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Feeding Deer.  Also see food plots
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Although appropriate supplemental feeding of wild deer can improve survival, careless feeding can kill deer or create management problems. Deer are browsers and have adapted to eating a wide variety of food sources, but their efficient stomachs require time to adapt to a new food source.  For example, a hungry deer that has not eaten corn for several months can die within a day if it comes across a large pile of corn that it devours [bloat and acidosis].  There are over 10,000 deer farms in the U.S. where deer are fed products such as Purina Antler Max Breeder with a protein content of about 16 percent, other deer products may have a protein level of up to 22 percent.

Corn is often used as a food supplement, but is low in protein and nutritional value and may result in acidosis, so should be used sparingly as an energy supplement during winter or for does trying to feed new fawns. Use of less than 25 percent corn is recommended.   C.O.B. (corn, oats, and barley) is readily available and has protein of about 8 percent, but high in corn content so must be introduced slowly.  Goat chow usually has properties similar to deer chow, about 16 percent protein, alfalfa is a primary ingredient.  Second cut or later alfalfa is commonly used, but deer may also need time to adapt to this food source.  Deer enjoy a wide variety of fruits and vegetables such as apples, grapes, small plums, cherries, pears, pumpkin, carrots, snap peas.  As with people, individual tastes vary.  Acorns and other mast are an important food source

The Michigan DNR permitted supplemental feeding during the severe winter of 2013-14 and provided these guidelines: "Feed can consist only of grains, second cut alfalfa and clover, and pelletized food materials containing no animal protein. The feed must be scattered on the ground at a depth not to exceed three inches. If individuals choose to feed corn, the DNR recommends it be mixed as a minor component (25 percent or less ) of the recipe, which should help protect deer from dying by acidosis..."  Cutting twigs and branches down so deer can reach them is effective in winter.  Feeding deer, as in baiting by hunters, may increase the transmission of disease.  Keeping feed off the ground such as in a covered trough will reduce disease transmission risk.  Feeding deer is illegal in some jurisdictions.  Planting food plots is a safe and legal way to support local deer populations.  Good trees include pears, crabapples, persimmons, chestnuts, white oaks and red oaks.

News


What's happening to our deer with this drought? November 15, 2016 Alabama, Buckmasters Online
... “I’ve been talking to some old-timers, and they don’t ever remember it being this dry,” ... those hunters and landowners who are especially concerned about the deer herd’s health can take advantage of supplemental feeding ...

Deer season could be active October 30, 2016 Texas, Victoria Advocate
... Central Texas is home to a bounty of wild deer, and it’s also got a growing number of game ranches, where deer are raised similar to cattle – in herds with strict diets that promote maximum body and antler growth. These high-fence ranches provide hunters with opportunities to hunt trophy bucks without having to travel far from home...

...  wildfire that burned about 75 percent of the Tex Creek Wildlife Management Area ... The fire burned most of the crucial range for about 3,500 elk, 5,000 mule deer and 100 moose ... Fish and Game is also prepared to start emergency winter feeding following the hunting seasons ...

A new crop of wildlife, a new hunting season September 12, 2016 Louisiana, Louisiana Sportsman
...  Annaliese Scoggin, wildlife biologist for Texas Parks and Wildlife. ...  suggests a protein supplement in post rut in January-Feb and then late July as antlers are being developed. As a game manager, she stresses to monitor range conditions to more effectively supplement the needs of the deer herd...

Deer feeder in Tarpley, Texas - September 25, 2016



Granite Shoals, Group petitioning against deer-feeding ban in Granite Shoals August 3, 2016 Texas, The River Cities Sunday Tribune
... The council adopted the deer-feeding ban as part of its overall plan to address the white-tailed deer population in the city... What Steenbergen’s group wants instead is an annual fee system in place in which residents can feed deer at $25 or pay $75 to use a larger bin...

Hardware Ranch Wildlife Management Area is owned by the State of Utah and managed by the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources. It is located in the Blacksmith Fork Canyon, about 15 mi east of Hyrum, Utah. - August, 2016


Kingwood, Still legal to feed deer in town July 27, 2016 West Virginia, The DPost
... Kingwood Council voted down an ordinance that would have made it illegal to feed deer in town...

