Washington Deer Population:   An estimated 330,000 deer in 2015, up from about 310,000 in 2014.  The hard winter of 2015-16 reduced deer and elk populations. The 2016-17 winter also reduced populations especially in the east where the state has limited deer tags for the 2017-18 season to help the herd recover.  Whitetail deer are stable to increasing while mule deer are stable to declining.  A general downward population trend since the early 2000's.  Herd analysis at right.  Historical Washington deer hunting statistics and news archive.

Washington Deer News


  Port Townsend,  Deer in the Christmas lights December 13, 2017 Washington, Port Townsend Leader
...The black-tailed deer seen in Port Townsend generally shed their antlers – along with any attached decorative lighting – starting in February...

Advocates Admonish WDFW for Killing Young Deer, Elk at Rochester Rescue December 9, 2017 Washington, Centralia Chronicle
...  A steady procession of wildlife advocates took their turn at the microphone on Friday in order to formally voice their support of For Heaven’s Sake Animal Rescue and Rehabilitation ...Claudia Supensky expressed her gratitude to the dozens of supporters who showed up to advocate for her operation and the 11 deer who are left in limbo...
     Animal Rescue Closes Down to Join 'For Heaven's Sake' Fight After WDFW Raid December 7, 2017Washington, Centralia Chronicle
...  Glaze says that the heavy handed action at For Heaven’s Sake is not the first time that the WDFW has unfairly targeted animals at rehabilitation centers for lethal action despite other non-lethal options being available... a property owner near Montesano, had previously offered WDFW the opportunity to relocate the deer onto 65 acres of his land and was disgusted when he found out the animals had instead been euthanized...

No sign wolves diminishing deer, elk December 8, 2017 Washington, Capital Press
... Wolves are not noticeably reducing the number of deer and elk in northeast Washington, according to an assessment by the state Department of Fish and Wildlife,  The study, which was completed a year ago but only released Dec. 8, found that hunter success suggests herd populations are stable, even where there are many wolfpacks...

Gig Harbor, Hunting of any kind now prohibited in city limits December 6, 2017 Washington, The News Tribune
... After a beloved neighborhood deer was shot and killed in city limits in October, city officials passed a new ordinance that makes it illegal to hunt in Gig Harbor...

First Suspect in Massive Poaching Case Pleads Guilty, Hit With $500 Fine December 5, 2017 Washington, Centralia Chronicle
... Nearly 30 severed deer heads were found during the first night of the investigation alone and hunting dogs were allegedly employed illegally during many of the big game hunts ...

WDFW explains Minot 'trophy hunt' decision November 27, 2017 Washington, The Daily World
... A majority of the written comments — and virtually all of the people who attended the meeting in Elma — rejected the idea of restricting hunting opportunities in GMU 660 to produce more mature, heavy-antlered bucks...

... The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife has filed an emergency rule that adds Montana to the list of states and provinces with restrictions on what parts of the game animals can be brought across the state line...

Bellevue residents outraged over buck shot with bow and arrow November 20, 2017 Washington, Bellevue Reporter
...  residents in the Meydenbauer Bay neighborhood want to find out who is responsible for shooting and killing a buck with an arrow in recent weeks... It’s an offensive, awful thing to have happen in one of our neighborhoods ...
  No plans to euthanize rehabbed deer, WDFW says November 16, 2017 Washington, KING5.com
... After an onslaught of public outcry over the euthanasia of three fawns and one elk calf taken from a Rochester animal rehabilitation facility, the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife says it has no plans to euthanize the remaining 11 fawns...

Rochester Wildlife Rescue Cries Foul After WDFW Kills Young Deer and Elk November 14, 2017 Washington, Centralia Chronicle
... Claudia Supensky pointed out that over the past eight years, For Heaven’s Sake has rehabilitated close to 200 deer that were successfully released to the wild. She said they’ve never changed their practices over the years and they’ve also never failed to revert a deer back to its wild nature...

