November 8, 2016 Oregon, Wallowa County Cheiftain
... it is illegal to bring any deer, elk or moose part containing Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) into Oregon from any state or Canadian province with a documented case of the disease...

Oregon Data:  For 2015, an estimated 300,000 to 320,000 blacktails and 225,000 to 235,000 mule deer, about 540,000 deer.  In 2016 an estimated 226,775 mule deer.  A severe winter in 2016-2017 has reduced the herd.  Emergency deer tag reductions are implemented for the 2017-18 hunt to help the herd recover.  2017-17 Hunting Prospects
      ODFW is working on a method of estimating black-tailed deer populations using scat.  In 2016 the target black-tail deer buck to doe ratio was about 25 to 30 bucks per 100 does. 
     A mild winter for 2013-14 and a very mild winter for 2014-15 has increased survival, but limited precipitation created poor forage for deer in 2015, followed by the harder winter of 2015-16.   Deer tags were increased by 1 percent and elk tags by 3 percent for the 2015 hunt.  Deer populations are up in the north coast.  In the southwest, Adenovirus Hemorrhagic Disease reduced the population in fall, 2014. Black-tail populations in the western Cascades are at about management objectives.  Drought in the High Desert has reduced mule deer populations
    The Oregon deer population has been in a long decline since the 1960s, but has been relatively stable for the past few years. The black-tailed deer population was estimated be about 452,000 in 1979 and 320,000 in 2004, 300,000 in 2012, slightly higher in 2014 and 2015. The mule deer population, east of the Cascade Crest, was estimated at 216,000 in 2009. Around 215,000 total mule deer in 2014 and about 32,000 of those are bucks. [2013 ODFW population analysis, PDF]
    The 2014 black-tailed deer population of the north coast was up as increased logging creates better habitat,  populations also appear to be increasing along the mid-coast with improved buck ratios and reduced deer affected from hair-loss disease.  Deer populations continue their decline in the western Cascades,  declines in logging, but better buck ratios.  Deer populations in the south Cascades are down, especially mule deer, but doing better in valleys.  Mule deer populations in the high desert continue to be low, but a slight increase from last year.  Increased clear cutting is boosting populations in the Wilson unit. 
     The buck to doe ratio on some private lands is 29 to 100, but as low as 15 per 100 in the Rogue  unit - a ratio considered to be dangerously low by many deer managers and may be contributing to the deer population decline.  General deer management policies have led to low buck to doe ratios, ratios from 19 to 33 bucks per 100 does reported for the Rogue Unit. The 2016 mule deer management objective was from 12-25 bucks per hundred does.
     There is a small population of Columbian white-tailed deer in Douglas County and the Columbia River Gorge, some of which were moved during 2013 when it was feared they would be flooded.  These deer were common in Western Oregon, but fewer than 700 remained in 1970, farming altered their major habitat.  
     Peak deer harvest was in 1961 at 163,939 with 31 percent of total mule deer harvest being antlerless and 37 percent of black-tail antlerless.  The percentage of does in the harvest has generally gone down since then.  In 2004, the numbers fell to below 10 percent for mule deer and in the 9 to 14 percent range for black-tail deer.  The 2012 harvest was 43,098, or 26.3 percent of the historical high. In 2012, hunter success was about 36 percent.  Every fall thousands of mule deer make a 30 to 75 mile trip between Bend and La Pine, increasingly difficult due to development. 
     Elk densities are highest on the north coast, down a little along the mid-coast with bull ratios only a little above 10 per 100 cows.  In 2016 an estimated 74,227 Rocky Moutain elk and 60,057 Roosevelt elk.
    Moose, about 60 in 2016 in the Umatilla and Wallowa-Whitman national forests.  These Shiras moose are the smallest North American subspecies.
    Cougars,  Over 6,400 in 2017.  Estimated 6,372 cougars in 2015about 5,000 to 6,000 from 2011 to 2015, estimated at 214 in 1961.  Classified as a game mammal in 1967 and managed by ODFW.  Population estimated at 3,114 in 1994. 
     Wolves, roughly 150 in 2017, 112 known wolves in 2016, up 2 from 2015. The last wolf bounty was paid out in 1947, the first wolf pack in recent times was seen in 2006.  The first pups documented in 2008 with 29 confirmed wolves in 2011.  A minimum of about 82 wolves in the state in 2015.  Wolf status report, 2015.  Wolf Plan, slides.
    Black bears, about 25,000 in 2016
    A 1913 edition of Outdoor life offers the following estimates:  1,000 elk mostly in Northwest Oregon (re-introductions of Rocky Mountain elk had just begun in northeast Oregon); 80,000 deer, mostly blacktail; 16,700 black bear, also mostly in western Oregon; 4,650 antelope, and no mention of bighorn sheep or Rocky Mountain goats.  Deer populations throughout the U.S. had been over hunted during this period.

Report poaching, rewards:  1-800-452-7888

Other useful links:
-  Compass map,  online system of maps helps you make informed land use decisions related to fish and wildlife habitats as you plan energy, transportation, conservation and other large projects.

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MULE DEER INITIATIVE Commission Briefing - February 20, 2009. Issue:
Researchers and wildlife managers generally concede mule deer achieved maximum abundance during the 1950s and ‘60s. Since then, mule deer have declined across the West, including Oregon. The most recent decline appened during the early 1990s and, though not fully understood, it is believed to be primarily due to the combined effects of drought and severe winters. Historically, deer populations rebounded quickly after such climatic extremes. However, in recent years, production and survival of fawns have remained at depressed levels. Low recruitment, severe winters, dry summers, changing predator/prey relationships, and increased habitat loss have pushed mule deer populations lower than the department and public desire.