All your deer feeding protein questions answered here! When should you feed? What should you feed? Why should you feed? Find out! - July 21, 2016


Seneca, Plans to protect Seneca white deer include soybeans and upgraded security June 30, 2016 New York, Auburn Citizen
... Bolstering the Seneca white deer's food supply will be one way Earl Martin plans to support the dwindling population... "The last few winters have been very harsh on the white deer population," ...

... A desire to attract deer has led a St. Francis man to try and build an orchard of a hybrid tree whose breeders hope can bring chestnuts, in some form, back to North American shores... American Chestnut trees by the millions were felled more than a century ago when an invasive blight swept through the country...

... building a shelter to go over hay [alfalfa] ... “It’s to make the deer more visible, to pull them up,” Schuette said. “They won’t eat the hay because it is wet and full of goose poop.”...

Do Your Deer Have Adequate Browse? May 2, 2016 North American Whitetail Magazine, Dr. James C. Kroll 
.. Browse is the collective term for the leaves and twigs of woody plants: shrubs, small trees and vines...  randomly examine 10 stems of each plant and count how many have been browsed....  Use exceeding 50 percent throws up a red flag...

Corn vs Red apples vs Green apples


New grant program aims to increase hunting opportunities March 25, 2016 Minnesota, Sault Ste. Marie Evening News
... The Department of Natural Resources awarded a $10,000 grant to the Chippewa-Luce-Mackinac Conservation District on March 17 to help enhance hunting on public lands by giving adjacent private landowners an opportunity to provide a hard food source for deer...

... Ranchers are feeding elk to help them survive, and deer are foraging for scraps that are left behind...
     Deer and elk aren't enjoying epic snowfall as much as people are February 4, 2016 Colorado, Vail Daily News 
... If heavy snowfall continues through the month, then Colorado Parks and Wildlife may have to launch a feeding program to ensure animals can weather the winter...


Supplemental feeding for deer concerning flooding January 20, 2016 Mississippi, MS News Now 
... if a supplemental feeding program is started, biologists with the Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks recommend a specific feed mixture... Mixing corn or soybeans with protein pellets will improve acceptance by deer and will increase energy intake.  If you want to feed the deer, you must use an above ground covered feeder or stationary spin cast feeder...

Utah Biologists Keeping Close Eye on Deer January 13, 2016 Ammo Land
...  If conditions get too severe, the biologists are prepared to feed the deer specially designed pellets. The pellets supplement the natural diet of the deer when the browse the deer normally eat is limited. Feeding pellets to the deer may improve the survival of some of the animals and help them make it through the winter...

Avoid feeding deer in chronic wasting disease areas January 11, 2016 Wisconsin, WJFW-TV
... The DNR points to scientific tests conducted since the state discovered CWD [Chronic Wasting Disease] in Wisconsin in 2000 as evidence that banning deer feeding helps limit the odds of the deadly disease spreading.  "If you reduce the number of baiting and feeding sites, you reduce the number of deer that come into contact, lick the same ground, touch noses, whatever the case may be," ...

Wintering elk are in good shape January 6, 2016 Idaho, Idaho Mountain Express and Guide
...   The department does have a feeding station near Penny Lake west of Ketchum. Hatch said that’s been going on since the 1930s, when elk were reintroduced into the valley from Yellowstone National Park after having been decimated by hunters during initial development of the area in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Now, he said, the department continues to conduct the feeding to keep the elk out of the residential area along Warm Springs Road. He said about 200 elk are fed there, with grain pellets delivered about twice a week...

Big game doing fine despite the cold January 2, 2015 Idaho, Idaho State Journal
...  in Southeast Idaho ... The region does have a winter feeding committee that will meet this week to gather input from Fish and Game field officers and the public... Fish and Game doesn’t implement any supplemental feeding programs unless emergency situations exist...

Hunting in Kentucky is worth the drive November 29, 2015 Alabama, Montgomery Advertiser
... Alfalfa is an excellent source of energy, protein, calcium and some other nutrients to maintain a deer’s health through harsh winters. Alfalfa is a perennial crop and grows best in heavy soil types and in certain climates...  It simply cannot take the summer heat of Alabama ...