Second wildlife rehab closing after deer euthanized November 14, 2017 Washington, KING5.com
... The deer and elk were too habituated to humans, WDFW said ... The animals were so scared when WDFW tried to seize them, they ran off and had to be immobilized using a dart gun in order to load them into a trailer ... If there are accusations of violations, let us speak to those before a peer group or a review board that would include wildlife biologists ...

... Eleven young deer at a south Thurston County wildlife rehabilitation center are being evaluated to see whether they have become too habituated to humans ... an elk calf and three fawns were euthanized last week ...  at For Heaven’s Sake Animal Rescue and Rehabilitation in Rochester ...

Preliminary surveys show deer hunt numbers falling short of 2016 harvest November 11, 2017 Washington, Methow Valley News
... Comparatively hard winters and higher-than-normal fawn mortality during the past two years may also contribute to a reduction in the number of deer taken by hunters this season, Fitkin said. Fawn mortality in the winter of 2015 – 2016 was 67 percent, compared to a 10-year average mortality rate of 53 percent ..,

... owners of For Heaven's Sake Wildlife Rescue say the state has no reason to confiscate the animals. They say a former intern misinformed officials the young animals were overly friendly to humans...

WDFW looks ahead to post-recovery wolf management November 3, 2017 Washington, Capital Press
... WDFW counted 115 wolves in Washington at the end of 2016. If projections hold true, the population will increase by about 30 percent annually ... The state needs at least 15 breeding pairs, with each region having at least four, according to the plan..,

Private-public collaboration restores habitat in Washington November 2, 2017 Yakima Herald-Republic
... “Habitat loss is the most detrimental factor to the mule deer population ... A healthy native shrub community is an important aspect of mule deer habitat in the Columbia Gorge mule deer management zone.”  In the last five years, the Mule Deer Foundation put well over $250,000 into on-the-ground projects to restore deer habitat ...

Eating That Arby's Venison Steak Sandwich Was a Mistake October 23, 2017 Washington, TheStranger.com
... The meat tasted pre-chewed but also rubberized. After a little while it dissolved into an unnaturally grainy texture that gassed my mouth with gaminess...

San Juan Islands, Kwiaht studies islands' deer populations October 21, 2017 Washington, Islands' Sounder
... Early European explorers saw herds of deer swimming between the islands pursued by Coast Salish hunters in canoes; and observed Coast Salish villagers burning underbrush to improve deer habitat ..,

DFW struggles to feed elk, deer October 19, 2017 Washington, Longview Daily News
... expected to be another cold, wet winter.  The state Department of Fish and Wildlife will be ready to feed the state’s largest herd and in the process protect valuable agriculture and create an incredible sight for onlookers ...  the Yakima herd down by about 2,500 from last year to fewer than 8,500 ...

Harsh winter challenged animals in SW Washington October 4, 2017 Washington, The Columbian
... while the reports of dead deer were higher than normal, most of the animals simply moved to better areas.  “The deer moved down into the Klickitat Canyon at lower elevations ... There was some mortality, but more deer may have survived than thought. The deer kill was not as bad as expected.” ..,

San Juan Islands are overrun by deer September 27, 2017 Washington, Islands' Sounder
... “There is no agreed-upon good census technique for black-tailed deer anywhere in Washington or Oregon.”  ... Ruth Milner, a wildlife biologist for the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife ...

Mule deer numbers good, but may be hard to reach September 27, 2017 Washington, The Daily Herald
...  Okanogan County has the largest migratory mule deer herd in the state... Heavier than average fawn mortality last winter was balanced by better postseason buck escapement (resulting in a buck-doe ratio of 20/100 compared to 16/100 in 2016) ...

... In the survey, 29% of those who responded says that their chances of harvesting a trophy black-tailed deer from GMU 660 were “Poor”, while both “Fair” and “Very Poor” both received 35%...  

