Hemmoraghic Disease: Research and News

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Research


Spatial epidemiology of hemorrhagic disease in Illinois wild white-tailed deer. 2022, Scientific Reports

... hemorrhagic disease (HD) ... We evaluated the occurrence of HD in wild Illinois white-tailed deer from 1982 to 2019. Our retrospective space–time analysis identified high-rate clusters of HD cases from 2006 to 2019. The pattern of northward expansion indicates changes in virus-host-vector interactions...


Idaho Fish and Game confirm cause of death for as many as 300 deer in Kamiah area September 2, 2021 KHQ

... confirmed positive cases of Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease (EHD) virus in samples taken from dead white-tail deer in the Clearwater area...


Resource Selection by Wild and Ranched White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) during the Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus (EHDV) Transmission Season in Florida January 20, 2021 Florida, DocWire News

... Wild deer preferred areas closer to tertiary roads and supplementary food sources but farther from permanent water. Ranched deer selected bottomland mixed forest and areas closer to tertiary roads, supplementary food sources, and permanent water. Ranched deer behaviors may increase the likelihood of EHDV vector encounters ...


Antibodies to Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus (EHDV) in Farmed and Wild Florida White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) A Cauvin, ETN Dinh, JP Orange, RM Shuman… - Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2019

... Despite aggressive chemical vector control on the farm, we found higher seroprevalence and titers against the predominant EHDV serotype in farmed deer (in pens and the preserve) than in wild deer. The higher exposure to EHDV of farmed vs. wild deer may have been because of the higher densities of farmed vs. wild deer, the presence of exotic amplifying hosts such as elk (Cervus canadensis) in the preserve, or genetic factors that predisposed farmed deer to disease...


Bluetongue in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in Northeastern Mexico

J Martínez-Burnes, H Barrios-García, J Alva-Pérez… - Braz J Vet Pathol, 2017 [PDF]

... Two free ranging white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in two licensed hunting ranches in Northern Mexico near the Texas border died unexpectedly. Postmortem and microscopic examinations revealed hemorrhagic lesions compatible with viral hemorrhagic disease (Reoviridae: Orbivirus). Tissues from one animal tested positive by RT-PCR for BTV but negative for EHDV. To our knowledge, this is the first time in Mexico where deer dying with hemorrhagic lesions consistent with Bluetongue tested positive for BTV by PCR...


A Mathematical Model to Analyze Spread of Hemorrhagic Disease in White-Tailed Deer Population G Baygents, M Bani-Yaghoub - Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics, 2017

... The model is employed to analyze the effects of deer migration on the HD spread. This is carried out in three steps. First, the conditions for existence and stability of the endemic and the disease free equilibria are established. Second, using the method of the Next Generation Matrix, the basic reproduction expression R0 is derived from the model. Third, using the R0 expression and its numerical simulations, it is illustrated that the severity of an HD outbreak is directly influenced by the migration rates of infected and susceptible deer ...


The First 10 Years (2006–15) of Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus Serotype 6 in the USA MG Ruder, D Johnson, E Ostlund, AB Allison… - Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2017

... The results demonstrated that EHDV-6 was detected from ruminants every year since 2006 and was widespread in the central and eastern US, providing evidence that EHDV-6 is likely now established in the US...


EHD Alert: Is Your Deer Herd at Risk? March 17, 2014 Outdoor Life

... According to a nationwide survey conducted by the Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study (SCWDS), 2012 was a record year for EHD. It was suspected or confirmed in deer deaths in 1,019 counties across 36 states, up significantly from the 2011 estimate of 332 affected counties....




Testicular Lesions and Antler Abnormalities in Colorado, USA Mule Deer: A Possible Role for Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus KA Fox, B Diamond, F Sun, A Clavijo, L Sneed… - Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2014

... Antler abnormalities of deer and other cervids often result from testicular lesions and decreased levels of testosterone, inhibiting normal cycles of antler growth. Affected males have antlers with retained velvet, numerous short, misshapen points (“cactus bucks”), and failure to shed these abnormal antlers annually. In Colorado, we observed a high occurrence of “cactus bucks” in mule deer ... Although the role of EHDV infection remains unconfirmed, the association between testicular and epididymal lesions and presence of EHDV RNA in the affected tissues suggests that cactus buck antlers may be a sequela of EHDV infection....




Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease in Alberta, Canada MJ Pybus, M Ravi, C Pollock - Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2014

... Epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) virus serotype 2 was identified by reverse-transcription (RT)-PCR in a white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) found dead in southern Alberta in September 2013. Field observations indicate at least 50 deer, primarily white-tailed deer, and three pronghorn antelope (Antilocapra americana) died during a suspected localized EHD outbreak...


Molecular Typing of Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus Serotypes by One-Step Multiplex RT-PCR F Sun, M Cochran, T Beckham, A Clavijo - Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2014

... Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) causes a highly infectious noncontagious hemorrhagic disease in wild and captive deer (Cervidae) populations in the United States. Although rapid and accurate identification of the disease is important, identification of the serotype is equally important for understanding the epidemiology of the disease in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) populations. We developed a one-step multiplex reverse transcriptase PCR assay for rapid differentiation and identification of EHDV serotypes 1, 2, and 6 ...


Rapid EHDV Detection in Deer Now Possible Thanks To New Test From Austin-based Bioo Scientific March 11, 2014 Texas, Bio News Texas

... , Bioo has announced that is it set to begin offering a new set of ELISA tests for the detection of Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus (EHDV), an orbivirus that infects most wild and domestic ruminants. The new test will be aimed at testing white-tailed deer in North America, as EHDV is endemic in North America among the white-tailed deer population...


Spatial Variation of White-tailed Deer Population Impacts and Recovery from epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease SA Christensen, DM Williams, BA Rudolph, WF Porter - Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2020. Michigan

... Deer mortality from EHD has increased in the state of Michigan, USA, since 2006, with the largest outbreak occurring in 2012 ... Abundance estimates were lower along transects near the riparian corridor only in the affected area, reflecting EHD mortality associated with wetlands. The only change in abundance over time was a significant increase on the riparian strata in the EHD-affected site...


Hemorrhagic Disease in Montana N Anderson, J Ramsey, K Carson - Intermountain Journal of Sciences, 2017

... Hemorrhagic Disease (HD) is caused by two groups of orbiviruses, bluetongue (BT) and epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD)... HD was first documented in Montana in 1961... Until 2013 HD had been limited to the east side of the Rocky Mountain front. However, in 2013 several counties in western Montana experience their first recorded EHD die-off in white-tailed deer...



News


Deer disease outbreak likely won't affect hunting tags December 18, 2021 Oregon, lagrandeobserver.com

... Although white-tailed deer are much more susceptible to EHD, the species has an advantage in that whitetail populations tend to grow faster than mule deer herds when conditions are suitable ... It’s not clear yet whether the EHD outbreak will prompt ODFW to reduce hunting tag numbers for any 2022 seasons ...


First deer known to survive EHD disease found in Greene County November 24, 2021 New York, NEWS10 ABC

... a buck with deformities on its hooves ... The DEC said this is the first deer in New York to be confirmed as an EHD survivor...


In Colorado, wildlife disease is the next frontier of climate change November 4, 2021 The Durango Herald

... It comes down to how hemorrhagic diseases are transmitted. Flies or midges bite the deer, infecting them ... it’s actually drought that worsens outbreaks... you have the water and then it recedes and it allows you to get more of this muddy habitat for the gnats to proliferate in...


AHD, An update on the deer virus November 2, 2021 Washisngton, San Juan Journal

... adenovirus hemorrhagic disease (AHD) ... 112 reports of dead deer from San Juan Island and 218 reports from Orcas Island... The highly contagious virus only affects cervids ...


EHD, La Crosse County Deer Positive For Fatal Disease September 29, 2021 Wisconsin, Patch

... One deer tested positive for a fatal virus Tuesday after a landowner found eight dead deer ... epizootic hemorrhagic disease ...

Reports of sick deer in Mississippi are on the rise September 29, 2021 WJTV... Wildlife Biologists suspect Mississippi may be experiencing an outbreak of Hemorrhagic Disease (HD), commonly called blue-tongue...