With study, you can groom a place where deer flourish November 28, 2015 Minnesota, SC Times
... their diet is heavily dependent on forbs and other leafy plants...  In a heavily canopied forest, sunlight is unable to reach the ground with enough intensity to support the quantity and variety plant life that edges do.  For this reason, our plan this winter is to thin out the forest in select locations...

Age, inadequate nutrition blamed for deer skull defects November 12, 2015 Texas, San Antonio Express-News
... “With the better management practices we are seeing now, big bucks are living longer and producing trophy racks at 6½, 7½, 8½ years or older. The old belief that all bucks are in their prime at 5½ years old is just not true anymore... “Some landowners in the area are spending $40,000 to $80,000 a year on supplemental feeding and they need to get the best results from their investments...

What Do Deer Eat? November 3, 2015 North American Whitetail Magazine
...Fruits such as grapes, blackberries, mulberry and plums are used by deer as a high-energy source rich in carbohydrates during antler growth. In fact, digestible energy is the limiting factor for a healthy deer herd. Other soft fruits such as apples and pears provided needed energy in the fall, when deer are storing fat for the winter...

Hunting group, DNR team up to feed deer October 30, 2015 Indiana, Chicago Tribune
... Northwest Indiana Quality Deer Management Association and the DNR at LaSalle have joined together to develop some feeding plots of clover and wheat at the site that will grow in time to provide nutritional support for the wildlife area's deer to help them prepare for the harsh winter months...

Cool-season time is now October 8, 2015 North Carolina, North Carolina Sportsman
... Fast-growing annuals create immediately-available forage that begins attracting wildlife as soon as the sprouts erupt from the soil and provide food for several months. The most-economical fall forages to plant are wheat and oats... Another October planting that should get a look are forage brassicas....

... Landowners can plant now in dry soil and hope for enough rain ... “This is not to say that white-tailed deer do not need supplemental nutrition,” Higginbotham said. “To the contrary, it’s critical, as much of the southeastern deer range, including East Texas, provides substandard nutrition for the white-tailed during the warm- and cool-season stress periods in July and August, and January and February, respectively...

4-H feeding SC wildlife with 500-pound seed donation September 8, 2015 South Carolina, Powdersvillepost.com
... Food plots are valuable nutrition sources for deer and other wildlife, particularly during summer months when food can be sparse ... food plots also assist wildlife displaced by urban encroachment ... project is supported by Wannamaker Wildlife, the Quality Deer Management Association ...

... Scott and his wife, Janna, have worked hard in the past 14 years to attract wildlife ... A mama deer picked a landscaping bed only feet from their duplex-style condo as a safe place to leave her baby all day, every day while she’s out foraging for food...

Gerald Almy: Prime time for Brassicas July 6, 2015 Virginia, Northern Virginia Daily
... July through September is the time to get these plants in the ground. Brassicas include plants such as kale, turnips, rape, radishes and others. They have become extremely popular among food plot managers because they are easy to grow, provide tremendous amounts of protein and are fed on well by deer...

Food plots give boost to deer, other wildlife June 20, 2015 Arkansas, The Cabin
...  biologists suggest white clover as a basic. It’s a natural in Arkansas and is a perennial. Legumes in several forms are extensively used for Arkansas food plots. So are several members of the brassica family like turnips and kale. Growing in popularity is chicory...

Plant Warm-Season Food Plots for Deer May 27, 2015 Louisiana, Growing Louisiana
... Adult does require at least 11 to 15 percent protein during late pregnancy, but after fawning, they need somewhere between 14 and 22 percent protein for best milk production. Younger animals that are actively growing require much higher levels of protein than adults... several varieties of cowpeas ...

Best seeds to plant for summer food plots May 11, 2015 Virginia, Northern Virginia Dail
... The three best choices for summer annuals according to food plot experts with the Quality Deer Management Association are cowpeas, soybeans and lablab... Plant these seeds ½ to 1 inch deep, after making sure the pH level is adequate (6.0 or higher) and adding a fertilizer such as 5-10-10 or similar...