State Department of Fish and Wildlife to start controlled burns this fall September 19, 2017 Washington, Yakima Herald-Republic
... We need to reduce fuel loads in some of these areas to lower the risk of catastrophic uncontrolled wildfire ... Deer love that new growth and will thrive on it for years to come...

Deadly deer disease arrives in SW Washington September 12, 2017 Chinook Observer
... confirmed a case of Adenovirus Hemorrhagic disease in a Klickitat County deer herd... Last year, an outbreak of AHD occurred near The Dalles ... In 2001 and 2002, an outbreak killed about 400 deer near the Central Oregon town of Sisters...

... King County Parks wants to hear from the public on a proposal to continue a limited deer-hunting season annually at Island Center Forest on Vashon Island... a 17-day-long deer hunting season was first set for 2011 ...

Big-game outlook down after 'tough winter' September 4, 2017 Washington, Longview Daily News
...  deer populations still recovering from setbacks, including a bluetongue outbreak two years ago followed by this winter’s deep-snow conditions... “This last winter was one of the tougher ones we’ve seen in recent years, and we have to give the herds — particularly those east of the Cascades — some time to rebuild ..,

... deer populations still recovering from setbacks, including a bluetongue outbreak two years ago followed by this winter’s deep-snow conditions.  Antlerless deer hunting in Eastern Washington continues to be cut back for 2017  ....[ See 2017 deer outlook] ... Blue Mountains elk also took a hit by a winter so severe the state blocked public access to some some winter ranges to minimize disturbance..,

First Suspects Named in Massive Northwest Poaching Ring September 1, 2017 Washington, Centralia Chronicle
... suspected in the illegal take of hundreds of animals, including deer, elk, bears and cougars, around the region. Photographic evidence shows packs of dogs were sometimes illegally deployed to corner animals and were then allowed to tear at the flesh of the dead or dying wildlife...

State's first case of AHD in deer confirmed in southcentral WA August 29, 2017 Washington, NBC Right Now
...  a viral infection known as Adenovirus Hemorrhagic Disease (AHD)... “This disease is common enough in California and other western states that we’ve likely had it before but just haven’t been able to document it,” ... signs of deer with AHD include rapid or open-mouth breathing, foaming or drooling at the mouth ...

Interstate 90 wildlife website relaunches August 5, 2017 Washington, Daily Record-News
... People who spot wildlife on Interstate 90 over Snoqualmie Pass are encouraged to report sightings on a newly relaunched website ... will complement the ongoing research to help agencies better understand which species are interacting with the highway ...

Colville Confederated Tribes Fish and Wildlife,  CTFW big game count shows record high numbers for adults while young animals affected by hard winter August 4, 2017 Washington, Tribal Tribune 
... Mule deer ...  decreased from 36 fawns per 100 adult mule deer to 31 fawns per 100 adult mule deer... whitetail fawns ... per 100 adults decreased from 37 to 29 fawns per 100 adults...  likely the result of both the direct influence of winter severity on the availability of forage as well as the indirect impact of deep snow offering predators an increased advantage ..,

  Dept. Fish and Wildlife rescue deer caught in tomato cage July 31, 2017 Washington, KREM.com
... An officer shot a tranquilizer dart at the deer in order to calm it down and help. Adkins said she held the deer’s head while the officer cut the wire cage off...

...  changed state code to allow the salvage of elk and deer accidentally killed by vehicles.  In the program’s first year of existence, people plucked nearly 1,600 deer and elk off Washington roadways ...

Fawn Rescued By Seattle Police Detective Doing Well June 12, 2017 Washington, Patch.com
... The fawn, since named Blue, is recovering and doing well at the Sarvey Wildlife Care Center in Arlington. If Blue's recovery keeps going well, he'll be released back into the wild by fall...