AHD, Fast-spreading disease has ‘100s’ of deer dropping dead on Vancouver Island September 27, 2021 British Columbia, Abbotsford News

... Adenovirus hemorrhagic disease (AHD) ... until now has never been recorded in B.C.... First discovered in California in 1993, the disease has gradually moved up the west coast ...


Hurricanes blew tiny deer-killing bugs into Hudson Valley, expert suspects September 17, 2021 New York, Times Union

... Traditionally found in Southern states, EHD is relatively new to New York ... Deer are infected with EHD by biting midges, and the miniscule insects were most likely blown into the Northeast by hurricanes or other large storms, Schiavone said...


IDFG: 300 white-tailed deer reported dead from hemorrhagic disease August 18, 2021 Idaho, KIVI Boise

... Department officials say additional tests are being done to determine the specific type of hemorrhagic disease killed the deer ...


Deadly Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease confirmed in 2 New York deer August 4, 2021 WWTI

... Once deer become infected with EHD, they usually die within 36 hours. These outbreaks are most common late in the summer and early fall because midges are abundant during these times...


Why a dazed deer in Tennessee had hair growing from its eyeballs February 20, 2021 Live Science

... found stumbling through the streets ... hair protruded from discs of flesh covering both the buck's cornea ... A dermoid, by definition, is a type of benign tumor ... deer tested positive for epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) ...


Vaccine for lethal deer virus shows promise October 30, 2020 Florida, Feedstuffs

... The disease, epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV), is the leading cause of herd losses for deer farmers. In some cases, 15,000-20,000 deer can die from EHDV in one season ... a vaccine shows promise for the $8 billion per year deer farming industry, according to the University of Florida Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences (IFAS)...


Missouri Department of Conservation: Hemorrhagic Disease Found in Deer October 5, 2020 Nature World News

... In 2007, the Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study(SCWDS) received hemorrhagic disease incidences in 31 states and an estimated mortality rates of 100 per county. The estimated death totalled 65,000 dears in Illinois, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia and West Virginia that year...


EHD, Hemorrhagic disease reported in Missouri deer October 2, 2020 KSDK

...Hemorrhagic disease in deer has been recently confirmed through diagnostic testing in Boone, Camden, Cole, Jackson, Linn, and Osage counties. MDC has received at least 100 reports of additional suspected cases from locations throughout the state...


Vaccine may prevent deadly deer disease (EHD) May 21, 2019 Florida, Feed Stuffs

... University of Florida scientists are working with deer farmers to test a new vaccine that could help prevent epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) ...



Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease (EHD), Deadly disease detected in MN deer herd October 17, 2018 Minnesota, KARE-TV Minneapolis-St. Paul

... confirmed for the first time in Minnesota. ... six of seven animals in a small herd of captive white-tailed deer in Goodhue County died of the disease earlier this month...


Disease Raises Concern for Farmed Deer October 5, 2018 Pennsylvania, Lancaster Farming

... epizootic hemorrhagic disease ... killed dozens of wild whitetails around Elverson ...


Virus Affecting Some Deer in Yavapai Hills Area Near Prescott September 15, 2018 Arizona, Prescott

... deer that appeared to be lethargic, blind, walking in circles and unaware of their surroundings ... samples from three animals and sent them to a laboratory for testing... confirmed the presence of epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) in all three deer, as well as bluetongue in one of the three animals...


EHD, Deadly New Insect-Borne Virus Targeting Arizona Wildlife August 6, 2018 KNAU Arizona Public Radio

... About 30 deer have died since the new strain of epizootic hemorrhagic disease was detected in the West for the first time last year...


Disease killing Tennessee deer prevents hunting at Holston Army Ammunition Plant June 26, 2018 WBIR

... on Holston Army Ammunition Plant in Kingsport so the installation will not be holding any deer hunts in the 2018 hunting season. Due to an outbreak of Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease, the deer population is lower than before ...


Georgia lab confirms deer died of EHD virus November 16, 2017 New Jersey, New Jersey Herald

... the first time the EHDV-6 strain has been confirmed in New Jersey and is the same serotype as what has already been found in eastern Pennsylvania, Connecticut and West Virginia this year. He noted this strain was first found in the region in 2006 ...