Post Oak region can produce quality deer April 11, 2015 Texas, Tyler Morning Telegraph 
... As more hobbyist become landowners the desire to produce wildlife habitat instead of cattle pastures increases... landowners are going to have to overcome their fear of fire as a management tool as well as use of the bulldozer to thin timber and a disk to encourage native grass and weed growth...

Two tales of timber: Managing your trees can help your wallet, wildlife April 9, 2015 North Carolina, North Carolina Sportsman
... Logging activities stimulate succession and growth of grasses, shrubs and saplings ... deer will begin to flood the area, munching on the tender, young vegetation. This brushy, early succession phase provides three to four times the bio-energy production of a mature stand... 

How to maximize habitat for whitetails March 29, 2015 New York, Wellsville Daily Reporter
... Chestnut trees are a great asset, and a mixture of red and white oaks are ideal... A similar philosophy can be taken with apple orchards, mixing in varieties that peak at different points of the calendar... it's all about providing what they need most — food and cover. 

Chestnut Tree sale slated March 19, 2015 Pennsylvania, Wayne Independent
... The Susquehanna Branch of the Quality Deer Management Association (QDMA) is once again offering disease resistant Dunstan Chestnut trees for sale. These trees are a good food producing tree for deer and wildlife...  begin to bear in only 2-4 years

Nohre talks state of local deer herd March 18, 2015 Minnesota, Echo Press
... We’ve got a lot of members that put in food plots. We’re getting probably 1,600 pounds of seed corn, 1,100 pounds of soybeans and I think about 500 pounds of sunflowers...

Feeding site helps Grand Marais deer herd March 16, 2015 Michigan, UpperMichigansSource.com
... Grand Marais has two feeding sites to keep the deer spread out. They feed the deer 1/3 protein pellets, 2/3 corn and alfalfa, twice a day...

The Importance of Creating Thermal Deer Cover September 15, 2015 North American Whitetail Magazine
... Sound habitat management is about far more than just food plots... Useful winter thermal cover provides protection from wind, snow and extreme cold. The structure involves a dense overhead canopy ... Summer thermal cover differs from both winter thermal cover and screening cover by not having a dense understory. Its functional purpose is to provide overhead shade ...

March brings challenging days for deer March 15, 2015 Pennsylvania, Citizens Voice
... natural food that nourishes deer in all seasons... sows 60 percent clover, which deer eat most of the year — even in the winter, when they dig beneath the snow. The rest of his crops are soybeans, which deer “eat right down to the dirt” in the late summer and fall, and turnips.  Deer eat the turnip tops in October and November, but dig up the turnip roots during the winter...

Time is of the essence in Falmouth effort to help hungry deer March 10, 2015 Maine, Bangor Daily News
... forester hired by the town to harvest in the Woods Road Community Forest, where up to a third of the trees will be selectively cut. The goal is to help out wildlife ... Brush from the trees will be left in the woods for deer to eat ... 

Deer struggle to keep fed March 1, 2015 New York, Albany Times Union
... Leaving corn or other foods out can actually kill them because they can't digest it, Bifaro said.  "If you want to help the deer right now, cut down some soft maple tree so they can get to the buds...

Food plots help attract deer February 28, 2015 Wisconsin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel 
... According to Kostreva, for cattle to grow and be healthy, they need protein, minerals and vitamins. Deer thrive on the same thing... when Kostreva did landscaping work as a side job, some of his customers said they wanted to watch deer in their backyard. They wondered if there was a way to put something in the ground to attract them...

Could new deer regulations finally happen? February 26, 2015 South Carolina, Enquirerherald
...  there are hybrid deer pears that are extremely easy to plant and considered by many biologists to be the best choice of fruit plantings for wildlife... Sawtooths, which can grow as much as 50 feet tall and 60 feet wide, are extremely fast-growing hardwoods that bear an abundance of acorns in as little as three years. These acorns are a favorite of wildlife and are even said to be preferred over those of the white oak...

Deer Love Apples February 17, 2015 Michigan, MI Buck Pole
... Deer simply love apples and it is time to be thinking of spring plantings ...  Planting just three apple trees in your favorite food plots will be a nice addition to keep your deer moving and on your property ... 