Progress on Southwest Washington Poaching Case Slow to Develop May 25, 2017 Centralia Chronicle
... The group of at least 10 individuals based out of Cowlitz County is suspected of illegally killing hundreds of animals in Washington and Oregon in recent years, often times leaving everything but the ornamental head behind to rot... poached animals include deer, elk ...

Harsh winter brings changes for hunters May 24, 2017 Washington, The Observer
... With the most severe winter in the last decade, many deer and elk herds experienced a higher death rate ... WDFW has greatly decreased permits for modern firearm permits for antler-less elk in the Yakima, Clockum and the Mount St. Helens herds..,

Deer abuser gets jail time May 19, 2017 Washington, Whidbey News-Times 
... man who broke a fawn’s pelvis with his bare hands and shot a doe with a pellet gun is serving time in Island County jail...

WSU researchers called upon to solve hoof rot dillemma May 18, 2017 Washington, Longview Daily News
... although they have done some analysis of hoof rot samples from 2009-13, they are still trying to discover what the exact catalyst for the disease might be...  even if they eventually find what’s causing hoof rot in native elk, implementing a solution is no easy task ...

... The state seized the images last month as part of an anti-poaching operation. They show dozens of animals illegally killed ... The men involved filmed themselves in the violent acts... photos show deer whose heads were taken, but their meat left to rot in fields...

Commission Adopts 2017-18 Hunting Season Rules April 14, 2017 Washington, WDFW News
... Some of the significant rule changes adopted will reduce hunter harvest of deer and elk in several areas of the state – especially in eastern Washington – where harsh winter conditions took a toll on those populations ..,

Winter takes its toll on animals, too March 8, 2017 Washington, wallowa.com
... Wallowa County... The deer population is already severely affected by the weather according to Matthews. “We’re certainly losing deer; and we’re going to continue losing deer. Both white tail and mule deer populations will be dropping some this winter ..,

How do wolves affect behavior of deer and elk? March 6, 2017 Washington, Eatonville Dispatch
... The goal is to keep 65 white-tailed deer, 50 elk and 10 cougars collared in one study area that includes areas of Ferry, Stevens and Pend Orville countries. The researchers also plan to collar 100 mule deer and 10 cougars in Okanogan Country...

Harsh winter takes toll on Washington state wildlife March 3, 2017 Yakima Herald-Republic
... most biologists expect to see significant mortality this winter among deer and elk, adding that starvation isn’t the only threat made worse by the weather.  “That thick layer of ice allows predators like cougars and whatnot to run over it, but doesn’t hold up deer and elk,” ...

... a deer ran across the road ... wolves  ... Johnson was out with his dogs when one of them — Lance — disappeared... by the time I realized he was gone ... That night, Johnson saddled his horse and grabbed his gun. “I was going to kill every wolf in the Teanaway,” ...

Study to focus on wolves' effect on other predators, prey February 16, 2017 Washington, Capital Press
... “It’s going to come down to, how much of an effect are we seeing on the ungulate population, and whether they’re able to maintain themselves or the level of depredation is forcing that population to decline,” ...

... Two southeastern Washington wildlife areas totaling 11,000 acres are closed to public access ... Deer and elk observed in this area have physical signs of undernourishment, including exposed hip bones and eating shrub bark ...

House panel OKs higher pay out for deer, elk damage February 2, 2017 Washington, Capital Press
... a Washington farmer could receive up to $20,000 a year under a program administered by the state Department of Fish and Wildlife.  House Bill 1399 also would raise the damage threshold for filing a claim to $1,500 from $1,000...

Boiler plate snow cover tough on wildlife January 24, 2017 Washington, The Spokesman-Review (blog)
... Crusty snow with mild temperatures is more deadly than powdery snow and frigid cold...   It's against Washington law to let dogs chase wildlife.  If a dog is caught chasing deer, the owner is liable.  In extreme cases, officers have been authorized to shoot deer-chasing dogs...