Suspected EHD found in Armstrong County doe October 31, 2017 Indiana, Indiana Gazette

... the deer was suffering from epizootic hemorrhagic disease, which led to its weakened condition, and subsequent drowning... Clinical signs include swelling of the face or neck, loss of appetite, lethargy, weakness, lameness, respiratory distress, fever, and excessive salivation ...



Death of Deer in Connecticut Linked to Hemorrhagic Disease October 25, 2017 NBC Connecticut

... Before 2004, only two subtypes of Hemorrhagic Disease were documented in North America -- EHDV-1 and 2. EHDV-6 was first detected in 2006 in Indiana and Illinois, and has since been reported throughout the Midwest, and from Florida, North Carolina and Maryland...


Middletown, DEEP reports small die-off in Middletown-area white-tailed deer herd October 24, 2017 Connecticut, The Middletown Press

... more than 50 white-tailed deer exhibiting symptoms associated with Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease primarily in the towns of Middletown and Portland, with a few in Chester, Haddam and Lyme ...


Is the virus EHD or bluetongue? October 16, 2017 Kentucky, Elizabethtown News Enterprise

... Bluetongue virus is similar to EHDV, but it is considered a disease of sheep rather than deer. Sheep are highly susceptible to bluetongue and it often has resulted in huge losses to the industry. Cattle also are susceptible to BTV infections..



Ontario trying to track infection deadly to deer September 29, 2017 cbc.ca on MSN.com

... discovery of two dead male deer on a property in London, Ont. on Sept. 12. These are the first confirmed cases in Ontario of EHD...


Experts Expect High Number Of Deer Deaths Caused By EHD September 21, 2017 Pennsylvania, CBS Pittsburgh / KDKA

... This latest outbreak of EHD was first noticed in Beaver County in August. It has since spread to Washington County and Puhala says northern Allegheny County ... deer often die in just a few days in or near water. “One of the symptoms of the disease is a real high fever,” ...


EHD, DNR warns of possible EHD in deer on Eastern Shore, asks hunters to report deaths September 16, 2017 Maryland, Delmarva Daily Times

... Maryland DNR has announced that it is tracking possible cases of EHD in the state, primarily on the Eastern Shore, and are asking hunters and the public to report any sick, dying or dead deer ...


Disease may be killing white-tailed deer in Connecticut September 8, 2017 Connecticut, Milford Mirror

... The Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP) says a recently-discovered die-off of several deer in the Portland area may be due to hemorrhagic disease ...


Deer disease EHD hitting local herds August 27, 2017 Ohio, Review

... Wildlife officials from Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia have confirmed several cases of what appears to be EHD. Some deer have been tested and officials from all three states reported last week that EHD is present... dead deer found ... with blood coming from its mouth and nostrils, it’s a pretty good bet that the cause of death is from EHD...


Deer disease spreads weeks before early archery season August 26, 2017 Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

... in southwestern Pennsylvania, the count of dead deer has risen from 150 to 450... Game Commission is investigating the spread of epizootic hemorrhagic disease in Allegheny, Beaver and Washington counties... first confirmed as the cause of a deer’s death in Greene Township, Beaver County...


Recent EHD outbreak centered on Eastern Kentucky deer population August 25, 2017 Kentucky, KyForward.com

... “The epicenter was in Magoffin, Floyd and Pike counties,” ... This year’s outbreak is the fifth in the past 10 years in Kentucky, including outbreaks in 2007, 2010, 2012 and 2015. The 2007 outbreak was the worst ...


Deer in SW Va. dying from viral disease August 23, 2017 VirginKingsport Times News

... hemorrhagic disease, has caused a number of deer mortalities in several counties... Dickenson, Lee and Wise counties have reported dead or dying deer with hemorrhagic disease symptoms to the department, the release stated... reports of the same symptoms from Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia...


Summer Deer Mortality Attributed to Common Virus August 18, 2017 Tennessee, WRCB-TV

... reports are all indicative of hemorrhagic disease (HD)... predominantly coming from East Tennessee, and based on the volume of reports it appears to be above average in severity... We don’t anticipate this outbreak to rival that of 2007 ...


Pennsylvania deer under fire August 11, 2017 Timesonline.com

... epizootic hemorrhagic disease, or EHD, is back in Beaver County... First discovered in New Jersey in 1955 ... “We estimate 85 deer have died recently due to EHD,” ...