Best way to feed deer is with a chainsaw February 15, 2015 New York, Wellsville Daily Reporter 
... much of the lowest branches in our woods are already browsed by deer. By cutting down brush and trees, whitetails are able to gain sustenance from the tree tops. And it is the right food for them because they are geared up to eat buds... deer fed dried herbaceous plants like hay in the winter have been in fact known to "starve" because their stomach's chemistry is not able to quickly change from browse back to a herbaceous fare...

... A century ago, the American chestnut was the primary food source tree for forest wildlife. Deer, bear, turkey, ... Field tests by wildlife experts have shown that Dunstan Chestnuts are chosen by deer over all other acorns because of their taste and nutrition...



Mule deer, feeding mule deer does it help?


Risk of Inappropriate Feeding Backyard meals kill Star Valley mule deer June 7, 2016 Wyoming, Jackson Hole News&Guide
... Five of seven dead mule deer collected last winter in the Star Valley Ranch area showed signs of rumenitis, a condition that can result from ungulates getting into birdseed and other human-provided food that’s too rich for their digestive systems...

  Fish and Game on Deer Feeding April 25, 2015 New Hampshire, SeaCoastOnine, Glenn Normandeau, Executive Director, New Hampshire Fish and Game Department
... these deer died from eating food they were not prepared to digest at this time of year, a condition known as enterotoxemia ... most likely the corn ... They [the families who feed the deer] just didn't know any better ... It will not happen when deer are fed from late fall, as their digestive system will remain conditioned to handle the feed... 

Feeding winter wildlife can have deadly consequences February 2, 2014 Pennsylvania, Altoona Mirror
... Test results revealed the trophy 6-by-7- point bull died of rumen acidosis, a condition caused by the sudden introduction of carbohydrates into the animal's system... Game Commission sources aren't sure how the bull elk ingested the corn that killed it, but it is probable the grain was put out by a person or persons as supplemental winter food ...

Research

Effect of Enhanced Nutrition on Mule Deer Population Rate of Change (2011). Chad J. Bishop, Gary C. White, David J. Freddy, Bruce E. Watkins, Thomas R. Stephenson. Proceedings of the 9th Western States & Provinces Deer & Elk Workshop
... "We measured annual survival and fecundity of adult females and survival of fawns, then estimated population rate of change as a function of enhanced nutrition. Pregnancy and fetal rates of adult females were high and did not vary in response to treatment. Fetal, neonatal, overwinter fawn, and adult female survival rates increased in response to treatment, although the treatment effect on overwinter survival was most pronounced.... We found strong evidence that enhanced nutrition of deer reduced coyote and mountain lion predation rates ...

(2009), Effect of Enhanced Nutrition on Mule Deer Population Rate of Change. Wildlife Monographs, (2009) 172: 1–28. doi: 10.2193/2008-107, BISHOP, C. J., WHITE, G. C., FREDDY, D. J., WATKINS, B. E. and STEPHENSON, T. R.
... We measured annual survival and fecundity of adult females and survival of fawns, then estimated population rate of change as a function of enhanced nutrition. Pregnancy and fetal rates of adult females were high and did not vary in response to treatment. Fetal and neonatal survival rates increased in response to treatment, although the treatment effect on neonatal survival was marginal. Overwinter rates of fawn survival increased for treatment deer by 0.16–0.31 depending on year and fawn sex, and none of the 95% confidence intervals associated with the effects overlapped zero....

YouTube Video


 "A review of the population dynamics of mule deer and black‐tailed deer Odocoileus hemionus in North America." Forrester, Tavis D., and Heiko U. Wittmer, Mammal Review 43.4 (2013): 292-308.
... "Supplemental feeding during winter over large areas resulted in decreased mortality due to all causes, including predation, even though there was no evidence that predators were preying on mule deer in poor conditions in control areas" p. 302

Deer: to feed, or not to feed December 17, 2012 Utah Division of Wildlife, Darren DeBloois
... there are times when we feel that feeding deer during the winter is needed. I am guided in this decision by the Division’s wildlife feeding policy, which boils down to this: we (DWR officials) will feed deer during unusually severe winter conditions. We step in when feeding can provide increased survival rates of females ensuring that the breeding segment of the population will not be decimated. Taking action by saving these animals increases the likelihood that the population will recover quicker from a severe weather event.