Volunteers install fencing to keep elk off I-90 near Vantage January 17, 2017 Washington, Daily Record-News
... olunteers with the Mule Deer Foundation, and staff with the Washington state Department of Fish and Wildlife and Department of Transportation worked to put up new fencing over the weekend. The fencing will cover close to six miles of the interstate...

Lots of deer at Steamboat Rock State Park this winter. - January 17, 2017


Update On Washington Winter Range Conditions For Deer, Elk January 16, 2017 nwsportsmanmag.com
... In late December, WDFW reported over 1150 elk at the Cowiche and more than 700 elk at feeding stations in western Yakima Counties ...

This video shows some deer that I suspect are hybrids between whitetails and mule deer. This video is from the Yakima River Bottoms in Eastern Washington - January 1, 2017



  Hockinson man raises Eurasian fallow deer December 26, 2016 Washington, 
The Columbian
... Unlike the deer of North America, the Eurasian fallow deer can keep their white spots throughout their lives and have a color range from white to brown to black... at least four other hobby herds of fallow deer in the county. In fact, he trades animals with them and a few other nearby farms from time-to-time to keep the gene pool in his herd deep ...

Forest slaughterhouse December 6, 2016 Washington, Castanet
... A disturbing video sent to Castanet shows what appears to be the slaughter of dozens of deer and moose in an Okanagan forest...

Warning, raw video: A large number of deer and moose carcasses found several kms up oyama lake road.


Reward offered for tips on deer poaching in Pend Oreille County November 9, 2016 Washington, 
The Spokesman-Review
... buck was shot Nov. 1 or 2 near milepost 3 on Forest Service Road 5015-020 near Cooks Lake and Mystic Lake ...

Columbian white-tails have been delisted to threatened species October 27, 2016 Washington, The Wahkiakum County Eagle
... The deer population of the lower Columbian floodplain has experienced significant recovery, increasing from about 400 deer in the early 1970s to almost 1,000 individuals in 2015... Columbian white-tailed deer are unique to southwest Washington and western Oregon. The successes in translocations and management have been invaluable in promoting the recovery of the deer ...

Big year for wildlife overpasses in West October 25, 2016 Washington, Mountain Town News
... Two were completed in Colorado; one is taking shape in Washington state and another in Nevada. More are being planned in British Columbia ...  “Elk like open. They don’t like stuff above their head,” ... he Snoqualmie project “by far the most ecologically comprehensive mitigation project I’m aware of in North America ...

... The deer population of the Lower Columbia floodplain has experienced significant recovery, increasing from about 400 deer in the early 1970s to almost 1,000 individuals in 2015. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and its state and tribal partners have utilized translocation as a management technique ...

USFWS Pacific Region - Tumblr
... The recovery was enhanced by the establishment of the Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-tailed Deer in 1971. The refuge was established to protect and manage the endangered deer. Now, there are three viable subpopulations at or near the refuge ...

Fish and Wildlife to downlist Columbian white-tailed deer October 12, 2016 Washington, Longview Daily News
... Federal wildlife officials ... will downlist the Columbian white-tailed deer from endangered to threatened ... The deer were declared endangered in 1967 due to habitat loss and modification by farming, logging, and commercial and residential development...

Growers say elk damaging Wenatchee orchards October 7, 2016 Washington, Capital Press
... Joseph Bridges, WDFW wildlife conflict specialist, is trying to help him get fencing wire ... WDFW increased antlerless elk hunting permits in the Malaga area to 170 over seven time periods versus 90 over four time periods last year ... The Colockum herd numbers about 6,000 ...

2016 District 7 and 8 deer and elk hunting prospects October 6, 2016 Washington, Columbia Basin Herald
... The increased harvest in 2015 was part of a larger trend that included not only eastern Washington, but portions of Idaho and Oregon as well. We have had a series of mild winters ...