Disease reported in Kentucky Deer August 10, 2017 WYMT News

... Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease has been reported in white-tailed deer in several Eastern Kentucky counties ...


Wildlife officials warn of deadly deer disease, blue tongue August 1, 2017 Kentucky, WBIR-TV

... Blue tongue virus causes lethargy, weakness, swelling in the head area, and eventually, internal bleeding. Infected deer often go to water to try reduce their body temperature ... counties hardest hit so far have been Magoffin, Floyd and Knott ...


Deer disease suspected to be in same area for third time in 10 years, EHD July 31, 2017 Pennsylvania, Timesonline.com

... In 2007 and 2012, dead deer in the Hookstown, Georgetown and Greene Township areas tested positive for epizootic hemorrhagic disease, called EHD ... spread by midge flies ...


Outbreak sickens local deer herds, AHD June 23, 2017 Oregon, Dalles Chronicle

... an outbreak of Adenovirus Hemorrhagic Disease (AHD) in a local deer herd in The Dalles ... AHD is a virus transmitted by direct contact between deer, making it easier to spread in areas of high deer concentrations...



Can We Prevent Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease in Wildlife? June 30, 2016 Ammo Land

... EHD and bluetongue are spread in cattle, deer and other ruminants by several species of a tiny flying insect ... a gnat, a midge ... their breeding habitat: the shallow margins of ponds... midge reproduction is minimal in clean, clear, deep bodies of water, or where banks are vegetated or rocky (rather than muddy) or where the bank is steep...


EHD cases in deer reported in Greenwood, Osage counties October 17, 2015 Kansas, The Emporia Gazette

... Cases of Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease in white-tailed deer populations have been reported in Greenwood (two), Osage (one) and Labette (one) counties... “It's a virus carried by a fly called a midge,” ...


Image of bluetongue-inflicted deer worth 1,000 words, but explanation still needed October 5, 2015 Washington, The Spokesman-Review

... A white tailed-deer struggles to get to its feet while clinging to life ... The most widespread outbreak of deer-killing disease [bluetongue] in the memory of area wildlife professionals. The disease has been confirmed in Eastern Washington, northcentral Idaho, northeastern Oregon and portions of western Montana...


WSU lab confirms bluetongue virus killing deer, livestock September 30, 2015 Washington, WSU News

... The Washington Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory located in the Washington State University College of Veterinary Medicine has confirmed bluetongue virus (BTV) in 42 animals submitted from Washington and Idaho this fall. All samples tested negative for epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHD)...


Scattered EHD Outbreaks Reported in 2015 September 21, 2015 Kentucky, QDMA.com

... Even in a mild year for EHD and bluetongue viruses, which 2015 appears to be, there are always a few dead deer to be found ... Kentucky’s Woodford and Anderson counties are seeing a relatively severe outbreak this year...


Bluetongue outbreak confirmed in Eastern Washington deer September 18, 2015 The Spokesman-Review

... Every year in late summer and early fall, some white-tailed deer are lost to bluetongue and a similar virus known as EHD (epizootic hemorrhagic disease)... the department does not know precisely how many deer have been affected ...


Drought-related blue-tongue outbreak killing area deer September 15, 2015 Washington, The Spokesman-Review

... White-tailed deer in the Spokane region are dying, perhaps by the hundreds, in an outbreak of a drought-related viral disease called bluetongue ... once the disease take hold, the deer can die, often salivating excessively, within a few days...


DEP warns of possibility of rare deer disease August 28, 2015 New Jersey, New Jersey Herald

... be aware of any white-tailed deer that may be affected by Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease, or EHD, and to report any suspected instances since outbreaks typically begin in August... igns of the disease this time of year are difficulty standing, drooling, foaming from the mouth or a carcass with no apparent wounds near water...


Idaho Wildlife Officials Keep Watch for Outbreak of Deer Disease August 23, 2015 Twin Falls Times-News

... reports of dead or ill deer showing the symptoms associated with epizootic hemorrhagic disease, also known as EHD, are filtering in from parts of the Clearwater basin... Deer with EHD may aspirate blood, but show few other signs...