Habitat management influences overwinter survival of mule deer fawns in Colorado EJ Bergman, CJ Bishop, DJ Freddy, GC White… - … of Wildlife Management, 2014
... many pinyon pine (Pinus edulis)–Utah juniper (Juniperus osteosperma) woodland habitats reach late seral stages that encroach into forest openings. This encroachment typically occurs at the expense of browse species that are preferred by mule deer ... documented changes in deer vital rates in response to habitat manipulations are lacking. ... . Our study provides evidence that habitat management on winter ranges can positively influence a key vital rate for mule deer in pinyon pine–Utah juniper ecosystems ...

Enhancing White-tailed Deer Habitats on Your Property: Food Plots [PDF]
RA Pierce, EB Flinn, B Mormann, P Lowry - 2013
... Deer are selective browsers; therefore, a variety of foods make up their diet, including broad-leaved herbaceous plants (forbs), woody plants, grasses, mast (acorns, fruits and
berries) and mushrooms. No one food dominates a deer’s diet throughout the year because deer select foods based on plant availability, palatability and nutritional content, all of which vary throughout the year. The nutritional needs of deer also vary throughout the year. During the spring and summer, pregnant and lactating does and antler-growing bucks need more protein in their diets. During the fall and winter, deer have greater energy demands and therefore need more carbohydrates. Food plots can be planted to provide supplemental nutrition ...

Researchers tell what works well in Louisiana deer food plots September 18, 2013 NOLA.com
... "Management of native browse species is many times overlooked when hunters and sportsmen want to improve habitat conditions ... Fertilizing Japanese honeysuckle, blackberry and dewberry and other forbs and vines normally found in open timber stands will greatly enhance the food and cover that Louisiana upland wildlife depend on... Where manipulation of the native habitat is possible, establishing long, narrow food strips in a wagon-wheel fashion can be of maximum benefit ...

... While native forage can provide an important supply of resources, nutritional availability may also be enhanced through food plots and supplemental feed. However, nutritional demands of deer, and forage quality and abundance fluctuate throughout the year. Therefore, we conducted a cost-benefit analysis to determine how to cost-effectively maximize food production during nutritional stress periods for deer. Native forage and food plots cost-effectively maximized food production during June and July, but supplemental feed became increasingly important during September ...

Songbird Use of White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) Food Plots in Appalachian Hardwood Forests  WE Ricks, RJ Cooper, WD Gulsby, KV Miller - Southeastern Naturalist, 2016
... Food plots are commonly planted for Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) in the eastern US, because they are known to benefit this species. We hypothesized that food plots may also provide early-successional habitat for nongame species, such as songbirds ... both species richness and abundance were greater along plot edges during breeding season on southern sites. Species richness was also greater along plot edges for a subset of southern sites sampled during winter. ...

... The supplementary fed population had a higher population growth rate, the females were more likely to reproduce and their calves were heavier than in the control population. Female body mass was negatively related to timing of vegetation green-up in both herds. Since both populations increased in the last decade we found support to our prediction that density-dependence negatively affected our study herds. Indeed, density negatively affected growth rates, female body mass, reproductive success and calf body mass in both populations and, as expected, this effect was more marked in the control herd.

Aggressive behavior of white‐tailed deer at concentrated food sites as affected by population density August, 2013 RN Donohue, DG Hewitt, TE Fulbright, CA Deyoung… - The Journal of Wildlife Management
... Concentrated food sources are used frequently in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) management and research, but because such food sources are easily defended, aggressive interactions among deer may influence their effectiveness... [Conclusion: spread out the food a little so the does and fawns can get something].

The Role of Vegetation and Supplemental Feed in Deer Management
[PowerPoint slides] David G. Hewitt. Caesar Kleberg Wildlife Research Institute, March, 2012 
More on Feeding Deer

Deer management information at Alton July 24, 2013 Missouri, The News
...Deer are selective. Grass, fruits, mushrooms, acorns and forbs are what they eat ... The best foods for warm seasons are fresh greens, wildflowers, fruits, clovers and soybeans, which are all high in protein. For the cooler seasons, deer eat acorns, corn, waste grains and soft native plants...  If you want to supplement the food through a longer period you might add clover, chicory or alfalfa ...