One of favorite moments from the Pacific Northwest Trail. A deer came up to us while in the backcountry of the Pasaten Wilderness and licked Oakdale's back! He's desperately trying not to laugh. - October 3, 2016


2016 Washington Deer Prospects A Mixed Bag September 30, 2016
nwsportsmanmag.com
...  See 2016 deer outlook  ... last year’s seasons, the state was a mess, what with massive wildfires, extreme drought and large-scale land closures, as well as bluetongue ravaging whitetails... some good things going in our favor in 2015: fantastic buck ratios in Okanogan and Chelan Counties; a late-starting and -ending 11-day rifle muley season; the end of the four-point minimum for whitetails in two super-popular units north of Spokane ...
Southeastern Washington deer herds are stable and could be increasing September 22, 2016 Lewiston Morning Tribune 
... Deer populations in the southeastern corner of Washington appear to be stable and possibly climbing, according to a hunting outlook compiled by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.  Like those in neighboring Idaho, deer herds in Washington have taken advantage of mild to moderate winters ...

King County, Limited deer hunt set for Oct. 15-31 at King County's Island Center Forest September 9, 2016 Washington, King County (press release)
... King County began a limited hunt at Island Center Forest in 2011, when more than 60 hunters registered and eight deer were harvested. In 2015, an estimated 60 hunters harvested four deer...


Washington State Legalizes Roadkill Salvage, Oregon Still Firmly Forbids September 2, 2016 KUOW News and Information
... Oregon still firmly forbids people from collecting roadkill, but Washington state has now joined Idaho and Montana in allowing individuals to salvage dead deer and elk from the roadside...

Outrage in Washington: the Slaughter of the Profanity Wolf Pack August 12, 2016 Washington, CounterPunch
...   recent decision by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife to kill members of the Profanity wolf pack because they have killed a few cattle grazing public lands... when domestic animals are released on public lands, it socially displaces wild ungulates like elk...

We happened to see this albino deer on Whidbey Island in Washington State grazing in an open field. At first glance I thought it must have been a goat or other farm animal. - August 31, 2016


Hazing deer a nighttime affair August 4, 2016 Washington, Columbia Basin Herald
... When a deer is spotted, the vehicle is stopped and the deer convinced to leave the field...  alfalfa fields more enticing as the surrounding sagebrush ... At our disposal for hazing are whistles, a paint gun, air signals, spotlights and 12 gauge rubber buckshot...

... roughly 3,000 deer and elk are hit and killed by drivers... as of July 1, you can harvest that deer or elk meat...
... On Friday, Washington residents can legally pick up ... deer and elk accidentally hit and killed ...

Klickitat deer habitat to be purchased June 23, 2016 Washington, The Columbian
... more than 3,600 acres of prime deer habitat in the Simcoe Mountains of Klickitat County ... “WDFW wants to reopen this area of Game Management Unit 382 to public hunting through land purchases from Western Pacific Timber,’’ ...

     Columbian White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus leucurus) is the westernmost subspecies of whitetailed deer. Although widespread and numerous across much of its North American range, this subspecies occurs in relatively low numbers in a highly restricted range. Once Columbian White-tailed Deer (CWTD) ranged widely across much of western Washington and Oregon, however; habitat loss and degradation as well as overhunting led to a significant range contraction as well as a commensurate decline in their numbers. This led the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) to include the Columbian Whitetailed Deer as an Endangered Species immediately upon adoption of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) in 1973.... Submit written comments on this report by e-mail by 9 July 2016 to: T&Epubliccom@dfw.wa.gov

Reductions in 2016 antlerless deer hunting approved June 13, 2016 Washington, The Spokesman Review 
... The number of hunting days for antlerless deer hunting this season in northeastern Washington has been reduced because of concerns that a 2015 blue tongue outbreak severely reduced whitetail numbers in certain areas. The Washington Fish and Wildlife Commission voted on the proposed season changes ...

Washington Data:  About 330,000 deer in 2015 based on hunting data.  See 2017 deer outlook.  Harsh winters reduced populations in 2016 and 2017.  Total deer population estimated at 300,000 to 320,000 in 2014 according to the Game Management Plan, p. 62 [PDF]. For 2015, an estimated 90,000 to 100,000 blacktails and about the same 90,000 to 100,000 mule deer.  Deer and elk tags were reduced for the 2017-18 hunt in eastern parts of the state because the hard winter of 2016-17.  The hard winter of 2015-16 also reduced deer and elk populations.  An outbreak of bluetonuge in 2015 reduced deer populations.  
    Whitetail deer in Northeast Washington are still recovering from major winters kills in the winters of '07 and '08.  White-tails predominate in the northeast, mule deer in the southeast. With the decline of logging and new forest management practices, the deer population has declined by about 40 percent in some parts of the Southwest since 2002, mostly blacktails; numbers are stronger in the interior Southwest.   Another major factor reducing deer habitat is the conversion of farm and forest lands into residential development and reduced alfalfa and cereal production [Deer Status Report, 2014, PDF].  Efforts are ongoing to support the few remaining Columbian white-tailed deer, once thought to be extinct.  2015 Draft Mule Deer Management Plan
     The 2013 total deer harvest was 33,657 with 27,448 antlered deer and 6,209 antlerless deer taken with a hunter success rate of 27.2 percent.The antlerless harvest rose from 15.7% of the total in 1998 to 25.6 percent in 2012.  Harvest Statistics   The total deer harvest in 2012 was similar to 1997, with a recent peak in the early 2000's at around 40,000.  Whitetail deer are about 35 percent of the harvest and are more numerous in the northeast, mule deer are found in the higher elevations, blacktails found along the coast are about 32 percent of the harvest.  The management goal for mule deer is 15 to 19 bucks per 100 does after hunting (Plan, see p. 3).  The low buck to doe ratio has been suspected as a factor in their decline.
    History:  White-tail deer numbers were plentiful in in the 1800's, but were reduced by over hunting by the early 1900's.  Early explorers saw deer swimming between the San Juan Islands.  Indians were burning underbrush to improve deer habitat.  From the 2015 Draft Mule Deer Plan:  "Although records of historic mule deer population trends are limited, Julander and Low  reported a marked decline in populations due to severe weather during the winter of 1889. They also reported an increase in population between 1935 and 1968.  
     Mule deer populations apparently reached very low numbers in eastern Washington during 1969, 1971, and 1972, during unseasonably harsh winters. Mule deer populations increased from 1973 until the mid-1980s.  Deer hunter numbers and also probably deer population peaked in 1979, with a recent peak in the 1990s.    Drought conditions developed in eastern Washington starting in 1986, and then eased somewhat in the mid-1990s, and became more pronounced in the early 2000s."  Deer hunter numbers and also probably deer population peaked in 1979, with a recent peak in the 1990s.  
    
    Moose were not thought to be in the state until 1920 when some moved into northeastern areas.      
    Cougar population estimated at 2,500 in 2015 and 2008.
    Wolf population count at the end of 2016 was 115. a minimum of 68 in 2014, up from 24 in 2010.

Report Poaching:  Information can be submitted anonymously:  Call the state Poaching Hotline, (877) 933-9847,  Email the tip to reportpoaching@dfw.wa.gov

Other useful links:
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife  - 2016 Season Regulations
Mule deer Geodatabase     - Predator Ecology Lab
Blacktail Deer Society — IslandWood an outdoor education center on the 255 acres on Bainbridge Island 
I-90 Wildlife Watch is a citizen-based wildlife monitoring project that invites motorists to report wildlife sightings along Interstate 90 (I-90) in the Snoqualmie Pass region of Washington.
- List of Wildlife Rehabilitators, contact for information on injured deer
- Washington Prescribed Fire Council      - Washington Fish and Wildlife News