Plant spring food plots with Realtree Nursery March 22, 2013 Texas, Lone Star Outdoor News
...the Dunstan chestnut, which was bred by noted plant breeder Dr. Robert Dunstan. Because of higher disease resistance and heavy annual production of nuts, the Dunstan chestnut is perfect for food plots. Plus, deer love chestnuts. They even prefer them over most oak trees ... 

Successfully grow your own giant deer with a food plot December 9, 2012 New York, Metrowny.com
... While NYS law Part 189 of Title 6 makes it illegal to feed deer with food attractants, such as apples, corn or anything that is not alive or comes in a bag, the law does allow agricultural crops, including wildlife food plots ... Gray used a mix of turnips, buckwheat, clover and brassica, in his plot...

In the past, the norm was to keep livestock out of the woods ... Silvopasturing maintains a forest structure while allowing enough sunlight to the forest floor to grow grasses and forbs.  The concept of Silvopasturing is a method that can be used to benefit livestock and /or wildlife.  The structure and plant diversity of silvopastures is attractive to many wildlife species including wild turkey, deer, and many songbirds.

Deer Habitat Management:  Getting Started January 22, 2013 New York Corning Leader 
... In numerous cases the process of improving a particular woodlot cannot start with a commercial cut, so the first phase of work is Timber Stand Improvement.  The genetically best species that are preferred by deer and other wildlife will be left for seed production.  The Timber Stand Improvement process before a future commercial cut can be conducted should focus on removing; autumn olive, multiflora rose, buckthorn, barberry, prickly ash, hayscented fern, New York fern,  hopehornbeam, ironwood, beech and aspen...

Hinge cutting trees for deer habitat: pulling trees down for bedding - June, 2013


Timber cuts a magnet for deer October 21, 2013 Virginia, Northern Virginia Daily 
... If you've ever thought of having some timber cut on your hunting property, you probably worried whether it would drive out the deer.... timber cutting offered new sources of both food and cover to the whitetails... Even cuts a year or two old are good...

Deer-feeding family has following April 1, 2013 Maine, Press Herald
... Harriet, 80, and Basil, 81, have been feeding deer for more than 50 years ... Her parents began to feed the deer regularly in the 1940s, and when she and Basil moved back into the family home, they took over the feeding... Harriet said the deer leave behind droppings and tear up the yard with their tracks, "but we'll be one of the first people in town to have a green lawn." ...

Options in deer feeding December 30, 2013 Texas, Killeen Daily Herald (blog)
... While corn remains the most popular whitetail deer feed, protein-supplemented pellets and soybeans are also popularly used with various feeding systems.  The planting of a strategically-placed food plot (usually .5-3 acres in size) is also a popular means of feeding and nourishing a deer population.  Small grains, such as oats, wheat and rye grass are most commonly used ...

Feeding Deer, New Mexico - March 27, 2013


Cwiklinski offers advice on feeding deer May 26, 2013 New York, Evening Observer
... Deer really like crab apples, so try to thin out the limbs to afford more sunlight to increase the fruit yield. In a maple forest, consider cutting saplings to a height of four feet to create "bushes of browse" for the deer ... 


Feeding deer a growing tradition at Jefferson Barracks cemetery February 1, 204 Missouri, St. Louis Post-Dispatch 
... Most people love seeing the deer, said Jeff Barnes, cemetery director.  Feeding the deer is “such a tradition here,” he said. No rules forbid it and that’s not expected to change ... Scores of deer wander among rows of white gravestones ...

DNR to allow deer feeding February 12, 2014 Minnesota, Minneapolis Star Tribune
... In a turnabout some call “shocking,'' the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources will begin emergency deer feeding in northern Minnesota ... The effort is expected to cost about $170,000, and will be the first time the DNR has fed deer since the winter of 1996-1997 ... the DNR wants to act “in good faith,’’ Telander said, with an emergency deer feeding account whitetail hunters have paid into for about 15 years with 50-cent license surcharges...

Don't Use a Bucket With Handles
...   government officials and the woman who feeds the animal are trying to catch the animal to save it... she feels bad and will cut handles off her buckets from now on ...


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Deer Friendly,
Jan 11, 2014, 9:55 AM